Abstract

Biomimetic hierarchical structures are an important branch among bio-inspired materials. These structures are responsible for rich physical and chemical phenomena. In this paper, we briefly reviewed facile methods to fabricate large-area biomimetic hierarchical structures via laser processing. One is based on femtosecond laser direct writing, and the other is based on two-beam interference lithography. In details, the first method is laser ablation on ZnS thin films via femtosecond direct writing combined with a phase mask. The second method is a multi-exposure lithography by two-beam interference on a photoresist with varied exposure angles to acquire structural hierarchies with periodicity. Owing to the outstanding patterning ability of the two laser-processing approaches, a diversity of large-area hierarchical structures can be obtained and show rich biomimetic functions such as superhydrophobicity.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (1)

2015 (4)

D. G. Stavenga, H. L. Leertouwer, D. C. Osorio, and B. D. Wilts, “High refractive index of melanin in shiny occipital feathers of a bird of paradise,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e243 (2015).

J. K. Oh, X. Lu, Y. Min, L. Cisneros-Zevallos, and M. Akbulut, “Bacterially Antiadhesive, Optically Transparent Surfaces Inspired from Rice Leaves,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(34), 19274–19281 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wen, J. C. Weaver, P. J. M. Thornycroft, and G. V. Lauder, “Hydrodynamic function of biomimetic shark skin: effect of denticle pattern and spacing,” Bioinspir. Biomim. 10(6), 066010 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Wang, X. Yao, H. Liu, D. Quéré, and L. Jiang, “Self-removal of condensed water on the legs of water striders,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(30), 9247–9252 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (6)

M. Liu, S. Wang, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired multiscale surfaces with special wettability,” MRS Bull. 38(05), 375–382 (2013).
[Crossref]

B.-B. Xu, Y.-L. Zhang, W.-Y. Zhang, X.-Q. Liu, J.-N. Wang, X.-L. Zhang, D.-D. Zhang, H.-B. Jiang, R. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Silver-Coated Rose Petal: Green, Facile, Low-Cost and Sustainable Fabrication of a SERS Substrate with Unique Superhydrophobicity and High Efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(1), 56–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Yoshii, J. K. Anthony, and M. Katsuragawa, “The simplest route to generating a train of attosecond pulses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e58 (2013).

Y. Nishijima, Y. Adachi, L. Rosa, and S. Juodkazis, “Augmented sensitivity of an IR-absorption gas sensor employing a metal hole array,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 968 (2013).

R. Buividas, S. Rekstyte, M. Malinauskas, and S. Juodkazis, “Nano-groove and 3D fabrication by controlled avalanche using femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1674–1686 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Liao, L. Qiao, Z. Wang, M. Wang, L. Liu, K. Sugioka, and Y. Cheng, “Fabrication of a liquid crystal light modulator by use of femtosecond-laser-induced nanoripples,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(10), 1698–1704 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

J.-T. Chen, W.-C. Lai, Y.-J. Kao, Y.-Y. Yang, and J.-K. Sheu, “Laser-induced periodic structures for light extraction efficiency enhancement of GaN-based light emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5689–5695 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Hayasaki, M. Isaka, A. Takita, S. Hasegawa, and S. Juodkazis, “Photo-acoustic sub-micrometer modifications of glass by pair of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(5), 691–699 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. Mahjouri-Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, “Simultaneous additive and subtractive three-dimensional nanofabrication using integrated two-photon polymerization and multiphoton ablation,” Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).

Y.-L. Zhang, H. Xia, E. Kim, and H.-B. Sun, “Recent developments in superhydrophobic surfaces with unique structural and functional properties,” Soft Matter 8(44), 11217–11231 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Guo, H.-B. Jiang, R.-Q. Shao, Y.-L. Zhang, S.-Y. Xie, J.-N. Wang, X.-B. Li, F. Jiang, Q.-D. Chen, T. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Two-beam-laser interference mediated reduction, patterning and nanostructuring of graphene oxide for the production of a flexible humidity sensing device,” Carbon 50(4), 1667–1673 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

S.-J. Choi, M. K. Choi, D. Tahk, and H. Yoon, “Fabrication of a hierarchical structure by oxygen plasma etching of a photocured microstructure containing a silicon moiety,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(38), 14936–14940 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Wu, J. N. Wang, S. Z. Wu, Q. D. Chen, S. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. B. Sun, and L. Jiang, “Three-Level Biomimetic Rice-Leaf Surfaces with Controllable Anisotropic Sliding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(15), 2927–2932 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Lin, F. Luo, F. He, Q. Chen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, J. Qiu, and Q. Zhao, “Different refractive index change behavior in borosilicate glasses induced by 1 kHz and 250 kHz femtosecond lasers Invited,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(4), 724–731 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (6)

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, J. Jiao, B.-B. Xu, X.-F. Lin, Y. Xu, and H.-B. Sun, “A facile approach for artificial biomimetic surfaces with both superhydrophobicity and iridescence,” Soft Matter 6(2), 263–267 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, L. Guo, S. Wei, Y. He, H. Xia, Q. Chen, H.-B. Sun, and F.-S. Xiao, “Direct imprinting of microcircuits on graphene oxides film by femtosecond laser reduction,” Nano Today 5(1), 15–20 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Yao, Q. Chen, L. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Song, X. Gao, D. Quere, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired Ribbed Nanoneedles with Robust Superhydrophobicity,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 656–662 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Zheng, W. Shen, and L. Jiang, “The Structural Color of Red Rose Petals and Their Duplicates,” Langmuir 26(18), 14885–14888 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-L. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Designable 3D nanofabrication by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Nano Today 5(5), 435–448 (2010).
[Crossref]

B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, L.-G. Niu, J.-N. Wang, J. Wang, R. Wang, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Femtosecond laser rapid prototyping of nanoshells and suspending components towards microfluidic devices,” Lab Chip 9(16), 2391–2394 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bhushan, K. Koch, and Y. C. Jung, “Fabrication and characterization of the hierarchical structure for superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning,” Ultramicroscopy 109(8), 1029–1034 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

F. Zhang, J. Chan, and H. Y. Low, “Biomimetic, hierarchical structures on polymer surfaces by sequential imprinting,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(10), 2975–2979 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, J. Xi, Y. Zhu, N. Wang, F. Xia, and L. Jiang, “Petal effect: A superhydrophobic state with high adhesive force,” Langmuir 24(8), 4114–4119 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. D. Guo, R. X. Li, Y. Hang, Z. Z. Xu, B. K. Yu, H. L. Ma, B. Lu, and X. W. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on ZnO,” Mater. Lett. 62(12-13), 1769–1771 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Miyaji and K. Miyazaki, “Origin of periodicity in nanostructuring on thin film surfaces ablated with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 16(20), 16265–16271 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. Guo, “Periodic ordering of random surface nanostructures induced by femtosecond laser pulses on metals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 034903 (2007).

