Abstract

We report a passively Q-switched Yb-doped vectorial fiber laser based on hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites (HOIPs) CH3NH3PbI3. The nonlinear absorption properties of CH3NH3PbI3 have been investigated based on the open-aperture Z-scan technique. With the HOIPs pulse modulator, the passively Q-switched cylindrical vector beam can be generated with the shortest pulse width 919 ns, pulse repetition frequency 36.4 kHz, and pulse energy 0.77 μJ, respectively. Furthermore, the radial and azimuthal polarization pulse beam can be obtained and switched by controlling the intra-cavity polarization.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (2)

B. Huang, J. Yi, L. Du, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, P. H. Tang, J. Liu, Y. H. Zou, H. L. Luo, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene Q-switched vectorial fiber laser with switchable polarized output,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(1), 26 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Huang, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, J. Yi, P. Tang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Wavelength-locked vectorial fiber laser manipulated by Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Opt. Express 25(1), 30–38 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (10)

D. W. deQuilettes, W. Zhang, V. M. Burlakov, D. J. Graham, T. Leijtens, A. Osherov, V. Bulović, H. J. Snaith, D. S. Ginger, and S. D. Stranks, “Photo-induced halide redistribution in organic-inorganic perovskite films,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11683 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. McMeekin, G. Sadoughi, W. Rehman, G. E. Eperon, M. Saliba, M. T. Hörantner, A. Haghighirad, N. Sakai, L. Korte, B. Rech, M. B. Johnston, L. M. Herz, and H. J. Snaith, “A mixed-cation lead mixed-halide perovskite absorber for tandem solar cells,” Science 351(6269), 151–155 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Pazos-Outón, M. Szumilo, R. Lamboll, J. M. Richter, M. Crespo-Quesada, M. Abdi-Jalebi, H. J. Beeson, M. Vrućinić, M. Alsari, H. J. Snaith, B. Ehrler, R. H. Friend, and F. Deschler, “Photon recycling in lead iodide perovskite solar cells,” Science 351(6280), 1430–1433 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. P. Sun, A. Martinez, and F. Wang, “Optical modulators with 2D layered materials,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 227–238 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. A. A. Rashid, S. R. Azzuhri, M. A. M. Salim, R. A. Shaharuddin, M. A. Ismail, M. F. Ismail, M. Z. A. Razak, and H. Ahmad, “Using a black phosphorus saturable absorber to generate dual wavelengths in a Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(8), 126201 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Li, D. Bi, C. Yi, J.-D. Décoppet, J. Luo, S. M. Zakeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “A vacuum flash-assisted solution process for high-efficiency large-area perovskite solar cells,” Science 353(6294), 58–62 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. S. Kalanoor, L. Gouda, R. Gottesman, S. Tirosh, E. Haltzi, A. Zaban, and Y. R. Tischler, “Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities in Organometallic Methylammonium Lead Iodide Perovskite Thin Films,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 361–370 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Zhang, J. Fan, X. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Mai, T. Xu, J. Wang, and H. J. Snaith, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskites,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 371–377 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. G. Lu, C. Chen, D. B. Han, L. H. Yao, J. B. Han, H. Z. Zhong, and Y. T. Wang, “Nonlinear optical properties of colloidal CH3NH3PbBr3 and CsPbBr3 quantum dots: a comparison study using Z-scan technique,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1732–1737 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Mirershadi, S. A. Kandjani, A. Zawadzka, H. Rouhbakhsh, and B. Sahraoui, “Third order nonlinear optical properties of organometal halide perovskite by means of the Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 647, 7–13 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (8)

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. L. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. T. Zhang, F. Lou, R. W. Zhao, J. L. He, J. Li, X. C. Su, J. Ning, and K. J. Yang, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Lett. 40(16), 3691–3694 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Wang, X. L. Wang, B. R. He, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Wei, and Y. G. Wang, “High-energy pulse generation using Yb-doped Q-switched fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chin. Phys. B 24(9), 097601 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. You, L. Meng, T.-B. Song, T.-F. Guo, Y. M. Yang, W.-H. Chang, Z. Hong, H. Chen, H. Zhou, Q. Chen, Y. Liu, N. De Marco, and Y. Yang, “Improved air stability of perovskite solar cells via solution-processed metal oxide transport layers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 75–81 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lin, K. Yan, Y. Zhou, L. X. Xu, C. Gu, and Q. W. Zhan, “Tungsten disulphide based all fiber Q-switching cylindrical-vector beam generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(19), 191108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, D. P. Ostrowski, R. M. France, K. Zhu, J. V. de Lagemaat, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Observation of a hot-phonon bottleneck in lead-iodide perovskites,” Nat. Photonics 10(1), 53–59 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Shi, V. Adinolfi, R. Comin, M. Yuan, E. Alarousu, A. Buin, Y. Chen, S. Hoogland, A. Rothenberger, K. Katsiev, Y. Losovyj, X. Zhang, P. A. Dowben, O. F. Mohammed, E. H. Sargent, and O. M. Bakr, “Solar cells. Low trap-state density and long carrier diffusion in organolead trihalide perovskite single crystals,” Science 347(6221), 519–522 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (9)

