Abstract

Spectroscopic properties of a fabricated double – clad, off-set core antimony - germanate optical glass fiber co-doped with Yb3+/Ho3+ has been investigated. Upconversion luminescence of holmium ions at the wavelengths of 549 nm (5S2 (5F4) → 5I8) and 658 nm (5F55I8) was obtained as a result of the energy transfer between Yb3+ and Ho3+ ions. Glass characterized by highest intensity of upconversion luminescence (1Yb2O3/0.5Ho2O3 mol%) was used as core of double-clad optical fiber. Upconversion amplified spontaneous emission in the fabricated double – clad, off-set core optical fiber was obtained. The intensity emission ratio red (5F55I8)/green (5S2 (5F4)→5I8) of the fabricated optical fiber is several times higher than in bulk glass. Reabsorption of the ASE signal along the fiber resulting from Ho3+: 5S2(5F4) → 5I8, 5F55I8 transitions transition was observed.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2012 (4)

J. Ho Chung, J. Ho Ryu, S. Yeop Lee, J. Hoon Lee, B. Geun Choi, and K. Bo Shim, “Yellow lighting upconversion from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped CaMoO4,” Mater. Res. Bull. 47(8), 1991–1995 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Balaji, A. K. Mandal, and K. Annapurna, “Energy transfer based NIR to visible upconversion: Enhanced red luminescence from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped tellurite glass,” Opt. Mater. 34(11), 1930–1934 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, X. Gao, L. Zheng, Z. Zhang, and W. Cao, “Short-Wavelength Upconversion Emissions in Ho3+/Yb3+ Codoped Glass Ceramic and the Optical Thermometry Behavior,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18127–18137 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jiang, R. Shen, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. Sun, L. Cheng, H. Zhong, and B. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

V. Scarnera, B. Richards, A. Jha, G. Jose, and C. Stacey, “Green up-conversion in Yb3+–Tb3+ and Yb3+–Tm3+–Tb3+ doped fluoro-germanate bulk glass and fibre,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 159–163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ch. Nan-Kuang, K. Pei-Wen, Z. Junjie, Z. Liyan, H. Lili, L. Chinlon, and T. Limin, “Multicolor upconversion emissions in Tm3+/Er3+ codoped tellurite photonic microwire between silica fiber tapers,” Opt. Express 25(18), 2561 (2010).

2009 (2)

N. Kumar Giri, S. B. Rai, and A. Rai, “Intense green and red upconversion emissions from Ho3+ in presence of Yb3+ in Li:TeO2 glass,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A 74(5), 1115–1119 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, “Measurement of Quantum Yield of Up-conversion Luminescence in Er3+-Doped Nano-Glass-Ceramics,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 9(3), 2072–2075 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

X. Wang, H. Lin, D. Yang, L. Lin, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Optical transitions and upconversion fluorescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ doped bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113535 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(9), 091114 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

S. Tanabe, “Optical properties and local structure of rare-earth-doped amplifier for broadband telecommunication,” J. Alloys Compd. 408–412, 675–679 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

K. J. Pluciński, W. Gruhn, J. Wasylak, J. Ebothe, D. Dorosz, J. Kucharski, and I. V. Kityk, “Luminescence of the Yb-doped PbO-Bi2O3-Ga2O3-BaO glasses,” Opt. Mater. 22(1), 13–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

1989 (1)

J. Lucas, “Review Fluoride glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 24(1), 1–13 (1989).
[Crossref]

Akella, A.

Al-Saleh, M.

Annapurna, K.

S. Balaji, A. K. Mandal, and K. Annapurna, “Energy transfer based NIR to visible upconversion: Enhanced red luminescence from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped tellurite glass,” Opt. Mater. 34(11), 1930–1934 (2012).
[Crossref]

Azkargorta, J.

Balaji, S.

S. Balaji, A. K. Mandal, and K. Annapurna, “Energy transfer based NIR to visible upconversion: Enhanced red luminescence from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped tellurite glass,” Opt. Mater. 34(11), 1930–1934 (2012).
[Crossref]

Balda, R.

Bo Shim, K.

J. Ho Chung, J. Ho Ryu, S. Yeop Lee, J. Hoon Lee, B. Geun Choi, and K. Bo Shim, “Yellow lighting upconversion from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped CaMoO4,” Mater. Res. Bull. 47(8), 1991–1995 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bueno, L. A.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(9), 091114 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

Chen, B.

Y. Jiang, R. Shen, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. Sun, L. Cheng, H. Zhong, and B. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).

Cheng, L.

Y. Jiang, R. Shen, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. Sun, L. Cheng, H. Zhong, and B. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).

Chinlon, L.

Ch. Nan-Kuang, K. Pei-Wen, Z. Junjie, Z. Liyan, H. Lili, L. Chinlon, and T. Limin, “Multicolor upconversion emissions in Tm3+/Er3+ codoped tellurite photonic microwire between silica fiber tapers,” Opt. Express 25(18), 2561 (2010).

Costantini, D. M.

da Costa, E. B.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(9), 091114 (2007).
[Crossref]

da Silva, E. A.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(9), 091114 (2007).
[Crossref]

del-Castillo, J.

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, “Measurement of Quantum Yield of Up-conversion Luminescence in Er3+-Doped Nano-Glass-Ceramics,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 9(3), 2072–2075 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

do Nascimento, R. F.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(9), 091114 (2007).
[Crossref]

do Nascimento, V. B.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(9), 091114 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dorosz, D.

K. J. Pluciński, W. Gruhn, J. Wasylak, J. Ebothe, D. Dorosz, J. Kucharski, and I. V. Kityk, “Luminescence of the Yb-doped PbO-Bi2O3-Ga2O3-BaO glasses,” Opt. Mater. 22(1), 13–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ebothe, J.

K. J. Pluciński, W. Gruhn, J. Wasylak, J. Ebothe, D. Dorosz, J. Kucharski, and I. V. Kityk, “Luminescence of the Yb-doped PbO-Bi2O3-Ga2O3-BaO glasses,” Opt. Mater. 22(1), 13–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fernández, J.

Gao, X.

Geun Choi, B.

J. Ho Chung, J. Ho Ryu, S. Yeop Lee, J. Hoon Lee, B. Geun Choi, and K. Bo Shim, “Yellow lighting upconversion from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped CaMoO4,” Mater. Res. Bull. 47(8), 1991–1995 (2012).
[Crossref]

Görller-Walrand, C.

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, “Measurement of Quantum Yield of Up-conversion Luminescence in Er3+-Doped Nano-Glass-Ceramics,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 9(3), 2072–2075 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gosnell, T. R.

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, L. A. Bueno, R. F. do Nascimento, E. A. da Silva, E. B. da Costa, and V. B. do Nascimento, “White light generation by frequency upconversion in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+-codoped fluorolead germanate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(9), 091114 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gruhn, W.

K. J. Pluciński, W. Gruhn, J. Wasylak, J. Ebothe, D. Dorosz, J. Kucharski, and I. V. Kityk, “Luminescence of the Yb-doped PbO-Bi2O3-Ga2O3-BaO glasses,” Opt. Mater. 22(1), 13–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hesselink, L.

Ho Chung, J.

J. Ho Chung, J. Ho Ryu, S. Yeop Lee, J. Hoon Lee, B. Geun Choi, and K. Bo Shim, “Yellow lighting upconversion from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped CaMoO4,” Mater. Res. Bull. 47(8), 1991–1995 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ho Ryu, J.

J. Ho Chung, J. Ho Ryu, S. Yeop Lee, J. Hoon Lee, B. Geun Choi, and K. Bo Shim, “Yellow lighting upconversion from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped CaMoO4,” Mater. Res. Bull. 47(8), 1991–1995 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hoon Lee, J.

J. Ho Chung, J. Ho Ryu, S. Yeop Lee, J. Hoon Lee, B. Geun Choi, and K. Bo Shim, “Yellow lighting upconversion from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped CaMoO4,” Mater. Res. Bull. 47(8), 1991–1995 (2012).
[Crossref]

Iparraguirre, I.

Jayasankar, C. K.

Jha, A.

V. Scarnera, B. Richards, A. Jha, G. Jose, and C. Stacey, “Green up-conversion in Yb3+–Tb3+ and Yb3+–Tm3+–Tb3+ doped fluoro-germanate bulk glass and fibre,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 159–163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Jiang, R. Shen, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. Sun, L. Cheng, H. Zhong, and B. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).

Jose, G.

V. Scarnera, B. Richards, A. Jha, G. Jose, and C. Stacey, “Green up-conversion in Yb3+–Tb3+ and Yb3+–Tm3+–Tb3+ doped fluoro-germanate bulk glass and fibre,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 159–163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Junjie, Z.

Ch. Nan-Kuang, K. Pei-Wen, Z. Junjie, Z. Liyan, H. Lili, L. Chinlon, and T. Limin, “Multicolor upconversion emissions in Tm3+/Er3+ codoped tellurite photonic microwire between silica fiber tapers,” Opt. Express 25(18), 2561 (2010).

Kityk, I. V.

K. J. Pluciński, W. Gruhn, J. Wasylak, J. Ebothe, D. Dorosz, J. Kucharski, and I. V. Kityk, “Luminescence of the Yb-doped PbO-Bi2O3-Ga2O3-BaO glasses,” Opt. Mater. 22(1), 13–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kucharski, J.

K. J. Pluciński, W. Gruhn, J. Wasylak, J. Ebothe, D. Dorosz, J. Kucharski, and I. V. Kityk, “Luminescence of the Yb-doped PbO-Bi2O3-Ga2O3-BaO glasses,” Opt. Mater. 22(1), 13–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kumar Giri, N.

N. Kumar Giri, S. B. Rai, and A. Rai, “Intense green and red upconversion emissions from Ho3+ in presence of Yb3+ in Li:TeO2 glass,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A 74(5), 1115–1119 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lande, D.

Lasser, T.

Li, X.

Y. Jiang, R. Shen, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. Sun, L. Cheng, H. Zhong, and B. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).

Lili, H.

Ch. Nan-Kuang, K. Pei-Wen, Z. Junjie, Z. Liyan, H. Lili, L. Chinlon, and T. Limin, “Multicolor upconversion emissions in Tm3+/Er3+ codoped tellurite photonic microwire between silica fiber tapers,” Opt. Express 25(18), 2561 (2010).

Limberger, H. G.

Limin, T.

Ch. Nan-Kuang, K. Pei-Wen, Z. Junjie, Z. Liyan, H. Lili, L. Chinlon, and T. Limin, “Multicolor upconversion emissions in Tm3+/Er3+ codoped tellurite photonic microwire between silica fiber tapers,” Opt. Express 25(18), 2561 (2010).

Lin, H.

X. Wang, H. Lin, D. Yang, L. Lin, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Optical transitions and upconversion fluorescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ doped bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113535 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lin, L.

X. Wang, H. Lin, D. Yang, L. Lin, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Optical transitions and upconversion fluorescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ doped bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113535 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liyan, Z.

Ch. Nan-Kuang, K. Pei-Wen, Z. Junjie, Z. Liyan, H. Lili, L. Chinlon, and T. Limin, “Multicolor upconversion emissions in Tm3+/Er3+ codoped tellurite photonic microwire between silica fiber tapers,” Opt. Express 25(18), 2561 (2010).

Lucas, J.

J. Lucas, “Review Fluoride glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 24(1), 1–13 (1989).
[Crossref]

Mandal, A. K.

S. Balaji, A. K. Mandal, and K. Annapurna, “Energy transfer based NIR to visible upconversion: Enhanced red luminescence from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped tellurite glass,” Opt. Mater. 34(11), 1930–1934 (2012).
[Crossref]

Méndez-Ramos, J.

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, “Measurement of Quantum Yield of Up-conversion Luminescence in Er3+-Doped Nano-Glass-Ceramics,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 9(3), 2072–2075 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muller, C. A. P.

Nan-Kuang, Ch.

Ch. Nan-Kuang, K. Pei-Wen, Z. Junjie, Z. Liyan, H. Lili, L. Chinlon, and T. Limin, “Multicolor upconversion emissions in Tm3+/Er3+ codoped tellurite photonic microwire between silica fiber tapers,” Opt. Express 25(18), 2561 (2010).

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

Orlov, S. S.

Pei-Wen, K.

Ch. Nan-Kuang, K. Pei-Wen, Z. Junjie, Z. Liyan, H. Lili, L. Chinlon, and T. Limin, “Multicolor upconversion emissions in Tm3+/Er3+ codoped tellurite photonic microwire between silica fiber tapers,” Opt. Express 25(18), 2561 (2010).

Plucinski, K. J.

K. J. Pluciński, W. Gruhn, J. Wasylak, J. Ebothe, D. Dorosz, J. Kucharski, and I. V. Kityk, “Luminescence of the Yb-doped PbO-Bi2O3-Ga2O3-BaO glasses,” Opt. Mater. 22(1), 13–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pun, E. Y. B.

X. Wang, H. Lin, D. Yang, L. Lin, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Optical transitions and upconversion fluorescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ doped bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113535 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rai, A.

N. Kumar Giri, S. B. Rai, and A. Rai, “Intense green and red upconversion emissions from Ho3+ in presence of Yb3+ in Li:TeO2 glass,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A 74(5), 1115–1119 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rai, S. B.

N. Kumar Giri, S. B. Rai, and A. Rai, “Intense green and red upconversion emissions from Ho3+ in presence of Yb3+ in Li:TeO2 glass,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A 74(5), 1115–1119 (2009).
[Crossref]

Richards, B.

V. Scarnera, B. Richards, A. Jha, G. Jose, and C. Stacey, “Green up-conversion in Yb3+–Tb3+ and Yb3+–Tm3+–Tb3+ doped fluoro-germanate bulk glass and fibre,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 159–163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Riedel, P.

Rodríguez, V. D.

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, “Measurement of Quantum Yield of Up-conversion Luminescence in Er3+-Doped Nano-Glass-Ceramics,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 9(3), 2072–2075 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scarnera, V.

V. Scarnera, B. Richards, A. Jha, G. Jose, and C. Stacey, “Green up-conversion in Yb3+–Tb3+ and Yb3+–Tm3+–Tb3+ doped fluoro-germanate bulk glass and fibre,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 159–163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shen, R.

Y. Jiang, R. Shen, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. Sun, L. Cheng, H. Zhong, and B. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).

Stacey, C.

V. Scarnera, B. Richards, A. Jha, G. Jose, and C. Stacey, “Green up-conversion in Yb3+–Tb3+ and Yb3+–Tm3+–Tb3+ doped fluoro-germanate bulk glass and fibre,” Opt. Mater. 33(2), 159–163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

Y. Jiang, R. Shen, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. Sun, L. Cheng, H. Zhong, and B. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).

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S. Tanabe, “Optical properties and local structure of rare-earth-doped amplifier for broadband telecommunication,” J. Alloys Compd. 408–412, 675–679 (2006).
[Crossref]

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Y. Jiang, R. Shen, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. Sun, L. Cheng, H. Zhong, and B. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).

Tikhomirov, V. K.

V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, “Measurement of Quantum Yield of Up-conversion Luminescence in Er3+-Doped Nano-Glass-Ceramics,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 9(3), 2072–2075 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Venkata Krishnaiah, K.

Wang, X.

X. Wang, H. Lin, D. Yang, L. Lin, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Optical transitions and upconversion fluorescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ doped bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113535 (2007).
[Crossref]

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K. J. Pluciński, W. Gruhn, J. Wasylak, J. Ebothe, D. Dorosz, J. Kucharski, and I. V. Kityk, “Luminescence of the Yb-doped PbO-Bi2O3-Ga2O3-BaO glasses,” Opt. Mater. 22(1), 13–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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J. Ho Chung, J. Ho Ryu, S. Yeop Lee, J. Hoon Lee, B. Geun Choi, and K. Bo Shim, “Yellow lighting upconversion from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped CaMoO4,” Mater. Res. Bull. 47(8), 1991–1995 (2012).
[Crossref]

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Y. Jiang, R. Shen, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. Sun, L. Cheng, H. Zhong, and B. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).

Zhang, Z.

Zheng, L.

Zhong, H.

Y. Jiang, R. Shen, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. Sun, L. Cheng, H. Zhong, and B. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).

Y. Jiang, R. Shen, X. Li, J. Zhang, H. Zhong, Y. Tian, J. Sun, L. Cheng, H. Zhong, and B. Chen, “Concentration effects on the upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ co-doped NaGdTiO4 phosphor,” Ceram. Int. 38(6), 5045–5051 (2012).

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[Crossref]

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S. Tanabe, “Optical properties and local structure of rare-earth-doped amplifier for broadband telecommunication,” J. Alloys Compd. 408–412, 675–679 (2006).
[Crossref]

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X. Wang, H. Lin, D. Yang, L. Lin, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Optical transitions and upconversion fluorescence in Ho3+/Yb3+ doped bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113535 (2007).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

J. Ho Chung, J. Ho Ryu, S. Yeop Lee, J. Hoon Lee, B. Geun Choi, and K. Bo Shim, “Yellow lighting upconversion from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped CaMoO4,” Mater. Res. Bull. 47(8), 1991–1995 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (3)

K. J. Pluciński, W. Gruhn, J. Wasylak, J. Ebothe, D. Dorosz, J. Kucharski, and I. V. Kityk, “Luminescence of the Yb-doped PbO-Bi2O3-Ga2O3-BaO glasses,” Opt. Mater. 22(1), 13–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Balaji, A. K. Mandal, and K. Annapurna, “Energy transfer based NIR to visible upconversion: Enhanced red luminescence from Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped tellurite glass,” Opt. Mater. 34(11), 1930–1934 (2012).
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[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Upconversion luminescence spectra of the Yb3+/Ho3+ co-doped antimony - germanate glass (a), Simplified diagram of the Yb3+/Ho3+ energy level with energy transfer mechanism (b)
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Luminescence decays from the 2F5/2 state of Yb3+ in glasses co-doped with 1Yb2O3/(0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 0.75)Ho2O3 [mol%] (a), Lifetime for 2F5/2 state of Yb3+ and energy transfer efficiency as a function of Ho2O3 concentration (b).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Cross-section and luminescence spectra of the fabricated optical fiber co-doped with 1mol% Yb2O3/ 0.5mol% Ho2O3, (inset) peak attenuation at 658 nm vs. fiber length.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Red/Green emission intensity ratio (a), Peaks emission wavelength (b) vs. length of the optical fiber co-doped with 1mol% Yb2O3/ 0.5mol% Ho2O3.

Equations (1)

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η=1 τ Yb YbHo / τ Yb

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