Abstract

This work reports on the passively Q-switched waveguide laser system based on Nd:YAG crystal and MoS2 satuable absorber. A depressed cladding waveguide with circular cross-sectional geometry has been produced in Nd:YAG crystal by direct femtosecond laser writing at low-repetition rate. The confocal microscopic investigation of the structure reveals the well-preserved microphotoluminescence features in the waveguide core. With chemical-vapor-deposition (CVD) MoS2 membrane as satuable absorber, the passive Q-switching of the Nd:YAG waveguide system has been achieved under optical pump, reaching maximum average output power of 85.2 mW, corresponding to single-pulse energy of 112 nJ, at wavelength of 1064 nm. The repetition rate of the pulsed waveguide laser system is tunable from 0.51 to 1.10 MHz, and the obtained minimum pulse duration is 203 ns.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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  29. B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. A. Rodenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, ““Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers Opt. 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  39. A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, C. Jacinto, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, L. Roso, A. A. Kaminskii, and D. Jaque, “Thermally resistant waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics by crossing femtosecond damage filaments,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 330–332 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (13)

T. Calmano and S. Müller, “Crystalline Waveguide Lasers in the Visible and Near-Infrared Spectral Range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 401 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Nie, C. Cheng, Y. Jia, C. Romero, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Dual-wavelength waveguide lasers at 1064 and 1079 nm in Nd:YAP crystal by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Lett. 40(10), 2437–2440 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hasse, T. Calmano, B. Deppe, C. Liebald, and C. Kränkel, “Efficient Yb³⁺:CaGdAlO₄ bulk and femtosecond-laser-written waveguide lasers,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3552–3555 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Douglass, F. Dreisow, S. Gross, S. Nolte, and M. J. Withford, “Towards femtosecond laser written arrayed waveguide gratings,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21392–21402 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Martinez de Mendivil, J. Hoyo, J. Solis, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, and G. Lifante, “Channel waveguide fabrication in KY(WO4)2 combining liquid-phase-epitaxy and beam-multiplexed femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Mater. 47, 304–309 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, C. Cheng, C. Romero, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Graphene-based Y-branch laser in femtosecond laser written Nd:YAG waveguides,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9730–9735 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz Graphene-Based 2-um Monolithic Waveguide Laser,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 21, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Li, N. N. Dong, S. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, K. P. Wang, L. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Giant two-photon absorption in monolayer MoS2,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(4), 427–434 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, M. Zhang, T. Hasan, and E. J. R. Kelleher, “Few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers for short-pulse laser technology: current status and future perspectives Invited,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A30–A42 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Liu and Y. Cui, “Flexible pulse-controlled fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9399 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Choudhary, S. J. Beecher, S. Dhingra, B. D’Urso, T. L. Parsonage, J. A. Grant-Jacob, P. Hua, J. I. Mackenzie, R. W. Eason, and D. P. Shepherd, “456-mW graphene Q-switched Yb:yttria waveguide laser by evanescent-field interaction,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1912–1915 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Y. Choi, T. Calmano, M. H. Kim, D. I. Yeom, C. Kränkel, G. Huber, and F. Rotermund, “Q-switched operation of a femtosecond-laser-inscribed Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7999–8005 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (13)

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Tan, R. He, C. Cheng, D. Wang, Y. Chen, and F. Chen, “Polarization-dependent optical absorption of MoS₂ for refractive index sensing,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7523 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jia, Y. Tan, C. Cheng, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Efficient lasing in continuous wave and graphene Q-switched regimes from Nd:YAG ridge waveguides produced by combination of swift heavy ion irradiation and femtosecond laser ablation,” Opt. Express 22(11), 12900–12908 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Pavel, G. Salamu, F. Jipa, and M. Zamfirescu, “Diode-laser pumping into the emitting level for efficient lasing of depressed cladding waveguides realized in Nd:YVO4 by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Opt. Express 22(19), 23057–23065 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. Righini and A. Chiappini, “Glass optical waveguides: a review of fabrication techniques,” Opt. Eng. 53(7), 071819 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jia, C. Cheng, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. R. Castillo, B. R. Rabes, Y. Tan, D. Jaque, and F. Chen, “Monolithic crystalline cladding microstructures for efficient light guiding and beam manipulation in passive and active regimes,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Chen and J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), 251–275 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Choudhury, J. R. Macdonald, and A. K. Kar, “Ultrafast laser inscription: perspectives on future integrated applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 827–846 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Tan, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Zhou, S. Sun, and F. Chen, “Guided continuous-wave and graphene-based Q-switched lasers in carbon ion irradiated Nd:YAG ceramic channel waveguide,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3572–3577 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