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-Performance Flexible Broadband Photodetector Based on Organolead Halide Perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z.-K. Tan, R. S. Moghaddam, M. L. Lai, P. Docampo, R. Higler, F. Deschler, M. Price, A. Sadhanala, L. M. Pazos, D. Credgington, F. Hanusch, T. Bein, H. J. Snaith, and R. H. Friend, “Bright light-emitting diodes based on organometal halide perovskite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(9), 687–692 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Dhanker, A. Brigeman, A. Larsen, R. Stewart, J. Asbury, and N. Giebink, “Random lasing in organo-lead halide perovskite microcrystal networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(15), 151112 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xia, H. Li, C. Lan, C. Li, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a CVD-grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17341–17348 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, A. P. Luo, F. Z. Wang, R. Tang, M. Liu, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Femtosecond pulse erbium-doped fiber laser by a few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4591–4594 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Jung, J. Lee, J. Koo, J. Park, Y. W. Song, K. Lee, S. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse fiber laser at 1935 nm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7865–7874 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

2012 (3)

2011 (3)

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Kim, J. Cho, S. Y. Jang, and Y. W. Song, “Deformation-immunized optical deposition of graphene for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(2), 021104 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, S. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Stable nanosecond pulse generation from a graphene-based passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(20), 4008–4010 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, K. Xia, R. Li, X. Li, G. Li, K. Ueda, and J. Li, “Radially polarized and passively Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3574–3576 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(1), 1–57 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

L. Pan, I. Utkin, and R. Fedosejevs, “Passively Q-switched ytterbiumdoped double-clad fiber laser with a Cr4+: YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1979–1981 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. A. Gomes, L. Orsila, T. Jouhti, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Picosecond SESAM-based ytterbium mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(1), 129–136 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

S. Schön, M. Haiml, and U. Keller, “Ultrabroadband AIGaAs/CaF2 semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(6), 782–784 (2000).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

D. A. Stetser and A. J. DeMaria, “Optical spectra of ultrashort optical pulses generated by mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9(3), 118–120 (1966).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

F. J. Mcclung and R. W. Hellwarth, “Giant Optical Pulsations from Ruby,” J. Appl. Phys. 33(3), 828–829 (1962).
[Crossref]

Abdi-Jalebi, M.

L. M. Pazos-Outón, M. Szumilo, R. Lamboll, J. M. Richter, M. Crespo-Quesada, M. Abdi-Jalebi, H. J. Beeson, M. Vrućinić, M. Alsari, H. J. Snaith, B. Ehrler, R. H. Friend, and F. Deschler, “Photon recycling in lead iodide perovskite solar cells,” Science 351(6280), 1430–1433 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abramski, K. M.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Zdrojek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10(24), 241106 (2012).
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J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “Scalar soliton generation in all-polarization-maintaining, graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 2166–2168 (2012).
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Adinolfi, V.

D. Shi, V. Adinolfi, R. Comin, M. Yuan, E. Alarousu, A. Buin, Y. Chen, S. Hoogland, A. Rothenberger, K. Katsiev, Y. Losovyj, X. Zhang, P. A. Dowben, O. F. Mohammed, E. H. Sargent, and O. M. Bakr, “Solar cells. Low trap-state density and long carrier diffusion in organolead trihalide perovskite single crystals,” Science 347(6221), 519–522 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahmad, H.

F. A. A. Rashid, S. R. Azzuhri, M. A. M. Salim, R. A. Shaharuddin, M. A. Ismail, M. F. Ismail, M. Z. A. Razak, and H. Ahmad, “Using a black phosphorus saturable absorber to generate dual wavelengths in a Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(8), 126201 (2016).
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Alarousu, E.

D. Shi, V. Adinolfi, R. Comin, M. Yuan, E. Alarousu, A. Buin, Y. Chen, S. Hoogland, A. Rothenberger, K. Katsiev, Y. Losovyj, X. Zhang, P. A. Dowben, O. F. Mohammed, E. H. Sargent, and O. M. Bakr, “Solar cells. Low trap-state density and long carrier diffusion in organolead trihalide perovskite single crystals,” Science 347(6221), 519–522 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alsari, M.

L. M. Pazos-Outón, M. Szumilo, R. Lamboll, J. M. Richter, M. Crespo-Quesada, M. Abdi-Jalebi, H. J. Beeson, M. Vrućinić, M. Alsari, H. J. Snaith, B. Ehrler, R. H. Friend, and F. Deschler, “Photon recycling in lead iodide perovskite solar cells,” Science 351(6280), 1430–1433 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Asbury, J.

