Abstract

The Ce-doped (Gd, Y)3Al5O12 transparent ceramics with Gd3+ content of 0 to 80 mol% were fabricated using a solid-state sintering method under vacuum. Their phase compositions and structure parameters were checked by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Optical and luminescence characteristics were investigated and thoroughly discussed by transmittance, absorption spectra and luminescence examination. The Gd3+ ions were found of great importance to the band structure of crystal and energy state of Ce3+ in the garnet ceramics. Balanced Gd3+ admixture into the YAG lattice provided excellent color coordinates and CRI for the phosphor for warm white light illumination. This study provides an efficient approach to tailor the luminescence of the garnet phosphors.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2015 (5)

G. H. Liu, Z. Z. Zhou, Y. Shi, Q. Liu, J. Q. Wan, and Y. B. Pan, “Ce:YAG transparent ceramics for applications of high power LEDs: Thickness effects and high temperature performance,” Mater. Lett. 139, 480–482 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, J. Vasylkiv, A. Zelenyj, A. Fedorov, R. Kucerkova, J. A. Mares, M. Nikl, P. Bilski, and A. Twardak, “Growth and luminescent properties of scintillators based on the single crystalline films of Lu3-xGdxAl5O12:Ce garnet,” Mater. Res. Bull. 64, 355–363 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kamada, S. Kurosawa, A. Yamaji, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Growth of Nd doped (Lu,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystal by the micro pulling down method and their scintillation properties,” Opt. Mater. 41, 32–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Chen, X. Chen, F. Liu, H. Chen, H. Wang, E. Zhao, Y. Jiang, T. S. Chan, C. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and S. Chen, “Charge deformation and orbital hybridization: intrinsic mechanisms on tunable chromaticity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ luminescence by doping Gd3+ for warm white LEDs,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11514 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Hu, Y. Shi, X. Feng, and Y. Pan, “YAG:Ce/(Gd,Y)AG:Ce dual-layered composite structure ceramic phosphors designed for bright white light-emitting diodes with various CCT,” Opt. Express 23(14), 18243–18255 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (7)

M. Marius, E. J. Popovici, L. Barbu Thdoran, E. Indrea, and A. Mesaros, “Cerium-doped yttrium aluminate-based phosphors prepared by wet-chemical synthesis route: Modulation of the luminescence color by changing the host-lattice composition,” Ceram. Int. 40(4), 6233–6239 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Shi, C. Zhu, J. Q. Huang, J. Chen, D. C. Chen, W. C. Wang, F. Y. Wang, Y. G. Cao, and X. Y. Yuan, “Luminescence properties of YAG:Ce, Gd phosphors synthesized under vacuum condition and their white LED performances,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 649–655 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zorenko, T. Zorenko, P. Malinowski, O. Sidletskiy, and S. Neicheva, “Luminescent properties of Y3Al5-xGaxO12:Ce crystals,” J. Lumin. 156, 102–107 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. L. Yu, D. Q. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. S. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Yi, S. M. Zhou, C. Chen, H. Lin, Y. Feng, K. Wang, and Y. Ni, “Fabrication of Ce:YAG, Ce,Cr:YAG and Ce:YAG/Ce,Cr:YAG dual-layered composite phosphor ceramics for the application of white LEDs,” Ceram. Int. 40(5), 7043–7047 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. C. Shen, M. S. Lin, and C. F. Lin, “Environmentally benign technology for efficient warm-white light emission,” Sci. Rep. 4(5307), 5307 (2014).
[PubMed]

K. Waetzig, M. Kunzer, and I. Kinski, “Influence of sample thickness and concentration of Ce dopant on the optical properties of YAG:Ce ceramic phosphors for white LEDs,” J. Mater. Res. 29(19), 2318–2324 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

S. Chen, L. H. Zhang, K. Kissinger, and Y. Q. Wu, “Transparent Y3Al5O12: Li, Ce ceramics for thermal neutron detection,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(4), 1067–1069 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. M. Ogiegło, A. Katelnikovas, A. Zych, T. Jüstel, A. Meijerink, and C. R. Ronda, “Luminescence and Luminescence Quenching in Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 Scintillators Doped with Ce3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. A 117(12), 2479–2484 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. C. George, A. J. Pell, G. Dantelle, K. Page, A. Llobet, M. Balasubramanian, G. Pintacuda, B. F. Chmelka, and R. Seshadri, “Local Environments of Dilute Activator Ions in the Solid-State Lighting Phosphor Y3-xCexAl5O12,” Chem. Mater. 25(20), 3979–3995 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Li, J. G. Li, S. Liu, X. Li, X. Sun, and Y. Sakka, “The development of Ce3+-activated (Gd, Lu)3Al5O12 garnet solid solutions as efficient yellow-emitting phosphors,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(5), 054201 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

J. H. Oh, J. R. Oh, H. K. Park, Y. G. Sung, and Y. R. Do, “Highly-efficient, tunable green, phosphor-converted LEDs using a long-pass dichroic filter and a series of orthosilicate phosphors for tri-color white LEDs,” Opt. Express 20(S1), A1–A12 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. K. Park, J. H. Oh, and Y. R. Do, “Toward scatter-free phosphors in white phosphor-converted light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10218–10228 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Birkel, K. A. Denault, N. C. George, C. E. Doll, B. Hery, A. A. Mikhailovsky, C. S. Birkel, B. C. Hong, and R. Seshadri, “Rapid microwave preparation of highly efficient Ce3+-substituted garnet phosphors for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater. 24(6), 1198–1204 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. H. Oh, S. J. Yang, Y.-G. Sung, and Y. R. Do, “Excellent color rendering indexes of multi-package white LEDs,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20276–20285 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. D. Xiang, J. S. Zhong, Y. S. Zhao, B. Y. Zhao, X. J. Liang, Y. J. Dong, Z. M. Zhang, Z. P. Chen, and B. F. Liu, “Growth and characterization of air annealing Mn-doped YAG:Ce single crystal for LED,” J. Alloys Compd. 542, 218–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillator-oriented combinatorial search in Ce-doped (Y,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 multicomponent garnet compounds,” J. Phys. D-App. Phys. 44, 505104 (2011).

