Abstract

A simple one-pot route to large-scale synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) has been demonstrated, and the ZnO NPs can be produced more than 34 grams in one synthesis process. The ZnO NPs show bright yellowish fluorescence under ultraviolet illumination with a quantum yield (QY) of 42%, which make them suitable for application as phosphors in light-emitting devices (LEDs). Yellowish LEDs have been fabricated by employing the ZnO NP powder as phosphors, and the luminous efficiency of the LEDs can reach 64.2 lm/W. Additionally, the fluorescence intensity of the phosphors shows little degradation when the ambient temperature reaches 100 °C, and the correlated color temperature of the LEDs remains constant when the driving current reaches 100 mA, indicating the good temperature and injection-current stability of the ZnO NP phosphors.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (2)

Y. J. Lu, Z. F. Shi, C. X. Shan, and D. Z. Shen, “ZnO-based deep-ultraviolet light-emitting devices,” Chin. Phys. B 26(4), 047703 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. K. Liu, C. X. Shan, G. H. He, R. Q. Wang, L. Dong, and D. Z. Shen, “Rewritable Painting Realized from Ambient-Sensitive Fluorescence of ZnO Nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42232 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (11)

D. X. Ye, Y. Y. Ma, W. Zhao, H. M. Cao, J. L. Kong, H. M. Xiong, and H. Möhwald, “ZnO-Based Nanoplatforms for Labeling and Treatment of Mouse Tumors without Detectable Toxic Side Effects,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4294–4300 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Pan, J. Chen, Q. Huang, Q. Khan, X. Liu, Z. Tao, Z. Zhang, W. Lei, and A. Nathan, “Size Tunable ZnO Nanoparticles To Enhance Electron Injection in Solution Processed QLEDs,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 215–222 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Chen, C. Lai, R. Marchewka, R. M. Berry, and K. C. Tam, “Use of CdS quantum dot-functionalized cellulose nanocrystal films for anti-counterfeiting applications,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13288–13296 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Marin, S. W. Hsu, L. Chen, A. Lo, D. W. Zwissler, Z. Liu, and A. R. Tao, “Plasmon-Enhanced Two-Photon Absorption in Photoluminescent Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 526–531 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Lu, D. Li, P. Zhang, D. Tan, W. Mu, J. Xu, W. Li, and K. Chen, “Time-resolved and temperature-dependent photoluminescence study on phosphorus doped Si quantum dots/SiO2 multilayers with ultra-small dot sizes,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(10), 3233 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. A. Hamizi, F. Aplop, H. Y. Haw, A. N. Sabri, A. Y. Y. Wern, N. N. Shapril, and M. R. Johan, “Tunable optical properties of Mn-doped CdSe quantum dots synthesized via inverse micelle technique,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(9), 2915 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, X. Feng, Y. Zhang, L. Yan, Y. Yang, and X. Liu, “Photoluminescent carbon quantum dots as a directly film-forming phosphor towards white LEDs,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8618–8632 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. C. Lin, W.-T. Chen, C.-I. Chu, K.-W. Huang, C.-W. Yeh, B.-M. Cheng, and R.-S. Liu, “UV/VUV switch-driven color-reversal effect for Tb-activated phosphors,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16066 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. P. Dai, C. Li, X. T. Zhang, J. Xu, X. Chen, X. L. Wang, Y. Jia, X. Wang, and Y. C. Liu, “A single Eu2+-activated high-color-rendering oxychloride white-light phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(2), e16024 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Cai, Y. Luo, W. Zhang, D. Du, and Y. Lin, “pH-Sensitive ZnO Quantum Dots-Doxorubicin Nanoparticles for Lung Cancer Targeted Drug Delivery,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(34), 22442–22450 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (14)