2005 (2)

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

R. Le Harzic, H. Schuck, D. Sauer, T. Anhut, I. Riemann, and K. König, “Sub-100 nm nanostructuring of silicon by ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Express 13(17), 6651–6656 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

M. Ivanov and P. Rochon, “Infrared-laser-induced periodic surface structure in azo-dye polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4511–4513 (2004).
[Crossref]

X. Gao and L. Jiang, “Biophysics: water-repellent legs of water striders,” Nature 432(7013), 36 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Geim, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, K. S. Novoselov, A. A. Zhukov, and S. Y. Shapoval, “Microfabricated adhesive mimicking gecko foot-hair,” Nat. Mater. 2(7), 461–463 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Yelin, D. Oron, S. Thiberge, E. Moses, and Y. Silberberg, “Multiphoton plasmon-resonance microscopy,” Opt. Express 11(12), 1385–1391 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

K. Autumn, Y. A. Liang, S. T. Hsieh, W. Zesch, W. P. Chan, T. W. Kenny, R. Fearing, and R. J. Full, “Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair,” Nature 405(6787), 681–685 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

P. Ball, “Engineering - Shark skin and other solutions,” Nature 400(6744), 507–509 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

W. Barthlott and C. Neinhuis, “Purity of the sacred lotus, or escape from contamination in biological surfaces,” Planta 202(1), 1–8 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. Neinhuis and W. Barthlott, “Characterization and Distribution of Water-repellent, Self-cleaning Plant Surfaces,” Ann. Bot. (Lond.) 79(6), 667–677 (1997).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1983 (1)

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. Van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

Adachi, Y.

Akbulut, M.

J. K. Oh, X. Lu, Y. Min, L. Cisneros-Zevallos, and M. Akbulut, “Bacterially Antiadhesive, Optically Transparent Surfaces Inspired from Rice Leaves,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(34), 19274–19281 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anhut, T.

Anthony, J. K.

K. Yoshii, J. K. Anthony, and M. Katsuragawa, “The simplest route to generating a train of attosecond pulses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e58 (2013).

Autumn, K.

K. Autumn, Y. A. Liang, S. T. Hsieh, W. Zesch, W. P. Chan, T. W. Kenny, R. Fearing, and R. J. Full, “Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair,” Nature 405(6787), 681–685 (2000).
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W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. Mahjouri-Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, “Simultaneous additive and subtractive three-dimensional nanofabrication using integrated two-photon polymerization and multiphoton ablation,” Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).

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B. Bhushan, K. Koch, and Y. C. Jung, “Fabrication and characterization of the hierarchical structure for superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning,” Ultramicroscopy 109(8), 1029–1034 (2009).
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Chan, J.

F. Zhang, J. Chan, and H. Y. Low, “Biomimetic, hierarchical structures on polymer surfaces by sequential imprinting,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(10), 2975–2979 (2008).
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K. Autumn, Y. A. Liang, S. T. Hsieh, W. Zesch, W. P. Chan, T. W. Kenny, R. Fearing, and R. J. Full, “Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair,” Nature 405(6787), 681–685 (2000).
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Chen, H. X.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Chen, J.-T.

Chen, Q.

G. Lin, F. Luo, F. He, Q. Chen, D. Chen, Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, J. Qiu, and Q. Zhao, “Different refractive index change behavior in borosilicate glasses induced by 1 kHz and 250 kHz femtosecond lasers Invited,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(4), 724–731 (2011).
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X. Yao, Q. Chen, L. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Song, X. Gao, D. Quere, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired Ribbed Nanoneedles with Robust Superhydrophobicity,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 656–662 (2010).
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Y. Zhang, L. Guo, S. Wei, Y. He, H. Xia, Q. Chen, H.-B. Sun, and F.-S. Xiao, “Direct imprinting of microcircuits on graphene oxides film by femtosecond laser reduction,” Nano Today 5(1), 15–20 (2010).
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Chen, Q. D.

D. Wu, J. N. Wang, S. Z. Wu, Q. D. Chen, S. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. B. Sun, and L. Jiang, “Three-Level Biomimetic Rice-Leaf Surfaces with Controllable Anisotropic Sliding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(15), 2927–2932 (2011).
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L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
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L. Guo, H.-B. Jiang, R.-Q. Shao, Y.-L. Zhang, S.-Y. Xie, J.-N. Wang, X.-B. Li, F. Jiang, Q.-D. Chen, T. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Two-beam-laser interference mediated reduction, patterning and nanostructuring of graphene oxide for the production of a flexible humidity sensing device,” Carbon 50(4), 1667–1673 (2012).
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Y.-L. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Designable 3D nanofabrication by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Nano Today 5(5), 435–448 (2010).
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D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, J. Jiao, B.-B. Xu, X.-F. Lin, Y. Xu, and H.-B. Sun, “A facile approach for artificial biomimetic surfaces with both superhydrophobicity and iridescence,” Soft Matter 6(2), 263–267 (2010).
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B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
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D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, L.-G. Niu, J.-N. Wang, J. Wang, R. Wang, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Femtosecond laser rapid prototyping of nanoshells and suspending components towards microfluidic devices,” Lab Chip 9(16), 2391–2394 (2009).
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Cheng, Y.

Choi, M. K.

S.-J. Choi, M. K. Choi, D. Tahk, and H. Yoon, “Fabrication of a hierarchical structure by oxygen plasma etching of a photocured microstructure containing a silicon moiety,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(38), 14936–14940 (2011).
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S.-J. Choi, M. K. Choi, D. Tahk, and H. Yoon, “Fabrication of a hierarchical structure by oxygen plasma etching of a photocured microstructure containing a silicon moiety,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(38), 14936–14940 (2011).
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Chu, W.

Cisneros-Zevallos, L.

J. K. Oh, X. Lu, Y. Min, L. Cisneros-Zevallos, and M. Akbulut, “Bacterially Antiadhesive, Optically Transparent Surfaces Inspired from Rice Leaves,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(34), 19274–19281 (2015).
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Dubonos, S. V.

A. K. Geim, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, K. S. Novoselov, A. A. Zhukov, and S. Y. Shapoval, “Microfabricated adhesive mimicking gecko foot-hair,” Nat. Mater. 2(7), 461–463 (2003).
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Fang, H.-H.

B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
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Fearing, R.