K. Kamada, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Fukabori, A. Yoshikawa, J. Pejchal, and M. Nikl, “Composition engineering in cerium-doped (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12 single-crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 11(10), 4484–4490 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. F. Smet, A. B. Parmentier, and D. Poelman, “Selecting conversion phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(6), R37–R54 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Boulon, T. Epicier, W. Zhao, V. I. Chani, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Absence of host cation segregation in the (Gd,Y)3Al5O12 mixed garnet optical ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 090207 (2011).

2010 (4)

L. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. W. Yeh, and R. S. Liu, “Light converting inorganic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Materials (Basel) 3(3), 2172–2195 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Li, Z. Xiu, D. Huo, and X. Sun, “Effects of Gd3+substitution on the fabrication of transparent (Y1-xGdx)3Al5O12 ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(8), 2229–2235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Q. Y. Shao, H. J. Li, Y. Dong, J. Q. Jiang, C. Liang, and J. H. He, “Temperature-dependent photoluminescence studies on Y2.93-xLnxAl5O12:Ce0.07 (Ln = Gd, La) phosphors for white LEDs application,” J. Alloys Compd. 498(2), 199–202 (2010).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang and D. Ma, “Management of charges and excitons for high-performance white organic light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 39(7), 2387–2398 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

T. Taguchi, “Present status of energy saving technologies and future prospect in white LED lighting,” IEEJ Trans. 3(1), 21–26 (2008).

M. Kottaisamy, P. Thiyagarajan, J. Mishra, and M. S. Ramachandra Rao, “Color tuning of Y3Al5O12: Ce phosphor and their blend for white LEDs,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(7), 1657–1663 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Bechtel, P. Schmidt, W. Busselt, and B. S. Schreinemacher, “Lumiramic (TM) - a new phosphor technology for high performance solid state light sources,” Proc. SPIE 7058, 7058E (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

J. L. Wu, G. Gundiah, and A. K. Cheetham, “Structure-property correlations in Ce-doped garnet phosphors for use in solid state lighting,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 441(4–6), 250–254 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. A. Tanner, L. Fu, L. Ning, B. M. Chen, and M. G. Brik, “Soft synthesis and vacuum ultraviolet spectra of YAG: Ce3+ nanocrystals: reassignment of Ce3+ energy levels,” J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 19, 216213 (2007).

2004 (1)

Y. X. Pan, M. M. Wu, and Q. Su, “Tailored photoluminescence of YAG: Ce phosphor through various methods,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 65(5), 845–850 (2004).
[Crossref]

1931 (1)

T. Smith and J. Guild, “The CIE colorimetric standards and their use,” Trans. Opt. Soc. 33(3), 73–134 (1931).
[Crossref]

Balasubramanian, M.

N. C. George, A. J. Pell, G. Dantelle, K. Page, A. Llobet, M. Balasubramanian, G. Pintacuda, B. F. Chmelka, and R. Seshadri, “Local Environments of Dilute Activator Ions in the Solid-State Lighting Phosphor Y3-xCexAl5O12,” Chem. Mater. 25(20), 3979–3995 (2013).
[Crossref]

Barbu Thdoran, L.

M. Marius, E. J. Popovici, L. Barbu Thdoran, E. Indrea, and A. Mesaros, “Cerium-doped yttrium aluminate-based phosphors prepared by wet-chemical synthesis route: Modulation of the luminescence color by changing the host-lattice composition,” Ceram. Int. 40(4), 6233–6239 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bechtel, H.

H. Bechtel, P. Schmidt, W. Busselt, and B. S. Schreinemacher, “Lumiramic (TM) - a new phosphor technology for high performance solid state light sources,” Proc. SPIE 7058, 7058E (2008).
[Crossref]

Bilski, P.

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, J. Vasylkiv, A. Zelenyj, A. Fedorov, R. Kucerkova, J. A. Mares, M. Nikl, P. Bilski, and A. Twardak, “Growth and luminescent properties of scintillators based on the single crystalline films of Lu3-xGdxAl5O12:Ce garnet,” Mater. Res. Bull. 64, 355–363 (2015).
[Crossref]

Birkel, A.

A. Birkel, K. A. Denault, N. C. George, C. E. Doll, B. Hery, A. A. Mikhailovsky, C. S. Birkel, B. C. Hong, and R. Seshadri, “Rapid microwave preparation of highly efficient Ce3+-substituted garnet phosphors for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater. 24(6), 1198–1204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Birkel, C. S.

A. Birkel, K. A. Denault, N. C. George, C. E. Doll, B. Hery, A. A. Mikhailovsky, C. S. Birkel, B. C. Hong, and R. Seshadri, “Rapid microwave preparation of highly efficient Ce3+-substituted garnet phosphors for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater. 24(6), 1198–1204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boulon, G.

G. Boulon, T. Epicier, W. Zhao, V. I. Chani, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Absence of host cation segregation in the (Gd,Y)3Al5O12 mixed garnet optical ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 090207 (2011).

Brik, M. G.

P. A. Tanner, L. Fu, L. Ning, B. M. Chen, and M. G. Brik, “Soft synthesis and vacuum ultraviolet spectra of YAG: Ce3+ nanocrystals: reassignment of Ce3+ energy levels,” J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 19, 216213 (2007).

Busselt, W.

H. Bechtel, P. Schmidt, W. Busselt, and B. S. Schreinemacher, “Lumiramic (TM) - a new phosphor technology for high performance solid state light sources,” Proc. SPIE 7058, 7058E (2008).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y. G.

Chan, T. S.

L. Chen, X. Chen, F. Liu, H. Chen, H. Wang, E. Zhao, Y. Jiang, T. S. Chan, C. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and S. Chen, “Charge deformation and orbital hybridization: intrinsic mechanisms on tunable chromaticity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ luminescence by doping Gd3+ for warm white LEDs,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11514 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chani, V. I.

G. Boulon, T. Epicier, W. Zhao, V. I. Chani, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Absence of host cation segregation in the (Gd,Y)3Al5O12 mixed garnet optical ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 090207 (2011).

Cheetham, A. K.

J. L. Wu, G. Gundiah, and A. K. Cheetham, “Structure-property correlations in Ce-doped garnet phosphors for use in solid state lighting,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 441(4–6), 250–254 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, B. M.