D. Y. Guo, C. X. Shan, K. K. Liu, Q. Lou, and D. Z. Shen, “Surface plasmon effect of carbon nanodots,” Nanoscale 7(45), 18908–18913 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Choi, M. R. Phillips, I. Aharonovich, S. Pornsuwan, B. C. C. Cowie, and C. Ton-That, “Photophysics of Point Defects in ZnO Nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 821–827 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Tripathy, R. Ahmad, H. A. Ko, G. Khang, and Y.-B. Hahn, “Enhanced anticancer potency using an acid-responsive ZnO-incorporated liposomal drug-delivery system,” Nanoscale 7(9), 4088–4096 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Ghorbani, F. Mehr, H. Pazoki, and B. Rahmani, “Synthesis of ZnO Nanoparticles by Precipitation Method,” Oriental J. Chem. 31(2), 1219–1221 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Nasiri, R. Bo, F. Wang, L. Fu, and A. Tricoli, “Ultraporous Electron-Depleted ZnO Nanoparticle Networks for Highly Sensitive Portable Visible-Blind UV Photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 27(29), 4336–4343 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. J. Park, J. H. Yang, B. D. Ryu, J. Cho, T. V. Cuong, and C.-H. Hong, “Solution-processed multidimensional ZnO/CuO heterojunction as ultraviolet sensing,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(8), 1752 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. K. Shrestha, Y. T. Chun, and D. Chu, “A high-resolution optically addressed spatial light modulator based on ZnO nanoparticles,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e259 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhou, Q. Wang, and Y. Jin, “Temperature dependence of energy transfer in tunable white light-emitting phosphor BaY2Si3O10:Bi3+,Eu3+for near UV LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(42), 11151–11162 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Huang, X. Hu, J. Shen, D. Wu, C. Yin, R. Xiang, C. Yang, X. Liang, and W. Xiang, “Facile synthesis of a thermally stable Ce3+:Y3Al5O12 phosphor-in-glass for white LEDs,” CrystEngComm 17(37), 7079–7085 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, X. Wang, T. Kohsei, K. Yoshimura, M. Izumi, N. Hirosaki, and R.-J. Xie, “Highly efficient narrow-band green and red phosphors enabling wider color-gamut LED backlight for more brilliant displays,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28707–28717 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Pulli, T. Dönsberg, T. Poikonen, F. Manoocheri, P. Kärhä, and E. Ikonen, “Advantages of white LED lamps and new detector technology in photometry,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e332 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, Y. Liu, X. Song, H. Wang, H. Gu, and H. Zeng, “Intercrossed carbon nanorings with pure surface states as low-cost and environment-friendly phosphors for white-light-emitting diodes,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 54(6), 1759–1764 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chang, X. Yao, Z. Zhang, D. Jiang, Y. Yu, L. Mi, H. Wang, G. Li, D. Yu, and Y. Jiang, “Preparation of highly luminescent BaSO4protected CdTe quantum dots as conversion materials for excellent color-rendering white LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(12), 2831–2836 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Ma, M. Zhou, D. Wu, M. Feng, X. Liu, P. Huo, W. Shi, Z. Ma, and Y. Yan, “One-step hydrothermal synthesis of cobalt and potassium codoped CdSe quantum dots with high visible light photocatalytic activity,” CrystEngComm 17(7), 1701–1709 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (7)

