Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate that at terahertz frequencies perfect plasmonic absorbers made on a highly doped silicon platform can be easily realized, exhibiting near-zero dips in the reflection spectra. The unit cell of the absorber consists of a dielectric layer of SiO2 film sandwiched between a highly doped silicon wafer and the copper structures, in the form of either one-dimensional stripe array or two-dimensional cross array. The reflection spectrum of the proposed absorbers are characterized using a terahertz time-domain spectroscopy system and the experimental results are in good agreement with numerical simulations. The dependence of the absorption on the THz polarization for both the 1D and 2D absorbers are also investigated. The high performance together with the easy fabrication processes presented in this paper show that the plasmonic absorber holds high prospect in terahertz applications.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (1)

Y. Zhang and Z. Han, “Efficient and broadband Terahertz plasmonic absorbers using highly doped Si as the plasmonic material,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017113 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

Z. H. Zhu, C. C. Guo, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. M. Ye, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Electrically tunable polarizer based on anisotropic absorption of graphene ribbons,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(4), 1017–1021 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic Resonance toward Terahertz Perfect Absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Shi, X. Zang, Y. Wang, L. Chen, B. Cai, and Y. Zhu, “A polarization-independent broadband terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031104 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

M. Amin, M. Farhat, and H. Bağcı, “An ultra-broadband multilayered graphene absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29938–29948 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Zhang, J. Hendrickson, and J. Guo, “Multispectral near-perfect metamaterial absorbers using spatially multiplexed plasmon resonance metal square structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(3), 656 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Meng, D. Zhao, Q. Li, and M. Qiu, “Polarization-sensitive perfect absorbers at near-infrared wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21(S1Suppl 1), A111–A122 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2011 (4)

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-Based Plasmonic Perfect Absorber in the Visible Wavelength Range and Its Application to Hydrogen Sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, C. Hu, M. Wang, C. Huang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, Q. Feng, and X. Luo, “Design principles for infrared wide-angle perfect absorber based on plasmonic structure,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17413–17420 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

D. Y. Shchegolkov, K. Azad, J. F. O’Hara, and E. I. Simakov, “Perfect subwavelength fishnetlike metamaterial-based film terahertz absorbers,” Phys. Rev. B 82(20), 205117 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

N. Landy, C. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. Smith, and W. Padilla, “Design, theory, and measurement of a polarization-insensitive absorber for terahertz imaging,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125104 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2002 (2)

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, Y. U. V. P. Street, and P. O. Box, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).

1967 (1)

D. M. Caughey and R. E. Thomas, “Carrier mobilities in silicon empirically related to doping and field,” Proc. IEEE 55(12), 2192–2193 (1967).
[Crossref]

Abbott, D.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic Resonance toward Terahertz Perfect Absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

Albrektsen, O.

Amin, M.

Arnone, D. D.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Averitt, R. D.

Azad, A. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, K.

D. Y. Shchegolkov, K. Azad, J. F. O’Hara, and E. I. Simakov, “Perfect subwavelength fishnetlike metamaterial-based film terahertz absorbers,” Phys. Rev. B 82(20), 205117 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bagci, H.

Bank, S. R.

Beard, M. C.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, Y. U. V. P. Street, and P. O. Box, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).

Bhaskaran, M.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic Resonance toward Terahertz Perfect Absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bingham, C.

N. Landy, C. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. Smith, and W. Padilla, “Design, theory, and measurement of a polarization-insensitive absorber for terahertz imaging,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bingham, C. M.

Box, P. O.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, Y. U. V. P. Street, and P. O. Box, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

Cai, B.

C. Shi, X. Zang, Y. Wang, L. Chen, B. Cai, and Y. Zhu, “A polarization-independent broadband terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Caughey, D. M.

D. M. Caughey and R. E. Thomas, “Carrier mobilities in silicon empirically related to doping and field,” Proc. IEEE 55(12), 2192–2193 (1967).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. Zide, S. R. Bank, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Ultrafast optical switching of terahertz metamaterials fabricated on ErAs/GaAs nanoisland superlattices,” Opt. Lett. 32(12), 1620–1622 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

C. Shi, X. Zang, Y. Wang, L. Chen, B. Cai, and Y. Zhu, “A polarization-independent broadband terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chowdhury, D. R.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cole, B. E.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dalvit, D. A. R.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, F.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dregely, D.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-Based Plasmonic Perfect Absorber in the Visible Wavelength Range and Its Application to Hydrogen Sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Farhat, M.

Feng, Q.

Fumeaux, C.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic Resonance toward Terahertz Perfect Absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-Based Plasmonic Perfect Absorber in the Visible Wavelength Range and Its Application to Hydrogen Sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gossard, A. C.

Grady, N. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, C. C.

Z. H. Zhu, C. C. Guo, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. M. Ye, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Electrically tunable polarizer based on anisotropic absorption of graphene ribbons,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(4), 1017–1021 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guo, J.