K. Autumn, Y. A. Liang, S. T. Hsieh, W. Zesch, W. P. Chan, T. W. Kenny, R. Fearing, and R. J. Full, “Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair,” Nature 405(6787), 681–685 (2000).
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Feng, L.

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Zheng, W. Shen, and L. Jiang, “The Structural Color of Red Rose Petals and Their Duplicates,” Langmuir 26(18), 14885–14888 (2010).
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L. Feng, Y. Zhang, J. Xi, Y. Zhu, N. Wang, F. Xia, and L. Jiang, “Petal effect: A superhydrophobic state with high adhesive force,” Langmuir 24(8), 4114–4119 (2008).
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B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
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Full, R. J.

K. Autumn, Y. A. Liang, S. T. Hsieh, W. Zesch, W. P. Chan, T. W. Kenny, R. Fearing, and R. J. Full, “Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair,” Nature 405(6787), 681–685 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, B.-R.

B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
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Gao, X.

X. Yao, Q. Chen, L. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Song, X. Gao, D. Quere, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired Ribbed Nanoneedles with Robust Superhydrophobicity,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 656–662 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Gao and L. Jiang, “Biophysics: water-repellent legs of water striders,” Nature 432(7013), 36 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, Y.

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. Mahjouri-Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, “Simultaneous additive and subtractive three-dimensional nanofabrication using integrated two-photon polymerization and multiphoton ablation,” Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).

Geim, A. K.

A. K. Geim, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, K. S. Novoselov, A. A. Zhukov, and S. Y. Shapoval, “Microfabricated adhesive mimicking gecko foot-hair,” Nat. Mater. 2(7), 461–463 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghiradella, H.

Grigorieva, I. V.

A. K. Geim, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, K. S. Novoselov, A. A. Zhukov, and S. Y. Shapoval, “Microfabricated adhesive mimicking gecko foot-hair,” Nat. Mater. 2(7), 461–463 (2003).
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A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. Guo, “Periodic ordering of random surface nanostructures induced by femtosecond laser pulses on metals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 034903 (2007).

Guo, L.

L. Guo, H.-B. Jiang, R.-Q. Shao, Y.-L. Zhang, S.-Y. Xie, J.-N. Wang, X.-B. Li, F. Jiang, Q.-D. Chen, T. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Two-beam-laser interference mediated reduction, patterning and nanostructuring of graphene oxide for the production of a flexible humidity sensing device,” Carbon 50(4), 1667–1673 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, L. Guo, S. Wei, Y. He, H. Xia, Q. Chen, H.-B. Sun, and F.-S. Xiao, “Direct imprinting of microcircuits on graphene oxides film by femtosecond laser reduction,” Nano Today 5(1), 15–20 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guo, X. D.

X. D. Guo, R. X. Li, Y. Hang, Z. Z. Xu, B. K. Yu, H. L. Ma, B. Lu, and X. W. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on ZnO,” Mater. Lett. 62(12-13), 1769–1771 (2008).
[Crossref]

Han, W.

L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hang, Y.

X. D. Guo, R. X. Li, Y. Hang, Z. Z. Xu, B. K. Yu, H. L. Ma, B. Lu, and X. W. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on ZnO,” Mater. Lett. 62(12-13), 1769–1771 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hao, Y.-W.

B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
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Hasegawa, S.

Hayasaki, Y.

He, F.

He, X. K.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

He, X. N.

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. Mahjouri-Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, “Simultaneous additive and subtractive three-dimensional nanofabrication using integrated two-photon polymerization and multiphoton ablation,” Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).

He, Y.

Y. Zhang, L. Guo, S. Wei, Y. He, H. Xia, Q. Chen, H.-B. Sun, and F.-S. Xiao, “Direct imprinting of microcircuits on graphene oxides film by femtosecond laser reduction,” Nano Today 5(1), 15–20 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hirao, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsieh, S. T.

K. Autumn, Y. A. Liang, S. T. Hsieh, W. Zesch, W. P. Chan, T. W. Kenny, R. Fearing, and R. J. Full, “Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair,” Nature 405(6787), 681–685 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, M.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Isaka, M.

Ivanov, M.

M. Ivanov and P. Rochon, “Infrared-laser-induced periodic surface structure in azo-dye polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4511–4513 (2004).
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T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Jiang, F.

L. Guo, H.-B. Jiang, R.-Q. Shao, Y.-L. Zhang, S.-Y. Xie, J.-N. Wang, X.-B. Li, F. Jiang, Q.-D. Chen, T. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Two-beam-laser interference mediated reduction, patterning and nanostructuring of graphene oxide for the production of a flexible humidity sensing device,” Carbon 50(4), 1667–1673 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.-B.

B.-B. Xu, Y.-L. Zhang, W.-Y. Zhang, X.-Q. Liu, J.-N. Wang, X.-L. Zhang, D.-D. Zhang, H.-B. Jiang, R. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Silver-Coated Rose Petal: Green, Facile, Low-Cost and Sustainable Fabrication of a SERS Substrate with Unique Superhydrophobicity and High Efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(1), 56–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Guo, H.-B. Jiang, R.-Q. Shao, Y.-L. Zhang, S.-Y. Xie, J.-N. Wang, X.-B. Li, F. Jiang, Q.-D. Chen, T. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Two-beam-laser interference mediated reduction, patterning and nanostructuring of graphene oxide for the production of a flexible humidity sensing device,” Carbon 50(4), 1667–1673 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, L.

Q. Wang, X. Yao, H. Liu, D. Quéré, and L. Jiang, “Self-removal of condensed water on the legs of water striders,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(30), 9247–9252 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, S. Wang, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired multiscale surfaces with special wettability,” MRS Bull. 38(05), 375–382 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. Mahjouri-Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, “Simultaneous additive and subtractive three-dimensional nanofabrication using integrated two-photon polymerization and multiphoton ablation,” Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).

D. Wu, J. N. Wang, S. Z. Wu, Q. D. Chen, S. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. B. Sun, and L. Jiang, “Three-Level Biomimetic Rice-Leaf Surfaces with Controllable Anisotropic Sliding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(15), 2927–2932 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Zheng, W. Shen, and L. Jiang, “The Structural Color of Red Rose Petals and Their Duplicates,” Langmuir 26(18), 14885–14888 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yao, Q. Chen, L. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Song, X. Gao, D. Quere, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired Ribbed Nanoneedles with Robust Superhydrophobicity,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 656–662 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, J. Xi, Y. Zhu, N. Wang, F. Xia, and L. Jiang, “Petal effect: A superhydrophobic state with high adhesive force,” Langmuir 24(8), 4114–4119 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gao and L. Jiang, “Biophysics: water-repellent legs of water striders,” Nature 432(7013), 36 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y.

