Abstract

In this paper, the multicolor photoluminescence carbon quantum dots (CQDs) have been synthesized by one step hydrothermal method to analyze hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). These CQDs exhibited multicolor emission under a single wavelength excitation for the quantification of H2O2. Using an LED with a central wavelength of 365 nm as the excitation source, it is shown that the red emission CQDs capable of detecting H2O2 over the linear range of 0-88.2 mM and the H2O2 sensitivity of wavelength shift to changes in the H2O2 concentration was found to be 0.18 nm/mM. These results of the optical sensing method can be used in practice detection of H2O2 and could offer a new approach for developing a new biosensor. The CQDs exhibit good emission property and high stability, as well as excitation-independent emission behavior. Moreover, it is attractive that CQDs can be used as an effective fluorescent probe for the detection of H2O2 with linear Stern-Volmer plot and wavelength shift in an aqueous solution.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  30. O. S. Wolfbeis, M. Schaferling, and A. Durkop, “Reversible optical sensor membrane for hydrogen peroxide using an immobilized fluorescent probe, and its application to a glucose biosensor,” Mikrochim. Acta 143, 221–227 (2003).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. X. Shan, L. Chai, J. Ma, Z. Qian, J. Chen, and H. Feng, “B-doped carbon quantum dots as a sensitive fluorescence probe for hydrogen peroxide and glucose detection,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(10), 2322–2325 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

X. Shan, L. Chai, J. Ma, Z. Qian, J. Chen, and H. Feng, “B-doped carbon quantum dots as a sensitive fluorescence probe for hydrogen peroxide and glucose detection,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(10), 2322–2325 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

J. F. Botero-Cadavid, A. G. Brolo, P. Wild, and N. Djilali, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide using an optical fiber-based sensing probe,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 185, 166–173 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. K. Tagad, S. R. Dugasani, R. Aiyer, S. Park, A. Kulkarni, and S. Sabharwal, “Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their application for the development of optical fiber based hydrogen peroxide sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 183, 144–149 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

X. M. Hu and S. Q. Tao, “An Optical fiber H2O2-sensing probe using a titanium(IV) oxyacetylacetonate immobilized nafion coating on an bent optical fiber probe,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(9), 2032–2036 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, F. Liu, X. Teng, C. Zhao, and C. Lu, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide in rainwater based on Mg-Al-carbonate layered double hydroxides-catalyzed luminol chemiluminescence,” Analyst (Lond.) 136(23), 4986–4990 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

K. C. Lin, T. H. Tsai, and S. M. Chen, “Performing enzyme-free H2O2 biosensor and simultaneous determination for AA, DA, and UA by MWCNT-PEDOT film,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26(2), 608–614 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Zhou, Y. H. Zhu, X. L. Yang, J. Luo, C. Z. Li, and S. R. Luan, “A novel hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on Au-graphene-HRP-chitosan biocomposites,” Electrochim. Acta 55(9), 3055–3060 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

S. L. Hu, K. Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N. Q. Zhao, and X. W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Zheng, Y. Chi, Y. Dong, J. Lin, and B. Wang, “Electrochemiluminescence of water-soluble carbon nanocrystals released electrochemically from graphite,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(13), 4564–4565 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Tian, D. Ghosh, W. Chen, S. Pradhan, X. J. Chang, and S. W. Chen, “Nanosized carbon particles from natural gas soot,” Chem. Mater. 21(13), 2803–2809 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

Q. L. Zhao, Z. L. Zhang, B. H. Huang, J. Peng, M. Zhang, and D. W. Pang, “Facile preparation of low cytotoxicity fluorescent carbon nanocrystals by electrooxidation of graphite,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 41(41), 5116–5118 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yuan, W. Guo, and E. Wang, “Utilizing a CdTe quantum dots-enzyme hybrid system for the determination of both phenolic compounds and hydrogen peroxide,” Anal. Chem. 80(4), 1141–1145 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

J. Zhou, C. Booker, R. Li, X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, X. Sun, and Z. Ding, “An electrochemical avenue to blue luminescent nanocrystals from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(4), 744–745 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Mills, C. Tommons, R. T. Bailey, M. C. Tedford, and P. J. Crilly, “Reversible, fluorescence-based optical sensor for hydrogen peroxide,” Analyst (Lond.) 132(6), 566–571 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

I. Del Villar, I. R. Matias, F. J. Arregui, and R. O. Claus, “Fiber-optic hydrogen peroxide nanosensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 5(3), 365–371 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

H. S. Voraberger, W. Trettnak, and V. Ribitsch, “Optochemical hydrogen peroxide sensor on oxygen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1-3), 324–331 (2003).
[Crossref]

O. S. Wolfbeis, M. Schaferling, and A. Durkop, “Reversible optical sensor membrane for hydrogen peroxide using an immobilized fluorescent probe, and its application to a glucose biosensor,” Mikrochim. Acta 143, 221–227 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. A. G. Evans, J. M. Elliott, L. M. Andrews, P. N. Bartlett, P. J. Doyle, and G. Denuault, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide at mesoporous platinum microelectrodes,” Anal. Chem. 74(6), 1322–1326 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (8)

