Abstract

Optical properties of individual zinc oxide microrods grown by a microwave-assisted hydrothermal method are investigated by spatially and spectrally resolved cathodoluminescence spectroscopy and imaging at liquid-helium temperature. For optimized growth conditions the strong localization of cathodoluminescence emission at the corners of the individual hexagonal ZnO microrods has been revealed. Locally distributed luminescence and fine structure of near-band-edge emission are discussed as a manifestation of whispering gallery modes of the hexagonal resonator occurring for the near band-gap luminescence in the investigated microrods.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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  20. G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
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    [Crossref]

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

Z. Zang, M. Wen, W. Chen, Y. Zeng, Z. Zu, X. Zeng, and X. Tang, “Strong yellow emission of ZnO hollow nanospheres fabricated using polystyrene spheres as templates,” Mater. Des. 84, 418–421 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Sybilski, K. Kopalko, M. Stachowicz, and M. Godlewski, “UV detector based on zinc oxide nanorods obtained by the hydrothermal method,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 11(9–10), 1447–1451 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Dluzewski, A. Szczepanska, J. Kaszewski, and M. Godlewski, “Ultra-fast growth of the monocrystalline zinc oxide nanorods from the aqueous solution,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 11(9/10/11), 758–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Liu, H. Y. Xu, Y. Sun, J. G. Ma, and Y. C. Liu, “ZnO ultraviolet random laser diode on metal copper substrate,” Opt. Express 22(14), 16731–16737 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

S. Choi, C. Ton-That, M. Phillips, and I. Aharonovich, “Observation of whispering gallery modes from hexagonal ZnO microdisks using cathodoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 171102 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Bouchenak Khelladi and N. E. Chabane Sari, “Optical properties of ZnO thin films,” Adv. Mater. Sci. 13(1), 21–29 (2013).

2012 (1)

G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

J. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J.-Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221105 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. P. Zhu, C. X. Xu, J. Zhu, C. G. Lv, and Y. P. Cui, “Two-photon excited whispering-gallery mode ultraviolet laser from an individual ZnO microneedle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051106 (2009).
[Crossref]

H.-Y. Li, S. Rühle, R. Khedoe, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Polarization, Microscopic Origin, and Mode Structure of Luminescence and Lasing from Single ZnO Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3515–3520 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

C. Kim, Y.-J. Kim, E.-S. Jang, G.-C. Yi, and H. H. Kim, “Whispering-gallery-modelike-enhanced emission from ZnO nanodisk,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 093104 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

U. Ozgur, Ya. I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M. A. Reshchikov, S. Dogan, V. Avrutin, S.-J. Cho, and H. Morkoc, “A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(4), 041301 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering Gallery Modes in Nanosized Dielectric Resonators with Hexagonal Cross Section,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(10), 103903 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, H.-J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, P. B. Petersen, M. Law, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single nanowire waveguides and lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5223, 187–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Wiersig, “Hexagonal dielectric resonators and microcrystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 67(2), 023807 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. Yamabi and H. Imai, “Growth conditions for wurtzite zinc oxide films in aqueous solutions,” J. Mater. Chem. 12(12), 3773–3778 (2002).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

P. O’Brien, T. Saeed, and J. Knowles, “Speciation and the nature of ZnO thin films from chemical bath deposition,” J. Mater. Chem. 6(7), 1135–1139 (1996).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

V. G. Lysenko, V. I. Revenko, T. G. Tratas, and V. B. Timofeev, “Radiative recombination of a nonequilibrium electron-hole plasma in CdS crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 41(1), 163–168 (1975).

Aharonovich, I.

S. Choi, C. Ton-That, M. Phillips, and I. Aharonovich, “Observation of whispering gallery modes from hexagonal ZnO microdisks using cathodoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 171102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ahn, Y. H.

J. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J.-Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Alivov, Ya. I.

U. Ozgur, Ya. I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M. A. Reshchikov, S. Dogan, V. Avrutin, S.-J. Cho, and H. Morkoc, “A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(4), 041301 (2005).
[Crossref]

Avrutin, V.

U. Ozgur, Ya. I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M. A. Reshchikov, S. Dogan, V. Avrutin, S.-J. Cho, and H. Morkoc, “A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(4), 041301 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bouchenak Khelladi, N.