P. A. Tanner, L. Fu, L. Ning, B. M. Chen, and M. G. Brik, “Soft synthesis and vacuum ultraviolet spectra of YAG: Ce3+ nanocrystals: reassignment of Ce3+ energy levels,” J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 19, 216213 (2007).

Chen, C.

X. Yi, S. M. Zhou, C. Chen, H. Lin, Y. Feng, K. Wang, and Y. Ni, “Fabrication of Ce:YAG, Ce,Cr:YAG and Ce:YAG/Ce,Cr:YAG dual-layered composite phosphor ceramics for the application of white LEDs,” Ceram. Int. 40(5), 7043–7047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, D. C.

Chen, D. Q.

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. L. Yu, D. Q. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. S. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

L. Chen, X. Chen, F. Liu, H. Chen, H. Wang, E. Zhao, Y. Jiang, T. S. Chan, C. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and S. Chen, “Charge deformation and orbital hybridization: intrinsic mechanisms on tunable chromaticity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ luminescence by doping Gd3+ for warm white LEDs,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11514 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chen, L.

L. Chen, X. Chen, F. Liu, H. Chen, H. Wang, E. Zhao, Y. Jiang, T. S. Chan, C. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and S. Chen, “Charge deformation and orbital hybridization: intrinsic mechanisms on tunable chromaticity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ luminescence by doping Gd3+ for warm white LEDs,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11514 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. W. Yeh, and R. S. Liu, “Light converting inorganic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Materials (Basel) 3(3), 2172–2195 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

L. Chen, X. Chen, F. Liu, H. Chen, H. Wang, E. Zhao, Y. Jiang, T. S. Chan, C. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and S. Chen, “Charge deformation and orbital hybridization: intrinsic mechanisms on tunable chromaticity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ luminescence by doping Gd3+ for warm white LEDs,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11514 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chen, L. H. Zhang, K. Kissinger, and Y. Q. Wu, “Transparent Y3Al5O12: Li, Ce ceramics for thermal neutron detection,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(4), 1067–1069 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

L. Chen, X. Chen, F. Liu, H. Chen, H. Wang, E. Zhao, Y. Jiang, T. S. Chan, C. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and S. Chen, “Charge deformation and orbital hybridization: intrinsic mechanisms on tunable chromaticity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ luminescence by doping Gd3+ for warm white LEDs,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11514 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Z. P.

W. D. Xiang, J. S. Zhong, Y. S. Zhao, B. Y. Zhao, X. J. Liang, Y. J. Dong, Z. M. Zhang, Z. P. Chen, and B. F. Liu, “Growth and characterization of air annealing Mn-doped YAG:Ce single crystal for LED,” J. Alloys Compd. 542, 218–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chmelka, B. F.

N. C. George, A. J. Pell, G. Dantelle, K. Page, A. Llobet, M. Balasubramanian, G. Pintacuda, B. F. Chmelka, and R. Seshadri, “Local Environments of Dilute Activator Ions in the Solid-State Lighting Phosphor Y3-xCexAl5O12,” Chem. Mater. 25(20), 3979–3995 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dantelle, G.

N. C. George, A. J. Pell, G. Dantelle, K. Page, A. Llobet, M. Balasubramanian, G. Pintacuda, B. F. Chmelka, and R. Seshadri, “Local Environments of Dilute Activator Ions in the Solid-State Lighting Phosphor Y3-xCexAl5O12,” Chem. Mater. 25(20), 3979–3995 (2013).
[Crossref]

Denault, K. A.

A. Birkel, K. A. Denault, N. C. George, C. E. Doll, B. Hery, A. A. Mikhailovsky, C. S. Birkel, B. C. Hong, and R. Seshadri, “Rapid microwave preparation of highly efficient Ce3+-substituted garnet phosphors for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater. 24(6), 1198–1204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Do, Y. R.

Doll, C. E.

A. Birkel, K. A. Denault, N. C. George, C. E. Doll, B. Hery, A. A. Mikhailovsky, C. S. Birkel, B. C. Hong, and R. Seshadri, “Rapid microwave preparation of highly efficient Ce3+-substituted garnet phosphors for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater. 24(6), 1198–1204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y.

Q. Y. Shao, H. J. Li, Y. Dong, J. Q. Jiang, C. Liang, and J. H. He, “Temperature-dependent photoluminescence studies on Y2.93-xLnxAl5O12:Ce0.07 (Ln = Gd, La) phosphors for white LEDs application,” J. Alloys Compd. 498(2), 199–202 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y. J.

W. D. Xiang, J. S. Zhong, Y. S. Zhao, B. Y. Zhao, X. J. Liang, Y. J. Dong, Z. M. Zhang, Z. P. Chen, and B. F. Liu, “Growth and characterization of air annealing Mn-doped YAG:Ce single crystal for LED,” J. Alloys Compd. 542, 218–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

Endo, T.

K. Kamada, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Fukabori, A. Yoshikawa, J. Pejchal, and M. Nikl, “Composition engineering in cerium-doped (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12 single-crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 11(10), 4484–4490 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillator-oriented combinatorial search in Ce-doped (Y,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 multicomponent garnet compounds,” J. Phys. D-App. Phys. 44, 505104 (2011).

Epicier, T.

G. Boulon, T. Epicier, W. Zhao, V. I. Chani, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Absence of host cation segregation in the (Gd,Y)3Al5O12 mixed garnet optical ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 090207 (2011).

Fedorov, A.

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, J. Vasylkiv, A. Zelenyj, A. Fedorov, R. Kucerkova, J. A. Mares, M. Nikl, P. Bilski, and A. Twardak, “Growth and luminescent properties of scintillators based on the single crystalline films of Lu3-xGdxAl5O12:Ce garnet,” Mater. Res. Bull. 64, 355–363 (2015).
[Crossref]

Feng, X.

Feng, Y.

X. Yi, S. M. Zhou, C. Chen, H. Lin, Y. Feng, K. Wang, and Y. Ni, “Fabrication of Ce:YAG, Ce,Cr:YAG and Ce:YAG/Ce,Cr:YAG dual-layered composite phosphor ceramics for the application of white LEDs,” Ceram. Int. 40(5), 7043–7047 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fu, L.