S. Hanalka, J. M. Lin, and M. Yamada, “Chemiluminescent flow sensor for H2O2 based on the decomposition of H2O2 catalyzed by cobalt(II)-ethanolamine complex immobilized on resin,” Anal. Chim. Acta 426(1), 57–64 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Lobnik and M. Cajilakovic, “Sol-gel based optical sensor for continuous determination of dissolved hydrogen peroxide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74(1-3), 194–199 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kriz, M. Anderlund, and D. Kriz, “Real-time detection of L-ascorbic acid and hydrogen peroxide in crude food samples employing a reversed sequential differential measuring technique of the SIRE-technology based biosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 16(6), 363–369 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, J. Z. Zhang, B. Q. Wang, G. J. Cheng, and S. J. Dong, “Hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on sol-gel-derived glasses doped with Eastman AQ polymer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 434(2), 255–260 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Lobnik and M. Cajilakovic, “Sol-gel based optical sensor for continuous determination of dissolved hydrogen peroxide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74(1-3), 194–199 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Xu and Z. Zhang, “Fluorescence determination of hydrogen peroxide using hemoglobin as a mimetic enzyme of peroxidase,” Anal. Sci. 17(12), 1449–1451 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Feng and R. Xu, “New materials in hydrothermal synthesis,” Acc. Chem. Res. 34(3), 239–247 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Lobnik and M. Cajlakovic, “Sol-gel based optical sensor for continuous determination of dissolved hydrogen peroxide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74(1-3), 194–199 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

K. M. Wang, J. Li, X. H. Yang, F. L. Shen, and X. Wang, “A chemiluminescent H2O2 sensor based on horseradish peroxidase immobilized by sol-gel method,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 65(1-3), 239–240 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

Y. Xiao, H. X. Ju, and H. Y. Chen, “Hydrogen peroxide sensor based on horseradish peroxidase-labeled Au colloids immobilized on gold electrode surface by cysteamine monolayer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 391(1), 73–82 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

A. N. Diaz, M. C. R. Peinado, and M. C. T. Minguez, “Sol-gel horseradish peroxidase biosensor for hydrogen peroxide detection by chemiluminescence,” Anal. Chim. Acta 363(2-3), 221–227 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. Zhou, Z. Diwu, N. Panchuk-Voloshina, and R. P. Haugland, “A stable nonfluorescent derivative of resorufin for the fluorometric determination of trace hydrogen peroxide: applications in detecting the activity of phagocyte NADPH oxidase and other oxidases,” Anal. Biochem. 253(2), 162–168 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aiyer, R.

C. K. Tagad, S. R. Dugasani, R. Aiyer, S. Park, A. Kulkarni, and S. Sabharwal, “Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their application for the development of optical fiber based hydrogen peroxide sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 183, 144–149 (2013).
[Crossref]

Anderlund, M.

K. Kriz, M. Anderlund, and D. Kriz, “Real-time detection of L-ascorbic acid and hydrogen peroxide in crude food samples employing a reversed sequential differential measuring technique of the SIRE-technology based biosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 16(6), 363–369 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andrews, L. M.

S. A. G. Evans, J. M. Elliott, L. M. Andrews, P. N. Bartlett, P. J. Doyle, and G. Denuault, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide at mesoporous platinum microelectrodes,” Anal. Chem. 74(6), 1322–1326 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arregui, F. J.

I. Del Villar, I. R. Matias, F. J. Arregui, and R. O. Claus, “Fiber-optic hydrogen peroxide nanosensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 5(3), 365–371 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bailey, R. T.

A. Mills, C. Tommons, R. T. Bailey, M. C. Tedford, and P. J. Crilly, “Reversible, fluorescence-based optical sensor for hydrogen peroxide,” Analyst (Lond.) 132(6), 566–571 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartlett, P. N.

S. A. G. Evans, J. M. Elliott, L. M. Andrews, P. N. Bartlett, P. J. Doyle, and G. Denuault, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide at mesoporous platinum microelectrodes,” Anal. Chem. 74(6), 1322–1326 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Booker, C.

J. Zhou, C. Booker, R. Li, X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, X. Sun, and Z. Ding, “An electrochemical avenue to blue luminescent nanocrystals from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(4), 744–745 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Botero-Cadavid, J. F.

J. F. Botero-Cadavid, A. G. Brolo, P. Wild, and N. Djilali, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide using an optical fiber-based sensing probe,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 185, 166–173 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brolo, A. G.

J. F. Botero-Cadavid, A. G. Brolo, P. Wild, and N. Djilali, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide using an optical fiber-based sensing probe,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 185, 166–173 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cajilakovic, M.

A. Lobnik and M. Cajilakovic, “Sol-gel based optical sensor for continuous determination of dissolved hydrogen peroxide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74(1-3), 194–199 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Lobnik and M. Cajilakovic, “Sol-gel based optical sensor for continuous determination of dissolved hydrogen peroxide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74(1-3), 194–199 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cajlakovic, M.