B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiao, J.

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, J. Jiao, B.-B. Xu, X.-F. Lin, Y. Xu, and H.-B. Sun, “A facile approach for artificial biomimetic surfaces with both superhydrophobicity and iridescence,” Soft Matter 6(2), 263–267 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jung, Y. C.

B. Bhushan, K. Koch, and Y. C. Jung, “Fabrication and characterization of the hierarchical structure for superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning,” Ultramicroscopy 109(8), 1029–1034 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Juodkazis, S.

Kao, Y.-J.

Katsuragawa, M.

K. Yoshii, J. K. Anthony, and M. Katsuragawa, “The simplest route to generating a train of attosecond pulses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e58 (2013).

Kazansky, P. G.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Self-organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(24), 247405 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kenny, T. W.

K. Autumn, Y. A. Liang, S. T. Hsieh, W. Zesch, W. P. Chan, T. W. Kenny, R. Fearing, and R. J. Full, “Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair,” Nature 405(6787), 681–685 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, E.

Y.-L. Zhang, H. Xia, E. Kim, and H.-B. Sun, “Recent developments in superhydrophobic surfaces with unique structural and functional properties,” Soft Matter 8(44), 11217–11231 (2012).
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Koch, K.

B. Bhushan, K. Koch, and Y. C. Jung, “Fabrication and characterization of the hierarchical structure for superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning,” Ultramicroscopy 109(8), 1029–1034 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

König, K.

Kuroda, H.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Lai, W.-C.

Lauder, G. V.

L. Wen, J. C. Weaver, P. J. M. Thornycroft, and G. V. Lauder, “Hydrodynamic function of biomimetic shark skin: effect of denticle pattern and spacing,” Bioinspir. Biomim. 10(6), 066010 (2015).
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Le Harzic, R.

Leertouwer, H. L.

D. G. Stavenga, H. L. Leertouwer, D. C. Osorio, and B. D. Wilts, “High refractive index of melanin in shiny occipital feathers of a bird of paradise,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e243 (2015).

Li, M.

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Zheng, W. Shen, and L. Jiang, “The Structural Color of Red Rose Petals and Their Duplicates,” Langmuir 26(18), 14885–14888 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

X. Yao, Q. Chen, L. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Song, X. Gao, D. Quere, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired Ribbed Nanoneedles with Robust Superhydrophobicity,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 656–662 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, R. X.

X. D. Guo, R. X. Li, Y. Hang, Z. Z. Xu, B. K. Yu, H. L. Ma, B. Lu, and X. W. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on ZnO,” Mater. Lett. 62(12-13), 1769–1771 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Li, X.-B.

L. Guo, H.-B. Jiang, R.-Q. Shao, Y.-L. Zhang, S.-Y. Xie, J.-N. Wang, X.-B. Li, F. Jiang, Q.-D. Chen, T. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Two-beam-laser interference mediated reduction, patterning and nanostructuring of graphene oxide for the production of a flexible humidity sensing device,” Carbon 50(4), 1667–1673 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liang, Y. A.

K. Autumn, Y. A. Liang, S. T. Hsieh, W. Zesch, W. P. Chan, T. W. Kenny, R. Fearing, and R. J. Full, “Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair,” Nature 405(6787), 681–685 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liao, Y.

Lin, G.

Lin, X.-F.

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, J. Jiao, B.-B. Xu, X.-F. Lin, Y. Xu, and H.-B. Sun, “A facile approach for artificial biomimetic surfaces with both superhydrophobicity and iridescence,” Soft Matter 6(2), 263–267 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Q. Wang, X. Yao, H. Liu, D. Quéré, and L. Jiang, “Self-removal of condensed water on the legs of water striders,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(30), 9247–9252 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, L.

Liu, M.

M. Liu, S. Wang, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired multiscale surfaces with special wettability,” MRS Bull. 38(05), 375–382 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.-Q.

B.-B. Xu, Y.-L. Zhang, W.-Y. Zhang, X.-Q. Liu, J.-N. Wang, X.-L. Zhang, D.-D. Zhang, H.-B. Jiang, R. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Silver-Coated Rose Petal: Green, Facile, Low-Cost and Sustainable Fabrication of a SERS Substrate with Unique Superhydrophobicity and High Efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(1), 56–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

Low, H. Y.

F. Zhang, J. Chan, and H. Y. Low, “Biomimetic, hierarchical structures on polymer surfaces by sequential imprinting,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(10), 2975–2979 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, B.

X. D. Guo, R. X. Li, Y. Hang, Z. Z. Xu, B. K. Yu, H. L. Ma, B. Lu, and X. W. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on ZnO,” Mater. Lett. 62(12-13), 1769–1771 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lu, X.

J. K. Oh, X. Lu, Y. Min, L. Cisneros-Zevallos, and M. Akbulut, “Bacterially Antiadhesive, Optically Transparent Surfaces Inspired from Rice Leaves,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(34), 19274–19281 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Y. F.

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. Mahjouri-Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, “Simultaneous additive and subtractive three-dimensional nanofabrication using integrated two-photon polymerization and multiphoton ablation,” Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).

Luo, F.

Ma, H. L.

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W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. Mahjouri-Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, “Simultaneous additive and subtractive three-dimensional nanofabrication using integrated two-photon polymerization and multiphoton ablation,” Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).

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A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. Guo, “Periodic ordering of random surface nanostructures induced by femtosecond laser pulses on metals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 034903 (2007).

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J. K. Oh, X. Lu, Y. Min, L. Cisneros-Zevallos, and M. Akbulut, “Bacterially Antiadhesive, Optically Transparent Surfaces Inspired from Rice Leaves,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(34), 19274–19281 (2015).
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Osorio, D. C.

D. G. Stavenga, H. L. Leertouwer, D. C. Osorio, and B. D. Wilts, “High refractive index of melanin in shiny occipital feathers of a bird of paradise,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e243 (2015).

Pan, L.-Y.

B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
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J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. Van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
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L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
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Q. Wang, X. Yao, H. Liu, D. Quéré, and L. Jiang, “Self-removal of condensed water on the legs of water striders,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(30), 9247–9252 (2015).
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A. K. Geim, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, K. S. Novoselov, A. A. Zhukov, and S. Y. Shapoval, “Microfabricated adhesive mimicking gecko foot-hair,” Nat. Mater. 2(7), 461–463 (2003).
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X. Yao, Q. Chen, L. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Song, X. Gao, D. Quere, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired Ribbed Nanoneedles with Robust Superhydrophobicity,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 656–662 (2010).
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D. G. Stavenga, H. L. Leertouwer, D. C. Osorio, and B. D. Wilts, “High refractive index of melanin in shiny occipital feathers of a bird of paradise,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e243 (2015).

Sugioka, K.

Sun, H. B.

D. Wu, J. N. Wang, S. Z. Wu, Q. D. Chen, S. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. B. Sun, and L. Jiang, “Three-Level Biomimetic Rice-Leaf Surfaces with Controllable Anisotropic Sliding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(15), 2927–2932 (2011).
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Sun, H.-B.

L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
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B.-B. Xu, Y.-L. Zhang, W.-Y. Zhang, X.-Q. Liu, J.-N. Wang, X.-L. Zhang, D.-D. Zhang, H.-B. Jiang, R. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Silver-Coated Rose Petal: Green, Facile, Low-Cost and Sustainable Fabrication of a SERS Substrate with Unique Superhydrophobicity and High Efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(1), 56–60 (2013).
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L. Guo, H.-B. Jiang, R.-Q. Shao, Y.-L. Zhang, S.-Y. Xie, J.-N. Wang, X.-B. Li, F. Jiang, Q.-D. Chen, T. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Two-beam-laser interference mediated reduction, patterning and nanostructuring of graphene oxide for the production of a flexible humidity sensing device,” Carbon 50(4), 1667–1673 (2012).
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Y.-L. Zhang, H. Xia, E. Kim, and H.-B. Sun, “Recent developments in superhydrophobic surfaces with unique structural and functional properties,” Soft Matter 8(44), 11217–11231 (2012).
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D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, J. Jiao, B.-B. Xu, X.-F. Lin, Y. Xu, and H.-B. Sun, “A facile approach for artificial biomimetic surfaces with both superhydrophobicity and iridescence,” Soft Matter 6(2), 263–267 (2010).
[Crossref]

B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
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Y. Zhang, L. Guo, S. Wei, Y. He, H. Xia, Q. Chen, H.-B. Sun, and F.-S. Xiao, “Direct imprinting of microcircuits on graphene oxides film by femtosecond laser reduction,” Nano Today 5(1), 15–20 (2010).
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Y.-L. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Designable 3D nanofabrication by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Nano Today 5(5), 435–448 (2010).
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D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, L.-G. Niu, J.-N. Wang, J. Wang, R. Wang, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Femtosecond laser rapid prototyping of nanoshells and suspending components towards microfluidic devices,” Lab Chip 9(16), 2391–2394 (2009).
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X. D. Guo, R. X. Li, Y. Hang, Z. Z. Xu, B. K. Yu, H. L. Ma, B. Lu, and X. W. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on ZnO,” Mater. Lett. 62(12-13), 1769–1771 (2008).
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S.-J. Choi, M. K. Choi, D. Tahk, and H. Yoon, “Fabrication of a hierarchical structure by oxygen plasma etching of a photocured microstructure containing a silicon moiety,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(38), 14936–14940 (2011).
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Tan, Y.

Thiberge, S.

Thornycroft, P. J. M.

L. Wen, J. C. Weaver, P. J. M. Thornycroft, and G. V. Lauder, “Hydrodynamic function of biomimetic shark skin: effect of denticle pattern and spacing,” Bioinspir. Biomim. 10(6), 066010 (2015).
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J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. Van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
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Vorobyev, A. Y.

A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. Guo, “Periodic ordering of random surface nanostructures induced by femtosecond laser pulses on metals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 034903 (2007).

Wang, H.-Y.

L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, L.-G. Niu, J.-N. Wang, J. Wang, R. Wang, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Femtosecond laser rapid prototyping of nanoshells and suspending components towards microfluidic devices,” Lab Chip 9(16), 2391–2394 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J. N.

D. Wu, J. N. Wang, S. Z. Wu, Q. D. Chen, S. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. B. Sun, and L. Jiang, “Three-Level Biomimetic Rice-Leaf Surfaces with Controllable Anisotropic Sliding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(15), 2927–2932 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.-N.

B.-B. Xu, Y.-L. Zhang, W.-Y. Zhang, X.-Q. Liu, J.-N. Wang, X.-L. Zhang, D.-D. Zhang, H.-B. Jiang, R. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Silver-Coated Rose Petal: Green, Facile, Low-Cost and Sustainable Fabrication of a SERS Substrate with Unique Superhydrophobicity and High Efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(1), 56–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Guo, H.-B. Jiang, R.-Q. Shao, Y.-L. Zhang, S.-Y. Xie, J.-N. Wang, X.-B. Li, F. Jiang, Q.-D. Chen, T. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Two-beam-laser interference mediated reduction, patterning and nanostructuring of graphene oxide for the production of a flexible humidity sensing device,” Carbon 50(4), 1667–1673 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, L.-G. Niu, J.-N. Wang, J. Wang, R. Wang, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Femtosecond laser rapid prototyping of nanoshells and suspending components towards microfluidic devices,” Lab Chip 9(16), 2391–2394 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, M.

Wang, N.

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, J. Xi, Y. Zhu, N. Wang, F. Xia, and L. Jiang, “Petal effect: A superhydrophobic state with high adhesive force,” Langmuir 24(8), 4114–4119 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, X. Yao, H. Liu, D. Quéré, and L. Jiang, “Self-removal of condensed water on the legs of water striders,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(30), 9247–9252 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, R.

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, L.-G. Niu, J.-N. Wang, J. Wang, R. Wang, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Femtosecond laser rapid prototyping of nanoshells and suspending components towards microfluidic devices,” Lab Chip 9(16), 2391–2394 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. Liu, S. Wang, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired multiscale surfaces with special wettability,” MRS Bull. 38(05), 375–382 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Weaver, J. C.

L. Wen, J. C. Weaver, P. J. M. Thornycroft, and G. V. Lauder, “Hydrodynamic function of biomimetic shark skin: effect of denticle pattern and spacing,” Bioinspir. Biomim. 10(6), 066010 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, S.

Y. Zhang, L. Guo, S. Wei, Y. He, H. Xia, Q. Chen, H.-B. Sun, and F.-S. Xiao, “Direct imprinting of microcircuits on graphene oxides film by femtosecond laser reduction,” Nano Today 5(1), 15–20 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wen, L.

L. Wen, J. C. Weaver, P. J. M. Thornycroft, and G. V. Lauder, “Hydrodynamic function of biomimetic shark skin: effect of denticle pattern and spacing,” Bioinspir. Biomim. 10(6), 066010 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilts, B. D.

D. G. Stavenga, H. L. Leertouwer, D. C. Osorio, and B. D. Wilts, “High refractive index of melanin in shiny occipital feathers of a bird of paradise,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e243 (2015).

Wu, D.

D. Wu, J. N. Wang, S. Z. Wu, Q. D. Chen, S. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. B. Sun, and L. Jiang, “Three-Level Biomimetic Rice-Leaf Surfaces with Controllable Anisotropic Sliding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(15), 2927–2932 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, J. Jiao, B.-B. Xu, X.-F. Lin, Y. Xu, and H.-B. Sun, “A facile approach for artificial biomimetic surfaces with both superhydrophobicity and iridescence,” Soft Matter 6(2), 263–267 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, L.-G. Niu, J.-N. Wang, J. Wang, R. Wang, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Femtosecond laser rapid prototyping of nanoshells and suspending components towards microfluidic devices,” Lab Chip 9(16), 2391–2394 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, S. Z.

D. Wu, J. N. Wang, S. Z. Wu, Q. D. Chen, S. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. B. Sun, and L. Jiang, “Three-Level Biomimetic Rice-Leaf Surfaces with Controllable Anisotropic Sliding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(15), 2927–2932 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xi, J.

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, J. Xi, Y. Zhu, N. Wang, F. Xia, and L. Jiang, “Petal effect: A superhydrophobic state with high adhesive force,” Langmuir 24(8), 4114–4119 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, F.

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, J. Xi, Y. Zhu, N. Wang, F. Xia, and L. Jiang, “Petal effect: A superhydrophobic state with high adhesive force,” Langmuir 24(8), 4114–4119 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, H.

Y.-L. Zhang, H. Xia, E. Kim, and H.-B. Sun, “Recent developments in superhydrophobic surfaces with unique structural and functional properties,” Soft Matter 8(44), 11217–11231 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, J. Jiao, B.-B. Xu, X.-F. Lin, Y. Xu, and H.-B. Sun, “A facile approach for artificial biomimetic surfaces with both superhydrophobicity and iridescence,” Soft Matter 6(2), 263–267 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, L. Guo, S. Wei, Y. He, H. Xia, Q. Chen, H.-B. Sun, and F.-S. Xiao, “Direct imprinting of microcircuits on graphene oxides film by femtosecond laser reduction,” Nano Today 5(1), 15–20 (2010).
[Crossref]

B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-L. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Designable 3D nanofabrication by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Nano Today 5(5), 435–448 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, L.-G. Niu, J.-N. Wang, J. Wang, R. Wang, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Femtosecond laser rapid prototyping of nanoshells and suspending components towards microfluidic devices,” Lab Chip 9(16), 2391–2394 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, F.-S.

Y. Zhang, L. Guo, S. Wei, Y. He, H. Xia, Q. Chen, H.-B. Sun, and F.-S. Xiao, “Direct imprinting of microcircuits on graphene oxides film by femtosecond laser reduction,” Nano Today 5(1), 15–20 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xie, S.-Y.

L. Guo, H.-B. Jiang, R.-Q. Shao, Y.-L. Zhang, S.-Y. Xie, J.-N. Wang, X.-B. Li, F. Jiang, Q.-D. Chen, T. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Two-beam-laser interference mediated reduction, patterning and nanostructuring of graphene oxide for the production of a flexible humidity sensing device,” Carbon 50(4), 1667–1673 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xiong, W.

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. Mahjouri-Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, “Simultaneous additive and subtractive three-dimensional nanofabrication using integrated two-photon polymerization and multiphoton ablation,” Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).

Xu, B.-B.

B.-B. Xu, Y.-L. Zhang, W.-Y. Zhang, X.-Q. Liu, J.-N. Wang, X.-L. Zhang, D.-D. Zhang, H.-B. Jiang, R. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Silver-Coated Rose Petal: Green, Facile, Low-Cost and Sustainable Fabrication of a SERS Substrate with Unique Superhydrophobicity and High Efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(1), 56–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, J. Jiao, B.-B. Xu, X.-F. Lin, Y. Xu, and H.-B. Sun, “A facile approach for artificial biomimetic surfaces with both superhydrophobicity and iridescence,” Soft Matter 6(2), 263–267 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.-L.

L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

X. Yao, Q. Chen, L. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Song, X. Gao, D. Quere, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired Ribbed Nanoneedles with Robust Superhydrophobicity,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 656–662 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, J. Jiao, B.-B. Xu, X.-F. Lin, Y. Xu, and H.-B. Sun, “A facile approach for artificial biomimetic surfaces with both superhydrophobicity and iridescence,” Soft Matter 6(2), 263–267 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z. Z.

X. D. Guo, R. X. Li, Y. Hang, Z. Z. Xu, B. K. Yu, H. L. Ma, B. Lu, and X. W. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on ZnO,” Mater. Lett. 62(12-13), 1769–1771 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Yang, B.

L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.-Y.

Yao, X.

Q. Wang, X. Yao, H. Liu, D. Quéré, and L. Jiang, “Self-removal of condensed water on the legs of water striders,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(30), 9247–9252 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yao, Q. Chen, L. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Song, X. Gao, D. Quere, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired Ribbed Nanoneedles with Robust Superhydrophobicity,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 656–662 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yelin, D.

Yoon, H.

S.-J. Choi, M. K. Choi, D. Tahk, and H. Yoon, “Fabrication of a hierarchical structure by oxygen plasma etching of a photocured microstructure containing a silicon moiety,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(38), 14936–14940 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yoshii, K.

K. Yoshii, J. K. Anthony, and M. Katsuragawa, “The simplest route to generating a train of attosecond pulses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2, e58 (2013).

Young, J. F.

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. Van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

Yu, B. K.

X. D. Guo, R. X. Li, Y. Hang, Z. Z. Xu, B. K. Yu, H. L. Ma, B. Lu, and X. W. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on ZnO,” Mater. Lett. 62(12-13), 1769–1771 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zesch, W.

K. Autumn, Y. A. Liang, S. T. Hsieh, W. Zesch, W. P. Chan, T. W. Kenny, R. Fearing, and R. J. Full, “Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair,” Nature 405(6787), 681–685 (2000).
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Zhang, D.-D.

B.-B. Xu, Y.-L. Zhang, W.-Y. Zhang, X.-Q. Liu, J.-N. Wang, X.-L. Zhang, D.-D. Zhang, H.-B. Jiang, R. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Silver-Coated Rose Petal: Green, Facile, Low-Cost and Sustainable Fabrication of a SERS Substrate with Unique Superhydrophobicity and High Efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(1), 56–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

F. Zhang, J. Chan, and H. Y. Low, “Biomimetic, hierarchical structures on polymer surfaces by sequential imprinting,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(10), 2975–2979 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

D. Wu, J. N. Wang, S. Z. Wu, Q. D. Chen, S. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. B. Sun, and L. Jiang, “Three-Level Biomimetic Rice-Leaf Surfaces with Controllable Anisotropic Sliding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(15), 2927–2932 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Zhang, J.-H.

L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, R.

B.-B. Xu, Y.-L. Zhang, W.-Y. Zhang, X.-Q. Liu, J.-N. Wang, X.-L. Zhang, D.-D. Zhang, H.-B. Jiang, R. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Silver-Coated Rose Petal: Green, Facile, Low-Cost and Sustainable Fabrication of a SERS Substrate with Unique Superhydrophobicity and High Efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(1), 56–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T.

L. Guo, H.-B. Jiang, R.-Q. Shao, Y.-L. Zhang, S.-Y. Xie, J.-N. Wang, X.-B. Li, F. Jiang, Q.-D. Chen, T. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Two-beam-laser interference mediated reduction, patterning and nanostructuring of graphene oxide for the production of a flexible humidity sensing device,” Carbon 50(4), 1667–1673 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.-Y.

B.-B. Xu, Y.-L. Zhang, W.-Y. Zhang, X.-Q. Liu, J.-N. Wang, X.-L. Zhang, D.-D. Zhang, H.-B. Jiang, R. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Silver-Coated Rose Petal: Green, Facile, Low-Cost and Sustainable Fabrication of a SERS Substrate with Unique Superhydrophobicity and High Efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(1), 56–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.-L.

B.-B. Xu, Y.-L. Zhang, W.-Y. Zhang, X.-Q. Liu, J.-N. Wang, X.-L. Zhang, D.-D. Zhang, H.-B. Jiang, R. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Silver-Coated Rose Petal: Green, Facile, Low-Cost and Sustainable Fabrication of a SERS Substrate with Unique Superhydrophobicity and High Efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(1), 56–60 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, L. Guo, S. Wei, Y. He, H. Xia, Q. Chen, H.-B. Sun, and F.-S. Xiao, “Direct imprinting of microcircuits on graphene oxides film by femtosecond laser reduction,” Nano Today 5(1), 15–20 (2010).
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L. Feng, Y. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Zheng, W. Shen, and L. Jiang, “The Structural Color of Red Rose Petals and Their Duplicates,” Langmuir 26(18), 14885–14888 (2010).
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L. Feng, Y. Zhang, J. Xi, Y. Zhu, N. Wang, F. Xia, and L. Jiang, “Petal effect: A superhydrophobic state with high adhesive force,” Langmuir 24(8), 4114–4119 (2008).
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Zhang, Y.-L.

L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
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B.-B. Xu, Y.-L. Zhang, W.-Y. Zhang, X.-Q. Liu, J.-N. Wang, X.-L. Zhang, D.-D. Zhang, H.-B. Jiang, R. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Silver-Coated Rose Petal: Green, Facile, Low-Cost and Sustainable Fabrication of a SERS Substrate with Unique Superhydrophobicity and High Efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(1), 56–60 (2013).
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L. Guo, H.-B. Jiang, R.-Q. Shao, Y.-L. Zhang, S.-Y. Xie, J.-N. Wang, X.-B. Li, F. Jiang, Q.-D. Chen, T. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Two-beam-laser interference mediated reduction, patterning and nanostructuring of graphene oxide for the production of a flexible humidity sensing device,” Carbon 50(4), 1667–1673 (2012).
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Y.-L. Zhang, H. Xia, E. Kim, and H.-B. Sun, “Recent developments in superhydrophobic surfaces with unique structural and functional properties,” Soft Matter 8(44), 11217–11231 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y.-L. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Designable 3D nanofabrication by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Nano Today 5(5), 435–448 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhao, F. L.

T. Q. Jia, H. X. Chen, M. Huang, F. L. Zhao, J. R. Qiu, R. X. Li, Z. Z. Xu, X. K. He, J. Zhang, and H. Kuroda, “Formation of nanogratings on the surface of a ZnSe crystal irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 125429 (2005).

Zhao, Q.

Zhao, S.

D. Wu, J. N. Wang, S. Z. Wu, Q. D. Chen, S. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. B. Sun, and L. Jiang, “Three-Level Biomimetic Rice-Leaf Surfaces with Controllable Anisotropic Sliding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(15), 2927–2932 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Zheng, W. Shen, and L. Jiang, “The Structural Color of Red Rose Petals and Their Duplicates,” Langmuir 26(18), 14885–14888 (2010).
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W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. Mahjouri-Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, “Simultaneous additive and subtractive three-dimensional nanofabrication using integrated two-photon polymerization and multiphoton ablation,” Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).

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L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y.

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, J. Xi, Y. Zhu, N. Wang, F. Xia, and L. Jiang, “Petal effect: A superhydrophobic state with high adhesive force,” Langmuir 24(8), 4114–4119 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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A. K. Geim, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, K. S. Novoselov, A. A. Zhukov, and S. Y. Shapoval, “Microfabricated adhesive mimicking gecko foot-hair,” Nat. Mater. 2(7), 461–463 (2003).
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J. K. Oh, X. Lu, Y. Min, L. Cisneros-Zevallos, and M. Akbulut, “Bacterially Antiadhesive, Optically Transparent Surfaces Inspired from Rice Leaves,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(34), 19274–19281 (2015).
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ACS Nano (1)

L. Wang, S.-J. Zhu, H.-Y. Wang, S.-N. Qu, Y.-L. Zhang, J.-H. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H.-L. Xu, W. Han, B. Yang, and H.-B. Sun, “Common Origin of Green Luminescence in Carbon Nanodots and Graphene Quantum Dots,” ACS Nano 8(3), 2541–2547 (2014).
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Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

X. Yao, Q. Chen, L. Xu, Q. Li, Y. Song, X. Gao, D. Quere, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired Ribbed Nanoneedles with Robust Superhydrophobicity,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 656–662 (2010).
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Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

B.-B. Xu, Y.-L. Zhang, W.-Y. Zhang, X.-Q. Liu, J.-N. Wang, X.-L. Zhang, D.-D. Zhang, H.-B. Jiang, R. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Silver-Coated Rose Petal: Green, Facile, Low-Cost and Sustainable Fabrication of a SERS Substrate with Unique Superhydrophobicity and High Efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(1), 56–60 (2013).
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F. Zhang, J. Chan, and H. Y. Low, “Biomimetic, hierarchical structures on polymer surfaces by sequential imprinting,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(10), 2975–2979 (2008).
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L. Wen, J. C. Weaver, P. J. M. Thornycroft, and G. V. Lauder, “Hydrodynamic function of biomimetic shark skin: effect of denticle pattern and spacing,” Bioinspir. Biomim. 10(6), 066010 (2015).
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Carbon (1)

L. Guo, H.-B. Jiang, R.-Q. Shao, Y.-L. Zhang, S.-Y. Xie, J.-N. Wang, X.-B. Li, F. Jiang, Q.-D. Chen, T. Zhang, and H.-B. Sun, “Two-beam-laser interference mediated reduction, patterning and nanostructuring of graphene oxide for the production of a flexible humidity sensing device,” Carbon 50(4), 1667–1673 (2012).
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A. Y. Vorobyev, V. S. Makin, and C. Guo, “Periodic ordering of random surface nanostructures induced by femtosecond laser pulses on metals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 034903 (2007).

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S.-J. Choi, M. K. Choi, D. Tahk, and H. Yoon, “Fabrication of a hierarchical structure by oxygen plasma etching of a photocured microstructure containing a silicon moiety,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(38), 14936–14940 (2011).
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B.-R. Gao, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-W. Hao, L.-M. Fu, H.-H. Fang, Y. Jiang, L. Wang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, L.-Y. Pan, Y.-G. Ma, and H.-B. Sun, “Time-Resolved Fluorescence Study of Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhancement by Restriction of Intramolecular Charge Transfer State,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114(1), 128–134 (2010).
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Lab Chip (1)

D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, L.-G. Niu, J.-N. Wang, J. Wang, R. Wang, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Femtosecond laser rapid prototyping of nanoshells and suspending components towards microfluidic devices,” Lab Chip 9(16), 2391–2394 (2009).
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Langmuir (2)

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, J. Xi, Y. Zhu, N. Wang, F. Xia, and L. Jiang, “Petal effect: A superhydrophobic state with high adhesive force,” Langmuir 24(8), 4114–4119 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Feng, Y. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Zheng, W. Shen, and L. Jiang, “The Structural Color of Red Rose Petals and Their Duplicates,” Langmuir 26(18), 14885–14888 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Light Sci. Appl. (3)

D. G. Stavenga, H. L. Leertouwer, D. C. Osorio, and B. D. Wilts, “High refractive index of melanin in shiny occipital feathers of a bird of paradise,” Light Sci. Appl. 4, e243 (2015).

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. Mahjouri-Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, “Simultaneous additive and subtractive three-dimensional nanofabrication using integrated two-photon polymerization and multiphoton ablation,” Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).

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X. D. Guo, R. X. Li, Y. Hang, Z. Z. Xu, B. K. Yu, H. L. Ma, B. Lu, and X. W. Sun, “Femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structure on ZnO,” Mater. Lett. 62(12-13), 1769–1771 (2008).
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[Crossref]

Y.-L. Zhang, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, and H.-B. Sun, “Designable 3D nanofabrication by femtosecond laser direct writing,” Nano Today 5(5), 435–448 (2010).
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Nat. Mater. (1)

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D. Wu, Q.-D. Chen, H. Xia, J. Jiao, B.-B. Xu, X.-F. Lin, Y. Xu, and H.-B. Sun, “A facile approach for artificial biomimetic surfaces with both superhydrophobicity and iridescence,” Soft Matter 6(2), 263–267 (2010).
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H. Xia, J. Wang, Y. Tian, Q.-D. Chen, X.-B. Du, Y.-L. Zhang, Y. He, and H.-B. Sun, “Ferrofluids for Fabrication of Remotely Controllable Micro-Nanomachines by Two-Photon Polymerization,” Adv. Mater. 22, 3204- + (2010).
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X. Gao, X. Yan, X. Yao, L. Xu, K. Zhang, J. Zhang, B. Yang, and L. Jiang, “The dry-style antifogging properties of mosquito compound eyes and artificial analogues prepared by soft lithography,” Adv. Mater. 19, 2213 (2007).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the interference ablation by femtosecond laser wavelets via a phase-mask.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Microscopic structure configuration and macroscopic appearance of the hierarchical structures fabricated by femtosecond laser interference ablation. (a) and (b) are a schematic and an SEM image of the hierarchical structures, respectively; (c) is a photograph of a sample with two regions of hierarchical structures fabricated by the femtosecond laser interference ablation.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Dependence of the duty ratio of the nanograting area on the pulse energy over the whole hierarchical region. The repetition rate is 1000 Hz.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Orientation tunability of the nanogratings relative to that of the microgratings by varying the polarization of the incident laser beam. The red arrows represent different laser field polarized at (a) perpendicular, (b) 45° tilted, and (c) parallel to the micrograting orientation. All the structures are fabricated with a laser pulse energy of 0.2 mJ/cm2 and a scanning speed of 100 μm/s. The scale bars for the three images are the same as in (a), i.e. 500 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Schematic of the two-beam laser lithography system with both varied exposure angle and revolving angle. On the left, the intersected angle between the two split beams (exposure angle) can be tuned for building structures hierarchy by hierarchy. On the right, the substrate with a photoresist is mounted on a turn table for applying a revolving angle φ to obtain different dimensions and patterns.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Illustration of the structure hierarchy production by tuning the exposure angle. (a) is the schematic of the multi-exposure mechanism for acquiring the hierarchical structures. The two beams of L1 and L1’ intersect a smaller angle 2θ1 and form a larger period (primary hierarchy), whereas the two beams of L2 and L2’ intersect a larger angle 2θ2 and form the smaller period (secondary hierarchy) on the photoresist. The sequential combination of two periods finally constructs the hierarchical structure. Panels (b1)-(b4) are SEM images of hierarchical structures. They show various hierarchy periods, dimensions and patterns. (b1) 300 nm 1D grating at 90° orientation w.r.t. 3 µm 1D grating; (b2) 300 nm 1D grating at 0° orientation w.r.t. 3 µm 2D square patterns; (b3) 300 nm 2D hexagonal pattern at 0° orientation w.r.t. 3 µm 2D hexagonal pattern; (b4) 1 µm 1D gratings at 90° orientation w.r.t. 300 nm and 4 µm 1D gratings. The scale bar in all images is 1 µm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The evolution of wetting properties with the accumulation of structure hierarchies. (a) - (d) are the schematics of the contact circumstances of single-level structures and a hierarchical structure with images showing their measured contact angles respectively.

Equations (1)

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Λ i = λ 2sin θ 1,2 .

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