Y. Liao, Y. Shen, L. Qiao, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Femtosecond laser nanostructuring in porous glass with sub-50 nm feature sizes,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 187–189 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Pavel, G. Salamu, F. Voicu, F. Jipa, M. Zamfirescu, and T. Dascalu, “Efficient laser emission in diode-pumped Nd:YAG buried waveguides realized by direct femtosecond-laser writing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(9), 095802 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

Y. Liao, J. Song, E. Li, Y. Luo, Y. Shen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microfluidic mixers in glass by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Lab Chip 12(4), 746–749 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

A. Schaap, Y. Bellouard, and T. Rohrlack, “Optofluidic lab-on-a-chip for rapid algae population screening,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(3), 658–664 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tan, C. Zhang, F. Chen, F. Q. Liu, D. Jaque, and Q. M. Lu, “Room-temperature continuous wave laser oscillations in Nd:YAG ceramic waveguides produced by carbon ion implantation,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers O. 103(4), 837–840 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, C. Jacinto, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, L. Roso, A. A. Kaminskii, and D. Jaque, “Thermally resistant waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics by crossing femtosecond damage filaments,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 330–332 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

A. Rodenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, ““Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers Opt. 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

Aguiló, M.

J. Martinez de Mendivil, J. Hoyo, J. Solis, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, and G. Lifante, “Channel waveguide fabrication in KY(WO4)2 combining liquid-phase-epitaxy and beam-multiplexed femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Mater. 47, 304–309 (2015).
[Crossref]

Akhmadaliev, S.

Ams, M.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Beecher, S. J.

Bellouard, Y.

Benayas, A.

Bromberg, Y.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, G.

Y. Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz Graphene-Based 2-um Monolithic Waveguide Laser,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 21, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

Calmano, T.

Cantelar, E.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, C. Jacinto, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, L. Roso, A. A. Kaminskii, and D. Jaque, “Thermally resistant waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics by crossing femtosecond damage filaments,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 330–332 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rodenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, ““Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers Opt. 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[Crossref]

Castillo, G. R.

Y. Jia, C. Cheng, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. R. Castillo, B. R. Rabes, Y. Tan, D. Jaque, and F. Chen, “Monolithic crystalline cladding microstructures for efficient light guiding and beam manipulation in passive and active regimes,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, D.

Y. Liao, Y. Shen, L. Qiao, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Femtosecond laser nanostructuring in porous glass with sub-50 nm feature sizes,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 187–189 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liao, J. Song, E. Li, Y. Luo, Y. Shen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microfluidic mixers in glass by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Lab Chip 12(4), 746–749 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, F.

Y. Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz Graphene-Based 2-um Monolithic Waveguide Laser,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 21, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, C. Cheng, C. Romero, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Graphene-based Y-branch laser in femtosecond laser written Nd:YAG waveguides,” Opt. Express 23(8), 9730–9735 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Nie, C. Cheng, Y. Jia, C. Romero, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Dual-wavelength waveguide lasers at 1064 and 1079 nm in Nd:YAP crystal by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Lett. 40(10), 2437–2440 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tan, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Zhou, S. Sun, and F. Chen, “Guided continuous-wave and graphene-based Q-switched lasers in carbon ion irradiated Nd:YAG ceramic channel waveguide,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3572–3577 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jia, Y. Tan, C. Cheng, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Efficient lasing in continuous wave and graphene Q-switched regimes from Nd:YAG ridge waveguides produced by combination of swift heavy ion irradiation and femtosecond laser ablation,” Opt. Express 22(11), 12900–12908 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jia, C. Cheng, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. R. Castillo, B. R. Rabes, Y. Tan, D. Jaque, and F. Chen, “Monolithic crystalline cladding microstructures for efficient light guiding and beam manipulation in passive and active regimes,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Chen and J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), 251–275 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Tan, R. He, C. Cheng, D. Wang, Y. Chen, and F. Chen, “Polarization-dependent optical absorption of MoS₂ for refractive index sensing,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7523 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tan, C. Zhang, F. Chen, F. Q. Liu, D. Jaque, and Q. M. Lu, “Room-temperature continuous wave laser oscillations in Nd:YAG ceramic waveguides produced by carbon ion implantation,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers O. 103(4), 837–840 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tan, R. He, C. Cheng, D. Wang, Y. Chen, and F. Chen, “Polarization-dependent optical absorption of MoS₂ for refractive index sensing,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7523 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, C.

