Abstract

Here we present the fabrication of a solid-core microstructured polymer optical fiber (mPOF) made of polycarbonate (PC), and report the first experimental demonstration of a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) written in a PC optical fiber. The PC used in this work has a glass transition temperature of 145°C. We also characterize the mPOF optically and mechanically, and further test the sensitivity of the PC FBG to strain and temperature. We demonstrate that the PC FBG can bear temperatures as high as 125°C without malfunctioning. In contrast, polymethyl methacrylate-based FBG technology is generally limited to temperatures below 90°C.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (4)

W. Zhang, A. Abang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, “Wavelength Drift of PMMA-Based Optical Fiber Bragg Grating Induced by Optical Absorption,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(4), 336–339 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Lacraz, M. Polis, A. Theodosiou, C. Koutsides, and K. Kalli, “Femtosecond Laser Inscribed Bragg Gratings in Low Loss CYTOP Polymer Optical Fiber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 693–696 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Oliveira, L. Bilro, and R. Nogueira, “Bragg gratings in a few mode microstructured polymer optical fiber in less than 30 seconds,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10181–10187 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. U. Hassan, K. Nielsen, S. Aasmul, and O. Bang, “Polymer optical fiber compound parabolic concentrator tip for enhanced coupling efficiency for fluorescence based glucose sensors,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(12), 5008–5020 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

I.-L. Bundalo, K. Nielsen, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Bragg grating writing in PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers in less than 7 minutes,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5270–5276 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, S. Wang, M. Lv, and X. Zeng, “Surface modification of bisphenol A polycarbonate material by ultraviolet Nd:YVO4 laser high-speed microprocessing technology,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(8), 085002 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (6)

K. Hareesh, A. K. Pandey, Y. Sangappa, R. Bhat, A. Venkataraman, and G. Sanjeev, “Changes in the properties of Lexan polycarbonate by UV irradiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 295, 61–68 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Emiliyanov, P. E. Høiby, L. H. Pedersen, and O. Bang, “Selective serial multi-antibody biosensing with TOPAS microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Sensors (Basel) 13(3), 3242–3251 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Luo, W. Qiu, G.-D. Peng, B. Zhu, Z. Hu, G. Zou, and Q. Zhang, “Enhancing photosensitivity in near UV/vis band by doping 9-vinylanthracene in polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 307, 5–8 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Markos, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, W. Yuan, and O. Bang, “High-Tg TOPAS microstructured polymer optical fiber for fiber Bragg grating strain sensing at 110 degrees,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4758–4765 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, and D. J. Webb, “Highly photosensitive polymethyl methacrylate microstructured polymer optical fiber with doped core,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3769–3772 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

A. Argyros, R. Lwin, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Poulin, L. Poladian, and M. C. J. Large, “Low loss and temperature stable microstructured polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 192–197 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “Cleaving of TOPAS and PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers: Core-shift and statistical quality optimization,” Opt. Commun. 285(7), 1825–1833 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating-Based Accelerometer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. T. T. Gibson, R. D. Wright, and R. D. Oleschuk, “Multiple electrosprays generated from a single polycarbonate microstructured fibre,” J. Mass Spectrom. 47(3), 271–276 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Peters, “Polymer optical fiber sensors — a review,” Smart Mater. Struct. 20(1), 013002 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Narrow Bandwidth 850-nm Fiber Bragg Gratings in Few-Mode Polymer Optical Fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(10), 660–662 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

I. P. Johnson, K. Kalli, and D. J. Webb, “827nm Bragg grating sensor in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 46(17), 1217–1218 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

N. Sultanova, S. Kasarova, and I. Nikolov, “Dispersion Properties of Optical Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 116(4), 585–587 (2009).

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

M. D. Migahed and H. M. Zidan, “Influence of UV-irradiation on the structure and optical properties of polycarbonate films,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 6(1), 91–96 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication,” J. Mater. Res. 21(9), 2246–2254 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

J. Harrington, R. George, P. Pedersen, and E. Mueller, “Hollow polycarbonate waveguides with inner Cu coatings for delivery of terahertz radiation,” Opt. Express 12(21), 5263–5268 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

T. B. Gorczyca and M.-Y. Shih, “Photo-defined Polymeric Photonic Materials and Processes,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 97–104 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