R. Dhanker, A. Brigeman, A. Larsen, R. Stewart, J. Asbury, and N. Giebink, “Random lasing in organo-lead halide perovskite microcrystal networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(15), 151112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Azzuhri, S. R.

F. A. A. Rashid, S. R. Azzuhri, M. A. M. Salim, R. A. Shaharuddin, M. A. Ismail, M. F. Ismail, M. Z. A. Razak, and H. Ahmad, “Using a black phosphorus saturable absorber to generate dual wavelengths in a Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(8), 126201 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baker, R. H.

J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S. J. Moon, R. H. Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bakr, O. M.

D. Shi, V. Adinolfi, R. Comin, M. Yuan, E. Alarousu, A. Buin, Y. Chen, S. Hoogland, A. Rothenberger, K. Katsiev, Y. Losovyj, X. Zhang, P. A. Dowben, O. F. Mohammed, E. H. Sargent, and O. M. Bakr, “Solar cells. Low trap-state density and long carrier diffusion in organolead trihalide perovskite single crystals,” Science 347(6221), 519–522 (2015).
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Bao, J.

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-Performance Flexible Broadband Photodetector Based on Organolead Halide Perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Bao, Q. L.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Beard, M. C.

Y. Yang, D. P. Ostrowski, R. M. France, K. Zhu, J. V. de Lagemaat, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Observation of a hot-phonon bottleneck in lead-iodide perovskites,” Nat. Photonics 10(1), 53–59 (2015).
[Crossref]

Beeson, H. J.

L. M. Pazos-Outón, M. Szumilo, R. Lamboll, J. M. Richter, M. Crespo-Quesada, M. Abdi-Jalebi, H. J. Beeson, M. Vrućinić, M. Alsari, H. J. Snaith, B. Ehrler, R. H. Friend, and F. Deschler, “Photon recycling in lead iodide perovskite solar cells,” Science 351(6280), 1430–1433 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bein, T.

Z.-K. Tan, R. S. Moghaddam, M. L. Lai, P. Docampo, R. Higler, F. Deschler, M. Price, A. Sadhanala, L. M. Pazos, D. Credgington, F. Hanusch, T. Bein, H. J. Snaith, and R. H. Friend, “Bright light-emitting diodes based on organometal halide perovskite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(9), 687–692 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bi, D.

X. Li, D. Bi, C. Yi, J.-D. Décoppet, J. Luo, S. M. Zakeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “A vacuum flash-assisted solution process for high-efficiency large-area perovskite solar cells,” Science 353(6294), 58–62 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brigeman, A.

R. Dhanker, A. Brigeman, A. Larsen, R. Stewart, J. Asbury, and N. Giebink, “Random lasing in organo-lead halide perovskite microcrystal networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(15), 151112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Buin, A.

D. Shi, V. Adinolfi, R. Comin, M. Yuan, E. Alarousu, A. Buin, Y. Chen, S. Hoogland, A. Rothenberger, K. Katsiev, Y. Losovyj, X. Zhang, P. A. Dowben, O. F. Mohammed, E. H. Sargent, and O. M. Bakr, “Solar cells. Low trap-state density and long carrier diffusion in organolead trihalide perovskite single crystals,” Science 347(6221), 519–522 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bulovic, V.

D. W. deQuilettes, W. Zhang, V. M. Burlakov, D. J. Graham, T. Leijtens, A. Osherov, V. Bulović, H. J. Snaith, D. S. Ginger, and S. D. Stranks, “Photo-induced halide redistribution in organic-inorganic perovskite films,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11683 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burlakov, V. M.

D. W. deQuilettes, W. Zhang, V. M. Burlakov, D. J. Graham, T. Leijtens, A. Osherov, V. Bulović, H. J. Snaith, D. S. Ginger, and S. D. Stranks, “Photo-induced halide redistribution in organic-inorganic perovskite films,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11683 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burschka, J.

J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S. J. Moon, R. H. Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.

Cai, Z. P.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chang, W.-H.

J. You, L. Meng, T.-B. Song, T.-F. Guo, Y. M. Yang, W.-H. Chang, Z. Hong, H. Chen, H. Zhou, Q. Chen, Y. Liu, N. De Marco, and Y. Yang, “Improved air stability of perovskite solar cells via solution-processed metal oxide transport layers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 75–81 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C.