Cheng, Y.

Y. Liao, Y. Shen, L. Qiao, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Femtosecond laser nanostructuring in porous glass with sub-50 nm feature sizes,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 187–189 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liao, J. Song, E. Li, Y. Luo, Y. Shen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microfluidic mixers in glass by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Lab Chip 12(4), 746–749 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiappini, A.

G. C. Righini and A. Chiappini, “Glass optical waveguides: a review of fabrication techniques,” Opt. Eng. 53(7), 071819 (2014).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. Y.

Choudhary, A.

Choudhury, D.

D. Choudhury, J. R. Macdonald, and A. K. Kar, “Ultrafast laser inscription: perspectives on future integrated applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 827–846 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

X. Liu and Y. Cui, “Flexible pulse-controlled fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9399 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D’Urso, B.

Dascalu, T.

N. Pavel, G. Salamu, F. Voicu, F. Jipa, M. Zamfirescu, and T. Dascalu, “Efficient laser emission in diode-pumped Nd:YAG buried waveguides realized by direct femtosecond-laser writing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(9), 095802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Davis, K. M.

Dekker, P.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[Crossref]

Demetriou, G.

Y. Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz Graphene-Based 2-um Monolithic Waveguide Laser,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 21, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

Deppe, B.

Dhingra, S.

Diaz, F.

J. Martinez de Mendivil, J. Hoyo, J. Solis, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, and G. Lifante, “Channel waveguide fabrication in KY(WO4)2 combining liquid-phase-epitaxy and beam-multiplexed femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Mater. 47, 304–309 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dong, N. N.

Y. X. Li, N. N. Dong, S. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, K. P. Wang, L. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Giant two-photon absorption in monolayer MoS2,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(4), 427–434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Douglass, G.

Dreisow, F.

Du, J.

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eason, R. W.

Fan, D.

Feng, Y. Y.

Y. X. Li, N. N. Dong, S. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, K. P. Wang, L. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Giant two-photon absorption in monolayer MoS2,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(4), 427–434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

Y. Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz Graphene-Based 2-um Monolithic Waveguide Laser,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 21, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Grant-Jacob, J. A.

Gross, S.

Guo, Z.

Hasan, T.

R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, M. Zhang, T. Hasan, and E. J. R. Kelleher, “Few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers for short-pulse laser technology: current status and future perspectives Invited,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A30–A42 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hasse, K.

He, R.

Y. Tan, R. He, C. Cheng, D. Wang, Y. Chen, and F. Chen, “Polarization-dependent optical absorption of MoS₂ for refractive index sensing,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7523 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirao, K.

Howe, R. C. T.

R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, M. Zhang, T. Hasan, and E. J. R. Kelleher, “Few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers for short-pulse laser technology: current status and future perspectives Invited,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A30–A42 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoyo, J.

J. Martinez de Mendivil, J. Hoyo, J. Solis, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, and G. Lifante, “Channel waveguide fabrication in KY(WO4)2 combining liquid-phase-epitaxy and beam-multiplexed femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Mater. 47, 304–309 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, G.

R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, M. Zhang, T. Hasan, and E. J. R. Kelleher, “Few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers for short-pulse laser technology: current status and future perspectives Invited,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A30–A42 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hua, P.

Huber, G.

Ismail, N.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacinto, C.

Jaque, D.