C. Jiang, M. G. Kuzyk, J.-L. Ding, W. E. Johns, and D. J. Welker, “Fabrication and mechanical behavior of dye-doped polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(1), 4–12 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. T. Kuhlmey, R. C. McPhedran, and C. Martijn de Sterke, “Modal cutoff in microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27(19), 1684–1686 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

A. Son, A. Alizadeh, and H. Marand, “On the multiple melting behavior of bisphenol-A polycarbonate,” Polymer (Guildf.) 41(25), 8879–8886 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, “Photosensitivity and gratings in dye-doped polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 5(2), 242–251 (1999).
[Crossref]

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, “Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(3), 352–354 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-Bandwidth Graded-Index Polymer Optical Fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1475–1489 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

T. Yamashita and K. Kamada, “Intrinsic Transmission Loss of Polycarbonate Core Optical Fiber,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(Part 1, No. 6A), 2681–2686 (1993).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

A. Tanaka, H. Sawada, T. Takoshima, and N. Wakatsuki, “New plastic optical fiber using polycarbonate core and fluorescence-doped fiber for high temperature use,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 7(2), 139–158 (1988).
[Crossref]

Aasmul, S.

Abang, A.

W. Zhang, A. Abang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, “Wavelength Drift of PMMA-Based Optical Fiber Bragg Grating Induced by Optical Absorption,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(4), 336–339 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alizadeh, A.

A. Son, A. Alizadeh, and H. Marand, “On the multiple melting behavior of bisphenol-A polycarbonate,” Polymer (Guildf.) 41(25), 8879–8886 (2000).
[Crossref]

Andresen, S.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating-Based Accelerometer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Argyros, A.

Atkin, D. M.

Bache, M.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bachmann, A.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bang, O.

H. U. Hassan, K. Nielsen, S. Aasmul, and O. Bang, “Polymer optical fiber compound parabolic concentrator tip for enhanced coupling efficiency for fluorescence based glucose sensors,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(12), 5008–5020 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I.-L. Bundalo, K. Nielsen, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Bragg grating writing in PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers in less than 7 minutes,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5270–5276 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, and D. J. Webb, “Highly photosensitive polymethyl methacrylate microstructured polymer optical fiber with doped core,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3769–3772 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. Emiliyanov, P. E. Høiby, L. H. Pedersen, and O. Bang, “Selective serial multi-antibody biosensing with TOPAS microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Sensors (Basel) 13(3), 3242–3251 (2013).
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A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “Cleaving of TOPAS and PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers: Core-shift and statistical quality optimization,” Opt. Commun. 285(7), 1825–1833 (2012).
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A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating-Based Accelerometer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
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A. Stefani, W. Yuan, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Narrow Bandwidth 850-nm Fiber Bragg Gratings in Few-Mode Polymer Optical Fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(10), 660–662 (2011).
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I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Emiliyanov, J. B. Jensen, O. Bang, P. E. Hoiby, L. H. Pedersen, E. M. Kjaer, and L. Lindvold, “Localized biosensing with Topas microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 460–462 (2007).
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J. Jensen, P. Hoiby, G. Emiliyanov, O. Bang, L. Pedersen, and A. Bjarklev, “Selective detection of antibodies in microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5883–5889 (2005).
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M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
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Bhat, R.

K. Hareesh, A. K. Pandey, Y. Sangappa, R. Bhat, A. Venkataraman, and G. Sanjeev, “Changes in the properties of Lexan polycarbonate by UV irradiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 295, 61–68 (2013).
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T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
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Carroll, K. E.

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G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, “Photosensitivity and gratings in dye-doped polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 5(2), 242–251 (1999).
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Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, “Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(3), 352–354 (1999).
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T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
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Ding, J.-L.

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T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
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Ertman, S.

T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
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Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication,” J. Mater. Res. 21(9), 2246–2254 (2006).
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Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication,” J. Mater. Res. 21(9), 2246–2254 (2006).
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Gibson, G. T. T.

G. T. T. Gibson, R. D. Wright, and R. D. Oleschuk, “Multiple electrosprays generated from a single polycarbonate microstructured fibre,” J. Mass Spectrom. 47(3), 271–276 (2012).
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Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication,” J. Mater. Res. 21(9), 2246–2254 (2006).
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W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
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K. Hareesh, A. K. Pandey, Y. Sangappa, R. Bhat, A. Venkataraman, and G. Sanjeev, “Changes in the properties of Lexan polycarbonate by UV irradiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 295, 61–68 (2013).
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Hassan, H. U.