Han, Z.

Y. Zhang and Z. Han, “Efficient and broadband Terahertz plasmonic absorbers using highly doped Si as the plasmonic material,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017113 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, Q.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hendrickson, J.

Heyes, J. E.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, C.

Huang, C.

Huang, X.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jia, X.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jin, B.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jokerst, N.

N. Landy, C. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. Smith, and W. Padilla, “Design, theory, and measurement of a polarization-insensitive absorber for terahertz imaging,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jokerst, N. M.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, L.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Landy, N.

N. Landy, C. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. Smith, and W. Padilla, “Design, theory, and measurement of a polarization-insensitive absorber for terahertz imaging,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Landy, N. I.

Li, Q.

Liang, L.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Linfield, E. H.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, K.

Z. H. Zhu, C. C. Guo, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. M. Ye, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Electrically tunable polarizer based on anisotropic absorption of graphene ribbons,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(4), 1017–1021 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, N.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-Based Plasmonic Perfect Absorber in the Visible Wavelength Range and Its Application to Hydrogen Sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lu, H.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luo, X.

Ma, Y.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, Z.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mai, P.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-Based Plasmonic Perfect Absorber in the Visible Wavelength Range and Its Application to Hydrogen Sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meng, L.

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “A Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nielsen, M. G.

O’Hara, J. F.

D. Y. Shchegolkov, K. Azad, J. F. O’Hara, and E. I. Simakov, “Perfect subwavelength fishnetlike metamaterial-based film terahertz absorbers,” Phys. Rev. B 82(20), 205117 (2010).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W.

N. Landy, C. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. Smith, and W. Padilla, “Design, theory, and measurement of a polarization-insensitive absorber for terahertz imaging,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W. J.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic Resonance toward Terahertz Perfect Absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: Design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “A Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. Zide, S. R. Bank, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Ultrafast optical switching of terahertz metamaterials fabricated on ErAs/GaAs nanoisland superlattices,” Opt. Lett. 32(12), 1620–1622 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pepper, M.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pors, A.

Pu, M.

Pye, R. J.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qin, S. Q.

Z. H. Zhu, C. C. Guo, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. M. Ye, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Electrically tunable polarizer based on anisotropic absorption of graphene ribbons,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(4), 1017–1021 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qiu, M.

L. Meng, D. Zhao, Q. Li, and M. Qiu, “Polarization-sensitive perfect absorbers at near-infrared wavelengths,” Opt. Express 21(S1Suppl 1), A111–A122 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Reiten, M. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “A Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmuttenmaer, C. A.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, Y. U. V. P. Street, and P. O. Box, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).

Shah, C. M.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic Resonance toward Terahertz Perfect Absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shchegolkov, D. Y.

D. Y. Shchegolkov, K. Azad, J. F. O’Hara, and E. I. Simakov, “Perfect subwavelength fishnetlike metamaterial-based film terahertz absorbers,” Phys. Rev. B 82(20), 205117 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shi, C.

C. Shi, X. Zang, Y. Wang, L. Chen, B. Cai, and Y. Zhu, “A polarization-independent broadband terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shvets, G.

Simakov, E. I.

D. Y. Shchegolkov, K. Azad, J. F. O’Hara, and E. I. Simakov, “Perfect subwavelength fishnetlike metamaterial-based film terahertz absorbers,” Phys. Rev. B 82(20), 205117 (2010).
[Crossref]

Smith, D.

N. Landy, C. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. Smith, and W. Padilla, “Design, theory, and measurement of a polarization-insensitive absorber for terahertz imaging,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “A Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sriram, S.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic Resonance toward Terahertz Perfect Absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

Starr, A. F.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Street, Y. U. V. P.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, Y. U. V. P. Street, and P. O. Box, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).

Sun, W.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tao, H.

Taubert, R.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-Based Plasmonic Perfect Absorber in the Visible Wavelength Range and Its Application to Hydrogen Sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. Zide, S. R. Bank, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Ultrafast optical switching of terahertz metamaterials fabricated on ErAs/GaAs nanoisland superlattices,” Opt. Lett. 32(12), 1620–1622 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thomas, R. E.

D. M. Caughey and R. E. Thomas, “Carrier mobilities in silicon empirically related to doping and field,” Proc. IEEE 55(12), 2192–2193 (1967).
[Crossref]

Tittl, A.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-Based Plasmonic Perfect Absorber in the Visible Wavelength Range and Its Application to Hydrogen Sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Turner, G. M.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, Y. U. V. P. Street, and P. O. Box, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).

Tyler, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Landy, C. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. Smith, and W. Padilla, “Design, theory, and measurement of a polarization-insensitive absorber for terahertz imaging,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ung, B. S.-Y.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic Resonance toward Terahertz Perfect Absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wallace, V. P.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

Wang, G.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

Wang, Y.