A. Lobnik and M. Cajlakovic, “Sol-gel based optical sensor for continuous determination of dissolved hydrogen peroxide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74(1-3), 194–199 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chai, L.

X. Shan, L. Chai, J. Ma, Z. Qian, J. Chen, and H. Feng, “B-doped carbon quantum dots as a sensitive fluorescence probe for hydrogen peroxide and glucose detection,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(10), 2322–2325 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, X. J.

L. Tian, D. Ghosh, W. Chen, S. Pradhan, X. J. Chang, and S. W. Chen, “Nanosized carbon particles from natural gas soot,” Chem. Mater. 21(13), 2803–2809 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. Y.

Y. Xiao, H. X. Ju, and H. Y. Chen, “Hydrogen peroxide sensor based on horseradish peroxidase-labeled Au colloids immobilized on gold electrode surface by cysteamine monolayer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 391(1), 73–82 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

X. Shan, L. Chai, J. Ma, Z. Qian, J. Chen, and H. Feng, “B-doped carbon quantum dots as a sensitive fluorescence probe for hydrogen peroxide and glucose detection,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(10), 2322–2325 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S. M.

K. C. Lin, T. H. Tsai, and S. M. Chen, “Performing enzyme-free H2O2 biosensor and simultaneous determination for AA, DA, and UA by MWCNT-PEDOT film,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26(2), 608–614 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S. W.

L. Tian, D. Ghosh, W. Chen, S. Pradhan, X. J. Chang, and S. W. Chen, “Nanosized carbon particles from natural gas soot,” Chem. Mater. 21(13), 2803–2809 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

L. Tian, D. Ghosh, W. Chen, S. Pradhan, X. J. Chang, and S. W. Chen, “Nanosized carbon particles from natural gas soot,” Chem. Mater. 21(13), 2803–2809 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, J. Z. Zhang, B. Q. Wang, G. J. Cheng, and S. J. Dong, “Hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on sol-gel-derived glasses doped with Eastman AQ polymer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 434(2), 255–260 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cheng, G. J.

X. Chen, J. Z. Zhang, B. Q. Wang, G. J. Cheng, and S. J. Dong, “Hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on sol-gel-derived glasses doped with Eastman AQ polymer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 434(2), 255–260 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chi, Y.

L. Zheng, Y. Chi, Y. Dong, J. Lin, and B. Wang, “Electrochemiluminescence of water-soluble carbon nanocrystals released electrochemically from graphite,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(13), 4564–4565 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Claus, R. O.

I. Del Villar, I. R. Matias, F. J. Arregui, and R. O. Claus, “Fiber-optic hydrogen peroxide nanosensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 5(3), 365–371 (2005).
[Crossref]

Crilly, P. J.

A. Mills, C. Tommons, R. T. Bailey, M. C. Tedford, and P. J. Crilly, “Reversible, fluorescence-based optical sensor for hydrogen peroxide,” Analyst (Lond.) 132(6), 566–571 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Del Villar, I.

I. Del Villar, I. R. Matias, F. J. Arregui, and R. O. Claus, “Fiber-optic hydrogen peroxide nanosensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 5(3), 365–371 (2005).
[Crossref]

Denuault, G.

S. A. G. Evans, J. M. Elliott, L. M. Andrews, P. N. Bartlett, P. J. Doyle, and G. Denuault, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide at mesoporous platinum microelectrodes,” Anal. Chem. 74(6), 1322–1326 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diaz, A. N.

A. N. Diaz, M. C. R. Peinado, and M. C. T. Minguez, “Sol-gel horseradish peroxidase biosensor for hydrogen peroxide detection by chemiluminescence,” Anal. Chim. Acta 363(2-3), 221–227 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ding, Z.

J. Zhou, C. Booker, R. Li, X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, X. Sun, and Z. Ding, “An electrochemical avenue to blue luminescent nanocrystals from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(4), 744–745 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diwu, Z.

M. Zhou, Z. Diwu, N. Panchuk-Voloshina, and R. P. Haugland, “A stable nonfluorescent derivative of resorufin for the fluorometric determination of trace hydrogen peroxide: applications in detecting the activity of phagocyte NADPH oxidase and other oxidases,” Anal. Biochem. 253(2), 162–168 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Djilali, N.

J. F. Botero-Cadavid, A. G. Brolo, P. Wild, and N. Djilali, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide using an optical fiber-based sensing probe,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 185, 166–173 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dong, S. J.

X. Chen, J. Z. Zhang, B. Q. Wang, G. J. Cheng, and S. J. Dong, “Hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on sol-gel-derived glasses doped with Eastman AQ polymer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 434(2), 255–260 (2001).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y.

L. Zheng, Y. Chi, Y. Dong, J. Lin, and B. Wang, “Electrochemiluminescence of water-soluble carbon nanocrystals released electrochemically from graphite,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(13), 4564–4565 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doyle, P. J.

S. A. G. Evans, J. M. Elliott, L. M. Andrews, P. N. Bartlett, P. J. Doyle, and G. Denuault, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide at mesoporous platinum microelectrodes,” Anal. Chem. 74(6), 1322–1326 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, X. W.