P. A. Tanner, L. Fu, L. Ning, B. M. Chen, and M. G. Brik, “Soft synthesis and vacuum ultraviolet spectra of YAG: Ce3+ nanocrystals: reassignment of Ce3+ energy levels,” J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 19, 216213 (2007).

Fujimoto, Y.

K. Kamada, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Fukabori, A. Yoshikawa, J. Pejchal, and M. Nikl, “Composition engineering in cerium-doped (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12 single-crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 11(10), 4484–4490 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillator-oriented combinatorial search in Ce-doped (Y,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 multicomponent garnet compounds,” J. Phys. D-App. Phys. 44, 505104 (2011).

Fukabori, A.

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillator-oriented combinatorial search in Ce-doped (Y,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 multicomponent garnet compounds,” J. Phys. D-App. Phys. 44, 505104 (2011).

Fukabori, Y.

K. Kamada, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Fukabori, A. Yoshikawa, J. Pejchal, and M. Nikl, “Composition engineering in cerium-doped (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12 single-crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 11(10), 4484–4490 (2011).
[Crossref]

George, N. C.

N. C. George, A. J. Pell, G. Dantelle, K. Page, A. Llobet, M. Balasubramanian, G. Pintacuda, B. F. Chmelka, and R. Seshadri, “Local Environments of Dilute Activator Ions in the Solid-State Lighting Phosphor Y3-xCexAl5O12,” Chem. Mater. 25(20), 3979–3995 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Birkel, K. A. Denault, N. C. George, C. E. Doll, B. Hery, A. A. Mikhailovsky, C. S. Birkel, B. C. Hong, and R. Seshadri, “Rapid microwave preparation of highly efficient Ce3+-substituted garnet phosphors for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater. 24(6), 1198–1204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gorbenko, V.

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, J. Vasylkiv, A. Zelenyj, A. Fedorov, R. Kucerkova, J. A. Mares, M. Nikl, P. Bilski, and A. Twardak, “Growth and luminescent properties of scintillators based on the single crystalline films of Lu3-xGdxAl5O12:Ce garnet,” Mater. Res. Bull. 64, 355–363 (2015).
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T. Smith and J. Guild, “The CIE colorimetric standards and their use,” Trans. Opt. Soc. 33(3), 73–134 (1931).
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J. L. Wu, G. Gundiah, and A. K. Cheetham, “Structure-property correlations in Ce-doped garnet phosphors for use in solid state lighting,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 441(4–6), 250–254 (2007).
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He, J. H.

Q. Y. Shao, H. J. Li, Y. Dong, J. Q. Jiang, C. Liang, and J. H. He, “Temperature-dependent photoluminescence studies on Y2.93-xLnxAl5O12:Ce0.07 (Ln = Gd, La) phosphors for white LEDs application,” J. Alloys Compd. 498(2), 199–202 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hery, B.

A. Birkel, K. A. Denault, N. C. George, C. E. Doll, B. Hery, A. A. Mikhailovsky, C. S. Birkel, B. C. Hong, and R. Seshadri, “Rapid microwave preparation of highly efficient Ce3+-substituted garnet phosphors for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater. 24(6), 1198–1204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hong, B. C.

A. Birkel, K. A. Denault, N. C. George, C. E. Doll, B. Hery, A. A. Mikhailovsky, C. S. Birkel, B. C. Hong, and R. Seshadri, “Rapid microwave preparation of highly efficient Ce3+-substituted garnet phosphors for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater. 24(6), 1198–1204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hu, C.

Huang, J. Q.

Huo, D.

X. Li, J. Li, Z. Xiu, D. Huo, and X. Sun, “Effects of Gd3+substitution on the fabrication of transparent (Y1-xGdx)3Al5O12 ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(8), 2229–2235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Indrea, E.

M. Marius, E. J. Popovici, L. Barbu Thdoran, E. Indrea, and A. Mesaros, “Cerium-doped yttrium aluminate-based phosphors prepared by wet-chemical synthesis route: Modulation of the luminescence color by changing the host-lattice composition,” Ceram. Int. 40(4), 6233–6239 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, J. Q.

Q. Y. Shao, H. J. Li, Y. Dong, J. Q. Jiang, C. Liang, and J. H. He, “Temperature-dependent photoluminescence studies on Y2.93-xLnxAl5O12:Ce0.07 (Ln = Gd, La) phosphors for white LEDs application,” J. Alloys Compd. 498(2), 199–202 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

L. Chen, X. Chen, F. Liu, H. Chen, H. Wang, E. Zhao, Y. Jiang, T. S. Chan, C. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and S. Chen, “Charge deformation and orbital hybridization: intrinsic mechanisms on tunable chromaticity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ luminescence by doping Gd3+ for warm white LEDs,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11514 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jüstel, T.

J. M. Ogiegło, A. Katelnikovas, A. Zych, T. Jüstel, A. Meijerink, and C. R. Ronda, “Luminescence and Luminescence Quenching in Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 Scintillators Doped with Ce3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. A 117(12), 2479–2484 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamada, K.

K. Kamada, S. Kurosawa, A. Yamaji, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Growth of Nd doped (Lu,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystal by the micro pulling down method and their scintillation properties,” Opt. Mater. 41, 32–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillator-oriented combinatorial search in Ce-doped (Y,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 multicomponent garnet compounds,” J. Phys. D-App. Phys. 44, 505104 (2011).

K. Kamada, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Fukabori, A. Yoshikawa, J. Pejchal, and M. Nikl, “Composition engineering in cerium-doped (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12 single-crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 11(10), 4484–4490 (2011).
[Crossref]

Katelnikovas, A.

J. M. Ogiegło, A. Katelnikovas, A. Zych, T. Jüstel, A. Meijerink, and C. R. Ronda, “Luminescence and Luminescence Quenching in Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 Scintillators Doped with Ce3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. A 117(12), 2479–2484 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kinski, I.

K. Waetzig, M. Kunzer, and I. Kinski, “Influence of sample thickness and concentration of Ce dopant on the optical properties of YAG:Ce ceramic phosphors for white LEDs,” J. Mater. Res. 29(19), 2318–2324 (2014).
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Kissinger, K.