S. Bera, S. K. Maity, and D. Haldar, “Photoelectrochemical properties of CdSe quantum dots doped disk-like tripeptide capsule,” CrystEngComm 16(22), 4834–4841 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Aubert, S. J. Soenen, D. Wassmuth, M. Cirillo, R. Van Deun, K. Braeckmans, and Z. Hens, “Bright and stable CdSe/CdS@SiO₂ nanoparticles suitable for long-term cell labeling,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11714–11723 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Guo, C. X. Shan, S. N. Qu, and D. Z. Shen, “Highly sensitive ultraviolet photodetectors fabricated from ZnO quantum dots/carbon nanodots hybrid films,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 7469 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Moon, J. S. Kim, B. G. Min, H. M. Kim, and J. S. Yoo, “Optical characteristics and longevity of quantum dot-coated white LED,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2174 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, H. Lin, J. Xu, H. Chen, and Y. Wang, “CaMg₂Al₁₆O₂₇:Mn⁴⁺-based red phosphor: a potential color converter for high-powered warm W-LED,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(24), 22905–22913 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hye Oh, S. Ji Yang, and Y. Rag Do, “Healthy, natural, efficient and tunable lighting: four-package white LEDs for optimizing the circadian effect, color quality and vision performance,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(2), e141 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhu, C. C. Lin, W. Luo, S. Shu, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, J. Kong, E. Ma, Y. Cao, R. S. Liu, and X. Chen, “Highly efficient non-rare-earth red emitting phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4312 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. M. Xiong, “ZnO nanoparticles applied to bioimaging and drug delivery,” Adv. Mater. 25(37), 5329–5335 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Matsuyama, N. Ihsan, K. Irie, K. Mishima, T. Okuyama, and H. Muto, “Bioimaging application of highly luminescent silica-coated ZnO-nanoparticle quantum dots with biotin,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 399, 19–25 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Y. Zhang, Y. D. Xu, Y. Y. Ma, L. L. Qiu, Y. Wang, J. L. Kong, and H. M. Xiong, “Biodegradable ZnO@polymer core-shell nanocarriers: pH-triggered release of doxorubicin in vitro,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(15), 4127–4131 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xu, C. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Dai, and J. Hu, “Control mechanism behind broad fluorescence from violet to orange in ZnO quantum dots,” CrystEngComm 15(5), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, X. Yan, W. Li, and K. Sun, “Doped quantum dots for white-light-emitting diodes without reabsorption of multiphase phosphors,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2742–2747 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Qiao, B. H. Li, C. X. Shan, J. S. Liu, J. Yu, X. H. Xie, Z. Z. Zhang, T. B. Ji, Y. Jia, and D. Z. Shen, “Light-emitting diodes fabricated from small-size ZnO quantum dots,” Mater. Lett. 74, 104–106 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, H. V. Demir, and A. Eychmüller, “Bright white-light emitting manganese and copper co-doped ZnSe quantum dots,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(19), 4432–4436 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 543–548 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, L. W. Sun, Y. Liu, H. M. Xiao, and S. Y. Fu, “Synthesis of silane surface modified ZnO quantum dots with ultrastable, strong and tunable luminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(43), 11921–11923 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

H. Zeng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue Luminescence of ZnO Nanoparticles Based on Non-Equilibrium Processes: Defect Origins and Emission Controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

A. L. Rogach, N. Gaponik, J. M. Lupton, C. Bertoni, D. E. Gallardo, S. Dunn, N. Li Pira, M. Paderi, P. Repetto, S. G. Romanov, C. O’Dwyer, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Eychmüller, “Light-emitting diodes with semiconductor nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47(35), 6538–6549 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-Coated InP/ZnS Nanocrystals as Converter Material in White LEDs,” Adv. Mater. 20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

H. M. Xiong, D. P. Xie, X. Y. Guan, Y. J. Tan, and Y. Y. Xia, “Water-stable blue-emitting ZnO@polymer core?shell microspheres,” J. Mater. Chem. 17(24), 2490–2496 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

R. Hardman, “A toxicologic review of quantum dots: toxicity depends on physicochemical and environmental factors,” Environ. Health Perspect. 114(2), 165–172 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Q. Li, A. Rizzo, R. Cingolani, and G. Gigli, “Bright White-Light-Emitting Device from Ternary Nanocrystal Composites,” Adv. Mater. 18(19), 2545–2548 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

A. M. Derfus, W. C. W. Chan, and S. N. Bhatia, “Probing the Cytotoxicity of Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Nano Lett. 4(1), 11–18 (2004).
[Crossref]

Aharonovich, I.

S. Choi, M. R. Phillips, I. Aharonovich, S. Pornsuwan, B. C. C. Cowie, and C. Ton-That, “Photophysics of Point Defects in ZnO Nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 821–827 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, R.