Henry, G.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
[Crossref]

Herholdt-Rasmussen, N.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating-Based Accelerometer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hoiby, P.

Hoiby, P. E.

Høiby, P. E.

G. Emiliyanov, P. E. Høiby, L. H. Pedersen, and O. Bang, “Selective serial multi-antibody biosensing with TOPAS microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Sensors (Basel) 13(3), 3242–3251 (2013).
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Hu, Z.

T. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Luo, W. Qiu, G.-D. Peng, B. Zhu, Z. Hu, G. Zou, and Q. Zhang, “Enhancing photosensitivity in near UV/vis band by doping 9-vinylanthracene in polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 307, 5–8 (2013).
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S. Irie and M. Nishiguchi, “Development of the heat resistant plastic optical fiber,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Plastic Optical Fibres & Applications, (Yokohama, Japan, 1994), pp. 88–91.

Ishigure, T.

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-Bandwidth Graded-Index Polymer Optical Fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1475–1489 (1995).
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Issa, N. A.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
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W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
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Jensen, J. B.

Jiang, C.

C. Jiang, M. G. Kuzyk, J.-L. Ding, W. E. Johns, and D. J. Welker, “Fabrication and mechanical behavior of dye-doped polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(1), 4–12 (2002).
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C. Jiang, M. G. Kuzyk, J.-L. Ding, W. E. Johns, and D. J. Welker, “Fabrication and mechanical behavior of dye-doped polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(1), 4–12 (2002).
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I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
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I. P. Johnson, K. Kalli, and D. J. Webb, “827nm Bragg grating sensor in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 46(17), 1217–1218 (2010).
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A. Mockutė, R. Tomašiūnas, R. Petruškevičius, and D. Jucius, “Formation technology of planar polymer waveguide structure,” Lith. J. Phys. 47(4), 411–414 (2007).
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A. Lacraz, M. Polis, A. Theodosiou, C. Koutsides, and K. Kalli, “Femtosecond Laser Inscribed Bragg Gratings in Low Loss CYTOP Polymer Optical Fiber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 693–696 (2015).
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I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
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W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
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I. P. Johnson, K. Kalli, and D. J. Webb, “827nm Bragg grating sensor in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 46(17), 1217–1218 (2010).
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K. E. Carroll, C. Zhang, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Thermal response of Bragg gratings in PMMA microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8844–8850 (2007).
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I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
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W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
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Klein, K. F.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
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Koike, Y.

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-Bandwidth Graded-Index Polymer Optical Fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1475–1489 (1995).
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A. Lacraz, M. Polis, A. Theodosiou, C. Koutsides, and K. Kalli, “Femtosecond Laser Inscribed Bragg Gratings in Low Loss CYTOP Polymer Optical Fiber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 693–696 (2015).
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Kuzyk, M. G.

C. Jiang, M. G. Kuzyk, J.-L. Ding, W. E. Johns, and D. J. Welker, “Fabrication and mechanical behavior of dye-doped polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(1), 4–12 (2002).
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A. Lacraz, M. Polis, A. Theodosiou, C. Koutsides, and K. Kalli, “Femtosecond Laser Inscribed Bragg Gratings in Low Loss CYTOP Polymer Optical Fiber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 693–696 (2015).
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Large, M. C. J.

A. Argyros, R. Lwin, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Poulin, L. Poladian, and M. C. J. Large, “Low loss and temperature stable microstructured polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 192–197 (2012).
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M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
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T. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Luo, W. Qiu, G.-D. Peng, B. Zhu, Z. Hu, G. Zou, and Q. Zhang, “Enhancing photosensitivity in near UV/vis band by doping 9-vinylanthracene in polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 307, 5–8 (2013).
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J. Liu, S. Wang, M. Lv, and X. Zeng, “Surface modification of bisphenol A polycarbonate material by ultraviolet Nd:YVO4 laser high-speed microprocessing technology,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(8), 085002 (2014).
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M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
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McPhedran, R. C.

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T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
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A. Mockutė, R. Tomašiūnas, R. Petruškevičius, and D. Jucius, “Formation technology of planar polymer waveguide structure,” Lith. J. Phys. 47(4), 411–414 (2007).
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Nicorovici, N. A. P.

Nielsen, F. K.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
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Nielsen, K.

Nihei, E.

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-Bandwidth Graded-Index Polymer Optical Fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13(7), 1475–1489 (1995).
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Nikolov, I.