S. Chen, L. H. Zhang, K. Kissinger, and Y. Q. Wu, “Transparent Y3Al5O12: Li, Ce ceramics for thermal neutron detection,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(4), 1067–1069 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kottaisamy, M.

M. Kottaisamy, P. Thiyagarajan, J. Mishra, and M. S. Ramachandra Rao, “Color tuning of Y3Al5O12: Ce phosphor and their blend for white LEDs,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(7), 1657–1663 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kucerkova, R.

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, J. Vasylkiv, A. Zelenyj, A. Fedorov, R. Kucerkova, J. A. Mares, M. Nikl, P. Bilski, and A. Twardak, “Growth and luminescent properties of scintillators based on the single crystalline films of Lu3-xGdxAl5O12:Ce garnet,” Mater. Res. Bull. 64, 355–363 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kunzer, M.

K. Waetzig, M. Kunzer, and I. Kinski, “Influence of sample thickness and concentration of Ce dopant on the optical properties of YAG:Ce ceramic phosphors for white LEDs,” J. Mater. Res. 29(19), 2318–2324 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kurosawa, S.

K. Kamada, S. Kurosawa, A. Yamaji, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Growth of Nd doped (Lu,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystal by the micro pulling down method and their scintillation properties,” Opt. Mater. 41, 32–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

Leo, K.

S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H. J.

Q. Y. Shao, H. J. Li, Y. Dong, J. Q. Jiang, C. Liang, and J. H. He, “Temperature-dependent photoluminescence studies on Y2.93-xLnxAl5O12:Ce0.07 (Ln = Gd, La) phosphors for white LEDs application,” J. Alloys Compd. 498(2), 199–202 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

J. Li, J. G. Li, S. Liu, X. Li, X. Sun, and Y. Sakka, “The development of Ce3+-activated (Gd, Lu)3Al5O12 garnet solid solutions as efficient yellow-emitting phosphors,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(5), 054201 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Li, Z. Xiu, D. Huo, and X. Sun, “Effects of Gd3+substitution on the fabrication of transparent (Y1-xGdx)3Al5O12 ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(8), 2229–2235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, J. G.

J. Li, J. G. Li, S. Liu, X. Li, X. Sun, and Y. Sakka, “The development of Ce3+-activated (Gd, Lu)3Al5O12 garnet solid solutions as efficient yellow-emitting phosphors,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(5), 054201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

J. Li, J. G. Li, S. Liu, X. Li, X. Sun, and Y. Sakka, “The development of Ce3+-activated (Gd, Lu)3Al5O12 garnet solid solutions as efficient yellow-emitting phosphors,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(5), 054201 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Li, Z. Xiu, D. Huo, and X. Sun, “Effects of Gd3+substitution on the fabrication of transparent (Y1-xGdx)3Al5O12 ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(8), 2229–2235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liang, C.

Q. Y. Shao, H. J. Li, Y. Dong, J. Q. Jiang, C. Liang, and J. H. He, “Temperature-dependent photoluminescence studies on Y2.93-xLnxAl5O12:Ce0.07 (Ln = Gd, La) phosphors for white LEDs application,” J. Alloys Compd. 498(2), 199–202 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liang, X. J.

W. D. Xiang, J. S. Zhong, Y. S. Zhao, B. Y. Zhao, X. J. Liang, Y. J. Dong, Z. M. Zhang, Z. P. Chen, and B. F. Liu, “Growth and characterization of air annealing Mn-doped YAG:Ce single crystal for LED,” J. Alloys Compd. 542, 218–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. C.

L. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. W. Yeh, and R. S. Liu, “Light converting inorganic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Materials (Basel) 3(3), 2172–2195 (2010).
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Lin, C. F.

P. C. Shen, M. S. Lin, and C. F. Lin, “Environmentally benign technology for efficient warm-white light emission,” Sci. Rep. 4(5307), 5307 (2014).
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Lin, H.

X. Yi, S. M. Zhou, C. Chen, H. Lin, Y. Feng, K. Wang, and Y. Ni, “Fabrication of Ce:YAG, Ce,Cr:YAG and Ce:YAG/Ce,Cr:YAG dual-layered composite phosphor ceramics for the application of white LEDs,” Ceram. Int. 40(5), 7043–7047 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. L. Yu, D. Q. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. S. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, M. S.

P. C. Shen, M. S. Lin, and C. F. Lin, “Environmentally benign technology for efficient warm-white light emission,” Sci. Rep. 4(5307), 5307 (2014).
[PubMed]

Lindner, F.

S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, B. F.

W. D. Xiang, J. S. Zhong, Y. S. Zhao, B. Y. Zhao, X. J. Liang, Y. J. Dong, Z. M. Zhang, Z. P. Chen, and B. F. Liu, “Growth and characterization of air annealing Mn-doped YAG:Ce single crystal for LED,” J. Alloys Compd. 542, 218–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, F.

L. Chen, X. Chen, F. Liu, H. Chen, H. Wang, E. Zhao, Y. Jiang, T. S. Chan, C. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and S. Chen, “Charge deformation and orbital hybridization: intrinsic mechanisms on tunable chromaticity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ luminescence by doping Gd3+ for warm white LEDs,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11514 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, G. H.

G. H. Liu, Z. Z. Zhou, Y. Shi, Q. Liu, J. Q. Wan, and Y. B. Pan, “Ce:YAG transparent ceramics for applications of high power LEDs: Thickness effects and high temperature performance,” Mater. Lett. 139, 480–482 (2015).
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Liu, Q.

G. H. Liu, Z. Z. Zhou, Y. Shi, Q. Liu, J. Q. Wan, and Y. B. Pan, “Ce:YAG transparent ceramics for applications of high power LEDs: Thickness effects and high temperature performance,” Mater. Lett. 139, 480–482 (2015).
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Liu, R. S.

L. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. W. Yeh, and R. S. Liu, “Light converting inorganic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Materials (Basel) 3(3), 2172–2195 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

J. Li, J. G. Li, S. Liu, X. Li, X. Sun, and Y. Sakka, “The development of Ce3+-activated (Gd, Lu)3Al5O12 garnet solid solutions as efficient yellow-emitting phosphors,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(5), 054201 (2013).
[Crossref]

Llobet, A.