S. L. Hu, K. Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N. Q. Zhao, and X. W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dugasani, S. R.

C. K. Tagad, S. R. Dugasani, R. Aiyer, S. Park, A. Kulkarni, and S. Sabharwal, “Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their application for the development of optical fiber based hydrogen peroxide sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 183, 144–149 (2013).
[Crossref]

Durkop, A.

O. S. Wolfbeis, M. Schaferling, and A. Durkop, “Reversible optical sensor membrane for hydrogen peroxide using an immobilized fluorescent probe, and its application to a glucose biosensor,” Mikrochim. Acta 143, 221–227 (2003).
[Crossref]

Elliott, J. M.

S. A. G. Evans, J. M. Elliott, L. M. Andrews, P. N. Bartlett, P. J. Doyle, and G. Denuault, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide at mesoporous platinum microelectrodes,” Anal. Chem. 74(6), 1322–1326 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Evans, S. A. G.

S. A. G. Evans, J. M. Elliott, L. M. Andrews, P. N. Bartlett, P. J. Doyle, and G. Denuault, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide at mesoporous platinum microelectrodes,” Anal. Chem. 74(6), 1322–1326 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, H.

X. Shan, L. Chai, J. Ma, Z. Qian, J. Chen, and H. Feng, “B-doped carbon quantum dots as a sensitive fluorescence probe for hydrogen peroxide and glucose detection,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(10), 2322–2325 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, S.

S. Feng and R. Xu, “New materials in hydrothermal synthesis,” Acc. Chem. Res. 34(3), 239–247 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fernando, K. A. S.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghosh, D.

L. Tian, D. Ghosh, W. Chen, S. Pradhan, X. J. Chang, and S. W. Chen, “Nanosized carbon particles from natural gas soot,” Chem. Mater. 21(13), 2803–2809 (2009).
[Crossref]

Guo, W.

J. Yuan, W. Guo, and E. Wang, “Utilizing a CdTe quantum dots-enzyme hybrid system for the determination of both phenolic compounds and hydrogen peroxide,” Anal. Chem. 80(4), 1141–1145 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hanalka, S.

S. Hanalka, J. M. Lin, and M. Yamada, “Chemiluminescent flow sensor for H2O2 based on the decomposition of H2O2 catalyzed by cobalt(II)-ethanolamine complex immobilized on resin,” Anal. Chim. Acta 426(1), 57–64 (2001).
[Crossref]

Harruff, B. A.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haugland, R. P.

M. Zhou, Z. Diwu, N. Panchuk-Voloshina, and R. P. Haugland, “A stable nonfluorescent derivative of resorufin for the fluorometric determination of trace hydrogen peroxide: applications in detecting the activity of phagocyte NADPH oxidase and other oxidases,” Anal. Biochem. 253(2), 162–168 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, S. L.

S. L. Hu, K. Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N. Q. Zhao, and X. W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hu, X. M.

X. M. Hu and S. Q. Tao, “An Optical fiber H2O2-sensing probe using a titanium(IV) oxyacetylacetonate immobilized nafion coating on an bent optical fiber probe,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(9), 2032–2036 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, B. H.

Q. L. Zhao, Z. L. Zhang, B. H. Huang, J. Peng, M. Zhang, and D. W. Pang, “Facile preparation of low cytotoxicity fluorescent carbon nanocrystals by electrooxidation of graphite,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 41(41), 5116–5118 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ju, H. X.

Y. Xiao, H. X. Ju, and H. Y. Chen, “Hydrogen peroxide sensor based on horseradish peroxidase-labeled Au colloids immobilized on gold electrode surface by cysteamine monolayer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 391(1), 73–82 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kose, M. E.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kriz, D.

K. Kriz, M. Anderlund, and D. Kriz, “Real-time detection of L-ascorbic acid and hydrogen peroxide in crude food samples employing a reversed sequential differential measuring technique of the SIRE-technology based biosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 16(6), 363–369 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kriz, K.

K. Kriz, M. Anderlund, and D. Kriz, “Real-time detection of L-ascorbic acid and hydrogen peroxide in crude food samples employing a reversed sequential differential measuring technique of the SIRE-technology based biosensor,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 16(6), 363–369 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kulkarni, A.

C. K. Tagad, S. R. Dugasani, R. Aiyer, S. Park, A. Kulkarni, and S. Sabharwal, “Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their application for the development of optical fiber based hydrogen peroxide sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 183, 144–149 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, C. Z.

K. F. Zhou, Y. H. Zhu, X. L. Yang, J. Luo, C. Z. Li, and S. R. Luan, “A novel hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on Au-graphene-HRP-chitosan biocomposites,” Electrochim. Acta 55(9), 3055–3060 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

K. M. Wang, J. Li, X. H. Yang, F. L. Shen, and X. Wang, “A chemiluminescent H2O2 sensor based on horseradish peroxidase immobilized by sol-gel method,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 65(1-3), 239–240 (2000).
[Crossref]

Li, R.