Y. Jia, C. Cheng, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. R. Castillo, B. R. Rabes, Y. Tan, D. Jaque, and F. Chen, “Monolithic crystalline cladding microstructures for efficient light guiding and beam manipulation in passive and active regimes,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tan, C. Zhang, F. Chen, F. Q. Liu, D. Jaque, and Q. M. Lu, “Room-temperature continuous wave laser oscillations in Nd:YAG ceramic waveguides produced by carbon ion implantation,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers O. 103(4), 837–840 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, C. Jacinto, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, L. Roso, A. A. Kaminskii, and D. Jaque, “Thermally resistant waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics by crossing femtosecond damage filaments,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 330–332 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rodenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, ““Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers Opt. 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jaque, F.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, C. Jacinto, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, L. Roso, A. A. Kaminskii, and D. Jaque, “Thermally resistant waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics by crossing femtosecond damage filaments,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 330–332 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rodenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, ““Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers Opt. 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jia, Y.

Jiang, G.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jipa, F.

N. Pavel, G. Salamu, F. Jipa, and M. Zamfirescu, “Diode-laser pumping into the emitting level for efficient lasing of depressed cladding waveguides realized in Nd:YVO4 by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Opt. Express 22(19), 23057–23065 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Pavel, G. Salamu, F. Voicu, F. Jipa, M. Zamfirescu, and T. Dascalu, “Efficient laser emission in diode-pumped Nd:YAG buried waveguides realized by direct femtosecond-laser writing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(9), 095802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A. A.

Kar, A. K.

Y. Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz Graphene-Based 2-um Monolithic Waveguide Laser,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 21, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Choudhury, J. R. Macdonald, and A. K. Kar, “Ultrafast laser inscription: perspectives on future integrated applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 827–846 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kelleher, E. J. R.

R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, M. Zhang, T. Hasan, and E. J. R. Kelleher, “Few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers for short-pulse laser technology: current status and future perspectives Invited,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A30–A42 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, M. H.

Kränkel, C.

Lahini, Y.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lamela, J.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, C. Jacinto, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, L. Roso, A. A. Kaminskii, and D. Jaque, “Thermally resistant waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics by crossing femtosecond damage filaments,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 330–332 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rodenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, ““Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers Opt. 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, E.

Y. Liao, J. Song, E. Li, Y. Luo, Y. Shen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microfluidic mixers in glass by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Lab Chip 12(4), 746–749 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y. X.

Y. X. Li, N. N. Dong, S. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, K. P. Wang, L. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Giant two-photon absorption in monolayer MoS2,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(4), 427–434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liao, Y.

Y. Liao, Y. Shen, L. Qiao, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Femtosecond laser nanostructuring in porous glass with sub-50 nm feature sizes,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 187–189 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liao, J. Song, E. Li, Y. Luo, Y. Shen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microfluidic mixers in glass by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Lab Chip 12(4), 746–749 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liebald, C.

Lifante, G.

J. Martinez de Mendivil, J. Hoyo, J. Solis, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, and G. Lifante, “Channel waveguide fabrication in KY(WO4)2 combining liquid-phase-epitaxy and beam-multiplexed femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Mater. 47, 304–309 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Rodenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, ““Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers Opt. 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, F. Q.

Y. Tan, C. Zhang, F. Chen, F. Q. Liu, D. Jaque, and Q. M. Lu, “Room-temperature continuous wave laser oscillations in Nd:YAG ceramic waveguides produced by carbon ion implantation,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers O. 103(4), 837–840 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Liu, X.

X. Liu and Y. Cui, “Flexible pulse-controlled fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9399 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lobino, M.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loh, K. P.

Lu, Q. M.

Y. Tan, C. Zhang, F. Chen, F. Q. Liu, D. Jaque, and Q. M. Lu, “Room-temperature continuous wave laser oscillations in Nd:YAG ceramic waveguides produced by carbon ion implantation,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers O. 103(4), 837–840 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, S. B.

Luo, Y.

Y. Liao, J. Song, E. Li, Y. Luo, Y. Shen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microfluidic mixers in glass by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Lab Chip 12(4), 746–749 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Macdonald, J. R.