N. Tripathy, R. Ahmad, H. A. Ko, G. Khang, and Y.-B. Hahn, “Enhanced anticancer potency using an acid-responsive ZnO-incorporated liposomal drug-delivery system,” Nanoscale 7(9), 4088–4096 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aplop, F.

Aubert, T.

T. Aubert, S. J. Soenen, D. Wassmuth, M. Cirillo, R. Van Deun, K. Braeckmans, and Z. Hens, “Bright and stable CdSe/CdS@SiO₂ nanoparticles suitable for long-term cell labeling,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11714–11723 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bae, W. K.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Batentschuk, M.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-Coated InP/ZnS Nanocrystals as Converter Material in White LEDs,” Adv. Mater. 20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bawendi, M.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bera, S.

S. Bera, S. K. Maity, and D. Haldar, “Photoelectrochemical properties of CdSe quantum dots doped disk-like tripeptide capsule,” CrystEngComm 16(22), 4834–4841 (2014).
[Crossref]

Berry, R. M.

L. Chen, C. Lai, R. Marchewka, R. M. Berry, and K. C. Tam, “Use of CdS quantum dot-functionalized cellulose nanocrystal films for anti-counterfeiting applications,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13288–13296 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bertoni, C.

A. L. Rogach, N. Gaponik, J. M. Lupton, C. Bertoni, D. E. Gallardo, S. Dunn, N. Li Pira, M. Paderi, P. Repetto, S. G. Romanov, C. O’Dwyer, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Eychmüller, “Light-emitting diodes with semiconductor nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47(35), 6538–6549 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhatia, S. N.

A. M. Derfus, W. C. W. Chan, and S. N. Bhatia, “Probing the Cytotoxicity of Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Nano Lett. 4(1), 11–18 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bo, R.

N. Nasiri, R. Bo, F. Wang, L. Fu, and A. Tricoli, “Ultraporous Electron-Depleted ZnO Nanoparticle Networks for Highly Sensitive Portable Visible-Blind UV Photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 27(29), 4336–4343 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Braeckmans, K.

T. Aubert, S. J. Soenen, D. Wassmuth, M. Cirillo, R. Van Deun, K. Braeckmans, and Z. Hens, “Bright and stable CdSe/CdS@SiO₂ nanoparticles suitable for long-term cell labeling,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11714–11723 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Breen, C.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bulovic, V.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

H. Zeng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue Luminescence of ZnO Nanoparticles Based on Non-Equilibrium Processes: Defect Origins and Emission Controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cai, X.

X. Cai, Y. Luo, W. Zhang, D. Du, and Y. Lin, “pH-Sensitive ZnO Quantum Dots-Doxorubicin Nanoparticles for Lung Cancer Targeted Drug Delivery,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(34), 22442–22450 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, H. M.

D. X. Ye, Y. Y. Ma, W. Zhao, H. M. Cao, J. L. Kong, H. M. Xiong, and H. Möhwald, “ZnO-Based Nanoplatforms for Labeling and Treatment of Mouse Tumors without Detectable Toxic Side Effects,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4294–4300 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, X. Z.

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cao, Y.

H. Zhu, C. C. Lin, W. Luo, S. Shu, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, J. Kong, E. Ma, Y. Cao, R. S. Liu, and X. Chen, “Highly efficient non-rare-earth red emitting phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4312 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, W. C. W.

A. M. Derfus, W. C. W. Chan, and S. N. Bhatia, “Probing the Cytotoxicity of Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Nano Lett. 4(1), 11–18 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chang, Y.

Y. Chang, X. Yao, Z. Zhang, D. Jiang, Y. Yu, L. Mi, H. Wang, G. Li, D. Yu, and Y. Jiang, “Preparation of highly luminescent BaSO4protected CdTe quantum dots as conversion materials for excellent color-rendering white LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(12), 2831–2836 (2015).
[Crossref]

Char, K.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

B. Wang, H. Lin, J. Xu, H. Chen, and Y. Wang, “CaMg₂Al₁₆O₂₇:Mn⁴⁺-based red phosphor: a potential color converter for high-powered warm W-LED,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(24), 22905–22913 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

J. Pan, J. Chen, Q. Huang, Q. Khan, X. Liu, Z. Tao, Z. Zhang, W. Lei, and A. Nathan, “Size Tunable ZnO Nanoparticles To Enhance Electron Injection in Solution Processed QLEDs,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 215–222 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, K.