J. Zhou, C. Booker, R. Li, X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, X. Sun, and Z. Ding, “An electrochemical avenue to blue luminescent nanocrystals from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(4), 744–745 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

L. Zheng, Y. Chi, Y. Dong, J. Lin, and B. Wang, “Electrochemiluminescence of water-soluble carbon nanocrystals released electrochemically from graphite,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(13), 4564–4565 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J. M.

S. Hanalka, J. M. Lin, and M. Yamada, “Chemiluminescent flow sensor for H2O2 based on the decomposition of H2O2 catalyzed by cobalt(II)-ethanolamine complex immobilized on resin,” Anal. Chim. Acta 426(1), 57–64 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lin, K. C.

K. C. Lin, T. H. Tsai, and S. M. Chen, “Performing enzyme-free H2O2 biosensor and simultaneous determination for AA, DA, and UA by MWCNT-PEDOT film,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26(2), 608–614 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, Y.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, F.

Z. Wang, F. Liu, X. Teng, C. Zhao, and C. Lu, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide in rainwater based on Mg-Al-carbonate layered double hydroxides-catalyzed luminol chemiluminescence,” Analyst (Lond.) 136(23), 4986–4990 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lobnik, A.

A. Lobnik and M. Cajilakovic, “Sol-gel based optical sensor for continuous determination of dissolved hydrogen peroxide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74(1-3), 194–199 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Lobnik and M. Cajilakovic, “Sol-gel based optical sensor for continuous determination of dissolved hydrogen peroxide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74(1-3), 194–199 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Lobnik and M. Cajlakovic, “Sol-gel based optical sensor for continuous determination of dissolved hydrogen peroxide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74(1-3), 194–199 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

Z. Wang, F. Liu, X. Teng, C. Zhao, and C. Lu, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide in rainwater based on Mg-Al-carbonate layered double hydroxides-catalyzed luminol chemiluminescence,” Analyst (Lond.) 136(23), 4986–4990 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luan, S. R.

K. F. Zhou, Y. H. Zhu, X. L. Yang, J. Luo, C. Z. Li, and S. R. Luan, “A novel hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on Au-graphene-HRP-chitosan biocomposites,” Electrochim. Acta 55(9), 3055–3060 (2010).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

K. F. Zhou, Y. H. Zhu, X. L. Yang, J. Luo, C. Z. Li, and S. R. Luan, “A novel hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on Au-graphene-HRP-chitosan biocomposites,” Electrochim. Acta 55(9), 3055–3060 (2010).
[Crossref]

Luo, P. G.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, J.

X. Shan, L. Chai, J. Ma, Z. Qian, J. Chen, and H. Feng, “B-doped carbon quantum dots as a sensitive fluorescence probe for hydrogen peroxide and glucose detection,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(10), 2322–2325 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matias, I. R.

I. Del Villar, I. R. Matias, F. J. Arregui, and R. O. Claus, “Fiber-optic hydrogen peroxide nanosensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 5(3), 365–371 (2005).
[Crossref]

Meziani, M. J.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mills, A.

A. Mills, C. Tommons, R. T. Bailey, M. C. Tedford, and P. J. Crilly, “Reversible, fluorescence-based optical sensor for hydrogen peroxide,” Analyst (Lond.) 132(6), 566–571 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Minguez, M. C. T.

A. N. Diaz, M. C. R. Peinado, and M. C. T. Minguez, “Sol-gel horseradish peroxidase biosensor for hydrogen peroxide detection by chemiluminescence,” Anal. Chim. Acta 363(2-3), 221–227 (1998).
[Crossref]

Niu, K. Y.

S. L. Hu, K. Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N. Q. Zhao, and X. W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
[Crossref]

Panchuk-Voloshina, N.

M. Zhou, Z. Diwu, N. Panchuk-Voloshina, and R. P. Haugland, “A stable nonfluorescent derivative of resorufin for the fluorometric determination of trace hydrogen peroxide: applications in detecting the activity of phagocyte NADPH oxidase and other oxidases,” Anal. Biochem. 253(2), 162–168 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pang, D. W.

Q. L. Zhao, Z. L. Zhang, B. H. Huang, J. Peng, M. Zhang, and D. W. Pang, “Facile preparation of low cytotoxicity fluorescent carbon nanocrystals by electrooxidation of graphite,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 41(41), 5116–5118 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, S.

C. K. Tagad, S. R. Dugasani, R. Aiyer, S. Park, A. Kulkarni, and S. Sabharwal, “Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their application for the development of optical fiber based hydrogen peroxide sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 183, 144–149 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pathak, P.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peinado, M. C. R.

A. N. Diaz, M. C. R. Peinado, and M. C. T. Minguez, “Sol-gel horseradish peroxidase biosensor for hydrogen peroxide detection by chemiluminescence,” Anal. Chim. Acta 363(2-3), 221–227 (1998).
[Crossref]

Peng, J.

Q. L. Zhao, Z. L. Zhang, B. H. Huang, J. Peng, M. Zhang, and D. W. Pang, “Facile preparation of low cytotoxicity fluorescent carbon nanocrystals by electrooxidation of graphite,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 41(41), 5116–5118 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pradhan, S.

L. Tian, D. Ghosh, W. Chen, S. Pradhan, X. J. Chang, and S. W. Chen, “Nanosized carbon particles from natural gas soot,” Chem. Mater. 21(13), 2803–2809 (2009).
[Crossref]

Qian, Z.

X. Shan, L. Chai, J. Ma, Z. Qian, J. Chen, and H. Feng, “B-doped carbon quantum dots as a sensitive fluorescence probe for hydrogen peroxide and glucose detection,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(10), 2322–2325 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ribitsch, V.

H. S. Voraberger, W. Trettnak, and V. Ribitsch, “Optochemical hydrogen peroxide sensor on oxygen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1-3), 324–331 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sabharwal, S.

C. K. Tagad, S. R. Dugasani, R. Aiyer, S. Park, A. Kulkarni, and S. Sabharwal, “Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their application for the development of optical fiber based hydrogen peroxide sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 183, 144–149 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schaferling, M.

O. S. Wolfbeis, M. Schaferling, and A. Durkop, “Reversible optical sensor membrane for hydrogen peroxide using an immobilized fluorescent probe, and its application to a glucose biosensor,” Mikrochim. Acta 143, 221–227 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sham, T. K.

J. Zhou, C. Booker, R. Li, X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, X. Sun, and Z. Ding, “An electrochemical avenue to blue luminescent nanocrystals from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(4), 744–745 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shan, X.

X. Shan, L. Chai, J. Ma, Z. Qian, J. Chen, and H. Feng, “B-doped carbon quantum dots as a sensitive fluorescence probe for hydrogen peroxide and glucose detection,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(10), 2322–2325 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, F. L.

K. M. Wang, J. Li, X. H. Yang, F. L. Shen, and X. Wang, “A chemiluminescent H2O2 sensor based on horseradish peroxidase immobilized by sol-gel method,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 65(1-3), 239–240 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

S. L. Hu, K. Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N. Q. Zhao, and X. W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

J. Zhou, C. Booker, R. Li, X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, X. Sun, and Z. Ding, “An electrochemical avenue to blue luminescent nanocrystals from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(4), 744–745 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y. P.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tagad, C. K.

C. K. Tagad, S. R. Dugasani, R. Aiyer, S. Park, A. Kulkarni, and S. Sabharwal, “Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their application for the development of optical fiber based hydrogen peroxide sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 183, 144–149 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tao, S. Q.

X. M. Hu and S. Q. Tao, “An Optical fiber H2O2-sensing probe using a titanium(IV) oxyacetylacetonate immobilized nafion coating on an bent optical fiber probe,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(9), 2032–2036 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tedford, M. C.

A. Mills, C. Tommons, R. T. Bailey, M. C. Tedford, and P. J. Crilly, “Reversible, fluorescence-based optical sensor for hydrogen peroxide,” Analyst (Lond.) 132(6), 566–571 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teng, X.

Z. Wang, F. Liu, X. Teng, C. Zhao, and C. Lu, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide in rainwater based on Mg-Al-carbonate layered double hydroxides-catalyzed luminol chemiluminescence,” Analyst (Lond.) 136(23), 4986–4990 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, L.

L. Tian, D. Ghosh, W. Chen, S. Pradhan, X. J. Chang, and S. W. Chen, “Nanosized carbon particles from natural gas soot,” Chem. Mater. 21(13), 2803–2809 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tommons, C.

A. Mills, C. Tommons, R. T. Bailey, M. C. Tedford, and P. J. Crilly, “Reversible, fluorescence-based optical sensor for hydrogen peroxide,” Analyst (Lond.) 132(6), 566–571 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trettnak, W.

H. S. Voraberger, W. Trettnak, and V. Ribitsch, “Optochemical hydrogen peroxide sensor on oxygen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1-3), 324–331 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tsai, T. H.

K. C. Lin, T. H. Tsai, and S. M. Chen, “Performing enzyme-free H2O2 biosensor and simultaneous determination for AA, DA, and UA by MWCNT-PEDOT film,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26(2), 608–614 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veca, L. M.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voraberger, H. S.

H. S. Voraberger, W. Trettnak, and V. Ribitsch, “Optochemical hydrogen peroxide sensor on oxygen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1-3), 324–331 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

L. Zheng, Y. Chi, Y. Dong, J. Lin, and B. Wang, “Electrochemiluminescence of water-soluble carbon nanocrystals released electrochemically from graphite,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(13), 4564–4565 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, B. Q.

X. Chen, J. Z. Zhang, B. Q. Wang, G. J. Cheng, and S. J. Dong, “Hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on sol-gel-derived glasses doped with Eastman AQ polymer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 434(2), 255–260 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, E.

J. Yuan, W. Guo, and E. Wang, “Utilizing a CdTe quantum dots-enzyme hybrid system for the determination of both phenolic compounds and hydrogen peroxide,” Anal. Chem. 80(4), 1141–1145 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, K. M.