N. Sultanova, S. Kasarova, and I. Nikolov, “Dispersion Properties of Optical Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 116(4), 585–587 (2009).

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S. Irie and M. Nishiguchi, “Development of the heat resistant plastic optical fiber,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Plastic Optical Fibres & Applications, (Yokohama, Japan, 1994), pp. 88–91.

Nogueira, R.

Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, E.

T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
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G. T. T. Gibson, R. D. Wright, and R. D. Oleschuk, “Multiple electrosprays generated from a single polycarbonate microstructured fibre,” J. Mass Spectrom. 47(3), 271–276 (2012).
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Oliveira, R.

Orzechowski, K.

T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
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K. Hareesh, A. K. Pandey, Y. Sangappa, R. Bhat, A. Venkataraman, and G. Sanjeev, “Changes in the properties of Lexan polycarbonate by UV irradiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 295, 61–68 (2013).
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Pedersen, L.

Pedersen, L. H.

G. Emiliyanov, P. E. Høiby, L. H. Pedersen, and O. Bang, “Selective serial multi-antibody biosensing with TOPAS microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Sensors (Basel) 13(3), 3242–3251 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Emiliyanov, J. B. Jensen, O. Bang, P. E. Hoiby, L. H. Pedersen, E. M. Kjaer, and L. Lindvold, “Localized biosensing with Topas microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 460–462 (2007).
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Pedersen, P.

Peng, G. D.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, “Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(3), 352–354 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, “Photosensitivity and gratings in dye-doped polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 5(2), 242–251 (1999).
[Crossref]

Peng, G.-D.

W. Zhang, A. Abang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, “Wavelength Drift of PMMA-Based Optical Fiber Bragg Grating Induced by Optical Absorption,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(4), 336–339 (2015).
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T. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Luo, W. Qiu, G.-D. Peng, B. Zhu, Z. Hu, G. Zou, and Q. Zhang, “Enhancing photosensitivity in near UV/vis band by doping 9-vinylanthracene in polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 307, 5–8 (2013).
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Petruškevicius, R.

A. Mockutė, R. Tomašiūnas, R. Petruškevičius, and D. Jucius, “Formation technology of planar polymer waveguide structure,” Lith. J. Phys. 47(4), 411–414 (2007).
[Crossref]

Poisel, H.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pok, W.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
[Crossref]

Poladian, L.

A. Argyros, R. Lwin, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Poulin, L. Poladian, and M. C. J. Large, “Low loss and temperature stable microstructured polymer optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 192–197 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
[Crossref]

Polis, M.

A. Lacraz, M. Polis, A. Theodosiou, C. Koutsides, and K. Kalli, “Femtosecond Laser Inscribed Bragg Gratings in Low Loss CYTOP Polymer Optical Fiber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 693–696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pone, E.

Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication,” J. Mater. Res. 21(9), 2246–2254 (2006).
[Crossref]

Poulin, J.

Qiu, W.

T. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Luo, W. Qiu, G.-D. Peng, B. Zhu, Z. Hu, G. Zou, and Q. Zhang, “Enhancing photosensitivity in near UV/vis band by doping 9-vinylanthracene in polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 307, 5–8 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rajabian, M.

Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication,” J. Mater. Res. 21(9), 2246–2254 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rasmussen, H. K.

Rose, B.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. S. J.

Rutkowska, K.

T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sáez-Rodríguez, D.

Sangappa, Y.

K. Hareesh, A. K. Pandey, Y. Sangappa, R. Bhat, A. Venkataraman, and G. Sanjeev, “Changes in the properties of Lexan polycarbonate by UV irradiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 295, 61–68 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sanjeev, G.

K. Hareesh, A. K. Pandey, Y. Sangappa, R. Bhat, A. Venkataraman, and G. Sanjeev, “Changes in the properties of Lexan polycarbonate by UV irradiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 295, 61–68 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sawada, H.

A. Tanaka, H. Sawada, T. Takoshima, and N. Wakatsuki, “New plastic optical fiber using polycarbonate core and fluorescence-doped fiber for high temperature use,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 7(2), 139–158 (1988).
[Crossref]

Shih, M.-Y.

T. B. Gorczyca and M.-Y. Shih, “Photo-defined Polymeric Photonic Materials and Processes,” Proc. SPIE 5179, 97–104 (2003).
[Crossref]

Siarkowska, A.

T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sierakowski, M.

T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
[Crossref]

Skorobogata, O.

Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication,” J. Mater. Res. 21(9), 2246–2254 (2006).
[Crossref]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication,” J. Mater. Res. 21(9), 2246–2254 (2006).
[Crossref]

Son, A.

A. Son, A. Alizadeh, and H. Marand, “On the multiple melting behavior of bisphenol-A polycarbonate,” Polymer (Guildf.) 41(25), 8879–8886 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sørensen, O. B.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stefani, A.

C. Markos, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, W. Yuan, and O. Bang, “High-Tg TOPAS microstructured polymer optical fiber for fiber Bragg grating strain sensing at 110 degrees,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4758–4765 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating-Based Accelerometer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “Cleaving of TOPAS and PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers: Core-shift and statistical quality optimization,” Opt. Commun. 285(7), 1825–1833 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Narrow Bandwidth 850-nm Fiber Bragg Gratings in Few-Mode Polymer Optical Fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(10), 660–662 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sultanova, N.

N. Sultanova, S. Kasarova, and I. Nikolov, “Dispersion Properties of Optical Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 116(4), 585–587 (2009).

Takoshima, T.

A. Tanaka, H. Sawada, T. Takoshima, and N. Wakatsuki, “New plastic optical fiber using polycarbonate core and fluorescence-doped fiber for high temperature use,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 7(2), 139–158 (1988).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, A.

A. Tanaka, H. Sawada, T. Takoshima, and N. Wakatsuki, “New plastic optical fiber using polycarbonate core and fluorescence-doped fiber for high temperature use,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 7(2), 139–158 (1988).
[Crossref]

Tefelska, M.

T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
[Crossref]

Theodosiou, A.

A. Lacraz, M. Polis, A. Theodosiou, C. Koutsides, and K. Kalli, “Femtosecond Laser Inscribed Bragg Gratings in Low Loss CYTOP Polymer Optical Fiber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 693–696 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tomašiunas, R.

A. Mockutė, R. Tomašiūnas, R. Petruškevičius, and D. Jucius, “Formation technology of planar polymer waveguide structure,” Lith. J. Phys. 47(4), 411–414 (2007).
[Crossref]

van Eijkelenborg, M.

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Polycarbonate hollow-core microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2446–2448 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
[Crossref]

Venkataraman, A.

K. Hareesh, A. K. Pandey, Y. Sangappa, R. Bhat, A. Venkataraman, and G. Sanjeev, “Changes in the properties of Lexan polycarbonate by UV irradiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 295, 61–68 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wakatsuki, N.

A. Tanaka, H. Sawada, T. Takoshima, and N. Wakatsuki, “New plastic optical fiber using polycarbonate core and fluorescence-doped fiber for high temperature use,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 7(2), 139–158 (1988).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

T. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Luo, W. Qiu, G.-D. Peng, B. Zhu, Z. Hu, G. Zou, and Q. Zhang, “Enhancing photosensitivity in near UV/vis band by doping 9-vinylanthracene in polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 307, 5–8 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

J. Liu, S. Wang, M. Lv, and X. Zeng, “Surface modification of bisphenol A polycarbonate material by ultraviolet Nd:YVO4 laser high-speed microprocessing technology,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(8), 085002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

T. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Luo, W. Qiu, G.-D. Peng, B. Zhu, Z. Hu, G. Zou, and Q. Zhang, “Enhancing photosensitivity in near UV/vis band by doping 9-vinylanthracene in polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 307, 5–8 (2013).
[Crossref]

Webb, D. J.

W. Zhang, A. Abang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, “Wavelength Drift of PMMA-Based Optical Fiber Bragg Grating Induced by Optical Absorption,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(4), 336–339 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Sáez-Rodríguez, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, O. Bang, and D. J. Webb, “Highly photosensitive polymethyl methacrylate microstructured polymer optical fiber with doped core,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3769–3772 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. P. Johnson, K. Kalli, and D. J. Webb, “827nm Bragg grating sensor in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 46(17), 1217–1218 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. E. Carroll, C. Zhang, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Thermal response of Bragg gratings in PMMA microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8844–8850 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Welker, D. J.

C. Jiang, M. G. Kuzyk, J.-L. Ding, W. E. Johns, and D. J. Welker, “Fabrication and mechanical behavior of dye-doped polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(1), 4–12 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wolinski, T. R.

T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wright, R. D.

G. T. T. Gibson, R. D. Wright, and R. D. Oleschuk, “Multiple electrosprays generated from a single polycarbonate microstructured fibre,” J. Mass Spectrom. 47(3), 271–276 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, B.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, “Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(3), 352–354 (1999).
[Crossref]

Xiong, Z.

G. D. Peng, Z. Xiong, and P. L. Chu, “Photosensitivity and gratings in dye-doped polymer optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 5(2), 242–251 (1999).
[Crossref]

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, “Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(3), 352–354 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yamashita, T.

T. Yamashita and K. Kamada, “Intrinsic Transmission Loss of Polycarbonate Core Optical Fiber,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(Part 1, No. 6A), 2681–2686 (1993).
[Crossref]

Yuan, W.

C. Markos, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, W. Yuan, and O. Bang, “High-Tg TOPAS microstructured polymer optical fiber for fiber Bragg grating strain sensing at 110 degrees,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4758–4765 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating-Based Accelerometer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Narrow Bandwidth 850-nm Fiber Bragg Gratings in Few-Mode Polymer Optical Fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(10), 660–662 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zabeida, O.

Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication,” J. Mater. Res. 21(9), 2246–2254 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zagari, J.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. van Eijkelenborg, M. Large, A. Argyros, J. Zagari, S. Manos, N. Issa, I. Bassett, S. Fleming, R. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, and N. A. P. Nicorovici, “Microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Express 9(7), 319–327 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, X.

J. Liu, S. Wang, M. Lv, and X. Zeng, “Surface modification of bisphenol A polycarbonate material by ultraviolet Nd:YVO4 laser high-speed microprocessing technology,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(8), 085002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, Q.

T. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Luo, W. Qiu, G.-D. Peng, B. Zhu, Z. Hu, G. Zou, and Q. Zhang, “Enhancing photosensitivity in near UV/vis band by doping 9-vinylanthracene in polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 307, 5–8 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, A. Abang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, “Wavelength Drift of PMMA-Based Optical Fiber Bragg Grating Induced by Optical Absorption,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(4), 336–339 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, B.

T. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Luo, W. Qiu, G.-D. Peng, B. Zhu, Z. Hu, G. Zou, and Q. Zhang, “Enhancing photosensitivity in near UV/vis band by doping 9-vinylanthracene in polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 307, 5–8 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zidan, H. M.

M. D. Migahed and H. M. Zidan, “Influence of UV-irradiation on the structure and optical properties of polycarbonate films,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 6(1), 91–96 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zou, G.

T. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Luo, W. Qiu, G.-D. Peng, B. Zhu, Z. Hu, G. Zou, and Q. Zhang, “Enhancing photosensitivity in near UV/vis band by doping 9-vinylanthracene in polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 307, 5–8 (2013).
[Crossref]

Acta Phys. Pol. A (2)

T. R. Woliński, M. Tefelska, K. Mileńko, A. Siarkowska, D. Budaszewski, A. W. Domański, S. Ertman, K. Orzechowski, K. Rutkowska, M. Sierakowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, R. Dąbrowski, and P. Mergo, “Photonic Liquid Crystal Fibers with Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 124(3), 613–616 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Sultanova, S. Kasarova, and I. Nikolov, “Dispersion Properties of Optical Polymers,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 116(4), 585–587 (2009).

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Curr. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. D. Migahed and H. M. Zidan, “Influence of UV-irradiation on the structure and optical properties of polycarbonate films,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 6(1), 91–96 (2006).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (3)

I. P. Johnson, W. Yuan, A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, and O. Bang, “Optical fibre Bragg grating recorded in TOPAS cyclic olefin copolymer,” Electron. Lett. 47(4), 271–272 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical,” Electron. Lett. 40(10), 592–593 (2004).
[Crossref]

I. P. Johnson, K. Kalli, and D. J. Webb, “827nm Bragg grating sensor in multimode microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 46(17), 1217–1218 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

A. Tanaka, H. Sawada, T. Takoshima, and N. Wakatsuki, “New plastic optical fiber using polycarbonate core and fluorescence-doped fiber for high temperature use,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 7(2), 139–158 (1988).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. (1)

A. Lacraz, M. Polis, A. Theodosiou, C. Koutsides, and K. Kalli, “Femtosecond Laser Inscribed Bragg Gratings in Low Loss CYTOP Polymer Optical Fiber,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 27(7), 693–696 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (4)