N. C. George, A. J. Pell, G. Dantelle, K. Page, A. Llobet, M. Balasubramanian, G. Pintacuda, B. F. Chmelka, and R. Seshadri, “Local Environments of Dilute Activator Ions in the Solid-State Lighting Phosphor Y3-xCexAl5O12,” Chem. Mater. 25(20), 3979–3995 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lüssem, B.

S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
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Q. Wang and D. Ma, “Management of charges and excitons for high-performance white organic light-emitting diodes,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 39(7), 2387–2398 (2010).
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Y. Zorenko, T. Zorenko, P. Malinowski, O. Sidletskiy, and S. Neicheva, “Luminescent properties of Y3Al5-xGaxO12:Ce crystals,” J. Lumin. 156, 102–107 (2014).
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Mares, J. A.

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, J. Vasylkiv, A. Zelenyj, A. Fedorov, R. Kucerkova, J. A. Mares, M. Nikl, P. Bilski, and A. Twardak, “Growth and luminescent properties of scintillators based on the single crystalline films of Lu3-xGdxAl5O12:Ce garnet,” Mater. Res. Bull. 64, 355–363 (2015).
[Crossref]

Marius, M.

M. Marius, E. J. Popovici, L. Barbu Thdoran, E. Indrea, and A. Mesaros, “Cerium-doped yttrium aluminate-based phosphors prepared by wet-chemical synthesis route: Modulation of the luminescence color by changing the host-lattice composition,” Ceram. Int. 40(4), 6233–6239 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meijerink, A.

J. M. Ogiegło, A. Katelnikovas, A. Zych, T. Jüstel, A. Meijerink, and C. R. Ronda, “Luminescence and Luminescence Quenching in Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 Scintillators Doped with Ce3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. A 117(12), 2479–2484 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mesaros, A.

M. Marius, E. J. Popovici, L. Barbu Thdoran, E. Indrea, and A. Mesaros, “Cerium-doped yttrium aluminate-based phosphors prepared by wet-chemical synthesis route: Modulation of the luminescence color by changing the host-lattice composition,” Ceram. Int. 40(4), 6233–6239 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mikhailovsky, A. A.

A. Birkel, K. A. Denault, N. C. George, C. E. Doll, B. Hery, A. A. Mikhailovsky, C. S. Birkel, B. C. Hong, and R. Seshadri, “Rapid microwave preparation of highly efficient Ce3+-substituted garnet phosphors for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater. 24(6), 1198–1204 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mishra, J.

M. Kottaisamy, P. Thiyagarajan, J. Mishra, and M. S. Ramachandra Rao, “Color tuning of Y3Al5O12: Ce phosphor and their blend for white LEDs,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(7), 1657–1663 (2008).
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Neicheva, S.

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K. Kamada, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Fukabori, A. Yoshikawa, J. Pejchal, and M. Nikl, “Composition engineering in cerium-doped (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12 single-crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 11(10), 4484–4490 (2011).
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Pan, Y. B.

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K. Kamada, S. Kurosawa, A. Yamaji, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Growth of Nd doped (Lu,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystal by the micro pulling down method and their scintillation properties,” Opt. Mater. 41, 32–35 (2015).
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K. Kamada, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Fukabori, A. Yoshikawa, J. Pejchal, and M. Nikl, “Composition engineering in cerium-doped (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12 single-crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 11(10), 4484–4490 (2011).
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N. C. George, A. J. Pell, G. Dantelle, K. Page, A. Llobet, M. Balasubramanian, G. Pintacuda, B. F. Chmelka, and R. Seshadri, “Local Environments of Dilute Activator Ions in the Solid-State Lighting Phosphor Y3-xCexAl5O12,” Chem. Mater. 25(20), 3979–3995 (2013).
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J. M. Ogiegło, A. Katelnikovas, A. Zych, T. Jüstel, A. Meijerink, and C. R. Ronda, “Luminescence and Luminescence Quenching in Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 Scintillators Doped with Ce3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. A 117(12), 2479–2484 (2013).
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K. Kamada, S. Kurosawa, A. Yamaji, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Growth of Nd doped (Lu,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystal by the micro pulling down method and their scintillation properties,” Opt. Mater. 41, 32–35 (2015).
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Y. Zorenko, T. Zorenko, P. Malinowski, O. Sidletskiy, and S. Neicheva, “Luminescent properties of Y3Al5-xGaxO12:Ce crystals,” J. Lumin. 156, 102–107 (2014).
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P. F. Smet, A. B. Parmentier, and D. Poelman, “Selecting conversion phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(6), R37–R54 (2011).
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J. Li, J. G. Li, S. Liu, X. Li, X. Sun, and Y. Sakka, “The development of Ce3+-activated (Gd, Lu)3Al5O12 garnet solid solutions as efficient yellow-emitting phosphors,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(5), 054201 (2013).
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X. Li, J. Li, Z. Xiu, D. Huo, and X. Sun, “Effects of Gd3+substitution on the fabrication of transparent (Y1-xGdx)3Al5O12 ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(8), 2229–2235 (2010).
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Thiyagarajan, P.

M. Kottaisamy, P. Thiyagarajan, J. Mishra, and M. S. Ramachandra Rao, “Color tuning of Y3Al5O12: Ce phosphor and their blend for white LEDs,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(7), 1657–1663 (2008).
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K. Kamada, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Fukabori, A. Yoshikawa, J. Pejchal, and M. Nikl, “Composition engineering in cerium-doped (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12 single-crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 11(10), 4484–4490 (2011).
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Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, J. Vasylkiv, A. Zelenyj, A. Fedorov, R. Kucerkova, J. A. Mares, M. Nikl, P. Bilski, and A. Twardak, “Growth and luminescent properties of scintillators based on the single crystalline films of Lu3-xGdxAl5O12:Ce garnet,” Mater. Res. Bull. 64, 355–363 (2015).
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Wan, J. Q.

G. H. Liu, Z. Z. Zhou, Y. Shi, Q. Liu, J. Q. Wan, and Y. B. Pan, “Ce:YAG transparent ceramics for applications of high power LEDs: Thickness effects and high temperature performance,” Mater. Lett. 139, 480–482 (2015).
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B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. L. Yu, D. Q. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. S. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
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Wang, H.

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X. Yi, S. M. Zhou, C. Chen, H. Lin, Y. Feng, K. Wang, and Y. Ni, “Fabrication of Ce:YAG, Ce,Cr:YAG and Ce:YAG/Ce,Cr:YAG dual-layered composite phosphor ceramics for the application of white LEDs,” Ceram. Int. 40(5), 7043–7047 (2014).
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Wang, Y. S.

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. L. Yu, D. Q. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. S. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
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Y. X. Pan, M. M. Wu, and Q. Su, “Tailored photoluminescence of YAG: Ce phosphor through various methods,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 65(5), 845–850 (2004).
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Wu, Y. Q.

S. Chen, L. H. Zhang, K. Kissinger, and Y. Q. Wu, “Transparent Y3Al5O12: Li, Ce ceramics for thermal neutron detection,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(4), 1067–1069 (2013).
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X. Li, J. Li, Z. Xiu, D. Huo, and X. Sun, “Effects of Gd3+substitution on the fabrication of transparent (Y1-xGdx)3Al5O12 ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(8), 2229–2235 (2010).
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Xu, J.

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. L. Yu, D. Q. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. S. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
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K. Kamada, S. Kurosawa, A. Yamaji, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Growth of Nd doped (Lu,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystal by the micro pulling down method and their scintillation properties,” Opt. Mater. 41, 32–35 (2015).
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G. Boulon, T. Epicier, W. Zhao, V. I. Chani, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Absence of host cation segregation in the (Gd,Y)3Al5O12 mixed garnet optical ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 090207 (2011).

K. Kamada, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Fukabori, A. Yoshikawa, J. Pejchal, and M. Nikl, “Composition engineering in cerium-doped (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12 single-crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 11(10), 4484–4490 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillator-oriented combinatorial search in Ce-doped (Y,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 multicomponent garnet compounds,” J. Phys. D-App. Phys. 44, 505104 (2011).

Yang, S. J.

Yeh, C. W.

L. Chen, C. C. Lin, C. W. Yeh, and R. S. Liu, “Light converting inorganic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Materials (Basel) 3(3), 2172–2195 (2010).
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[Crossref]

Yokota, Y.

K. Kamada, S. Kurosawa, A. Yamaji, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Growth of Nd doped (Lu,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystal by the micro pulling down method and their scintillation properties,” Opt. Mater. 41, 32–35 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yoshikawa, A.

K. Kamada, S. Kurosawa, A. Yamaji, Y. Shoji, J. Pejchal, Y. Ohashi, Y. Yokota, and A. Yoshikawa, “Growth of Nd doped (Lu,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystal by the micro pulling down method and their scintillation properties,” Opt. Mater. 41, 32–35 (2015).
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G. Boulon, T. Epicier, W. Zhao, V. I. Chani, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Absence of host cation segregation in the (Gd,Y)3Al5O12 mixed garnet optical ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 090207 (2011).

K. Kamada, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Fukabori, A. Yoshikawa, J. Pejchal, and M. Nikl, “Composition engineering in cerium-doped (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12 single-crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 11(10), 4484–4490 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillator-oriented combinatorial search in Ce-doped (Y,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 multicomponent garnet compounds,” J. Phys. D-App. Phys. 44, 505104 (2011).

Yu, Y. L.

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. L. Yu, D. Q. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. S. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X. Y.

Zelenyj, A.

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, J. Vasylkiv, A. Zelenyj, A. Fedorov, R. Kucerkova, J. A. Mares, M. Nikl, P. Bilski, and A. Twardak, “Growth and luminescent properties of scintillators based on the single crystalline films of Lu3-xGdxAl5O12:Ce garnet,” Mater. Res. Bull. 64, 355–363 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L. H.

S. Chen, L. H. Zhang, K. Kissinger, and Y. Q. Wu, “Transparent Y3Al5O12: Li, Ce ceramics for thermal neutron detection,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(4), 1067–1069 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, R.

B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. L. Yu, D. Q. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. S. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

L. Chen, X. Chen, F. Liu, H. Chen, H. Wang, E. Zhao, Y. Jiang, T. S. Chan, C. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and S. Chen, “Charge deformation and orbital hybridization: intrinsic mechanisms on tunable chromaticity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ luminescence by doping Gd3+ for warm white LEDs,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11514 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z. M.

W. D. Xiang, J. S. Zhong, Y. S. Zhao, B. Y. Zhao, X. J. Liang, Y. J. Dong, Z. M. Zhang, Z. P. Chen, and B. F. Liu, “Growth and characterization of air annealing Mn-doped YAG:Ce single crystal for LED,” J. Alloys Compd. 542, 218–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, B. Y.

W. D. Xiang, J. S. Zhong, Y. S. Zhao, B. Y. Zhao, X. J. Liang, Y. J. Dong, Z. M. Zhang, Z. P. Chen, and B. F. Liu, “Growth and characterization of air annealing Mn-doped YAG:Ce single crystal for LED,” J. Alloys Compd. 542, 218–221 (2012).
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Zhao, E.

L. Chen, X. Chen, F. Liu, H. Chen, H. Wang, E. Zhao, Y. Jiang, T. S. Chan, C. H. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Wang, and S. Chen, “Charge deformation and orbital hybridization: intrinsic mechanisms on tunable chromaticity of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ luminescence by doping Gd3+ for warm white LEDs,” Sci. Rep. 5, 11514 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, W.

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Zhao, Y. S.

W. D. Xiang, J. S. Zhong, Y. S. Zhao, B. Y. Zhao, X. J. Liang, Y. J. Dong, Z. M. Zhang, Z. P. Chen, and B. F. Liu, “Growth and characterization of air annealing Mn-doped YAG:Ce single crystal for LED,” J. Alloys Compd. 542, 218–221 (2012).
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W. D. Xiang, J. S. Zhong, Y. S. Zhao, B. Y. Zhao, X. J. Liang, Y. J. Dong, Z. M. Zhang, Z. P. Chen, and B. F. Liu, “Growth and characterization of air annealing Mn-doped YAG:Ce single crystal for LED,” J. Alloys Compd. 542, 218–221 (2012).
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X. Yi, S. M. Zhou, C. Chen, H. Lin, Y. Feng, K. Wang, and Y. Ni, “Fabrication of Ce:YAG, Ce,Cr:YAG and Ce:YAG/Ce,Cr:YAG dual-layered composite phosphor ceramics for the application of white LEDs,” Ceram. Int. 40(5), 7043–7047 (2014).
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G. H. Liu, Z. Z. Zhou, Y. Shi, Q. Liu, J. Q. Wan, and Y. B. Pan, “Ce:YAG transparent ceramics for applications of high power LEDs: Thickness effects and high temperature performance,” Mater. Lett. 139, 480–482 (2015).
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Y. Zorenko, T. Zorenko, P. Malinowski, O. Sidletskiy, and S. Neicheva, “Luminescent properties of Y3Al5-xGaxO12:Ce crystals,” J. Lumin. 156, 102–107 (2014).
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Y. Zorenko, T. Zorenko, P. Malinowski, O. Sidletskiy, and S. Neicheva, “Luminescent properties of Y3Al5-xGaxO12:Ce crystals,” J. Lumin. 156, 102–107 (2014).
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J. M. Ogiegło, A. Katelnikovas, A. Zych, T. Jüstel, A. Meijerink, and C. R. Ronda, “Luminescence and Luminescence Quenching in Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 Scintillators Doped with Ce3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. A 117(12), 2479–2484 (2013).
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Ceram. Int. (2)

X. Yi, S. M. Zhou, C. Chen, H. Lin, Y. Feng, K. Wang, and Y. Ni, “Fabrication of Ce:YAG, Ce,Cr:YAG and Ce:YAG/Ce,Cr:YAG dual-layered composite phosphor ceramics for the application of white LEDs,” Ceram. Int. 40(5), 7043–7047 (2014).
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M. Marius, E. J. Popovici, L. Barbu Thdoran, E. Indrea, and A. Mesaros, “Cerium-doped yttrium aluminate-based phosphors prepared by wet-chemical synthesis route: Modulation of the luminescence color by changing the host-lattice composition,” Ceram. Int. 40(4), 6233–6239 (2014).
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K. Kamada, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, T. Yanagida, Y. Fujimoto, Y. Fukabori, A. Yoshikawa, J. Pejchal, and M. Nikl, “Composition engineering in cerium-doped (Lu,Gd)3(Ga,Al)5O12 single-crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 11(10), 4484–4490 (2011).
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W. D. Xiang, J. S. Zhong, Y. S. Zhao, B. Y. Zhao, X. J. Liang, Y. J. Dong, Z. M. Zhang, Z. P. Chen, and B. F. Liu, “Growth and characterization of air annealing Mn-doped YAG:Ce single crystal for LED,” J. Alloys Compd. 542, 218–221 (2012).
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B. Wang, H. Lin, Y. L. Yu, D. Q. Chen, R. Zhang, J. Xu, and Y. S. Wang, “Ce3+/Pr3+: YAGG: a long persistent phosphor activated by blue-light,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 97(8), 2539–2545 (2014).
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Y. Zorenko, T. Zorenko, P. Malinowski, O. Sidletskiy, and S. Neicheva, “Luminescent properties of Y3Al5-xGaxO12:Ce crystals,” J. Lumin. 156, 102–107 (2014).
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K. Waetzig, M. Kunzer, and I. Kinski, “Influence of sample thickness and concentration of Ce dopant on the optical properties of YAG:Ce ceramic phosphors for white LEDs,” J. Mater. Res. 29(19), 2318–2324 (2014).
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J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

J. M. Ogiegło, A. Katelnikovas, A. Zych, T. Jüstel, A. Meijerink, and C. R. Ronda, “Luminescence and Luminescence Quenching in Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 Scintillators Doped with Ce3+.,” J. Phys. Chem. A 117(12), 2479–2484 (2013).
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J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

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K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Scintillator-oriented combinatorial search in Ce-doped (Y,Gd) 3(Ga,Al)5O12 multicomponent garnet compounds,” J. Phys. D-App. Phys. 44, 505104 (2011).

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G. Boulon, T. Epicier, W. Zhao, V. I. Chani, T. Yanagida, and A. Yoshikawa, “Absence of host cation segregation in the (Gd,Y)3Al5O12 mixed garnet optical ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 090207 (2011).

Mater. Lett. (1)

G. H. Liu, Z. Z. Zhou, Y. Shi, Q. Liu, J. Q. Wan, and Y. B. Pan, “Ce:YAG transparent ceramics for applications of high power LEDs: Thickness effects and high temperature performance,” Mater. Lett. 139, 480–482 (2015).
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Mater. Res. Bull. (2)

M. Kottaisamy, P. Thiyagarajan, J. Mishra, and M. S. Ramachandra Rao, “Color tuning of Y3Al5O12: Ce phosphor and their blend for white LEDs,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(7), 1657–1663 (2008).
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Proc. SPIE (1)

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J. Li, J. G. Li, S. Liu, X. Li, X. Sun, and Y. Sakka, “The development of Ce3+-activated (Gd, Lu)3Al5O12 garnet solid solutions as efficient yellow-emitting phosphors,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 14(5), 054201 (2013).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Photographs of the (Y, Gd)AG: Ce transparent ceramics (0.5 mm thick).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) XRD patterns, (b) lattice constants of the (Y, Gd)AG: Ce ceramics as a function of Gd3+ concentration. The right of (a) shows the magnified XRD patterns of the characteristic peak of (4 2 0) crystal plane.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 In-line transmittance spectra of the (Y, Gd)AG: Ce transparent ceramics (0.5 mm thick).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 UV-Vis absorption spectra of the (Y, Gd)AG: Ce transparent ceramics.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) PL spectra and (b) Normalized PL spectra of the (Y, Gd)AG: Ce ceramic-phosphors with various Gd3+ substitution for Y3+.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 CIE-1931 chromaticity diagram of the (Y, Gd)AG: Ce ceramic phosphors. The inset shows the schematic diagram of the WLED device, and the luminescent photographs of the WLEDs at an operating current of 100 mA.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The possible energy level diagram for Ce3+ in the (Y, Gd)AG: Ce transparent ceramics.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Luminous parameters of the WLEDs using (Y, Gd)AG: Ce ceramic phosphors.

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