Abstract

Non-centrosymmetric crystals of BaGa2GeS6 and BaGa2GeSe6 were grown in large sizes with good optical quality, which enabled the characterization of their linear (transmission, dispersion, and birefringence) and nonlinear (second order susceptibility) properties for the first time.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. V. Petrov, “Frequency down-conversion of solid-state laser sources to the mid-infrared spectral range using non-oxide nonlinear crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 42, 1–106 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  2. V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: Wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  3. W. Yin, K. Feng, R. He, D. Mei, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2MQ6 (M = Si, Ge; Q = S, Se): a new series of promising IR nonlinear optical materials,” Dalton Trans. 41(18), 5653–5661 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. X. Lin, Y. Guo, and N. Ye, “BaGa2GeX6(X=S, Se): New mid-IR nonlinear optical crystals with large band gaps,” J. Solid State Chem. 195, 172–177 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. X. Li, C. Li, P. Gong, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2SnSe6: A new phase-matchable IR nonlinear optical material with strong second harmonic generation response,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(42), 10998–11004 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. J.-J. Zondy, “Experimental investigation of single and twin AgGaSe2 crystals for CW 10.2 µm SHG,” Opt. Commun. 119(3–4), 320–326 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

V. Petrov, “Frequency down-conversion of solid-state laser sources to the mid-infrared spectral range using non-oxide nonlinear crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 42, 1–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, C. Li, P. Gong, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2SnSe6: A new phase-matchable IR nonlinear optical material with strong second harmonic generation response,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(42), 10998–11004 (2015).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

W. Yin, K. Feng, R. He, D. Mei, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2MQ6 (M = Si, Ge; Q = S, Se): a new series of promising IR nonlinear optical materials,” Dalton Trans. 41(18), 5653–5661 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Lin, Y. Guo, and N. Ye, “BaGa2GeX6(X=S, Se): New mid-IR nonlinear optical crystals with large band gaps,” J. Solid State Chem. 195, 172–177 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: Wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

J.-J. Zondy, “Experimental investigation of single and twin AgGaSe2 crystals for CW 10.2 µm SHG,” Opt. Commun. 119(3–4), 320–326 (1995).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

Badikov, D.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: Wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Badikov, V.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: Wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

Feng, K.

W. Yin, K. Feng, R. He, D. Mei, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2MQ6 (M = Si, Ge; Q = S, Se): a new series of promising IR nonlinear optical materials,” Dalton Trans. 41(18), 5653–5661 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, P.

X. Li, C. Li, P. Gong, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2SnSe6: A new phase-matchable IR nonlinear optical material with strong second harmonic generation response,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(42), 10998–11004 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y.

X. Lin, Y. Guo, and N. Ye, “BaGa2GeX6(X=S, Se): New mid-IR nonlinear optical crystals with large band gaps,” J. Solid State Chem. 195, 172–177 (2012).
[Crossref]

He, R.

W. Yin, K. Feng, R. He, D. Mei, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2MQ6 (M = Si, Ge; Q = S, Se): a new series of promising IR nonlinear optical materials,” Dalton Trans. 41(18), 5653–5661 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

Kwasniewski, A.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: Wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

X. Li, C. Li, P. Gong, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2SnSe6: A new phase-matchable IR nonlinear optical material with strong second harmonic generation response,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(42), 10998–11004 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Li, C. Li, P. Gong, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2SnSe6: A new phase-matchable IR nonlinear optical material with strong second harmonic generation response,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(42), 10998–11004 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, X.

X. Lin, Y. Guo, and N. Ye, “BaGa2GeX6(X=S, Se): New mid-IR nonlinear optical crystals with large band gaps,” J. Solid State Chem. 195, 172–177 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z.

X. Li, C. Li, P. Gong, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2SnSe6: A new phase-matchable IR nonlinear optical material with strong second harmonic generation response,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(42), 10998–11004 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Yin, K. Feng, R. He, D. Mei, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2MQ6 (M = Si, Ge; Q = S, Se): a new series of promising IR nonlinear optical materials,” Dalton Trans. 41(18), 5653–5661 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marchev, G.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: Wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mei, D.

W. Yin, K. Feng, R. He, D. Mei, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2MQ6 (M = Si, Ge; Q = S, Se): a new series of promising IR nonlinear optical materials,” Dalton Trans. 41(18), 5653–5661 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Panyutin, V.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: Wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, “Frequency down-conversion of solid-state laser sources to the mid-infrared spectral range using non-oxide nonlinear crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 42, 1–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: Wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shevyrdyaeva, G.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: Wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tyazhev, A.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: Wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

X. Li, C. Li, P. Gong, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2SnSe6: A new phase-matchable IR nonlinear optical material with strong second harmonic generation response,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(42), 10998–11004 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Yin, K. Feng, R. He, D. Mei, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2MQ6 (M = Si, Ge; Q = S, Se): a new series of promising IR nonlinear optical materials,” Dalton Trans. 41(18), 5653–5661 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, J.

X. Li, C. Li, P. Gong, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2SnSe6: A new phase-matchable IR nonlinear optical material with strong second harmonic generation response,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(42), 10998–11004 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Yin, K. Feng, R. He, D. Mei, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2MQ6 (M = Si, Ge; Q = S, Se): a new series of promising IR nonlinear optical materials,” Dalton Trans. 41(18), 5653–5661 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, N.

X. Lin, Y. Guo, and N. Ye, “BaGa2GeX6(X=S, Se): New mid-IR nonlinear optical crystals with large band gaps,” J. Solid State Chem. 195, 172–177 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yin, W.

W. Yin, K. Feng, R. He, D. Mei, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2MQ6 (M = Si, Ge; Q = S, Se): a new series of promising IR nonlinear optical materials,” Dalton Trans. 41(18), 5653–5661 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zondy, J.-J.

J.-J. Zondy, “Experimental investigation of single and twin AgGaSe2 crystals for CW 10.2 µm SHG,” Opt. Commun. 119(3–4), 320–326 (1995).
[Crossref]

Dalton Trans. (1)

W. Yin, K. Feng, R. He, D. Mei, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2MQ6 (M = Si, Ge; Q = S, Se): a new series of promising IR nonlinear optical materials,” Dalton Trans. 41(18), 5653–5661 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

X. Li, C. Li, P. Gong, Z. Lin, J. Yao, and Y. Wu, “BaGa2SnSe6: A new phase-matchable IR nonlinear optical material with strong second harmonic generation response,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(42), 10998–11004 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

X. Lin, Y. Guo, and N. Ye, “BaGa2GeX6(X=S, Se): New mid-IR nonlinear optical crystals with large band gaps,” J. Solid State Chem. 195, 172–177 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J.-J. Zondy, “Experimental investigation of single and twin AgGaSe2 crystals for CW 10.2 µm SHG,” Opt. Commun. 119(3–4), 320–326 (1995).
[Crossref]

Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL (1)

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: Wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Stat. Sol. RRL 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[Crossref]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Petrov, “Frequency down-conversion of solid-state laser sources to the mid-infrared spectral range using non-oxide nonlinear crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 42, 1–106 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Parts of as-grown boules of BGGS (left) and BGGSe (right) with polished surfaces.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Conoscopic pictures of the uniaxial BGGSe crystal recorded with a-cut (left) and c-cut (right) samples.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 X-ray diffractograms of BGGS (left) and BGGSe (right) using Cu Kα, λ = 1.5406 Å.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Transmission of (a) a 9.4 mm thick sample of BGGS and (b) a 4.84 mm thick sample of BGGSe recorded with unpolarized light (black lines). The samples themselves are shown as insets. Polarized measurements near the band edge performed with thin a-cut plates of BGGS (114 µm) and BGGSe (124 µm) are shown by red (o-wave) and blue (e-wave) lines.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measured (symbols) and calculated (curves) refractive indices of BGGS and BGGSe. The inset shows the two prisms used for the measurements.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Calculated phase-matching curves for SHG in BGGS and BGGSe for type-I and type-II interaction. The experimental results are indicated by squares.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Sellmeier coefficients of BGGS and BGGSe.

Equations (2)

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d eff = ( d 11 sin3φ+ d 22 cos3φ ) cos 2 θ
d eff = ( d 11 cos3φ d 22 sin3φ )cosθ+ d 31 sinθ

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