W. G. Lu, C. Chen, D. B. Han, L. H. Yao, J. B. Han, H. Z. Zhong, and Y. T. Wang, “Nonlinear optical properties of colloidal CH3NH3PbBr3 and CsPbBr3 quantum dots: a comparison study using Z-scan technique,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1732–1737 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

J. You, L. Meng, T.-B. Song, T.-F. Guo, Y. M. Yang, W.-H. Chang, Z. Hong, H. Chen, H. Zhou, Q. Chen, Y. Liu, N. De Marco, and Y. Yang, “Improved air stability of perovskite solar cells via solution-processed metal oxide transport layers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 75–81 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Q.

J. You, L. Meng, T.-B. Song, T.-F. Guo, Y. M. Yang, W.-H. Chang, Z. Hong, H. Chen, H. Zhou, Q. Chen, Y. Liu, N. De Marco, and Y. Yang, “Improved air stability of perovskite solar cells via solution-processed metal oxide transport layers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 75–81 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Shi, V. Adinolfi, R. Comin, M. Yuan, E. Alarousu, A. Buin, Y. Chen, S. Hoogland, A. Rothenberger, K. Katsiev, Y. Losovyj, X. Zhang, P. A. Dowben, O. F. Mohammed, E. H. Sargent, and O. M. Bakr, “Solar cells. Low trap-state density and long carrier diffusion in organolead trihalide perovskite single crystals,” Science 347(6221), 519–522 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, C. H.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. L. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

Chi, Y. C.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. L. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cho, J.

H. Kim, J. Cho, S. Y. Jang, and Y. W. Song, “Deformation-immunized optical deposition of graphene for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(2), 021104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cohen, O.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Comin, R.

D. Shi, V. Adinolfi, R. Comin, M. Yuan, E. Alarousu, A. Buin, Y. Chen, S. Hoogland, A. Rothenberger, K. Katsiev, Y. Losovyj, X. Zhang, P. A. Dowben, O. F. Mohammed, E. H. Sargent, and O. M. Bakr, “Solar cells. Low trap-state density and long carrier diffusion in organolead trihalide perovskite single crystals,” Science 347(6221), 519–522 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Credgington, D.

Z.-K. Tan, R. S. Moghaddam, M. L. Lai, P. Docampo, R. Higler, F. Deschler, M. Price, A. Sadhanala, L. M. Pazos, D. Credgington, F. Hanusch, T. Bein, H. J. Snaith, and R. H. Friend, “Bright light-emitting diodes based on organometal halide perovskite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(9), 687–692 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crespo-Quesada, M.

L. M. Pazos-Outón, M. Szumilo, R. Lamboll, J. M. Richter, M. Crespo-Quesada, M. Abdi-Jalebi, H. J. Beeson, M. Vrućinić, M. Alsari, H. J. Snaith, B. Ehrler, R. H. Friend, and F. Deschler, “Photon recycling in lead iodide perovskite solar cells,” Science 351(6280), 1430–1433 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Lagemaat, J. V.

Y. Yang, D. P. Ostrowski, R. M. France, K. Zhu, J. V. de Lagemaat, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Observation of a hot-phonon bottleneck in lead-iodide perovskites,” Nat. Photonics 10(1), 53–59 (2015).
[Crossref]

De Marco, N.

J. You, L. Meng, T.-B. Song, T.-F. Guo, Y. M. Yang, W.-H. Chang, Z. Hong, H. Chen, H. Zhou, Q. Chen, Y. Liu, N. De Marco, and Y. Yang, “Improved air stability of perovskite solar cells via solution-processed metal oxide transport layers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 75–81 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Décoppet, J.-D.

X. Li, D. Bi, C. Yi, J.-D. Décoppet, J. Luo, S. M. Zakeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “A vacuum flash-assisted solution process for high-efficiency large-area perovskite solar cells,” Science 353(6294), 58–62 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DeMaria, A. J.

D. A. Stetser and A. J. DeMaria, “Optical spectra of ultrashort optical pulses generated by mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9(3), 118–120 (1966).
[Crossref]

deQuilettes, D. W.

D. W. deQuilettes, W. Zhang, V. M. Burlakov, D. J. Graham, T. Leijtens, A. Osherov, V. Bulović, H. J. Snaith, D. S. Ginger, and S. D. Stranks, “Photo-induced halide redistribution in organic-inorganic perovskite films,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11683 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deschler, F.

L. M. Pazos-Outón, M. Szumilo, R. Lamboll, J. M. Richter, M. Crespo-Quesada, M. Abdi-Jalebi, H. J. Beeson, M. Vrućinić, M. Alsari, H. J. Snaith, B. Ehrler, R. H. Friend, and F. Deschler, “Photon recycling in lead iodide perovskite solar cells,” Science 351(6280), 1430–1433 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-K. Tan, R. S. Moghaddam, M. L. Lai, P. Docampo, R. Higler, F. Deschler, M. Price, A. Sadhanala, L. M. Pazos, D. Credgington, F. Hanusch, T. Bein, H. J. Snaith, and R. H. Friend, “Bright light-emitting diodes based on organometal halide perovskite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(9), 687–692 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dhanker, R.