Chen, L.

L. Chen, C. Lai, R. Marchewka, R. M. Berry, and K. C. Tam, “Use of CdS quantum dot-functionalized cellulose nanocrystal films for anti-counterfeiting applications,” Nanoscale 8(27), 13288–13296 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Marin, S. W. Hsu, L. Chen, A. Lo, D. W. Zwissler, Z. Liu, and A. R. Tao, “Plasmon-Enhanced Two-Photon Absorption in Photoluminescent Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 526–531 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.-T.

C. C. Lin, W.-T. Chen, C.-I. Chu, K.-W. Huang, C.-W. Yeh, B.-M. Cheng, and R.-S. Liu, “UV/VUV switch-driven color-reversal effect for Tb-activated phosphors,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16066 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

P. P. Dai, C. Li, X. T. Zhang, J. Xu, X. Chen, X. L. Wang, Y. Jia, X. Wang, and Y. C. Liu, “A single Eu2+-activated high-color-rendering oxychloride white-light phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(2), e16024 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhu, C. C. Lin, W. Luo, S. Shu, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, J. Kong, E. Ma, Y. Cao, R. S. Liu, and X. Chen, “Highly efficient non-rare-earth red emitting phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4312 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, B.-M.

C. C. Lin, W.-T. Chen, C.-I. Chu, K.-W. Huang, C.-W. Yeh, B.-M. Cheng, and R.-S. Liu, “UV/VUV switch-driven color-reversal effect for Tb-activated phosphors,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16066 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cho, H.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, J.

Choi, S.

S. Choi, M. R. Phillips, I. Aharonovich, S. Pornsuwan, B. C. C. Cowie, and C. Ton-That, “Photophysics of Point Defects in ZnO Nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 821–827 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chu, C.-I.

C. C. Lin, W.-T. Chen, C.-I. Chu, K.-W. Huang, C.-W. Yeh, B.-M. Cheng, and R.-S. Liu, “UV/VUV switch-driven color-reversal effect for Tb-activated phosphors,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16066 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chu, D.

P. K. Shrestha, Y. T. Chun, and D. Chu, “A high-resolution optically addressed spatial light modulator based on ZnO nanoparticles,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e259 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chun, Y. T.

P. K. Shrestha, Y. T. Chun, and D. Chu, “A high-resolution optically addressed spatial light modulator based on ZnO nanoparticles,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(3), e259 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cingolani, R.

Y. Q. Li, A. Rizzo, R. Cingolani, and G. Gigli, “Bright White-Light-Emitting Device from Ternary Nanocrystal Composites,” Adv. Mater. 18(19), 2545–2548 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cirillo, M.

T. Aubert, S. J. Soenen, D. Wassmuth, M. Cirillo, R. Van Deun, K. Braeckmans, and Z. Hens, “Bright and stable CdSe/CdS@SiO₂ nanoparticles suitable for long-term cell labeling,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11714–11723 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coe-Sullivan, S.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cowie, B. C. C.

S. Choi, M. R. Phillips, I. Aharonovich, S. Pornsuwan, B. C. C. Cowie, and C. Ton-That, “Photophysics of Point Defects in ZnO Nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 821–827 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cuong, T. V.

Dai, J.

X. Xu, C. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Dai, and J. Hu, “Control mechanism behind broad fluorescence from violet to orange in ZnO quantum dots,” CrystEngComm 15(5), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dai, P. P.

P. P. Dai, C. Li, X. T. Zhang, J. Xu, X. Chen, X. L. Wang, Y. Jia, X. Wang, and Y. C. Liu, “A single Eu2+-activated high-color-rendering oxychloride white-light phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(2), e16024 (2016).
[Crossref]

Demir, H. V.