K. M. Wang, J. Li, X. H. Yang, F. L. Shen, and X. Wang, “A chemiluminescent H2O2 sensor based on horseradish peroxidase immobilized by sol-gel method,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 65(1-3), 239–240 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. M. Wang, J. Li, X. H. Yang, F. L. Shen, and X. Wang, “A chemiluminescent H2O2 sensor based on horseradish peroxidase immobilized by sol-gel method,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 65(1-3), 239–240 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, F. Liu, X. Teng, C. Zhao, and C. Lu, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide in rainwater based on Mg-Al-carbonate layered double hydroxides-catalyzed luminol chemiluminescence,” Analyst (Lond.) 136(23), 4986–4990 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wild, P.

J. F. Botero-Cadavid, A. G. Brolo, P. Wild, and N. Djilali, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide using an optical fiber-based sensing probe,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 185, 166–173 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wolfbeis, O. S.

O. S. Wolfbeis, M. Schaferling, and A. Durkop, “Reversible optical sensor membrane for hydrogen peroxide using an immobilized fluorescent probe, and its application to a glucose biosensor,” Mikrochim. Acta 143, 221–227 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Y.

Y. Xiao, H. X. Ju, and H. Y. Chen, “Hydrogen peroxide sensor based on horseradish peroxidase-labeled Au colloids immobilized on gold electrode surface by cysteamine monolayer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 391(1), 73–82 (1999).
[Crossref]

Xie, S. Y.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, C.

C. Xu and Z. Zhang, “Fluorescence determination of hydrogen peroxide using hemoglobin as a mimetic enzyme of peroxidase,” Anal. Sci. 17(12), 1449–1451 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, R.

S. Feng and R. Xu, “New materials in hydrothermal synthesis,” Acc. Chem. Res. 34(3), 239–247 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamada, M.

S. Hanalka, J. M. Lin, and M. Yamada, “Chemiluminescent flow sensor for H2O2 based on the decomposition of H2O2 catalyzed by cobalt(II)-ethanolamine complex immobilized on resin,” Anal. Chim. Acta 426(1), 57–64 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J.

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K. M. Wang, J. Li, X. H. Yang, F. L. Shen, and X. Wang, “A chemiluminescent H2O2 sensor based on horseradish peroxidase immobilized by sol-gel method,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 65(1-3), 239–240 (2000).
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Yang, X. L.

K. F. Zhou, Y. H. Zhu, X. L. Yang, J. Luo, C. Z. Li, and S. R. Luan, “A novel hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on Au-graphene-HRP-chitosan biocomposites,” Electrochim. Acta 55(9), 3055–3060 (2010).
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J. Yuan, W. Guo, and E. Wang, “Utilizing a CdTe quantum dots-enzyme hybrid system for the determination of both phenolic compounds and hydrogen peroxide,” Anal. Chem. 80(4), 1141–1145 (2008).
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X. Chen, J. Z. Zhang, B. Q. Wang, G. J. Cheng, and S. J. Dong, “Hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on sol-gel-derived glasses doped with Eastman AQ polymer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 434(2), 255–260 (2001).
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Zhang, M.

Q. L. Zhao, Z. L. Zhang, B. H. Huang, J. Peng, M. Zhang, and D. W. Pang, “Facile preparation of low cytotoxicity fluorescent carbon nanocrystals by electrooxidation of graphite,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 41(41), 5116–5118 (2008).
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C. Xu and Z. Zhang, “Fluorescence determination of hydrogen peroxide using hemoglobin as a mimetic enzyme of peroxidase,” Anal. Sci. 17(12), 1449–1451 (2001).
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Q. L. Zhao, Z. L. Zhang, B. H. Huang, J. Peng, M. Zhang, and D. W. Pang, “Facile preparation of low cytotoxicity fluorescent carbon nanocrystals by electrooxidation of graphite,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 41(41), 5116–5118 (2008).
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Z. Wang, F. Liu, X. Teng, C. Zhao, and C. Lu, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide in rainwater based on Mg-Al-carbonate layered double hydroxides-catalyzed luminol chemiluminescence,” Analyst (Lond.) 136(23), 4986–4990 (2011).
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Zhao, N. Q.

S. L. Hu, K. Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N. Q. Zhao, and X. W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
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K. F. Zhou, Y. H. Zhu, X. L. Yang, J. Luo, C. Z. Li, and S. R. Luan, “A novel hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on Au-graphene-HRP-chitosan biocomposites,” Electrochim. Acta 55(9), 3055–3060 (2010).
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J. Zhou, C. Booker, R. Li, X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, X. Sun, and Z. Ding, “An electrochemical avenue to blue luminescent nanocrystals from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(4), 744–745 (2007).
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Zhu, Y. H.

K. F. Zhou, Y. H. Zhu, X. L. Yang, J. Luo, C. Z. Li, and S. R. Luan, “A novel hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on Au-graphene-HRP-chitosan biocomposites,” Electrochim. Acta 55(9), 3055–3060 (2010).
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Anal. Chem. (2)

J. Yuan, W. Guo, and E. Wang, “Utilizing a CdTe quantum dots-enzyme hybrid system for the determination of both phenolic compounds and hydrogen peroxide,” Anal. Chem. 80(4), 1141–1145 (2008).
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Anal. Chim. Acta (4)

X. Chen, J. Z. Zhang, B. Q. Wang, G. J. Cheng, and S. J. Dong, “Hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on sol-gel-derived glasses doped with Eastman AQ polymer,” Anal. Chim. Acta 434(2), 255–260 (2001).
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Anal. Sci. (1)

C. Xu and Z. Zhang, “Fluorescence determination of hydrogen peroxide using hemoglobin as a mimetic enzyme of peroxidase,” Anal. Sci. 17(12), 1449–1451 (2001).
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Analyst (Lond.) (3)

X. Shan, L. Chai, J. Ma, Z. Qian, J. Chen, and H. Feng, “B-doped carbon quantum dots as a sensitive fluorescence probe for hydrogen peroxide and glucose detection,” Analyst (Lond.) 139(10), 2322–2325 (2014).
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Biosens. Bioelectron. (2)

K. C. Lin, T. H. Tsai, and S. M. Chen, “Performing enzyme-free H2O2 biosensor and simultaneous determination for AA, DA, and UA by MWCNT-PEDOT film,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26(2), 608–614 (2010).
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Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (1)

Q. L. Zhao, Z. L. Zhang, B. H. Huang, J. Peng, M. Zhang, and D. W. Pang, “Facile preparation of low cytotoxicity fluorescent carbon nanocrystals by electrooxidation of graphite,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 41(41), 5116–5118 (2008).
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Chem. Mater. (1)

L. Tian, D. Ghosh, W. Chen, S. Pradhan, X. J. Chang, and S. W. Chen, “Nanosized carbon particles from natural gas soot,” Chem. Mater. 21(13), 2803–2809 (2009).
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Electrochim. Acta (1)

K. F. Zhou, Y. H. Zhu, X. L. Yang, J. Luo, C. Z. Li, and S. R. Luan, “A novel hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on Au-graphene-HRP-chitosan biocomposites,” Electrochim. Acta 55(9), 3055–3060 (2010).
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IEEE Sens. J. (2)

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X. M. Hu and S. Q. Tao, “An Optical fiber H2O2-sensing probe using a titanium(IV) oxyacetylacetonate immobilized nafion coating on an bent optical fiber probe,” IEEE Sens. J. 11(9), 2032–2036 (2011).
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J. Am. Chem. Soc. (3)

L. Zheng, Y. Chi, Y. Dong, J. Lin, and B. Wang, “Electrochemiluminescence of water-soluble carbon nanocrystals released electrochemically from graphite,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(13), 4564–4565 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, C. Booker, R. Li, X. Zhou, T. K. Sham, X. Sun, and Z. Ding, “An electrochemical avenue to blue luminescent nanocrystals from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(4), 744–745 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, and S. Y. Xie, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
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J. Mater. Chem. (1)

S. L. Hu, K. Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N. Q. Zhao, and X. W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
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Mikrochim. Acta (1)

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A. Lobnik and M. Cajlakovic, “Sol-gel based optical sensor for continuous determination of dissolved hydrogen peroxide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74(1-3), 194–199 (2001).
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J. F. Botero-Cadavid, A. G. Brolo, P. Wild, and N. Djilali, “Detection of hydrogen peroxide using an optical fiber-based sensing probe,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 185, 166–173 (2013).
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C. K. Tagad, S. R. Dugasani, R. Aiyer, S. Park, A. Kulkarni, and S. Sabharwal, “Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their application for the development of optical fiber based hydrogen peroxide sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 183, 144–149 (2013).
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H. S. Voraberger, W. Trettnak, and V. Ribitsch, “Optochemical hydrogen peroxide sensor on oxygen detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90(1-3), 324–331 (2003).
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A. Lobnik and M. Cajilakovic, “Sol-gel based optical sensor for continuous determination of dissolved hydrogen peroxide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74(1-3), 194–199 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Lobnik and M. Cajilakovic, “Sol-gel based optical sensor for continuous determination of dissolved hydrogen peroxide,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 74(1-3), 194–199 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. M. Wang, J. Li, X. H. Yang, F. L. Shen, and X. Wang, “A chemiluminescent H2O2 sensor based on horseradish peroxidase immobilized by sol-gel method,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 65(1-3), 239–240 (2000).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 TEM images of (a) red emission (b) green emission and (c) blue emission CQDs (d) EDX analysis results for CQDs.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic diagram showing experimental arrangement used for characterization.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Emission spectra of multicolor luminescence CQDs under different H2O2 concentrations: (a) red emission (b) green emission and (c) blue emission CQDs. Insert: photographs of each king of luminescence CQDs solution.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) variation peak emission wavelength with H2O2 concentration and (b) variation of peak emission intensity and wavelength with H2O2 concentration.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Stern-Volmer plots of multicolor luminescence CQDs: (◆) red emission, (■) green emission and (▲) blue emission CQDs.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Photostability of multicolor luminescence CQDs (b) fluorescence intensity of CQDs solution as a function of irradiation time (365 nm UV light, lamp power: 6 W).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Comparison of performance characteristics of proposed optical H2O2 sensing method with those of existing optical H2O2 sensing method.

Equations (1)

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I 0 /I=1+ K sv [ O 1 ]

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