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, and P. L. Chu, “Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11(3), 352–354 (1999).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, A. Abang, D. J. Webb, and G.-D. Peng, “Wavelength Drift of PMMA-Based Optical Fiber Bragg Grating Induced by Optical Absorption,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(4), 336–339 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Narrow Bandwidth 850-nm Fiber Bragg Gratings in Few-Mode Polymer Optical Fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(10), 660–662 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “High Sensitivity Polymer Optical Fiber-Bragg-Grating-Based Accelerometer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(9), 763–765 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. Jiang, M. G. Kuzyk, J.-L. Ding, W. E. Johns, and D. J. Welker, “Fabrication and mechanical behavior of dye-doped polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(1), 4–12 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Mass Spectrom. (1)

G. T. T. Gibson, R. D. Wright, and R. D. Oleschuk, “Multiple electrosprays generated from a single polycarbonate microstructured fibre,” J. Mass Spectrom. 47(3), 271–276 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication,” J. Mater. Res. 21(9), 2246–2254 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

J. Liu, S. Wang, M. Lv, and X. Zeng, “Surface modification of bisphenol A polycarbonate material by ultraviolet Nd:YVO4 laser high-speed microprocessing technology,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 24(8), 085002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Yamashita and K. Kamada, “Intrinsic Transmission Loss of Polycarbonate Core Optical Fiber,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32(Part 1, No. 6A), 2681–2686 (1993).
[Crossref]

Lith. J. Phys. (1)

A. Mockutė, R. Tomašiūnas, R. Petruškevičius, and D. Jucius, “Formation technology of planar polymer waveguide structure,” Lith. J. Phys. 47(4), 411–414 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B (1)

K. Hareesh, A. K. Pandey, Y. Sangappa, R. Bhat, A. Venkataraman, and G. Sanjeev, “Changes in the properties of Lexan polycarbonate by UV irradiation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 295, 61–68 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (3)

T. Wang, Q. Wang, Y. Luo, W. Qiu, G.-D. Peng, B. Zhu, Z. Hu, G. Zou, and Q. Zhang, “Enhancing photosensitivity in near UV/vis band by doping 9-vinylanthracene in polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Commun. 307, 5–8 (2013).
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A. Stefani, K. Nielsen, H. K. Rasmussen, and O. Bang, “Cleaving of TOPAS and PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers: Core-shift and statistical quality optimization,” Opt. Commun. 285(7), 1825–1833 (2012).
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W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Sørensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, “Improved thermal and strain performance of annealed polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 176–182 (2011).
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I.-L. Bundalo, K. Nielsen, C. Markos, and O. Bang, “Bragg grating writing in PMMA microstructured polymer optical fibers in less than 7 minutes,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5270–5276 (2014).
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W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, “Humidity insensitive TOPAS polymer fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19731–19739 (2011).
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G. Emiliyanov, P. E. Høiby, L. H. Pedersen, and O. Bang, “Selective serial multi-antibody biosensing with TOPAS microstructured polymer optical fibers,” Sensors (Basel) 13(3), 3242–3251 (2013).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Material dispersion of PC. Our measurement (circles) is compared with the results of [29] (red curve) and [37] (black curve). (b) Bulk material optical loss of a PC solid rod made via casting from plastic granulates. Note the very high loss at longer wavelengths due to the absorption bands mainly caused by carbon and hydrogen bond (aliphatic and aromatic) vibrations [25,38 ]. Inset: PC step-like structure fabricated to measure the bulk material propagation loss.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Transmission loss profile measured from 550 to 900 nm by the cut-back technique. The fiber was cut back from 4 m to 50 cm recording the transmission spectrum over 17 different fiber cuts. (b) Microscope image of the end facet of the solid-core PC mPOF. The fiber diameter was approximately 150 μm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 PC mPOFBG spectrum at room temperature before annealing (black) and after annealing (blue).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Strain response of the PC mPOFBG at room temperature. (b) Temperature response of the unstrained PC mPOFBG.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Typical stress-strain curves of 3-ring solid-core PC, PMMA, and TOPAS mPOFs with an average diameter 146 ± 4 μm, 141 ± 5 μm, and 133 ± 4 μm, respectively. Average diameter estimation for 5 samples of each fiber was performed by adopting a confidence interval (CI) of 95%.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Average Young’s moduli calculated on the whole statistical group (5 samples of each fiber). The bars represent a CI of 95%. (b) Average break points (the bars indicate a CI = 95%).

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