Abstract

Three kinds of bent-shaped molecules (A-1, A-2, A-3) were synthesized and doped into the chiral nematic host to induce blue phase. The widest induced blue phase temperature range of 48.6°C is gained for the molecules with acrylate end groups and lateral substituent CN, which has the largest biaxiality and better solubility. After ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, the blue phase range was reduced to 39.1°C, the relationship between the molecular structures and the inducing effect was discussed.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. P. Sethna, “Frustration, curvature, and defect lines in metallic glasses and the cholesteric blue phase,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 31(10), 6278–6297 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phases” in Liquid Crystalline Functional Assemblies and Their Supramolecular Structures, Takashi Kato, ed. (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2008).
  4. Z. G. Zheng, W. Hu, G. Zhu, M. Sun, D. Shen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Brief review of recent research on blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(1), 011601 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. D. A. Rahman, S. M. Said, and S. Balamurugan, “Blue phase liquid crystal: strategies for phase stabilization and device development,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(3), 033501 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. F. Wang, Z. G. Zheng, and D. Shen, “Blue phase liquid crystals induced by bent-shaped molecules based on 1, 3, 4-oxadiazole derivatives,” Liq. Cryst. 39(1), 99–103 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. I. H. Chiang, C. J. Long, H. C. Lin, W. T. Chuang, J. J. Lee, and H. C. Lin, “Broad ranges and fast responses of single-component blue-phase liquid crystals containing banana-shaped 1,3,4-oxadiazole cores,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(1), 228–235 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. H. Yoshida, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawamoto, H. Kubo, T. Tsuda, A. Fujii, S. Kuwababta, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Nanoparticle-stabilized cholesteric blue phases,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 121501 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Yabu, Y. Tanaka, K. Tagashira, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Polarization-independent refractive index tuning using gold nanoparticle-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3578–3580 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Shi, X. Wang, J. Wei, H. Yang, and J. B. Guo, “Stabilization of blue phases by hydrogen-bonded bent-shaped and T-shaped molecules featuring a branched terminal group,” Soft Matter 9(42), 10186–10195 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. S. Kizerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst. 14(3), 911–916 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  17. H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, J. Watanabe, and H. Takezoe, “Blue phases induced by doping chiral nematic liquid crystals with nonchiral molecules,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(4), 041710 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. L. Wang, L. Yu, X. Xiao, Z. Wang, P. Y. Yang, W. L. He, and H. Yang, “Effects of 1, 3, 4-oxadiazoles with different rigid cores on the thermal and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 39(5), 629–638 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  20. K. W. Park, M. J. Gim, S. Kim, S. T. Hur, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase ii system comprising a bent-core molecule with a wide stable temperature range,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(16), 8025–8029 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. S. Aya, A. Zep, K. Aihara, K. Ema, D. Pociecha, E. Gorecka, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Stable electro-optic response in wide-temperature blue phases realized in chiral asymmetric bent dimers [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 662–671 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  22. L. Wang, W. L. He, X. Xiao, Q. Yang, B. R. Li, P. Y. Yang, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline composites doped with thiophene-based mesogens,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(6), 2383–2386 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “Wide blue phase range of chiral nematic liquid crystal doped with bent-shaped molecules,” New J. Phys. 12(11), 113018 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  24. Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “The liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with different terminal chain lengths,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063037 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  25. G. Zhu, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, H. F. Wang, H. Q. Cui, D. Shen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with allylic end groups,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1478–1483 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  26. C. Keith, A. Lehmann, U. Baumeister, M. Prehmab, and C. Tschierske, “Nematic phases of bent-core mesogens,” Soft Matter 6(8), 1704–1721 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  27. K. Kim, S. T. Hur, S. Kim, S. Y. Jo, B. R. Lee, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “A well-aligned simple cubic blue phase for a liquid crystal laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(21), 5383–5388 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  28. S. T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M. J. Gim, K. W. Park, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

M. D. A. Rahman, S. M. Said, and S. Balamurugan, “Blue phase liquid crystal: strategies for phase stabilization and device development,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(3), 033501 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Kim, S. T. Hur, S. Kim, S. Y. Jo, B. R. Lee, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “A well-aligned simple cubic blue phase for a liquid crystal laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(21), 5383–5388 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

S. Aya, A. Zep, K. Aihara, K. Ema, D. Pociecha, E. Gorecka, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Stable electro-optic response in wide-temperature blue phases realized in chiral asymmetric bent dimers [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 662–671 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. H. Chiang, C. J. Long, H. C. Lin, W. T. Chuang, J. J. Lee, and H. C. Lin, “Broad ranges and fast responses of single-component blue-phase liquid crystals containing banana-shaped 1,3,4-oxadiazole cores,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(1), 228–235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

Y. Shi, X. Wang, J. Wei, H. Yang, and J. B. Guo, “Stabilization of blue phases by hydrogen-bonded bent-shaped and T-shaped molecules featuring a branched terminal group,” Soft Matter 9(42), 10186–10195 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. W. Park, M. J. Gim, S. Kim, S. T. Hur, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase ii system comprising a bent-core molecule with a wide stable temperature range,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(16), 8025–8029 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M. J. Gim, K. W. Park, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. G. Zheng, W. Hu, G. Zhu, M. Sun, D. Shen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Brief review of recent research on blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(1), 011601 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

L. Wang, L. Yu, X. Xiao, Z. Wang, P. Y. Yang, W. L. He, and H. Yang, “Effects of 1, 3, 4-oxadiazoles with different rigid cores on the thermal and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 39(5), 629–638 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. L. He, X. Xiao, Q. Yang, B. R. Li, P. Y. Yang, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline composites doped with thiophene-based mesogens,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(6), 2383–2386 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, Z. G. Zheng, and D. Shen, “Blue phase liquid crystals induced by bent-shaped molecules based on 1, 3, 4-oxadiazole derivatives,” Liq. Cryst. 39(1), 99–103 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

2010 (3)

C. Keith, A. Lehmann, U. Baumeister, M. Prehmab, and C. Tschierske, “Nematic phases of bent-core mesogens,” Soft Matter 6(8), 1704–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “Wide blue phase range of chiral nematic liquid crystal doped with bent-shaped molecules,” New J. Phys. 12(11), 113018 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Yoshida, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawamoto, H. Kubo, T. Tsuda, A. Fujii, S. Kuwababta, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Nanoparticle-stabilized cholesteric blue phases,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 121501 (2009).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, J. Watanabe, and H. Takezoe, “Blue phases induced by doping chiral nematic liquid crystals with nonchiral molecules,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(4), 041710 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

H. S. Kizerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst. 14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

J. P. Sethna, “Frustration, curvature, and defect lines in metallic glasses and the cholesteric blue phase,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 31(10), 6278–6297 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1981 (1)

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[Crossref]

Aihara, K.

Anderson, P. W.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[Crossref]

Araoka, F.

Aya, S.

Balamurugan, S.

M. D. A. Rahman, S. M. Said, and S. Balamurugan, “Blue phase liquid crystal: strategies for phase stabilization and device development,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(3), 033501 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baumeister, U.

C. Keith, A. Lehmann, U. Baumeister, M. Prehmab, and C. Tschierske, “Nematic phases of bent-core mesogens,” Soft Matter 6(8), 1704–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brinkman, W. F.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H. C.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chiang, I. H.

I. H. Chiang, C. J. Long, H. C. Lin, W. T. Chuang, J. J. Lee, and H. C. Lin, “Broad ranges and fast responses of single-component blue-phase liquid crystals containing banana-shaped 1,3,4-oxadiazole cores,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(1), 228–235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, S. W.

K. Kim, S. T. Hur, S. Kim, S. Y. Jo, B. R. Lee, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “A well-aligned simple cubic blue phase for a liquid crystal laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(21), 5383–5388 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. W. Park, M. J. Gim, S. Kim, S. T. Hur, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase ii system comprising a bent-core molecule with a wide stable temperature range,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(16), 8025–8029 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M. J. Gim, K. W. Park, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chuang, W. T.

I. H. Chiang, C. J. Long, H. C. Lin, W. T. Chuang, J. J. Lee, and H. C. Lin, “Broad ranges and fast responses of single-component blue-phase liquid crystals containing banana-shaped 1,3,4-oxadiazole cores,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(1), 228–235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coles, H. J.

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, H. Q.

Ema, K.

Fujii, A.

S. Yabu, Y. Tanaka, K. Tagashira, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Polarization-independent refractive index tuning using gold nanoparticle-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3578–3580 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawamoto, H. Kubo, T. Tsuda, A. Fujii, S. Kuwababta, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Nanoparticle-stabilized cholesteric blue phases,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 121501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gim, M. J.

K. W. Park, M. J. Gim, S. Kim, S. T. Hur, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase ii system comprising a bent-core molecule with a wide stable temperature range,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(16), 8025–8029 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M. J. Gim, K. W. Park, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gorecka, E.

Guo, J.

W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
[Crossref]

Guo, J. B.

Y. Shi, X. Wang, J. Wei, H. Yang, and J. B. Guo, “Stabilization of blue phases by hydrogen-bonded bent-shaped and T-shaped molecules featuring a branched terminal group,” Soft Matter 9(42), 10186–10195 (2013).
[Crossref]

He, W.

W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
[Crossref]

He, W. L.

L. Wang, L. Yu, X. Xiao, Z. Wang, P. Y. Yang, W. L. He, and H. Yang, “Effects of 1, 3, 4-oxadiazoles with different rigid cores on the thermal and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 39(5), 629–638 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. L. He, X. Xiao, Q. Yang, B. R. Li, P. Y. Yang, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline composites doped with thiophene-based mesogens,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(6), 2383–2386 (2012).
[Crossref]

Heppke, G.

H. S. Kizerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst. 14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[Crossref]

Higuchi, H.

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hikmet, R. A. M.

H. S. Kizerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst. 14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hisakado, Y.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, W.

Huang, P.

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “The liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with different terminal chain lengths,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063037 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “Wide blue phase range of chiral nematic liquid crystal doped with bent-shaped molecules,” New J. Phys. 12(11), 113018 (2010).
[Crossref]

Huang, W.

W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hur, S. T.

K. Kim, S. T. Hur, S. Kim, S. Y. Jo, B. R. Lee, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “A well-aligned simple cubic blue phase for a liquid crystal laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(21), 5383–5388 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M. J. Gim, K. W. Park, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. W. Park, M. J. Gim, S. Kim, S. T. Hur, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase ii system comprising a bent-core molecule with a wide stable temperature range,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(16), 8025–8029 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ishikawa, K.

Jiao, M.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jo, S. Y.

K. Kim, S. T. Hur, S. Kim, S. Y. Jo, B. R. Lee, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “A well-aligned simple cubic blue phase for a liquid crystal laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(21), 5383–5388 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kajiyama, T.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawamoto, K.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawamoto, H. Kubo, T. Tsuda, A. Fujii, S. Kuwababta, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Nanoparticle-stabilized cholesteric blue phases,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 121501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Keith, C.

C. Keith, A. Lehmann, U. Baumeister, M. Prehmab, and C. Tschierske, “Nematic phases of bent-core mesogens,” Soft Matter 6(8), 1704–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kikuchi, H.

S. Yabu, Y. Tanaka, K. Tagashira, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Polarization-independent refractive index tuning using gold nanoparticle-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3578–3580 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Yoshida, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawamoto, H. Kubo, T. Tsuda, A. Fujii, S. Kuwababta, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Nanoparticle-stabilized cholesteric blue phases,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 121501 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K.

K. Kim, S. T. Hur, S. Kim, S. Y. Jo, B. R. Lee, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “A well-aligned simple cubic blue phase for a liquid crystal laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(21), 5383–5388 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

K. Kim, S. T. Hur, S. Kim, S. Y. Jo, B. R. Lee, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “A well-aligned simple cubic blue phase for a liquid crystal laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(21), 5383–5388 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. W. Park, M. J. Gim, S. Kim, S. T. Hur, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase ii system comprising a bent-core molecule with a wide stable temperature range,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(16), 8025–8029 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kizerow, H. S.

H. S. Kizerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst. 14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kubo, H.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawamoto, H. Kubo, T. Tsuda, A. Fujii, S. Kuwababta, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Nanoparticle-stabilized cholesteric blue phases,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 121501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kuwababta, S.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawamoto, H. Kubo, T. Tsuda, A. Fujii, S. Kuwababta, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Nanoparticle-stabilized cholesteric blue phases,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 121501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, B. R.

K. Kim, S. T. Hur, S. Kim, S. Y. Jo, B. R. Lee, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “A well-aligned simple cubic blue phase for a liquid crystal laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(21), 5383–5388 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M. J. Gim, K. W. Park, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J. J.

I. H. Chiang, C. J. Long, H. C. Lin, W. T. Chuang, J. J. Lee, and H. C. Lin, “Broad ranges and fast responses of single-component blue-phase liquid crystals containing banana-shaped 1,3,4-oxadiazole cores,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(1), 228–235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, M.

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lehmann, A.

C. Keith, A. Lehmann, U. Baumeister, M. Prehmab, and C. Tschierske, “Nematic phases of bent-core mesogens,” Soft Matter 6(8), 1704–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, B. R.

L. Wang, W. L. He, X. Xiao, Q. Yang, B. R. Li, P. Y. Yang, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline composites doped with thiophene-based mesogens,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(6), 2383–2386 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lin, H. C.

I. H. Chiang, C. J. Long, H. C. Lin, W. T. Chuang, J. J. Lee, and H. C. Lin, “Broad ranges and fast responses of single-component blue-phase liquid crystals containing banana-shaped 1,3,4-oxadiazole cores,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(1), 228–235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. H. Chiang, C. J. Long, H. C. Lin, W. T. Chuang, J. J. Lee, and H. C. Lin, “Broad ranges and fast responses of single-component blue-phase liquid crystals containing banana-shaped 1,3,4-oxadiazole cores,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(1), 228–235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, X. W.

Long, C. J.

I. H. Chiang, C. J. Long, H. C. Lin, W. T. Chuang, J. J. Lee, and H. C. Lin, “Broad ranges and fast responses of single-component blue-phase liquid crystals containing banana-shaped 1,3,4-oxadiazole cores,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(1), 228–235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Y. Q.

Lub, J.

H. S. Kizerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst. 14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[Crossref]

Meiboom, S.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[Crossref]

Nakata, M.

M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, J. Watanabe, and H. Takezoe, “Blue phases induced by doping chiral nematic liquid crystals with nonchiral molecules,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(4), 041710 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Niu, G.

W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, M.

S. Yabu, Y. Tanaka, K. Tagashira, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Polarization-independent refractive index tuning using gold nanoparticle-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3578–3580 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawamoto, H. Kubo, T. Tsuda, A. Fujii, S. Kuwababta, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Nanoparticle-stabilized cholesteric blue phases,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 121501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pan, G.

W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
[Crossref]

Park, K. W.

K. W. Park, M. J. Gim, S. Kim, S. T. Hur, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase ii system comprising a bent-core molecule with a wide stable temperature range,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(16), 8025–8029 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M. J. Gim, K. W. Park, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pivnenko, M. N.

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pociecha, D.

Prehmab, M.

C. Keith, A. Lehmann, U. Baumeister, M. Prehmab, and C. Tschierske, “Nematic phases of bent-core mesogens,” Soft Matter 6(8), 1704–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rahman, M. D. A.

M. D. A. Rahman, S. M. Said, and S. Balamurugan, “Blue phase liquid crystal: strategies for phase stabilization and device development,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(3), 033501 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ranft, A.

H. S. Kizerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst. 14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[Crossref]

Rao, L.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

Said, S. M.

M. D. A. Rahman, S. M. Said, and S. Balamurugan, “Blue phase liquid crystal: strategies for phase stabilization and device development,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 16(3), 033501 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schmid, H.

H. S. Kizerow, H. Schmid, A. Ranft, G. Heppke, R. A. M. Hikmet, and J. Lub, “Observation of blue phases in chiral networks,” Liq. Cryst. 14(3), 911–916 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sethna, J. P.

J. P. Sethna, “Frustration, curvature, and defect lines in metallic glasses and the cholesteric blue phase,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 31(10), 6278–6297 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, P. W. Anderson, and W. F. Brinkman, “Theory of the blue phase of cholesteric liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46(18), 1216–1219 (1981).
[Crossref]

Shen, D.

Z. G. Zheng, W. Hu, G. Zhu, M. Sun, D. Shen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Brief review of recent research on blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(1), 011601 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, Z. G. Zheng, and D. Shen, “Blue phase liquid crystals induced by bent-shaped molecules based on 1, 3, 4-oxadiazole derivatives,” Liq. Cryst. 39(1), 99–103 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Zhu, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, H. F. Wang, H. Q. Cui, D. Shen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with allylic end groups,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1478–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “The liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with different terminal chain lengths,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063037 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “Wide blue phase range of chiral nematic liquid crystal doped with bent-shaped molecules,” New J. Phys. 12(11), 113018 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, X. Wang, J. Wei, H. Yang, and J. B. Guo, “Stabilization of blue phases by hydrogen-bonded bent-shaped and T-shaped molecules featuring a branched terminal group,” Soft Matter 9(42), 10186–10195 (2013).
[Crossref]

Song, K.

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

Song, M. H.

K. Kim, S. T. Hur, S. Kim, S. Y. Jo, B. R. Lee, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “A well-aligned simple cubic blue phase for a liquid crystal laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(21), 5383–5388 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M. J. Gim, K. W. Park, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, M.

Tagashira, K.

Takanishi, Y.

M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, J. Watanabe, and H. Takezoe, “Blue phases induced by doping chiral nematic liquid crystals with nonchiral molecules,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(4), 041710 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takezoe, H.

S. Aya, A. Zep, K. Aihara, K. Ema, D. Pociecha, E. Gorecka, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Stable electro-optic response in wide-temperature blue phases realized in chiral asymmetric bent dimers [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 662–671 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, J. Watanabe, and H. Takezoe, “Blue phases induced by doping chiral nematic liquid crystals with nonchiral molecules,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(4), 041710 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, Y.

S. Yabu, Y. Tanaka, K. Tagashira, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Polarization-independent refractive index tuning using gold nanoparticle-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3578–3580 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawamoto, H. Kubo, T. Tsuda, A. Fujii, S. Kuwababta, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Nanoparticle-stabilized cholesteric blue phases,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 121501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tschierske, C.

C. Keith, A. Lehmann, U. Baumeister, M. Prehmab, and C. Tschierske, “Nematic phases of bent-core mesogens,” Soft Matter 6(8), 1704–1721 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tsuda, T.

H. Yoshida, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawamoto, H. Kubo, T. Tsuda, A. Fujii, S. Kuwababta, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Nanoparticle-stabilized cholesteric blue phases,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 121501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, H. F.

H. F. Wang, Z. G. Zheng, and D. Shen, “Blue phase liquid crystals induced by bent-shaped molecules based on 1, 3, 4-oxadiazole derivatives,” Liq. Cryst. 39(1), 99–103 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Zhu, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, H. F. Wang, H. Q. Cui, D. Shen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with allylic end groups,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1478–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, W. L. He, X. Xiao, Q. Yang, B. R. Li, P. Y. Yang, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline composites doped with thiophene-based mesogens,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(6), 2383–2386 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, L. Yu, X. Xiao, Z. Wang, P. Y. Yang, W. L. He, and H. Yang, “Effects of 1, 3, 4-oxadiazoles with different rigid cores on the thermal and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 39(5), 629–638 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Y. Shi, X. Wang, J. Wei, H. Yang, and J. B. Guo, “Stabilization of blue phases by hydrogen-bonded bent-shaped and T-shaped molecules featuring a branched terminal group,” Soft Matter 9(42), 10186–10195 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

L. Wang, L. Yu, X. Xiao, Z. Wang, P. Y. Yang, W. L. He, and H. Yang, “Effects of 1, 3, 4-oxadiazoles with different rigid cores on the thermal and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 39(5), 629–638 (2012).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, J.

M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, J. Watanabe, and H. Takezoe, “Blue phases induced by doping chiral nematic liquid crystals with nonchiral molecules,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(4), 041710 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, J.

Y. Shi, X. Wang, J. Wei, H. Yang, and J. B. Guo, “Stabilization of blue phases by hydrogen-bonded bent-shaped and T-shaped molecules featuring a branched terminal group,” Soft Matter 9(42), 10186–10195 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xiao, X.

L. Wang, W. L. He, X. Xiao, Q. Yang, B. R. Li, P. Y. Yang, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline composites doped with thiophene-based mesogens,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(6), 2383–2386 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, L. Yu, X. Xiao, Z. Wang, P. Y. Yang, W. L. He, and H. Yang, “Effects of 1, 3, 4-oxadiazoles with different rigid cores on the thermal and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 39(5), 629–638 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yabu, S.

Yan, J.

J. Yan and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals: a tutorial [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1527–1535 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

Y. Shi, X. Wang, J. Wei, H. Yang, and J. B. Guo, “Stabilization of blue phases by hydrogen-bonded bent-shaped and T-shaped molecules featuring a branched terminal group,” Soft Matter 9(42), 10186–10195 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, L. Yu, X. Xiao, Z. Wang, P. Y. Yang, W. L. He, and H. Yang, “Effects of 1, 3, 4-oxadiazoles with different rigid cores on the thermal and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 39(5), 629–638 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. L. He, X. Xiao, Q. Yang, B. R. Li, P. Y. Yang, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline composites doped with thiophene-based mesogens,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(6), 2383–2386 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, P. Y.

L. Wang, L. Yu, X. Xiao, Z. Wang, P. Y. Yang, W. L. He, and H. Yang, “Effects of 1, 3, 4-oxadiazoles with different rigid cores on the thermal and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 39(5), 629–638 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. L. He, X. Xiao, Q. Yang, B. R. Li, P. Y. Yang, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline composites doped with thiophene-based mesogens,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(6), 2383–2386 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.

L. Wang, W. L. He, X. Xiao, Q. Yang, B. R. Li, P. Y. Yang, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline composites doped with thiophene-based mesogens,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(6), 2383–2386 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yokota, M.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoshida, H.

S. Yabu, Y. Tanaka, K. Tagashira, H. Yoshida, A. Fujii, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Polarization-independent refractive index tuning using gold nanoparticle-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3578–3580 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawamoto, H. Kubo, T. Tsuda, A. Fujii, S. Kuwababta, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Nanoparticle-stabilized cholesteric blue phases,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 121501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, L.

L. Wang, L. Yu, X. Xiao, Z. Wang, P. Y. Yang, W. L. He, and H. Yang, “Effects of 1, 3, 4-oxadiazoles with different rigid cores on the thermal and electro-optical performances of liquid crystalline blue phases,” Liq. Cryst. 39(5), 629–638 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X.

W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zep, A.

Zhao, D.

W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Z. G.

Z. G. Zheng, W. Hu, G. Zhu, M. Sun, D. Shen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Brief review of recent research on blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(1), 011601 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. F. Wang, Z. G. Zheng, and D. Shen, “Blue phase liquid crystals induced by bent-shaped molecules based on 1, 3, 4-oxadiazole derivatives,” Liq. Cryst. 39(1), 99–103 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Zhu, X. W. Lin, W. Hu, Z. G. Zheng, H. F. Wang, H. Q. Cui, D. Shen, and Y. Q. Lu, “Liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with allylic end groups,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1478–1483 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “The liquid crystal blue phase induced by bent-shaped molecules with different terminal chain lengths,” New J. Phys. 13(6), 063037 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. G. Zheng, D. Shen, and P. Huang, “Wide blue phase range of chiral nematic liquid crystal doped with bent-shaped molecules,” New J. Phys. 12(11), 113018 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, G.

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2)

I. H. Chiang, C. J. Long, H. C. Lin, W. T. Chuang, J. J. Lee, and H. C. Lin, “Broad ranges and fast responses of single-component blue-phase liquid crystals containing banana-shaped 1,3,4-oxadiazole cores,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(1), 228–235 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. W. Park, M. J. Gim, S. Kim, S. T. Hur, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase ii system comprising a bent-core molecule with a wide stable temperature range,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(16), 8025–8029 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (2)

W. He, G. Pan, Z. Yang, D. Zhao, G. Niu, W. Huang, X. Yuan, J. Guo, H. Cao, and H. Yang, “Wide blue phase range in a hydrogen-bonded self-assembled complex of chiral fluoro-substituted benzoic acid and pyridine derivative,” Adv. Mater. 21(20), 2050–2053 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M. J. Gim, K. W. Park, M. H. Song, and S. W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

H. Yoshida, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawamoto, H. Kubo, T. Tsuda, A. Fujii, S. Kuwababta, H. Kikuchi, and M. Ozaki, “Nanoparticle-stabilized cholesteric blue phases,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 121501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

J. Mater. Chem. (3)

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Lee, S. T. Hur, H. Higuchi, K. Song, S. W. Choi, and H. Kikuchi, “Liquid crystalline blue phase I observed for a bent-core molecule and its electro-optical performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 20(28), 5813–5816 (2010).
[Crossref]

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Nat. Mater. (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Chemical structures of the synthesized bent-shaped molecules.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The synthetic route of the compound A-1.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The atomistic models of the synthesized bent-shaped molecules.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Microscopic textures of sample S4. (a) Iso state at 90.0°C; (b) Iso state transfers to BP at 74.9°C; (c) BP phase at 62.0°C; (d) BP transfers to N* at 26.3°C, the scale bar is 100μm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The selective reflection spectra of sample S4 at blue phase.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The IR spectra of A-1 before (a) and after UV exposure (b).

Tables (2)

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Table 1 BP temperature ranges induced by bent-shaped molecules before polymerization.

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Table 2 Transition temperatures and BP temperature ranges after polymerization.

Equations (3)

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HRMS( ESI ):      Formula        Calc. Mass [ M+Na ] +    Mass [ M+Na ] + C 41 H 25 NO 12 746.1274       746.1279
HRMS( ESI ):      Formula        Calc. Mass [ M+Na ] +    Mass [ M+Na ] + C 40 H 26 O 12 721.1322      721.1326
HRMS( ESI ):      Formula        Calc. Mass [ M+H ] +    Mass [ M+H ] + C 49 H 49 NO 8 780.3536      780.3584

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