N. Bouchenak Khelladi and N. E. Chabane Sari, “Optical properties of ZnO thin films,” Adv. Mater. Sci. 13(1), 21–29 (2013).

Cai, L.

G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chabane Sari, N. E.

N. Bouchenak Khelladi and N. E. Chabane Sari, “Optical properties of ZnO thin films,” Adv. Mater. Sci. 13(1), 21–29 (2013).

Chen, G.

G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W.

Z. Zang, M. Wen, W. Chen, Y. Zeng, Z. Zu, X. Zeng, and X. Tang, “Strong yellow emission of ZnO hollow nanospheres fabricated using polystyrene spheres as templates,” Mater. Des. 84, 418–421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cho, S.-J.

U. Ozgur, Ya. I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M. A. Reshchikov, S. Dogan, V. Avrutin, S.-J. Cho, and H. Morkoc, “A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(4), 041301 (2005).
[Crossref]

Choi, H.-J.

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, H.-J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, P. B. Petersen, M. Law, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single nanowire waveguides and lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5223, 187–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

Choi, S.

S. Choi, C. Ton-That, M. Phillips, and I. Aharonovich, “Observation of whispering gallery modes from hexagonal ZnO microdisks using cathodoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 171102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y. P.

G. P. Zhu, C. X. Xu, J. Zhu, C. G. Lv, and Y. P. Cui, “Two-photon excited whispering-gallery mode ultraviolet laser from an individual ZnO microneedle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051106 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dai, J.

G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, T.

G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dluzewski, P.

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Dluzewski, A. Szczepanska, J. Kaszewski, and M. Godlewski, “Ultra-fast growth of the monocrystalline zinc oxide nanorods from the aqueous solution,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 11(9/10/11), 758–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dogan, S.

U. Ozgur, Ya. I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M. A. Reshchikov, S. Dogan, V. Avrutin, S.-J. Cho, and H. Morkoc, “A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(4), 041301 (2005).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Gieraltowska, S.

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Sybilski, K. Kopalko, M. Stachowicz, and M. Godlewski, “UV detector based on zinc oxide nanorods obtained by the hydrothermal method,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 11(9–10), 1447–1451 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Dluzewski, A. Szczepanska, J. Kaszewski, and M. Godlewski, “Ultra-fast growth of the monocrystalline zinc oxide nanorods from the aqueous solution,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 11(9/10/11), 758–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Godlewski, M.

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Dluzewski, A. Szczepanska, J. Kaszewski, and M. Godlewski, “Ultra-fast growth of the monocrystalline zinc oxide nanorods from the aqueous solution,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 11(9/10/11), 758–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Sybilski, K. Kopalko, M. Stachowicz, and M. Godlewski, “UV detector based on zinc oxide nanorods obtained by the hydrothermal method,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 11(9–10), 1447–1451 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grundmann, M.

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering Gallery Modes in Nanosized Dielectric Resonators with Hexagonal Cross Section,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(10), 103903 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Imai, H.

S. Yamabi and H. Imai, “Growth conditions for wurtzite zinc oxide films in aqueous solutions,” J. Mater. Chem. 12(12), 3773–3778 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jang, E.-S.

C. Kim, Y.-J. Kim, E.-S. Jang, G.-C. Yi, and H. H. Kim, “Whispering-gallery-modelike-enhanced emission from ZnO nanodisk,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 093104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Johnson, J. C.

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, H.-J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, P. B. Petersen, M. Law, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single nanowire waveguides and lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5223, 187–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kaidashev, E. M.

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering Gallery Modes in Nanosized Dielectric Resonators with Hexagonal Cross Section,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(10), 103903 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaszewski, J.

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Dluzewski, A. Szczepanska, J. Kaszewski, and M. Godlewski, “Ultra-fast growth of the monocrystalline zinc oxide nanorods from the aqueous solution,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 11(9/10/11), 758–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Khedoe, R.

H.-Y. Li, S. Rühle, R. Khedoe, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Polarization, Microscopic Origin, and Mode Structure of Luminescence and Lasing from Single ZnO Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3515–3520 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, C.

C. Kim, Y.-J. Kim, E.-S. Jang, G.-C. Yi, and H. H. Kim, “Whispering-gallery-modelike-enhanced emission from ZnO nanodisk,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 093104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. H.

C. Kim, Y.-J. Kim, E.-S. Jang, G.-C. Yi, and H. H. Kim, “Whispering-gallery-modelike-enhanced emission from ZnO nanodisk,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 093104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

J. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J.-Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.-J.

C. Kim, Y.-J. Kim, E.-S. Jang, G.-C. Yi, and H. H. Kim, “Whispering-gallery-modelike-enhanced emission from ZnO nanodisk,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 093104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Knowles, J.

P. O’Brien, T. Saeed, and J. Knowles, “Speciation and the nature of ZnO thin films from chemical bath deposition,” J. Mater. Chem. 6(7), 1135–1139 (1996).
[Crossref]

Knutsen, K. P.

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, H.-J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, P. B. Petersen, M. Law, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single nanowire waveguides and lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5223, 187–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

Koenderink, A. F.

H.-Y. Li, S. Rühle, R. Khedoe, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Polarization, Microscopic Origin, and Mode Structure of Luminescence and Lasing from Single ZnO Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3515–3520 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koh, K. H.

J. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J.-Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kopalko, K.

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Sybilski, K. Kopalko, M. Stachowicz, and M. Godlewski, “UV detector based on zinc oxide nanorods obtained by the hydrothermal method,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 11(9–10), 1447–1451 (2014).
[Crossref]

Law, M.

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, H.-J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, P. B. Petersen, M. Law, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single nanowire waveguides and lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5223, 187–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

J. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J.-Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, H.-Y.

H.-Y. Li, S. Rühle, R. Khedoe, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Polarization, Microscopic Origin, and Mode Structure of Luminescence and Lasing from Single ZnO Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3515–3520 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, Y.

G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

U. Ozgur, Ya. I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M. A. Reshchikov, S. Dogan, V. Avrutin, S.-J. Cho, and H. Morkoc, “A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(4), 041301 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. Y.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J.-Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y. C.

Lorenz, M.

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering Gallery Modes in Nanosized Dielectric Resonators with Hexagonal Cross Section,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(10), 103903 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lv, C. G.

G. P. Zhu, C. X. Xu, J. Zhu, C. G. Lv, and Y. P. Cui, “Two-photon excited whispering-gallery mode ultraviolet laser from an individual ZnO microneedle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051106 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lysenko, V. G.

V. G. Lysenko, V. I. Revenko, T. G. Tratas, and V. B. Timofeev, “Radiative recombination of a nonequilibrium electron-hole plasma in CdS crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 41(1), 163–168 (1975).

Ma, J. G.

Morkoc, H.

U. Ozgur, Ya. I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M. A. Reshchikov, S. Dogan, V. Avrutin, S.-J. Cho, and H. Morkoc, “A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(4), 041301 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ngo, Q. M.

J. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J.-Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nobis, T.

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering Gallery Modes in Nanosized Dielectric Resonators with Hexagonal Cross Section,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(10), 103903 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Brien, P.

P. O’Brien, T. Saeed, and J. Knowles, “Speciation and the nature of ZnO thin films from chemical bath deposition,” J. Mater. Chem. 6(7), 1135–1139 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ozgur, U.

U. Ozgur, Ya. I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M. A. Reshchikov, S. Dogan, V. Avrutin, S.-J. Cho, and H. Morkoc, “A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(4), 041301 (2005).
[Crossref]

Park, J.-Y.

J. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J.-Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Park, K. H.

J. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J.-Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221105 (2009).
[Crossref]

Petersen, P. B.

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, H.-J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, P. B. Petersen, M. Law, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single nanowire waveguides and lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5223, 187–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phillips, M.

S. Choi, C. Ton-That, M. Phillips, and I. Aharonovich, “Observation of whispering gallery modes from hexagonal ZnO microdisks using cathodoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 171102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rahm, A.

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering Gallery Modes in Nanosized Dielectric Resonators with Hexagonal Cross Section,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(10), 103903 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reshchikov, M. A.

U. Ozgur, Ya. I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M. A. Reshchikov, S. Dogan, V. Avrutin, S.-J. Cho, and H. Morkoc, “A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(4), 041301 (2005).
[Crossref]

Revenko, V. I.

V. G. Lysenko, V. I. Revenko, T. G. Tratas, and V. B. Timofeev, “Radiative recombination of a nonequilibrium electron-hole plasma in CdS crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 41(1), 163–168 (1975).

Rühle, S.

H.-Y. Li, S. Rühle, R. Khedoe, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Polarization, Microscopic Origin, and Mode Structure of Luminescence and Lasing from Single ZnO Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3515–3520 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saeed, T.

P. O’Brien, T. Saeed, and J. Knowles, “Speciation and the nature of ZnO thin films from chemical bath deposition,” J. Mater. Chem. 6(7), 1135–1139 (1996).
[Crossref]

Saykally, R. J.

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, H.-J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, P. B. Petersen, M. Law, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single nanowire waveguides and lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5223, 187–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shi, Z.

G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stachowicz, M.

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Sybilski, K. Kopalko, M. Stachowicz, and M. Godlewski, “UV detector based on zinc oxide nanorods obtained by the hydrothermal method,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 11(9–10), 1447–1451 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

Sybilski, P.

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Sybilski, K. Kopalko, M. Stachowicz, and M. Godlewski, “UV detector based on zinc oxide nanorods obtained by the hydrothermal method,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 11(9–10), 1447–1451 (2014).
[Crossref]

Szczepanska, A.

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Dluzewski, A. Szczepanska, J. Kaszewski, and M. Godlewski, “Ultra-fast growth of the monocrystalline zinc oxide nanorods from the aqueous solution,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 11(9/10/11), 758–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tang, X.

Z. Zang, X. Zeng, J. Du, M. Wang, and X. Tang, “Femtosecond laser direct writing of microholes on roughened ZnO for output power enhancement of InGaN light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3463–3466 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zang, M. Wen, W. Chen, Y. Zeng, Z. Zu, X. Zeng, and X. Tang, “Strong yellow emission of ZnO hollow nanospheres fabricated using polystyrene spheres as templates,” Mater. Des. 84, 418–421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Teke, A.

U. Ozgur, Ya. I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M. A. Reshchikov, S. Dogan, V. Avrutin, S.-J. Cho, and H. Morkoc, “A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(4), 041301 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tian, Z.

G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Timofeev, V. B.

V. G. Lysenko, V. I. Revenko, T. G. Tratas, and V. B. Timofeev, “Radiative recombination of a nonequilibrium electron-hole plasma in CdS crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 41(1), 163–168 (1975).

Ton-That, C.

S. Choi, C. Ton-That, M. Phillips, and I. Aharonovich, “Observation of whispering gallery modes from hexagonal ZnO microdisks using cathodoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 171102 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tratas, T. G.

V. G. Lysenko, V. I. Revenko, T. G. Tratas, and V. B. Timofeev, “Radiative recombination of a nonequilibrium electron-hole plasma in CdS crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 41(1), 163–168 (1975).

Vanmaekelbergh, D.

H.-Y. Li, S. Rühle, R. Khedoe, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Polarization, Microscopic Origin, and Mode Structure of Luminescence and Lasing from Single ZnO Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3515–3520 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wachnicki, L.

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Dluzewski, A. Szczepanska, J. Kaszewski, and M. Godlewski, “Ultra-fast growth of the monocrystalline zinc oxide nanorods from the aqueous solution,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 11(9/10/11), 758–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Sybilski, K. Kopalko, M. Stachowicz, and M. Godlewski, “UV detector based on zinc oxide nanorods obtained by the hydrothermal method,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 11(9–10), 1447–1451 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

Wen, M.

Z. Zang, M. Wen, W. Chen, Y. Zeng, Z. Zu, X. Zeng, and X. Tang, “Strong yellow emission of ZnO hollow nanospheres fabricated using polystyrene spheres as templates,” Mater. Des. 84, 418–421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wiersig, J.

J. Wiersig, “Hexagonal dielectric resonators and microcrystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 67(2), 023807 (2003).
[Crossref]

Witkowski, B. S.

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Dluzewski, A. Szczepanska, J. Kaszewski, and M. Godlewski, “Ultra-fast growth of the monocrystalline zinc oxide nanorods from the aqueous solution,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 11(9/10/11), 758–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Sybilski, K. Kopalko, M. Stachowicz, and M. Godlewski, “UV detector based on zinc oxide nanorods obtained by the hydrothermal method,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 11(9–10), 1447–1451 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, C.

G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, C. X.

G. P. Zhu, C. X. Xu, J. Zhu, C. G. Lv, and Y. P. Cui, “Two-photon excited whispering-gallery mode ultraviolet laser from an individual ZnO microneedle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051106 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, H. Y.

Yamabi, S.

S. Yamabi and H. Imai, “Growth conditions for wurtzite zinc oxide films in aqueous solutions,” J. Mater. Chem. 12(12), 3773–3778 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yan, H.

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, H.-J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, P. B. Petersen, M. Law, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single nanowire waveguides and lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5223, 187–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yang, P.

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, H.-J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, P. B. Petersen, M. Law, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single nanowire waveguides and lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5223, 187–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yi, G.-C.

C. Kim, Y.-J. Kim, E.-S. Jang, G.-C. Yi, and H. H. Kim, “Whispering-gallery-modelike-enhanced emission from ZnO nanodisk,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 093104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zang, Z.

Z. Zang, X. Zeng, J. Du, M. Wang, and X. Tang, “Femtosecond laser direct writing of microholes on roughened ZnO for output power enhancement of InGaN light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3463–3466 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zang, M. Wen, W. Chen, Y. Zeng, Z. Zu, X. Zeng, and X. Tang, “Strong yellow emission of ZnO hollow nanospheres fabricated using polystyrene spheres as templates,” Mater. Des. 84, 418–421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X.

Z. Zang, X. Zeng, J. Du, M. Wang, and X. Tang, “Femtosecond laser direct writing of microholes on roughened ZnO for output power enhancement of InGaN light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett. 41(15), 3463–3466 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zang, M. Wen, W. Chen, Y. Zeng, Z. Zu, X. Zeng, and X. Tang, “Strong yellow emission of ZnO hollow nanospheres fabricated using polystyrene spheres as templates,” Mater. Des. 84, 418–421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y.

Z. Zang, M. Wen, W. Chen, Y. Zeng, Z. Zu, X. Zeng, and X. Tang, “Strong yellow emission of ZnO hollow nanospheres fabricated using polystyrene spheres as templates,” Mater. Des. 84, 418–421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, G.

G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, G. P.

G. P. Zhu, C. X. Xu, J. Zhu, C. G. Lv, and Y. P. Cui, “Two-photon excited whispering-gallery mode ultraviolet laser from an individual ZnO microneedle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051106 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J.

G. P. Zhu, C. X. Xu, J. Zhu, C. G. Lv, and Y. P. Cui, “Two-photon excited whispering-gallery mode ultraviolet laser from an individual ZnO microneedle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051106 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zu, Z.

Z. Zang, M. Wen, W. Chen, Y. Zeng, Z. Zu, X. Zeng, and X. Tang, “Strong yellow emission of ZnO hollow nanospheres fabricated using polystyrene spheres as templates,” Mater. Des. 84, 418–421 (2015).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

G. Zhu, C. Xu, L. Cai, J. Li, Z. Shi, Y. Lin, G. Chen, T. Ding, Z. Tian, and J. Dai, “Lasing Behavior Modulation for ZnO Whispering-Gallery Microcavities,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(11), 6195–6201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. Sci. (1)

N. Bouchenak Khelladi and N. E. Chabane Sari, “Optical properties of ZnO thin films,” Adv. Mater. Sci. 13(1), 21–29 (2013).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. Liu, Q. M. Ngo, K. H. Park, S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, J.-Y. Park, K. H. Koh, and S. Lee, “Optical waveguide and cavity effects on whispering-gallery mode resonances in a ZnO nanonail,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221105 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Choi, C. Ton-That, M. Phillips, and I. Aharonovich, “Observation of whispering gallery modes from hexagonal ZnO microdisks using cathodoluminescence spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 171102 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. P. Zhu, C. X. Xu, J. Zhu, C. G. Lv, and Y. P. Cui, “Two-photon excited whispering-gallery mode ultraviolet laser from an individual ZnO microneedle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051106 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Kim, Y.-J. Kim, E.-S. Jang, G.-C. Yi, and H. H. Kim, “Whispering-gallery-modelike-enhanced emission from ZnO nanodisk,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 093104 (2006).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Nanotechnol. (1)

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Dluzewski, A. Szczepanska, J. Kaszewski, and M. Godlewski, “Ultra-fast growth of the monocrystalline zinc oxide nanorods from the aqueous solution,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 11(9/10/11), 758–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

U. Ozgur, Ya. I. Alivov, C. Liu, A. Teke, M. A. Reshchikov, S. Dogan, V. Avrutin, S.-J. Cho, and H. Morkoc, “A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(4), 041301 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (2)

S. Yamabi and H. Imai, “Growth conditions for wurtzite zinc oxide films in aqueous solutions,” J. Mater. Chem. 12(12), 3773–3778 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. O’Brien, T. Saeed, and J. Knowles, “Speciation and the nature of ZnO thin films from chemical bath deposition,” J. Mater. Chem. 6(7), 1135–1139 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mater. Des. (1)

Z. Zang, M. Wen, W. Chen, Y. Zeng, Z. Zu, X. Zeng, and X. Tang, “Strong yellow emission of ZnO hollow nanospheres fabricated using polystyrene spheres as templates,” Mater. Des. 84, 418–421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

H.-Y. Li, S. Rühle, R. Khedoe, A. F. Koenderink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Polarization, Microscopic Origin, and Mode Structure of Luminescence and Lasing from Single ZnO Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3515–3520 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Wiersig, “Hexagonal dielectric resonators and microcrystal lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 67(2), 023807 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Whispering Gallery Modes in Nanosized Dielectric Resonators with Hexagonal Cross Section,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(10), 103903 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. (1)

B. S. Witkowski, L. Wachnicki, S. Gieraltowska, P. Sybilski, K. Kopalko, M. Stachowicz, and M. Godlewski, “UV detector based on zinc oxide nanorods obtained by the hydrothermal method,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. 11(9–10), 1447–1451 (2014).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, H.-J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, P. B. Petersen, M. Law, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single nanowire waveguides and lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5223, 187–196 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

V. G. Lysenko, V. I. Revenko, T. G. Tratas, and V. B. Timofeev, “Radiative recombination of a nonequilibrium electron-hole plasma in CdS crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 41(1), 163–168 (1975).

Other (2)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

T. Nobis, E. M. Kaidashev, A. Rahm, M. Lorenz, and M. Grundmann, “Optical properties of single ZnO nanocolumns and nanoneedles,” in Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on ZnO as a material for micro- and optoelectronic applications, N.H. Nickel, E. Terukov, eds. (Kluwer, 2005), pp. 83–89.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Top and (b) side-view SEM images of ZnO microrods taken with secondary electron detector at 15 kV. The well-defined hexagonal symmetry is clearly seen.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) and (b) Monochromatic CL maps of two individual ZnO microrods taken at 370 nm at 15 kV and 14 nA. Spatial localization of luminescence intensity near the hexagonal boundary and at corners is visible.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 CL spectrum recorded from the ZnO microrods ensemble using diffraction grating with dispersion of 10.8 nm/mm at 5 K, 15 kV and 14 nA. The main peak is located at 370 nm (3.35 eV). The inset is the top-view monochromatic CL map of the individual ZnO microrod taken at 560 nm. The lack of defect-related emission is seen in both the Cl map and the CL spectrum.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 CL spectrum recorded with the single point in the middle of the individual ZnO microrod excited by the electron beam. Multi-peak structure is visible. Arrows indicate the resonant wavelengths.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The TE and TM modes labeled with the mode numbers in the dispersion curve and (b) CL spectrum of the ZnO microrod with the diameter of 2.24 µm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) CL spectrum of the ZnO microrod with the diameter of 1.49 µm. Lines indicate the resonant wavelengths. (b) CL spectrum of the ZnO microrod with the diameter of 532 nm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) CL spectra obtained when the whole ZnO microrod with diameter of 2.24 μm is scanned by electron beam at excitation power 12 µW (black), 54 µW (red), 80 µW (blue), 121 µW (cyan), 210 µW (magenta) and (b) the enlarged spectra of the region where the new band on the low energy side of the main peak appears. Red-shift and the increasing width of the emission band with increasing excitation power occur.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The resonant wavelengths for TE-WGMs and TM-WGMs. Reasonable agreement between the experimental and calculated resonant wavelengths can be observed.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δλ= λ 2 L(nλ dn dλ ) ,
3 3D 2 = λ n(λ) { N+ 6 π arctan( β 3 n 2 4 ) },

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