R. Dhanker, A. Brigeman, A. Larsen, R. Stewart, J. Asbury, and N. Giebink, “Random lasing in organo-lead halide perovskite microcrystal networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(15), 151112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Docampo, P.

Z.-K. Tan, R. S. Moghaddam, M. L. Lai, P. Docampo, R. Higler, F. Deschler, M. Price, A. Sadhanala, L. M. Pazos, D. Credgington, F. Hanusch, T. Bein, H. J. Snaith, and R. H. Friend, “Bright light-emitting diodes based on organometal halide perovskite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(9), 687–692 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, B.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dowben, P. A.

D. Shi, V. Adinolfi, R. Comin, M. Yuan, E. Alarousu, A. Buin, Y. Chen, S. Hoogland, A. Rothenberger, K. Katsiev, Y. Losovyj, X. Zhang, P. A. Dowben, O. F. Mohammed, E. H. Sargent, and O. M. Bakr, “Solar cells. Low trap-state density and long carrier diffusion in organolead trihalide perovskite single crystals,” Science 347(6221), 519–522 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, L.

B. Huang, J. Yi, L. Du, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, P. H. Tang, J. Liu, Y. H. Zou, H. L. Luo, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene Q-switched vectorial fiber laser with switchable polarized output,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(1), 26 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ehrler, B.

L. M. Pazos-Outón, M. Szumilo, R. Lamboll, J. M. Richter, M. Crespo-Quesada, M. Abdi-Jalebi, H. J. Beeson, M. Vrućinić, M. Alsari, H. J. Snaith, B. Ehrler, R. H. Friend, and F. Deschler, “Photon recycling in lead iodide perovskite solar cells,” Science 351(6280), 1430–1433 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eperon, G. E.

D. P. McMeekin, G. Sadoughi, W. Rehman, G. E. Eperon, M. Saliba, M. T. Hörantner, A. Haghighirad, N. Sakai, L. Korte, B. Rech, M. B. Johnston, L. M. Herz, and H. J. Snaith, “A mixed-cation lead mixed-halide perovskite absorber for tandem solar cells,” Science 351(6269), 151–155 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, D.

Fan, J.

R. Zhang, J. Fan, X. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Mai, T. Xu, J. Wang, and H. J. Snaith, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskites,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 371–377 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fedosejevs, R.

L. Pan, I. Utkin, and R. Fedosejevs, “Passively Q-switched ytterbiumdoped double-clad fiber laser with a Cr4+: YAG saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1979–1981 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Filippov, V. N.

France, R. M.

Y. Yang, D. P. Ostrowski, R. M. France, K. Zhu, J. V. de Lagemaat, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Observation of a hot-phonon bottleneck in lead-iodide perovskites,” Nat. Photonics 10(1), 53–59 (2015).
[Crossref]

Friend, R. H.

L. M. Pazos-Outón, M. Szumilo, R. Lamboll, J. M. Richter, M. Crespo-Quesada, M. Abdi-Jalebi, H. J. Beeson, M. Vrućinić, M. Alsari, H. J. Snaith, B. Ehrler, R. H. Friend, and F. Deschler, “Photon recycling in lead iodide perovskite solar cells,” Science 351(6280), 1430–1433 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-K. Tan, R. S. Moghaddam, M. L. Lai, P. Docampo, R. Higler, F. Deschler, M. Price, A. Sadhanala, L. M. Pazos, D. Credgington, F. Hanusch, T. Bein, H. J. Snaith, and R. H. Friend, “Bright light-emitting diodes based on organometal halide perovskite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(9), 687–692 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, P.

J. Burschka, N. Pellet, S. J. Moon, R. H. Baker, P. Gao, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells,” Nature 499(7458), 316–319 (2013).
[Crossref]

Giebink, N.

R. Dhanker, A. Brigeman, A. Larsen, R. Stewart, J. Asbury, and N. Giebink, “Random lasing in organo-lead halide perovskite microcrystal networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(15), 151112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ginger, D. S.

D. W. deQuilettes, W. Zhang, V. M. Burlakov, D. J. Graham, T. Leijtens, A. Osherov, V. Bulović, H. J. Snaith, D. S. Ginger, and S. D. Stranks, “Photo-induced halide redistribution in organic-inorganic perovskite films,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11683 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gomes, L. A.

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Z. P. Sun, A. Martinez, and F. Wang, “Optical modulators with 2D layered materials,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 227–238 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F. Z.

Wang, J.

R. Zhang, J. Fan, X. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Mai, T. Xu, J. Wang, and H. J. Snaith, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskites,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 371–377 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J. L.

J. L. Wang, X. L. Wang, B. R. He, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Wei, and Y. G. Wang, “High-energy pulse generation using Yb-doped Q-switched fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chin. Phys. B 24(9), 097601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

Wang, Q.

Wang, S.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X. L.

J. L. Wang, X. L. Wang, B. R. He, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Wei, and Y. G. Wang, “High-energy pulse generation using Yb-doped Q-switched fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chin. Phys. B 24(9), 097601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. G.

J. L. Wang, X. L. Wang, B. R. He, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Wei, and Y. G. Wang, “High-energy pulse generation using Yb-doped Q-switched fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chin. Phys. B 24(9), 097601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. T.

W. G. Lu, C. Chen, D. B. Han, L. H. Yao, J. B. Han, H. Z. Zhong, and Y. T. Wang, “Nonlinear optical properties of colloidal CH3NH3PbBr3 and CsPbBr3 quantum dots: a comparison study using Z-scan technique,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1732–1737 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wei, L.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wei, Z. Y.

J. L. Wang, X. L. Wang, B. R. He, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Wei, and Y. G. Wang, “High-energy pulse generation using Yb-doped Q-switched fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chin. Phys. B 24(9), 097601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Wen, S. C.

B. Huang, J. Yi, L. Du, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, P. H. Tang, J. Liu, Y. H. Zou, H. L. Luo, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene Q-switched vectorial fiber laser with switchable polarized output,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(1), 26 (2017).
[Crossref]

Weng, J.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Weng, H. Cheng, Z. Lin, B. Xu, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, I. H.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woodward, R. I.

Wu, C. I.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. L. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. L.

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. L. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, J. Y.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.

Xia, H.

Xia, K.

Xie, Y.

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-Performance Flexible Broadband Photodetector Based on Organolead Halide Perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Weng, H. Cheng, Z. Lin, B. Xu, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

Xu, H. Y.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, L. X.

J. Lin, K. Yan, Y. Zhou, L. X. Xu, C. Gu, and Q. W. Zhan, “Tungsten disulphide based all fiber Q-switching cylindrical-vector beam generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(19), 191108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, T.

R. Zhang, J. Fan, X. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Mai, T. Xu, J. Wang, and H. J. Snaith, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskites,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 371–377 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. C.

Yan, K.

J. Lin, K. Yan, Y. Zhou, L. X. Xu, C. Gu, and Q. W. Zhan, “Tungsten disulphide based all fiber Q-switching cylindrical-vector beam generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(19), 191108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. J.

Yang, Q. H.

Yang, W.

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-Performance Flexible Broadband Photodetector Based on Organolead Halide Perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, D. P. Ostrowski, R. M. France, K. Zhu, J. V. de Lagemaat, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Observation of a hot-phonon bottleneck in lead-iodide perovskites,” Nat. Photonics 10(1), 53–59 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. You, L. Meng, T.-B. Song, T.-F. Guo, Y. M. Yang, W.-H. Chang, Z. Hong, H. Chen, H. Zhou, Q. Chen, Y. Liu, N. De Marco, and Y. Yang, “Improved air stability of perovskite solar cells via solution-processed metal oxide transport layers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 75–81 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y. M.

J. You, L. Meng, T.-B. Song, T.-F. Guo, Y. M. Yang, W.-H. Chang, Z. Hong, H. Chen, H. Zhou, Q. Chen, Y. Liu, N. De Marco, and Y. Yang, “Improved air stability of perovskite solar cells via solution-processed metal oxide transport layers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 75–81 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, L. H.

W. G. Lu, C. Chen, D. B. Han, L. H. Yao, J. B. Han, H. Z. Zhong, and Y. T. Wang, “Nonlinear optical properties of colloidal CH3NH3PbBr3 and CsPbBr3 quantum dots: a comparison study using Z-scan technique,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1732–1737 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yi, C.

X. Li, D. Bi, C. Yi, J.-D. Décoppet, J. Luo, S. M. Zakeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “A vacuum flash-assisted solution process for high-efficiency large-area perovskite solar cells,” Science 353(6294), 58–62 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yi, J.

B. Huang, J. Yi, L. Du, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, P. H. Tang, J. Liu, Y. H. Zou, H. L. Luo, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene Q-switched vectorial fiber laser with switchable polarized output,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(1), 26 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Huang, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, J. Yi, P. Tang, J. Liu, C. Zhao, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Wavelength-locked vectorial fiber laser manipulated by Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Opt. Express 25(1), 30–38 (2017).
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You, J.

J. You, L. Meng, T.-B. Song, T.-F. Guo, Y. M. Yang, W.-H. Chang, Z. Hong, H. Chen, H. Zhou, Q. Chen, Y. Liu, N. De Marco, and Y. Yang, “Improved air stability of perovskite solar cells via solution-processed metal oxide transport layers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 75–81 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

R. Zhang, J. Fan, X. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Mai, T. Xu, J. Wang, and H. J. Snaith, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskites,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 371–377 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, X.

Yuan, M.

D. Shi, V. Adinolfi, R. Comin, M. Yuan, E. Alarousu, A. Buin, Y. Chen, S. Hoogland, A. Rothenberger, K. Katsiev, Y. Losovyj, X. Zhang, P. A. Dowben, O. F. Mohammed, E. H. Sargent, and O. M. Bakr, “Solar cells. Low trap-state density and long carrier diffusion in organolead trihalide perovskite single crystals,” Science 347(6221), 519–522 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zaban, A.

B. S. Kalanoor, L. Gouda, R. Gottesman, S. Tirosh, E. Haltzi, A. Zaban, and Y. R. Tischler, “Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities in Organometallic Methylammonium Lead Iodide Perovskite Thin Films,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 361–370 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zakeeruddin, S. M.

X. Li, D. Bi, C. Yi, J.-D. Décoppet, J. Luo, S. M. Zakeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “A vacuum flash-assisted solution process for high-efficiency large-area perovskite solar cells,” Science 353(6294), 58–62 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zang, Z.

Zawadzka, A.

S. Mirershadi, S. A. Kandjani, A. Zawadzka, H. Rouhbakhsh, and B. Sahraoui, “Third order nonlinear optical properties of organometal halide perovskite by means of the Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 647, 7–13 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zdrojek, M.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Zdrojek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10(24), 241106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Q.

Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(1), 1–57 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Q. W.

J. Lin, K. Yan, Y. Zhou, L. X. Xu, C. Gu, and Q. W. Zhan, “Tungsten disulphide based all fiber Q-switching cylindrical-vector beam generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(19), 191108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B. T.

Zhang, H.

R. Zhang, J. Fan, X. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Mai, T. Xu, J. Wang, and H. J. Snaith, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskites,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 371–377 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
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H. Liu, A. P. Luo, F. Z. Wang, R. Tang, M. Liu, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Femtosecond pulse erbium-doped fiber laser by a few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4591–4594 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, R.

R. Zhang, J. Fan, X. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Mai, T. Xu, J. Wang, and H. J. Snaith, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskites,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 371–377 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, W.

D. W. deQuilettes, W. Zhang, V. M. Burlakov, D. J. Graham, T. Leijtens, A. Osherov, V. Bulović, H. J. Snaith, D. S. Ginger, and S. D. Stranks, “Photo-induced halide redistribution in organic-inorganic perovskite films,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11683 (2016).
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Zhang, X.

R. Zhang, J. Fan, X. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Mai, T. Xu, J. Wang, and H. J. Snaith, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskites,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 371–377 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Shi, V. Adinolfi, R. Comin, M. Yuan, E. Alarousu, A. Buin, Y. Chen, S. Hoogland, A. Rothenberger, K. Katsiev, Y. Losovyj, X. Zhang, P. A. Dowben, O. F. Mohammed, E. H. Sargent, and O. M. Bakr, “Solar cells. Low trap-state density and long carrier diffusion in organolead trihalide perovskite single crystals,” Science 347(6221), 519–522 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-Performance Flexible Broadband Photodetector Based on Organolead Halide Perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Xia, H. Li, C. Lan, C. Li, X. Zhang, S. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Ultrafast erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a CVD-grown molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(14), 17341–17348 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, C.

Zhao, C. J.

B. Huang, J. Yi, L. Du, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, P. H. Tang, J. Liu, Y. H. Zou, H. L. Luo, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene Q-switched vectorial fiber laser with switchable polarized output,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(1), 26 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, A. P. Luo, F. Z. Wang, R. Tang, M. Liu, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Femtosecond pulse erbium-doped fiber laser by a few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4591–4594 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, M.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, R. W.

Zhong, H. Z.

W. G. Lu, C. Chen, D. B. Han, L. H. Yao, J. B. Han, H. Z. Zhong, and Y. T. Wang, “Nonlinear optical properties of colloidal CH3NH3PbBr3 and CsPbBr3 quantum dots: a comparison study using Z-scan technique,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1732–1737 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhong, M.

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE. J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, D. P.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H.

J. You, L. Meng, T.-B. Song, T.-F. Guo, Y. M. Yang, W.-H. Chang, Z. Hong, H. Chen, H. Zhou, Q. Chen, Y. Liu, N. De Marco, and Y. Yang, “Improved air stability of perovskite solar cells via solution-processed metal oxide transport layers,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(1), 75–81 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Y.

J. Lin, K. Yan, Y. Zhou, L. X. Xu, C. Gu, and Q. W. Zhan, “Tungsten disulphide based all fiber Q-switching cylindrical-vector beam generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(19), 191108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J. F.

J. L. Wang, X. L. Wang, B. R. He, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Wei, and Y. G. Wang, “High-energy pulse generation using Yb-doped Q-switched fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chin. Phys. B 24(9), 097601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, K.

Y. Yang, D. P. Ostrowski, R. M. France, K. Zhu, J. V. de Lagemaat, J. M. Luther, and M. C. Beard, “Observation of a hot-phonon bottleneck in lead-iodide perovskites,” Nat. Photonics 10(1), 53–59 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y. H.

B. Huang, J. Yi, L. Du, G. B. Jiang, L. L. Miao, P. H. Tang, J. Liu, Y. H. Zou, H. L. Luo, C. J. Zhao, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene Q-switched vectorial fiber laser with switchable polarized output,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(1), 26 (2017).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (3)

B. S. Kalanoor, L. Gouda, R. Gottesman, S. Tirosh, E. Haltzi, A. Zaban, and Y. R. Tischler, “Third-Order Optical Nonlinearities in Organometallic Methylammonium Lead Iodide Perovskite Thin Films,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 361–370 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Zhang, J. Fan, X. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Mai, T. Xu, J. Wang, and H. J. Snaith, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Organic–Inorganic Halide Perovskites,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 371–377 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, S. F. Lin, Y. C. Chi, C. L. Wu, C. H. Cheng, W. H. Tseng, J. H. He, C. I. Wu, C. L. Lee, and G. R. Lin, “Using n-and p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator nanoparticles to enable controlled femtosecond mode-locking of fiber lasers,” ACS Photonics 2(4), 481–490 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

X. Hu, X. Zhang, L. Liang, J. Bao, S. Li, W. Yang, and Y. Xie, “High-Performance Flexible Broadband Photodetector Based on Organolead Halide Perovskite,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(46), 7373–7380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

W. G. Lu, C. Chen, D. B. Han, L. H. Yao, J. B. Han, H. Z. Zhong, and Y. T. Wang, “Nonlinear optical properties of colloidal CH3NH3PbBr3 and CsPbBr3 quantum dots: a comparison study using Z-scan technique,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1732–1737 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(1), 1–57 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

J. Lin, K. Yan, Y. Zhou, L. X. Xu, C. Gu, and Q. W. Zhan, “Tungsten disulphide based all fiber Q-switching cylindrical-vector beam generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(19), 191108 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Dhanker, A. Brigeman, A. Larsen, R. Stewart, J. Asbury, and N. Giebink, “Random lasing in organo-lead halide perovskite microcrystal networks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(15), 151112 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Zdrojek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 10(24), 241106 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. P. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Kim, J. Cho, S. Y. Jang, and Y. W. Song, “Deformation-immunized optical deposition of graphene for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(2), 021104 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. A. Stetser and A. J. DeMaria, “Optical spectra of ultrashort optical pulses generated by mode-locked Nd:glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9(3), 118–120 (1966).
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S. Schön, M. Haiml, and U. Keller, “Ultrabroadband AIGaAs/CaF2 semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(6), 782–784 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Mirershadi, S. A. Kandjani, A. Zawadzka, H. Rouhbakhsh, and B. Sahraoui, “Third order nonlinear optical properties of organometal halide perovskite by means of the Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 647, 7–13 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. B (1)

J. L. Wang, X. L. Wang, B. R. He, J. F. Zhu, Z. Y. Wei, and Y. G. Wang, “High-energy pulse generation using Yb-doped Q-switched fiber laser based on single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Chin. Phys. B 24(9), 097601 (2015).
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) SEM image and (b) XRD profile of the CH3NH3PbI3 film.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Linear transmittance curve of perovskite SA. (b) The open-aperture Z-scan trace for perovskite SA at 1072 nm wavelength.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experiment setup of perovskite-based passively Q-switched vectorial fiber laser.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Output spectrum of the HOIPs SA passively Q-switched vectorial fiber laser.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The output characteristics of HOIPs SA passively Q-switched vectorial fiber laser. (a) Output power and pulse energy as a function of incident pump power. (b) Pulse width and pulse repetition frequency as a function of incident pump power.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The oscilloscope traces of HOIPs SA passively Q-switched pulse with different incident pump power. (b) The single pulse trace of HOIPs SA passively Q-switched vectorial fiber laser at the maximum incident pump power.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) The experimental far-field intensity distributions of radially polarized beam at the maximum output power. (b)-(e) The radially polarized beam pattern after the passage through the polarization analyzer. The white arrows represent the optical axis direction of polarization analyzer.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) The experimental far-field intensity distributions of azimuthally polarized beam at the maximum output power. (b)-(e) The azimuthally polarized beam pattern after the passage through the polarization analyzer. The white arrows represent the optical axis direction of polarization analyzer.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Typical 1 μm passively Q-switched fiber lasers by different SAs

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