D. Choudhury, J. R. Macdonald, and A. K. Kar, “Ultrafast laser inscription: perspectives on future integrated applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 827–846 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mackenzie, J. I.

Marshall, G. D.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[Crossref]

Martinez de Mendivil, J.

J. Martinez de Mendivil, J. Hoyo, J. Solis, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, and G. Lifante, “Channel waveguide fabrication in KY(WO4)2 combining liquid-phase-epitaxy and beam-multiplexed femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Mater. 47, 304–309 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mary, R.

Y. Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz Graphene-Based 2-um Monolithic Waveguide Laser,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 21, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

Matsuda, N.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matthews, J. C. F.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mazur, E.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mei, L.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Liao, Y. Shen, L. Qiao, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Femtosecond laser nanostructuring in porous glass with sub-50 nm feature sizes,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 187–189 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liao, J. Song, E. Li, Y. Luo, Y. Shen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microfluidic mixers in glass by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Lab Chip 12(4), 746–749 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miura, K.

Müller, S.

T. Calmano and S. Müller, “Crystalline Waveguide Lasers in the Visible and Near-Infrared Spectral Range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 401 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nie, W.

Nolte, S.

OBrien, J. L.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parsonage, T. L.

Pavel, N.

N. Pavel, G. Salamu, F. Jipa, and M. Zamfirescu, “Diode-laser pumping into the emitting level for efficient lasing of depressed cladding waveguides realized in Nd:YVO4 by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Opt. Express 22(19), 23057–23065 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Pavel, G. Salamu, F. Voicu, F. Jipa, M. Zamfirescu, and T. Dascalu, “Efficient laser emission in diode-pumped Nd:YAG buried waveguides realized by direct femtosecond-laser writing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(9), 095802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Peruzzo, A.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piper, J. A.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[Crossref]

Politi, A.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popa, D.

Y. Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz Graphene-Based 2-um Monolithic Waveguide Laser,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 21, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

Popov, S. V.

Poulios, K.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
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Pujol, M. C.

J. Martinez de Mendivil, J. Hoyo, J. Solis, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, and G. Lifante, “Channel waveguide fabrication in KY(WO4)2 combining liquid-phase-epitaxy and beam-multiplexed femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Mater. 47, 304–309 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qiao, L.

Rabes, B. R.

Y. Jia, C. Cheng, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. R. Castillo, B. R. Rabes, Y. Tan, D. Jaque, and F. Chen, “Monolithic crystalline cladding microstructures for efficient light guiding and beam manipulation in passive and active regimes,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz Graphene-Based 2-um Monolithic Waveguide Laser,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 21, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

Righini, G. C.

G. C. Righini and A. Chiappini, “Glass optical waveguides: a review of fabrication techniques,” Opt. Eng. 53(7), 071819 (2014).
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Rodenas, A.

A. Rodenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, ““Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers Opt. 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rohrlack, T.

Romero, C.

Roso, L.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, C. Jacinto, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, L. Roso, A. A. Kaminskii, and D. Jaque, “Thermally resistant waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics by crossing femtosecond damage filaments,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 330–332 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rodenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, ““Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers Opt. 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rotermund, F.

Salamu, G.

N. Pavel, G. Salamu, F. Jipa, and M. Zamfirescu, “Diode-laser pumping into the emitting level for efficient lasing of depressed cladding waveguides realized in Nd:YVO4 by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Opt. Express 22(19), 23057–23065 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Pavel, G. Salamu, F. Voicu, F. Jipa, M. Zamfirescu, and T. Dascalu, “Efficient laser emission in diode-pumped Nd:YAG buried waveguides realized by direct femtosecond-laser writing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(9), 095802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schaap, A.

Shen, Y.

Y. Liao, Y. Shen, L. Qiao, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Femtosecond laser nanostructuring in porous glass with sub-50 nm feature sizes,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 187–189 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liao, J. Song, E. Li, Y. Luo, Y. Shen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microfluidic mixers in glass by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Lab Chip 12(4), 746–749 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shepherd, D. P.

Silberberg, Y.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silva, W. F.

Solis, J.