S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, H. V. Demir, and A. Eychmüller, “Bright white-light emitting manganese and copper co-doped ZnSe quantum dots,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(19), 4432–4436 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Derfus, A. M.

A. M. Derfus, W. C. W. Chan, and S. N. Bhatia, “Probing the Cytotoxicity of Semiconductor Quantum Dots,” Nano Lett. 4(1), 11–18 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dong, L.

K. K. Liu, C. X. Shan, G. H. He, R. Q. Wang, L. Dong, and D. Z. Shen, “Rewritable Painting Realized from Ambient-Sensitive Fluorescence of ZnO Nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42232 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dönsberg, T.

T. Pulli, T. Dönsberg, T. Poikonen, F. Manoocheri, P. Kärhä, and E. Ikonen, “Advantages of white LED lamps and new detector technology in photometry,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e332 (2015).
[Crossref]

Du, D.

X. Cai, Y. Luo, W. Zhang, D. Du, and Y. Lin, “pH-Sensitive ZnO Quantum Dots-Doxorubicin Nanoparticles for Lung Cancer Targeted Drug Delivery,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(34), 22442–22450 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, G.

H. Zeng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue Luminescence of ZnO Nanoparticles Based on Non-Equilibrium Processes: Defect Origins and Emission Controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dunn, S.

A. L. Rogach, N. Gaponik, J. M. Lupton, C. Bertoni, D. E. Gallardo, S. Dunn, N. Li Pira, M. Paderi, P. Repetto, S. G. Romanov, C. O’Dwyer, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Eychmüller, “Light-emitting diodes with semiconductor nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47(35), 6538–6549 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eychmüller, A.

S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, H. V. Demir, and A. Eychmüller, “Bright white-light emitting manganese and copper co-doped ZnSe quantum dots,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(19), 4432–4436 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Rogach, N. Gaponik, J. M. Lupton, C. Bertoni, D. E. Gallardo, S. Dunn, N. Li Pira, M. Paderi, P. Repetto, S. G. Romanov, C. O’Dwyer, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Eychmüller, “Light-emitting diodes with semiconductor nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47(35), 6538–6549 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, M.

C. Ma, M. Zhou, D. Wu, M. Feng, X. Liu, P. Huo, W. Shi, Z. Ma, and Y. Yan, “One-step hydrothermal synthesis of cobalt and potassium codoped CdSe quantum dots with high visible light photocatalytic activity,” CrystEngComm 17(7), 1701–1709 (2015).
[Crossref]

Feng, X.

F. Zhang, X. Feng, Y. Zhang, L. Yan, Y. Yang, and X. Liu, “Photoluminescent carbon quantum dots as a directly film-forming phosphor towards white LEDs,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8618–8632 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, L.

N. Nasiri, R. Bo, F. Wang, L. Fu, and A. Tricoli, “Ultraporous Electron-Depleted ZnO Nanoparticle Networks for Highly Sensitive Portable Visible-Blind UV Photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 27(29), 4336–4343 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, S. Y.

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, L. W. Sun, Y. Liu, H. M. Xiao, and S. Y. Fu, “Synthesis of silane surface modified ZnO quantum dots with ultrastable, strong and tunable luminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(43), 11921–11923 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallardo, D. E.

A. L. Rogach, N. Gaponik, J. M. Lupton, C. Bertoni, D. E. Gallardo, S. Dunn, N. Li Pira, M. Paderi, P. Repetto, S. G. Romanov, C. O’Dwyer, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Eychmüller, “Light-emitting diodes with semiconductor nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47(35), 6538–6549 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaponik, N.

A. L. Rogach, N. Gaponik, J. M. Lupton, C. Bertoni, D. E. Gallardo, S. Dunn, N. Li Pira, M. Paderi, P. Repetto, S. G. Romanov, C. O’Dwyer, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Eychmüller, “Light-emitting diodes with semiconductor nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47(35), 6538–6549 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghorbani, H.

H. Ghorbani, F. Mehr, H. