Abstract

We demonstrate two ultra-low viscosity liquid crystal mixtures to enable field-sequential-color wearable displays for low temperature operation, while keeping a wide color gamut. Our mixtures offer ~4X faster response time than a commercial material at 20°C and ~8X faster at −20°C. Other major attractive features include: (1) submillisecond response time at room temperature and vivid color even at −20°C without a heating device, (2) high brightness and excellent ambient contrast ratio, and (3) suppressed color breakup with 360Hz frame rate.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Submillisecond-response nematic liquid crystals for augmented reality displays

Haiwei Chen, Fangwang Gou, and Shin-Tson Wu
Opt. Mater. Express 7(1) 195-201 (2017)

Fast-response liquid crystal phase modulators for augmented reality displays

Yuge Huang, Ziqian He, and Shin-Tson Wu
Opt. Express 25(26) 32757-32766 (2017)

High performance liquid crystals for vehicle displays

Fenglin Peng, Yuge Huang, Fangwang Gou, Minggang Hu, Jian Li, Zhongwei An, and Shin-Tson Wu
Opt. Mater. Express 6(3) 717-726 (2016)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Armitage, I. Underwood, and S.-T. Wu, Introduction to Microdisplays (Wiley, 2006).
  2. M. S. Brennesholtz and E. H. Stupp, Projection Displays, 2nd Ed. (Wiley 2008).
  3. D. Cuypers, H. De Smet, and A. Van Calster, “VAN LCOS Microdisplays: A decade of technological evolution,” J. Display Technol. 7(3), 127–134 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y.-W. Li, C.-W. Lin, K.-Y. Chen, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, H.-C. Kuo, and H.-C. Tsai, “18.5L: Late-News Paper: Front-lit LCOS for wearable applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45(1), 234–236 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Bergquist and C. Wennstam, “49.2: Field-sequential-colour display with adaptive gamut,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 37(1), 1594–1597 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, ““P-173: A 0.38” Field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y.-P. Huang, F.-C. Lin, and H.-P. D. Shieh, “Eco-displays: The color LCD's without color filters and polarizers,” J. Display Technol. 7(12), 630–632 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  8. Z. Luo and S.-T. Wu, “A spatiotemporal four-primary color LCD with quantum dots,” J. Display Technol. 10(5), 367–372 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. S.-T. Wu and C.-S. Wu, “Mixed‐mode twisted nematic liquid crystal cells for reflective displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(11), 1455–1457 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. H. Fan-Chiang, S.-T. Wu, and S. H. Chen, “Fringing-field effects on high-resolution liquid crystal microdisplays,” J. Display Technol. 1(2), 304–313 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  11. S.-T. Wu and C.-S. Wu, “Rotational viscosity of nematic liquid crystals: A critical examination of existing models,” Liq. Cryst. 8(2), 171–182 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y.-W. Li, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-T. Wang, C.-L. Wu, C.-Y. Tsai, H.-C. Tsai, and H.-C. Huang, “P-121: Fast-response reflective TN mode with enhanced contrast and reflectance,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41(1), 1720–1723 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  13. Y. Chen, F. Peng, and S.-T. Wu, “Submillisecond-response vertical-aligned liquid crystal for color sequential projection displays,” J. Display Technol. 9(2), 78–81 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. He, J.-H. Lee, H.-C. Cheng, J. Yan, and S.-T. Wu, “Fast-response blue-phase liquid crystal for color-sequential projection displays,” J. Display Technol. 8(6), 352–356 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  15. L. Rao, S. He, and S.-T. Wu, “Blue-phase liquid crystals for reflective projection displays,” J. Display Technol. 8(10), 555–557 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  16. F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  17. H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S.-T. Wu, M. Li, S. Lee, and W. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. H. Takatsu, “Advanced liquid crystal materials for active matrix displays,” Conf. Proc. Advanced Display Materials and Devices, p.43 (Sendai, Japan, 2014).
  19. J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. Schadt, R. Buchecker, and K. Muller, “Material properties, structural relations with molecular ensembles and electro-optical performance of new bicyclohexane liquid crystals in field-effect liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 5(1), 293–312 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  21. Z. Luo, Y. Chen, and S.-T. Wu, “Wide color gamut LCD with a quantum dot backlight,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26269–26284 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. Y. W. Li, K. H. Fan-Chiang, C. Y. Tsai, C. L. Wu, C. T. Wang, W.-H. Chen, and H.-C. Tsai, “P-186: Compensated MTN mode field sequential microdisplays for pico projector applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42(1), 1801–1803 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2014 (5)

Y.-W. Li, C.-W. Lin, K.-Y. Chen, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, H.-C. Kuo, and H.-C. Tsai, “18.5L: Late-News Paper: Front-lit LCOS for wearable applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45(1), 234–236 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo and S.-T. Wu, “A spatiotemporal four-primary color LCD with quantum dots,” J. Display Technol. 10(5), 367–372 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S.-T. Wu, M. Li, S. Lee, and W. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

Y.-P. Huang, F.-C. Lin, and H.-P. D. Shieh, “Eco-displays: The color LCD's without color filters and polarizers,” J. Display Technol. 7(12), 630–632 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Cuypers, H. De Smet, and A. Van Calster, “VAN LCOS Microdisplays: A decade of technological evolution,” J. Display Technol. 7(3), 127–134 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Li, K. H. Fan-Chiang, C. Y. Tsai, C. L. Wu, C. T. Wang, W.-H. Chen, and H.-C. Tsai, “P-186: Compensated MTN mode field sequential microdisplays for pico projector applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42(1), 1801–1803 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

Y.-W. Li, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-T. Wang, C.-L. Wu, C.-Y. Tsai, H.-C. Tsai, and H.-C. Huang, “P-121: Fast-response reflective TN mode with enhanced contrast and reflectance,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41(1), 1720–1723 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, ““P-173: A 0.38” Field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. Bergquist and C. Wennstam, “49.2: Field-sequential-colour display with adaptive gamut,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 37(1), 1594–1597 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

1996 (1)

S.-T. Wu and C.-S. Wu, “Mixed‐mode twisted nematic liquid crystal cells for reflective displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(11), 1455–1457 (1996).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

S.-T. Wu and C.-S. Wu, “Rotational viscosity of nematic liquid crystals: A critical examination of existing models,” Liq. Cryst. 8(2), 171–182 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

M. Schadt, R. Buchecker, and K. Muller, “Material properties, structural relations with molecular ensembles and electro-optical performance of new bicyclohexane liquid crystals in field-effect liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 5(1), 293–312 (1989).
[Crossref]

An, Z.

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bergquist, J.

J. Bergquist and C. Wennstam, “49.2: Field-sequential-colour display with adaptive gamut,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 37(1), 1594–1597 (2006).
[Crossref]

Buchecker, R.

M. Schadt, R. Buchecker, and K. Muller, “Material properties, structural relations with molecular ensembles and electro-optical performance of new bicyclohexane liquid crystals in field-effect liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 5(1), 293–312 (1989).
[Crossref]

Che, Z.

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S.-T. Wu, M. Li, S. Lee, and W. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, K.-Y.

Y.-W. Li, C.-W. Lin, K.-Y. Chen, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, H.-C. Kuo, and H.-C. Tsai, “18.5L: Late-News Paper: Front-lit LCOS for wearable applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45(1), 234–236 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. H.

Chen, W.-H.

Y. W. Li, K. H. Fan-Chiang, C. Y. Tsai, C. L. Wu, C. T. Wang, W.-H. Chen, and H.-C. Tsai, “P-186: Compensated MTN mode field sequential microdisplays for pico projector applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42(1), 1801–1803 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, F. Peng, and S.-T. Wu, “Submillisecond-response vertical-aligned liquid crystal for color sequential projection displays,” J. Display Technol. 9(2), 78–81 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Chen, and S.-T. Wu, “Wide color gamut LCD with a quantum dot backlight,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26269–26284 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-C.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, ““P-173: A 0.38” Field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.-C.

Cheng, J.-T.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, ““P-173: A 0.38” Field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cuypers, D.

De Smet, H.

Fan-Chiang, K. H.

Y. W. Li, K. H. Fan-Chiang, C. Y. Tsai, C. L. Wu, C. T. Wang, W.-H. Chen, and H.-C. Tsai, “P-186: Compensated MTN mode field sequential microdisplays for pico projector applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42(1), 1801–1803 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. H. Fan-Chiang, S.-T. Wu, and S. H. Chen, “Fringing-field effects on high-resolution liquid crystal microdisplays,” J. Display Technol. 1(2), 304–313 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fan-Chiang, K.-H.

Y.-W. Li, C.-W. Lin, K.-Y. Chen, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, H.-C. Kuo, and H.-C. Tsai, “18.5L: Late-News Paper: Front-lit LCOS for wearable applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45(1), 234–236 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y.-W. Li, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-T. Wang, C.-L. Wu, C.-Y. Tsai, H.-C. Tsai, and H.-C. Huang, “P-121: Fast-response reflective TN mode with enhanced contrast and reflectance,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41(1), 1720–1723 (2010).
[Crossref]

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, ““P-173: A 0.38” Field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Haseba, Y.

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

He, S.

Ho, Y.-Y.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, ““P-173: A 0.38” Field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hu, M.

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.-C.

Y.-W. Li, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-T. Wang, C.-L. Wu, C.-Y. Tsai, H.-C. Tsai, and H.-C. Huang, “P-121: Fast-response reflective TN mode with enhanced contrast and reflectance,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41(1), 1720–1723 (2010).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.-P.

Kuo, H.-C.

Y.-W. Li, C.-W. Lin, K.-Y. Chen, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, H.-C. Kuo, and H.-C. Tsai, “18.5L: Late-News Paper: Front-lit LCOS for wearable applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45(1), 234–236 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lai, C.-C.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, ““P-173: A 0.38” Field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.-H.

Lee, S.

Li, J.

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

Li, Y. W.

Y. W. Li, K. H. Fan-Chiang, C. Y. Tsai, C. L. Wu, C. T. Wang, W.-H. Chen, and H.-C. Tsai, “P-186: Compensated MTN mode field sequential microdisplays for pico projector applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42(1), 1801–1803 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.-W.

Y.-W. Li, C.-W. Lin, K.-Y. Chen, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, H.-C. Kuo, and H.-C. Tsai, “18.5L: Late-News Paper: Front-lit LCOS for wearable applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45(1), 234–236 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y.-W. Li, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-T. Wang, C.-L. Wu, C.-Y. Tsai, H.-C. Tsai, and H.-C. Huang, “P-121: Fast-response reflective TN mode with enhanced contrast and reflectance,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41(1), 1720–1723 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liao, B.-J.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, ““P-173: A 0.38” Field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.-W.

Y.-W. Li, C.-W. Lin, K.-Y. Chen, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, H.-C. Kuo, and H.-C. Tsai, “18.5L: Late-News Paper: Front-lit LCOS for wearable applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45(1), 234–236 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, F.-C.

Luo, Z.

Muller, K.

M. Schadt, R. Buchecker, and K. Muller, “Material properties, structural relations with molecular ensembles and electro-optical performance of new bicyclohexane liquid crystals in field-effect liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 5(1), 293–312 (1989).
[Crossref]

Peng, F.

Rao, L.

Schadt, M.

M. Schadt, R. Buchecker, and K. Muller, “Material properties, structural relations with molecular ensembles and electro-optical performance of new bicyclohexane liquid crystals in field-effect liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 5(1), 293–312 (1989).
[Crossref]

Shieh, H.-P. D.

Takatsu, H.

H. Takatsu, “Advanced liquid crystal materials for active matrix displays,” Conf. Proc. Advanced Display Materials and Devices, p.43 (Sendai, Japan, 2014).

Tsai, C. Y.

Y. W. Li, K. H. Fan-Chiang, C. Y. Tsai, C. L. Wu, C. T. Wang, W.-H. Chen, and H.-C. Tsai, “P-186: Compensated MTN mode field sequential microdisplays for pico projector applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42(1), 1801–1803 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tsai, C.-Y.

Y.-W. Li, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-T. Wang, C.-L. Wu, C.-Y. Tsai, H.-C. Tsai, and H.-C. Huang, “P-121: Fast-response reflective TN mode with enhanced contrast and reflectance,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41(1), 1720–1723 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tsai, H.-C.

Y.-W. Li, C.-W. Lin, K.-Y. Chen, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, H.-C. Kuo, and H.-C. Tsai, “18.5L: Late-News Paper: Front-lit LCOS for wearable applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45(1), 234–236 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Li, K. H. Fan-Chiang, C. Y. Tsai, C. L. Wu, C. T. Wang, W.-H. Chen, and H.-C. Tsai, “P-186: Compensated MTN mode field sequential microdisplays for pico projector applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42(1), 1801–1803 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y.-W. Li, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-T. Wang, C.-L. Wu, C.-Y. Tsai, H.-C. Tsai, and H.-C. Huang, “P-121: Fast-response reflective TN mode with enhanced contrast and reflectance,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41(1), 1720–1723 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tsai, W.

Van Calster, A.

Wang, C. T.

Y. W. Li, K. H. Fan-Chiang, C. Y. Tsai, C. L. Wu, C. T. Wang, W.-H. Chen, and H.-C. Tsai, “P-186: Compensated MTN mode field sequential microdisplays for pico projector applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42(1), 1801–1803 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.-T.

Y.-W. Li, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-T. Wang, C.-L. Wu, C.-Y. Tsai, H.-C. Tsai, and H.-C. Huang, “P-121: Fast-response reflective TN mode with enhanced contrast and reflectance,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41(1), 1720–1723 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wennstam, C.

J. Bergquist and C. Wennstam, “49.2: Field-sequential-colour display with adaptive gamut,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 37(1), 1594–1597 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. L.

Y. W. Li, K. H. Fan-Chiang, C. Y. Tsai, C. L. Wu, C. T. Wang, W.-H. Chen, and H.-C. Tsai, “P-186: Compensated MTN mode field sequential microdisplays for pico projector applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42(1), 1801–1803 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.-L.

Y.-W. Li, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-T. Wang, C.-L. Wu, C.-Y. Tsai, H.-C. Tsai, and H.-C. Huang, “P-121: Fast-response reflective TN mode with enhanced contrast and reflectance,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41(1), 1720–1723 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.-S.

S.-T. Wu and C.-S. Wu, “Mixed‐mode twisted nematic liquid crystal cells for reflective displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(11), 1455–1457 (1996).
[Crossref]

S.-T. Wu and C.-S. Wu, “Rotational viscosity of nematic liquid crystals: A critical examination of existing models,” Liq. Cryst. 8(2), 171–182 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.-T.

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S.-T. Wu, M. Li, S. Lee, and W. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo and S.-T. Wu, “A spatiotemporal four-primary color LCD with quantum dots,” J. Display Technol. 10(5), 367–372 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Chen, and S.-T. Wu, “Wide color gamut LCD with a quantum dot backlight,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26269–26284 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, F. Peng, and S.-T. Wu, “Submillisecond-response vertical-aligned liquid crystal for color sequential projection displays,” J. Display Technol. 9(2), 78–81 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, S. He, and S.-T. Wu, “Blue-phase liquid crystals for reflective projection displays,” J. Display Technol. 8(10), 555–557 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. He, J.-H. Lee, H.-C. Cheng, J. Yan, and S.-T. Wu, “Fast-response blue-phase liquid crystal for color-sequential projection displays,” J. Display Technol. 8(6), 352–356 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. H. Fan-Chiang, S.-T. Wu, and S. H. Chen, “Fringing-field effects on high-resolution liquid crystal microdisplays,” J. Display Technol. 1(2), 304–313 (2005).
[Crossref]

S.-T. Wu and C.-S. Wu, “Mixed‐mode twisted nematic liquid crystal cells for reflective displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(11), 1455–1457 (1996).
[Crossref]

S.-T. Wu and C.-S. Wu, “Rotational viscosity of nematic liquid crystals: A critical examination of existing models,” Liq. Cryst. 8(2), 171–182 (1990).
[Crossref]

Xu, D.

Yan, J.

Yang, X.

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yen, C.-C.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, ““P-173: A 0.38” Field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yuan, J.

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S.-T. Wu and C.-S. Wu, “Mixed‐mode twisted nematic liquid crystal cells for reflective displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(11), 1455–1457 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Display Technol. (7)

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liq. Cryst. (3)

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, R. Buchecker, and K. Muller, “Material properties, structural relations with molecular ensembles and electro-optical performance of new bicyclohexane liquid crystals in field-effect liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 5(1), 293–312 (1989).
[Crossref]

S.-T. Wu and C.-S. Wu, “Rotational viscosity of nematic liquid crystals: A critical examination of existing models,” Liq. Cryst. 8(2), 171–182 (1990).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. (5)

Y. W. Li, K. H. Fan-Chiang, C. Y. Tsai, C. L. Wu, C. T. Wang, W.-H. Chen, and H.-C. Tsai, “P-186: Compensated MTN mode field sequential microdisplays for pico projector applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42(1), 1801–1803 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y.-W. Li, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-T. Wang, C.-L. Wu, C.-Y. Tsai, H.-C. Tsai, and H.-C. Huang, “P-121: Fast-response reflective TN mode with enhanced contrast and reflectance,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41(1), 1720–1723 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y.-W. Li, C.-W. Lin, K.-Y. Chen, K.-H. Fan-Chiang, H.-C. Kuo, and H.-C. Tsai, “18.5L: Late-News Paper: Front-lit LCOS for wearable applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 45(1), 234–236 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Bergquist and C. Wennstam, “49.2: Field-sequential-colour display with adaptive gamut,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 37(1), 1594–1597 (2006).
[Crossref]

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, ““P-173: A 0.38” Field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

D. Armitage, I. Underwood, and S.-T. Wu, Introduction to Microdisplays (Wiley, 2006).

M. S. Brennesholtz and E. H. Stupp, Projection Displays, 2nd Ed. (Wiley 2008).

H. Takatsu, “Advanced liquid crystal materials for active matrix displays,” Conf. Proc. Advanced Display Materials and Devices, p.43 (Sendai, Japan, 2014).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of field-sequential-color LCOS module for near-eye display. (b) Origin of color mixing. (c) Shrinkage of color gamut using a commercial LC material (JC1041) at 180Hz frame rate and 90% LED duty ratio.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Simulated VR curves (λ = 550nm) of MTN-90° cells using three LC mixtures. (b) and (c) Dynamic response curves of JC-1041 and DIC-LC2 at 20°C and −20°C, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Temperature dependent (a) decay time and (b) rise time of the three LC mixtures studied. Simulated color gamut for 180Hz frame rate with (c) 100% LED duty ratio and (d) 90% LED duty ratio, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Simulated color breakup at different frame rates. The white object size is 30 pixels by 150 pixels, and the object moves in a 10 pixels/frame for 180Hz driving. The simulation method is reported in Ref [8]. (b) Color gamut coverage of MTN-90° at different temperatures and frame rates. LC material is DIC-LC2 and LED duty ratio is 90%.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Voltage dependent reflectance (λ = 550nm) of three specified LC modes, and (b) color gamut coverage at −20°C. The LED turn-on duty ratio is 90%.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Chemical structures and compositions of UCF-L2; R and R’ represent alkyl chains.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Physical properties of three LC mixtures studied at λ = 550 nm and f = 1 kHz.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R'(λ)= t 1 +(1m)*T t 1 +T R(λ) LC(t)dt+ t 2 +(1m)*T t 2 +T G(λ) LC(t)dt

Metrics