J. Martinez de Mendivil, J. Hoyo, J. Solis, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Diaz, and G. Lifante, “Channel waveguide fabrication in KY(WO4)2 combining liquid-phase-epitaxy and beam-multiplexed femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Mater. 47, 304–309 (2015).
[Crossref]

Song, J.

Y. Liao, J. Song, E. Li, Y. Luo, Y. Shen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microfluidic mixers in glass by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Lab Chip 12(4), 746–749 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sugimoto, N.

Sugioka, K.

Y. Liao, Y. Shen, L. Qiao, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Femtosecond laser nanostructuring in porous glass with sub-50 nm feature sizes,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 187–189 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liao, J. Song, E. Li, Y. Luo, Y. Shen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microfluidic mixers in glass by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Lab Chip 12(4), 746–749 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, S.

Tan, Y.

Y. Tan, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Zhou, S. Sun, and F. Chen, “Guided continuous-wave and graphene-based Q-switched lasers in carbon ion irradiated Nd:YAG ceramic channel waveguide,” Opt. Express 22(3), 3572–3577 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jia, Y. Tan, C. Cheng, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Efficient lasing in continuous wave and graphene Q-switched regimes from Nd:YAG ridge waveguides produced by combination of swift heavy ion irradiation and femtosecond laser ablation,” Opt. Express 22(11), 12900–12908 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tan, R. He, C. Cheng, D. Wang, Y. Chen, and F. Chen, “Polarization-dependent optical absorption of MoS₂ for refractive index sensing,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7523 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jia, C. Cheng, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. R. Castillo, B. R. Rabes, Y. Tan, D. Jaque, and F. Chen, “Monolithic crystalline cladding microstructures for efficient light guiding and beam manipulation in passive and active regimes,” Sci. Rep. 4, 5988 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tan, C. Zhang, F. Chen, F. Q. Liu, D. Jaque, and Q. M. Lu, “Room-temperature continuous wave laser oscillations in Nd:YAG ceramic waveguides produced by carbon ion implantation,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers O. 103(4), 837–840 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

Taylor, J. R.

Thompson, M. G.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Torchia, G. A.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, C. Jacinto, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, L. Roso, A. A. Kaminskii, and D. Jaque, “Thermally resistant waveguides fabricated in Nd:YAG ceramics by crossing femtosecond damage filaments,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 330–332 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rodenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, ““Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers Opt. 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[Crossref]

Torrisi, F.

Y. Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz Graphene-Based 2-um Monolithic Waveguide Laser,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 21, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, M. Zhang, T. Hasan, and E. J. R. Kelleher, “Few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers for short-pulse laser technology: current status and future perspectives Invited,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A30–A42 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vazquez de Aldana, J. R.

F. Chen and J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), 251–275 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vázquez de Aldana, J. R.

Voicu, F.

N. Pavel, G. Salamu, F. Voicu, F. Jipa, M. Zamfirescu, and T. Dascalu, “Efficient laser emission in diode-pumped Nd:YAG buried waveguides realized by direct femtosecond-laser writing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(9), 095802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, A.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, B. L.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

Y. Tan, R. He, C. Cheng, D. Wang, Y. Chen, and F. Chen, “Polarization-dependent optical absorption of MoS₂ for refractive index sensing,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7523 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

Y. X. Li, N. N. Dong, S. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, K. P. Wang, L. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Giant two-photon absorption in monolayer MoS2,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(4), 427–434 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J. Y.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, K. P.

Y. X. Li, N. N. Dong, S. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, K. P. Wang, L. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Giant two-photon absorption in monolayer MoS2,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(4), 427–434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, S.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, S. C.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Withford, M. J.

G. Douglass, F. Dreisow, S. Gross, S. Nolte, and M. J. Withford, “Towards femtosecond laser written arrayed waveguide gratings,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21392–21402 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[Crossref]

Woodward, R. I.

R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, M. Zhang, T. Hasan, and E. J. R. Kelleher, “Few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers for short-pulse laser technology: current status and future perspectives Invited,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A30–A42 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wörhoff, K.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiang, Y.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, C.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

Y. Liao, J. Song, E. Li, Y. Luo, Y. Shen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microfluidic mixers in glass by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Lab Chip 12(4), 746–749 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeom, D. I.

Yu, H.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H. H.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

Zamfirescu, M.

N. Pavel, G. Salamu, F. Jipa, and M. Zamfirescu, “Diode-laser pumping into the emitting level for efficient lasing of depressed cladding waveguides realized in Nd:YVO4 by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Opt. Express 22(19), 23057–23065 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Pavel, G. Salamu, F. Voicu, F. Jipa, M. Zamfirescu, and T. Dascalu, “Efficient laser emission in diode-pumped Nd:YAG buried waveguides realized by direct femtosecond-laser writing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(9), 095802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Y. Tan, C. Zhang, F. Chen, F. Q. Liu, D. Jaque, and Q. M. Lu, “Room-temperature continuous wave laser oscillations in Nd:YAG ceramic waveguides produced by carbon ion implantation,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers O. 103(4), 837–840 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H. J.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Y. X. Li, N. N. Dong, S. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, K. P. Wang, L. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Giant two-photon absorption in monolayer MoS2,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(4), 427–434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, M. Zhang, T. Hasan, and E. J. R. Kelleher, “Few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers for short-pulse laser technology: current status and future perspectives Invited,” Photonics Res. 3(2), A30–A42 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. F.

Y. X. Li, N. N. Dong, S. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, K. P. Wang, L. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Giant two-photon absorption in monolayer MoS2,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(4), 427–434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. Y.

Y. X. Li, N. N. Dong, S. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, K. P. Wang, L. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Giant two-photon absorption in monolayer MoS2,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(4), 427–434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, C. J.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, M.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, J.

Zhou, S.

Zhou, X. Q.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum Walks of Correlated Photons,” Science 329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys, B-Lasers O. (1)

Y. Tan, C. Zhang, F. Chen, F. Q. Liu, D. Jaque, and Q. M. Lu, “Room-temperature continuous wave laser oscillations in Nd:YAG ceramic waveguides produced by carbon ion implantation,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers O. 103(4), 837–840 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys, B-Lasers Opt. (1)

A. Rodenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, ““Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys, B-Lasers Opt. 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Calmano and S. Müller, “Crystalline Waveguide Lasers in the Visible and Near-Infrared Spectral Range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 401 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. (1)

Y. Y. Ren, G. Brown, R. Mary, G. Demetriou, D. Popa, F. Torrisi, A. C. Ferrari, F. Chen, and A. K. Kar, “7.8-GHz Graphene-Based 2-um Monolithic Waveguide Laser,” J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 21, 1 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lab Chip (1)

Y. Liao, J. Song, E. Li, Y. Luo, Y. Shen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Rapid prototyping of three-dimensional microfluidic mixers in glass by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Lab Chip 12(4), 746–749 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laser Photonics Rev. (4)

D. Choudhury, J. R. Macdonald, and A. K. Kar, “Ultrafast laser inscription: perspectives on future integrated applications,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 827–846 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Chen and J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(2), 251–275 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Li, N. N. Dong, S. F. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, K. P. Wang, L. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Giant two-photon absorption in monolayer MoS2,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(4), 427–434 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev. 3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[Crossref]

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R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and R. Ramponi, Femtosecond LaserMicromachining: Photonic and Microfluidic Devices in Transparent Materials (Springer, 2012).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Optical images of the fs laser micromachining cladding waveguides with the diameters of 100 μm (a). Schematic of the experimental setup for the pulsed waveguide laser (b). The inset picture is the microphotograph of the MoS2 surface.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 2D spatial dependence of the intensity (a), energy (b) and FWHM (c) corresponding to the 4F3/24I9/2 inter-Stark level emission line of Nd3+ in the waveguide region.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The average output power (a) and the pulse trains (b, c) of the Q-switched waveguide lasers at TE- and TM- polarized light pump. Laser emission spectra form the Nd:YAG pulsed waveguide laser (d). The inset pictures show the output modal profiles from waveguide at TE- and TM-polarized light pump.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The Q-switched laser repetition rate (a), pulse energy and duration (b) as functions of absorbed power.

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