C. Shi, X. Zang, Y. Wang, L. Chen, B. Cai, and Y. Zhu, “A polarization-independent broadband terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Withayachumnankul, W.

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic Resonance toward Terahertz Perfect Absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

Woodward, R. M.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C.

Wu, J.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, P.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ye, W. M.

Z. H. Zhu, C. C. Guo, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. M. Ye, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Electrically tunable polarizer based on anisotropic absorption of graphene ribbons,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(4), 1017–1021 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ye, Z.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X. D.

Z. H. Zhu, C. C. Guo, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. M. Ye, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Electrically tunable polarizer based on anisotropic absorption of graphene ribbons,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(4), 1017–1021 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zang, X.

C. Shi, X. Zang, Y. Wang, L. Chen, B. Cai, and Y. Zhu, “A polarization-independent broadband terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, J. F.

Z. H. Zhu, C. C. Guo, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. M. Ye, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Electrically tunable polarizer based on anisotropic absorption of graphene ribbons,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(4), 1017–1021 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang and Z. Han, “Efficient and broadband Terahertz plasmonic absorbers using highly doped Si as the plasmonic material,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017113 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, D.

Zhao, Z.

Zhou, D.

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

C. Shi, X. Zang, Y. Wang, L. Chen, B. Cai, and Y. Zhu, “A polarization-independent broadband terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z. H.

Z. H. Zhu, C. C. Guo, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. M. Ye, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Electrically tunable polarizer based on anisotropic absorption of graphene ribbons,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(4), 1017–1021 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zide, J. M.

ACS Photonics (1)

W. Withayachumnankul, C. M. Shah, C. Fumeaux, B. S.-Y. Ung, W. J. Padilla, M. Bhaskaran, D. Abbott, and S. Sriram, “Plasmonic Resonance toward Terahertz Perfect Absorbers,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 625–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

AIP Adv. (1)

Y. Zhang and Z. Han, “Efficient and broadband Terahertz plasmonic absorbers using highly doped Si as the plasmonic material,” AIP Adv. 5(1), 017113 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Liang, B. Jin, J. Wu, Y. Huang, Z. Ye, X. Huang, D. Zhou, G. Wang, X. Jia, H. Lu, L. Kang, W. Xu, J. Chen, and P. Wu, “A flexible wideband bandpass terahertz filter using multi-layer metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. B 113(2), 285–290 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Shi, X. Zang, Y. Wang, L. Chen, B. Cai, and Y. Zhu, “A polarization-independent broadband terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031104 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

Z. H. Zhu, C. C. Guo, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. M. Ye, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Electrically tunable polarizer based on anisotropic absorption of graphene ribbons,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 114(4), 1017–1021 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, Y. U. V. P. Street, and P. O. Box, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(29), 7146–7159 (2002).

Nano Lett. (1)

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-Based Plasmonic Perfect Absorber in the Visible Wavelength Range and Its Application to Hydrogen Sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield, and M. Pepper, “Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47(21), 3853–3863 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

N. Landy, C. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. Smith, and W. Padilla, “Design, theory, and measurement of a polarization-insensitive absorber for terahertz imaging,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125104 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Shchegolkov, K. Azad, J. F. O’Hara, and E. I. Simakov, “Perfect subwavelength fishnetlike metamaterial-based film terahertz absorbers,” Phys. Rev. B 82(20), 205117 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the Blackbody with Infrared Metamaterials as Selective Thermal Emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “A Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. IEEE (1)

D. M. Caughey and R. E. Thomas, “Carrier mobilities in silicon empirically related to doping and field,” Proc. IEEE 55(12), 2192–2193 (1967).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz Metamaterials for Linear Polarization Conversion and Anomalous Refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

P. Kung and S. M. Kim, “Terahertz Metamaterial Absorbers for Sensing and Imaging,” PIERS Proc. 1, 232–235 (2013).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The schematic diagram of cross section for one unit-cell of the THz plasmonic absorber. (b) The distribution of magnetic field for resonance frequency 1.01THz, with W = 60μm. (c) One typical optical microscopy image of the fabricated sample with W = 80μm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Numerical simulation results of reflection spectra at normal incidence for three different widths of the metal stripe W.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) ~(c) Experimentally measured (red) and numerically simulated (black) reflection spectra for plasmonic absorber with the width of the metal stripe W equaling to 60μm, 70μm and 80μm. (d) Simulated (black) and measured (red) reflection spectrum for plasmonic absorber with W = 60μm when the polarized direction is changed along the stripes.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) A typical microscopy image of the 2D fabricated structure. The inset illustrates the schematic of cross shaped structure within one unit cell. (b) Numerical (black dashed lines) and experimental (red solid lines) results for the 2D sample with the copper stripe width of 100μm at different polarization angle.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ε Si = ε ω p 2 ω( ω+jγ )
ω p 2 = e 2 N m * ε 0
γ= e m * μ
μ= μ min + μ max μ min 1+ (N/ N ref ) α
δ=Neμ

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