Abstract

Novel SiO2-Al2O3-La2O3 (SAL) glass shows a switching efficiency η ≤ 70% for dual wavelengths optical Kerr gating (OKG) at 0.7 TW/cm2 peak intensity IP of the gate pulse. It steadily increases with IP, is highest for the highest La2O3 content (24 mol%) and then superior to OKG media of large nonlinear refractive index n2 above 150 GW/cm2 (ZnS), 350 GW/cm2 (tellurite glass), and 450 GW/cm2 (N-SF56 glass). This superiority is attributed to negligible nonlinear counter processes in SAL glass which in the large n2 valued media make η(IP) decrease in the high IP region.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2014 (2)

C. Karras, D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, W. Paa, and H. Stafast, “Nonlinear refractive index study on SiO2-Al2O3-La2O3 glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2066–2077 (2014).

K. Schuster, S. Unger, C. Aichele, F. Lindner, S. Grimm, D. Litzkendorf, J. Kobelke, J. Bierlich, K. Wondraczek, and H. Bartelt, “Material and technology trends in fiber optics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(4), 447–468 (2014).

2013 (1)

W. Tan, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Si, J. Tong, and X. Hou, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical property of a TeO2-ZnO-Na2O glass and its application in time-resolved three-dimensional imaging,” Opt. Commun. 291, 337–340 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, H. Liu, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Efficient optical Kerr gate of tellurite glass for acquiring ultrafast fluorescence,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065201 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Dota, J.A. Dharmadhikari, D. Mathur, and A.K. Dharmadhikari, “Third-order nonlinear optical response in transparent solids using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 107(3), 703–709 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yan, S. Jia, J. Si, F. chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Influence of self-focusing effect on femtosecond collinear nondegenerate optical Kerr measurements,” Optik 123(8), 722–725 (2012).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

D. Blömer, A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Nonlinear refractive index of fs-laser-written waveguides in fused silica,” Opt. Express 14(6), 2151–2157 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R.F. Souza, M.A.R.C. Alencar, J.M. Hickmann, R. Kobayashi, and L.R.P Kassab, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical properties of tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171917 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

X.F. Wang, Z.W. Wang, J.G. Yu, C.L. Liu, X.J. Zhao, and Q.H. Gong, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 399(1–3), 230–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

P. Matousek, M. Towrie, and A.W. Parker, “Fluorescence background suppression in Raman spectroscopy using combined Kerr gated and shifted excitation Raman difference techniques,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 33(4), 238–242 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

A. Jha, X. Liu, A.K. Kar, and H.T. Bookey, “Inorganic glasses as Kerr-like media,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5(6), 475–479 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Ziólek, M. Lorenc, and R. Naskrecki, “Determination of the temporal response function in femtosecond pump-probe systems,” Appl. Phys. B. 72(7), 843–847 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, “Femtosecond optical Kerr-gate measurement of fluorescence spectra of dye solutions,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 917–919 (2000).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

J.S. Wang, E.M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[Crossref]

T.D. Krauss and F.W. Wise, “Femtosecond measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in CdS, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(14), 1739–1741 (1994).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

M.A. Duguay and J.W. Hansen, “An Ultrafast Light Gate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(6), 192–194 (1969).
[Crossref]

Aichele, C.

K. Schuster, S. Unger, C. Aichele, F. Lindner, S. Grimm, D. Litzkendorf, J. Kobelke, J. Bierlich, K. Wondraczek, and H. Bartelt, “Material and technology trends in fiber optics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(4), 447–468 (2014).

Alencar, M.A.R.C.

R.F. Souza, M.A.R.C. Alencar, J.M. Hickmann, R. Kobayashi, and L.R.P Kassab, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical properties of tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171917 (2006).
[Crossref]

Auguste, J.-L.

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bartelt, H.

K. Schuster, S. Unger, C. Aichele, F. Lindner, S. Grimm, D. Litzkendorf, J. Kobelke, J. Bierlich, K. Wondraczek, and H. Bartelt, “Material and technology trends in fiber optics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(4), 447–468 (2014).

Bierlich, J.

K. Schuster, S. Unger, C. Aichele, F. Lindner, S. Grimm, D. Litzkendorf, J. Kobelke, J. Bierlich, K. Wondraczek, and H. Bartelt, “Material and technology trends in fiber optics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(4), 447–468 (2014).

Blömer, D.

Bookey, H.T.

A. Jha, X. Liu, A.K. Kar, and H.T. Bookey, “Inorganic glasses as Kerr-like media,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5(6), 475–479 (2001).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R.W.

R.W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, Burlington, San Diego, London2008).

chen, F.

L. Yan, S. Jia, J. Si, F. chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Influence of self-focusing effect on femtosecond collinear nondegenerate optical Kerr measurements,” Optik 123(8), 722–725 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, H. Liu, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Efficient optical Kerr gate of tellurite glass for acquiring ultrafast fluorescence,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065201 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, H. Liu, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Efficient optical Kerr gate of tellurite glass for acquiring ultrafast fluorescence,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065201 (2012).
[Crossref]

Danczyk, S.A.

Dellith, J.

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dharmadhikari, A.K.

K. Dota, J.A. Dharmadhikari, D. Mathur, and A.K. Dharmadhikari, “Third-order nonlinear optical response in transparent solids using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 107(3), 703–709 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dharmadhikari, J.A.

K. Dota, J.A. Dharmadhikari, D. Mathur, and A.K. Dharmadhikari, “Third-order nonlinear optical response in transparent solids using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 107(3), 703–709 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dota, K.

K. Dota, J.A. Dharmadhikari, D. Mathur, and A.K. Dharmadhikari, “Third-order nonlinear optical response in transparent solids using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 107(3), 703–709 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dreisow, F.

Duguay, M.A.

M.A. Duguay and J.W. Hansen, “An Ultrafast Light Gate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(6), 192–194 (1969).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.H.

X.F. Wang, Z.W. Wang, J.G. Yu, C.L. Liu, X.J. Zhao, and Q.H. Gong, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 399(1–3), 230–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gord, J.R.

Grimm, S.

C. Karras, D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, W. Paa, and H. Stafast, “Nonlinear refractive index study on SiO2-Al2O3-La2O3 glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2066–2077 (2014).

K. Schuster, S. Unger, C. Aichele, F. Lindner, S. Grimm, D. Litzkendorf, J. Kobelke, J. Bierlich, K. Wondraczek, and H. Bartelt, “Material and technology trends in fiber optics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(4), 447–468 (2014).

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gundlach, L.

L. Gundlach and P. Piotrowiak, “Ultrafast Spatially Resolved Carrier Dynamics in Single CdSSe Nanobelts,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(28), 12162–12166 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hansen, J.W.

M.A. Duguay and J.W. Hansen, “An Ultrafast Light Gate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(6), 192–194 (1969).
[Crossref]

Hickmann, J.M.

R.F. Souza, M.A.R.C. Alencar, J.M. Hickmann, R. Kobayashi, and L.R.P Kassab, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical properties of tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171917 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hou, X.

W. Tan, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Si, J. Tong, and X. Hou, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical property of a TeO2-ZnO-Na2O glass and its application in time-resolved three-dimensional imaging,” Opt. Commun. 291, 337–340 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, H. Liu, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Efficient optical Kerr gate of tellurite glass for acquiring ultrafast fluorescence,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065201 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yan, S. Jia, J. Si, F. chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Influence of self-focusing effect on femtosecond collinear nondegenerate optical Kerr measurements,” Optik 123(8), 722–725 (2012).
[Crossref]

Humbert, G.

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jetschke, S.

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jha, A.

A. Jha, X. Liu, A.K. Kar, and H.T. Bookey, “Inorganic glasses as Kerr-like media,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5(6), 475–479 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jia, S.

L. Yan, S. Jia, J. Si, F. chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Influence of self-focusing effect on femtosecond collinear nondegenerate optical Kerr measurements,” Optik 123(8), 722–725 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jonasz, M.

Kanematsu, Y.

Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, “Femtosecond optical Kerr-gate measurement of fluorescence spectra of dye solutions,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 917–919 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kar, A.K.

A. Jha, X. Liu, A.K. Kar, and H.T. Bookey, “Inorganic glasses as Kerr-like media,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5(6), 475–479 (2001).
[Crossref]

Karras, C.

Kassab, L.R.P

R.F. Souza, M.A.R.C. Alencar, J.M. Hickmann, R. Kobayashi, and L.R.P Kassab, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical properties of tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171917 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kinoshita, S.

Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, “Femtosecond optical Kerr-gate measurement of fluorescence spectra of dye solutions,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 917–919 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kirchhof, J.

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kitamura, R.

Kobayashi, R.

R.F. Souza, M.A.R.C. Alencar, J.M. Hickmann, R. Kobayashi, and L.R.P Kassab, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical properties of tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171917 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kobelke, J.

K. Schuster, S. Unger, C. Aichele, F. Lindner, S. Grimm, D. Litzkendorf, J. Kobelke, J. Bierlich, K. Wondraczek, and H. Bartelt, “Material and technology trends in fiber optics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(4), 447–468 (2014).

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

Krauss, T.D.

T.D. Krauss and F.W. Wise, “Femtosecond measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in CdS, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(14), 1739–1741 (1994).
[Crossref]

Leich, M.

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, A.

W. Tan, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Si, J. Tong, and X. Hou, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical property of a TeO2-ZnO-Na2O glass and its application in time-resolved three-dimensional imaging,” Opt. Commun. 291, 337–340 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, H. Liu, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Efficient optical Kerr gate of tellurite glass for acquiring ultrafast fluorescence,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065201 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lindner, F.

K. Schuster, S. Unger, C. Aichele, F. Lindner, S. Grimm, D. Litzkendorf, J. Kobelke, J. Bierlich, K. Wondraczek, and H. Bartelt, “Material and technology trends in fiber optics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(4), 447–468 (2014).

Litzkendorf, D.

K. Schuster, S. Unger, C. Aichele, F. Lindner, S. Grimm, D. Litzkendorf, J. Kobelke, J. Bierlich, K. Wondraczek, and H. Bartelt, “Material and technology trends in fiber optics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(4), 447–468 (2014).

C. Karras, D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, W. Paa, and H. Stafast, “Nonlinear refractive index study on SiO2-Al2O3-La2O3 glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2066–2077 (2014).

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.L.

X.F. Wang, Z.W. Wang, J.G. Yu, C.L. Liu, X.J. Zhao, and Q.H. Gong, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 399(1–3), 230–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, H. Liu, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Efficient optical Kerr gate of tellurite glass for acquiring ultrafast fluorescence,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065201 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

A. Jha, X. Liu, A.K. Kar, and H.T. Bookey, “Inorganic glasses as Kerr-like media,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5(6), 475–479 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lorenc, M.

M. Ziólek, M. Lorenc, and R. Naskrecki, “Determination of the temporal response function in femtosecond pump-probe systems,” Appl. Phys. B. 72(7), 843–847 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ludwig, A.

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mathur, D.

K. Dota, J.A. Dharmadhikari, D. Mathur, and A.K. Dharmadhikari, “Third-order nonlinear optical response in transparent solids using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 107(3), 703–709 (2012).
[Crossref]

Matousek, P.

P. Matousek, M. Towrie, and A.W. Parker, “Fluorescence background suppression in Raman spectroscopy using combined Kerr gated and shifted excitation Raman difference techniques,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 33(4), 238–242 (2002).
[Crossref]

Meyer, T.R.

Naskrecki, R.

M. Ziólek, M. Lorenc, and R. Naskrecki, “Determination of the temporal response function in femtosecond pump-probe systems,” Appl. Phys. B. 72(7), 843–847 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nolte, S.

Ozawa, H.

Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, “Femtosecond optical Kerr-gate measurement of fluorescence spectra of dye solutions,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 917–919 (2000).
[Crossref]

Paa, W.

Parker, A.W.

P. Matousek, M. Towrie, and A.W. Parker, “Fluorescence background suppression in Raman spectroscopy using combined Kerr gated and shifted excitation Raman difference techniques,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 33(4), 238–242 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pilon, L.

Piotrowiak, P.

L. Gundlach and P. Piotrowiak, “Ultrafast Spatially Resolved Carrier Dynamics in Single CdSSe Nanobelts,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(28), 12162–12166 (2009).
[Crossref]

Roy, S.

Schaefer, Z.D.

Schmidt, J.B.

Schreiber, T.

Schuster, K.

C. Karras, D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, W. Paa, and H. Stafast, “Nonlinear refractive index study on SiO2-Al2O3-La2O3 glasses,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2066–2077 (2014).

K. Schuster, S. Unger, C. Aichele, F. Lindner, S. Grimm, D. Litzkendorf, J. Kobelke, J. Bierlich, K. Wondraczek, and H. Bartelt, “Material and technology trends in fiber optics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(4), 447–468 (2014).

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schwuchow, A.

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

Si, J.

W. Tan, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Si, J. Tong, and X. Hou, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical property of a TeO2-ZnO-Na2O glass and its application in time-resolved three-dimensional imaging,” Opt. Commun. 291, 337–340 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, H. Liu, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Efficient optical Kerr gate of tellurite glass for acquiring ultrafast fluorescence,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065201 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yan, S. Jia, J. Si, F. chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Influence of self-focusing effect on femtosecond collinear nondegenerate optical Kerr measurements,” Optik 123(8), 722–725 (2012).
[Crossref]

Snitzer, E.

J.S. Wang, E.M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[Crossref]

Souza, R.F.

R.F. Souza, M.A.R.C. Alencar, J.M. Hickmann, R. Kobayashi, and L.R.P Kassab, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical properties of tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171917 (2006).
[Crossref]

Stafast, H.

Sutherland, R.L.

R.L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, New York, Basel, Hong Kong1996).

Szameit, A.

Tan, W.

W. Tan, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Si, J. Tong, and X. Hou, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical property of a TeO2-ZnO-Na2O glass and its application in time-resolved three-dimensional imaging,” Opt. Commun. 291, 337–340 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, I.

Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, “Femtosecond optical Kerr-gate measurement of fluorescence spectra of dye solutions,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 917–919 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tong, J.

W. Tan, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Si, J. Tong, and X. Hou, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical property of a TeO2-ZnO-Na2O glass and its application in time-resolved three-dimensional imaging,” Opt. Commun. 291, 337–340 (2013).
[Crossref]

Towrie, M.

P. Matousek, M. Towrie, and A.W. Parker, “Fluorescence background suppression in Raman spectroscopy using combined Kerr gated and shifted excitation Raman difference techniques,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 33(4), 238–242 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Unger, S.

K. Schuster, S. Unger, C. Aichele, F. Lindner, S. Grimm, D. Litzkendorf, J. Kobelke, J. Bierlich, K. Wondraczek, and H. Bartelt, “Material and technology trends in fiber optics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(4), 447–468 (2014).

Vogel, E.M.

J.S. Wang, E.M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.S.

J.S. Wang, E.M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.F.

X.F. Wang, Z.W. Wang, J.G. Yu, C.L. Liu, X.J. Zhao, and Q.H. Gong, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 399(1–3), 230–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.W.

X.F. Wang, Z.W. Wang, J.G. Yu, C.L. Liu, X.J. Zhao, and Q.H. Gong, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 399(1–3), 230–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wise, F.W.

T.D. Krauss and F.W. Wise, “Femtosecond measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in CdS, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(14), 1739–1741 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wondraczek, K.

K. Schuster, S. Unger, C. Aichele, F. Lindner, S. Grimm, D. Litzkendorf, J. Kobelke, J. Bierlich, K. Wondraczek, and H. Bartelt, “Material and technology trends in fiber optics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(4), 447–468 (2014).

Yan, L.

L. Yan, S. Jia, J. Si, F. chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Influence of self-focusing effect on femtosecond collinear nondegenerate optical Kerr measurements,” Optik 123(8), 722–725 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yi, W.

L. Yan, S. Jia, J. Si, F. chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Influence of self-focusing effect on femtosecond collinear nondegenerate optical Kerr measurements,” Optik 123(8), 722–725 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.G.

X.F. Wang, Z.W. Wang, J.G. Yu, C.L. Liu, X.J. Zhao, and Q.H. Gong, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 399(1–3), 230–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, H. Liu, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Efficient optical Kerr gate of tellurite glass for acquiring ultrafast fluorescence,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065201 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.J.

X.F. Wang, Z.W. Wang, J.G. Yu, C.L. Liu, X.J. Zhao, and Q.H. Gong, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 399(1–3), 230–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z.

W. Tan, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Si, J. Tong, and X. Hou, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical property of a TeO2-ZnO-Na2O glass and its application in time-resolved three-dimensional imaging,” Opt. Commun. 291, 337–340 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, H. Liu, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Efficient optical Kerr gate of tellurite glass for acquiring ultrafast fluorescence,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065201 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ziólek, M.

M. Ziólek, M. Lorenc, and R. Naskrecki, “Determination of the temporal response function in femtosecond pump-probe systems,” Appl. Phys. B. 72(7), 843–847 (2001).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

K. Schuster, S. Unger, C. Aichele, F. Lindner, S. Grimm, D. Litzkendorf, J. Kobelke, J. Bierlich, K. Wondraczek, and H. Bartelt, “Material and technology trends in fiber optics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(4), 447–468 (2014).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

K. Dota, J.A. Dharmadhikari, D. Mathur, and A.K. Dharmadhikari, “Third-order nonlinear optical response in transparent solids using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 107(3), 703–709 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

M. Ziólek, M. Lorenc, and R. Naskrecki, “Determination of the temporal response function in femtosecond pump-probe systems,” Appl. Phys. B. 72(7), 843–847 (2001).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

T.D. Krauss and F.W. Wise, “Femtosecond measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in CdS, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(14), 1739–1741 (1994).
[Crossref]

R.F. Souza, M.A.R.C. Alencar, J.M. Hickmann, R. Kobayashi, and L.R.P Kassab, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical properties of tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 171917 (2006).
[Crossref]

M.A. Duguay and J.W. Hansen, “An Ultrafast Light Gate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(6), 192–194 (1969).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

X.F. Wang, Z.W. Wang, J.G. Yu, C.L. Liu, X.J. Zhao, and Q.H. Gong, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearity of GeS2-Ga2S3-CdS chalcogenide glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 399(1–3), 230–233 (2004).
[Crossref]

Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. (1)

A. Jha, X. Liu, A.K. Kar, and H.T. Bookey, “Inorganic glasses as Kerr-like media,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5(6), 475–479 (2001).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. (1)

D. Litzkendorf, S. Grimm, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, A. Ludwig, J. Kirchhof, M. Leich, S. Jetschke, J. Dellith, J.-L. Auguste, and G. Humbert, “Study of Lanthanum Aluminum Silicate Glasses for Passive and Active Optical Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 321–331 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

Y. Kanematsu, H. Ozawa, I. Tanaka, and S. Kinoshita, “Femtosecond optical Kerr-gate measurement of fluorescence spectra of dye solutions,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 917–919 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

H. Zhang, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Cheng, H. Liu, J. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Efficient optical Kerr gate of tellurite glass for acquiring ultrafast fluorescence,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065201 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

L. Gundlach and P. Piotrowiak, “Ultrafast Spatially Resolved Carrier Dynamics in Single CdSSe Nanobelts,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(28), 12162–12166 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

P. Matousek, M. Towrie, and A.W. Parker, “Fluorescence background suppression in Raman spectroscopy using combined Kerr gated and shifted excitation Raman difference techniques,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 33(4), 238–242 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Tan, Z. Zhou, A. Lin, J. Si, J. Tong, and X. Hou, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical property of a TeO2-ZnO-Na2O glass and its application in time-resolved three-dimensional imaging,” Opt. Commun. 291, 337–340 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

J.S. Wang, E.M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Optik (1)

L. Yan, S. Jia, J. Si, F. chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Influence of self-focusing effect on femtosecond collinear nondegenerate optical Kerr measurements,” Optik 123(8), 722–725 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

Spectra-Physics, “Femtosource XL” (Spectra Physics, 2015), http://www.spectra-physics.com/documents/datasheets/Femtosource%20XL%20Data%20Sheet.pdf .

R.L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, New York, Basel, Hong Kong1996).

R.W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, Burlington, San Diego, London2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) OKG signal pulse transmission (PIS and PSS) as a function of the pulse delay Δt for SAL4 glass. The Gaussian fit of the PSS visualizes the OKG efficiency η. The trace PSS(Δt) of fused silica (magnified ×10) is shown as a reference. (b) PIS(Δt) traces (dashed lines) and PSS(Δt) traces (solid lines) of the Te-glass for selected IP values in GW/cm2 (color coded).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 OKG efficiency η as a function of IP for (a) SAL glasses and F300 and (b) high n2 materials (Te-glass, N-SF56 and ZnS). The dashed lines are guides for the eye. In parentheses: n2 [10−7 cm2/GW]. The solid vertical lines indicate Imax.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 a) Normalized PIS transmission as a function of gate pulse intensity IP at Δt > 500 fs (unfilled symbols) and Δt = 0 fs (filled symbols) for Te-glass (circles), N-SF56 glass (squares) and ZnS (triangles), PA: permanent attenuation, TA: transient attenuation. b) Self-focusing distances zsf according to [20] (solid lines), group velocity mismatch Δng between gate and signal pulses in parentheses and sample thicknesses (dashed lines).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Absorption spectra of the investigated materials. The black lines at 3.9 eV and 5.44 eV indicate the energies for combined two- (hνg+hνs) and three-photon (2hνg+hνs) absorption. The absorption spectrum of fused silica in this energy range is negligible [23].

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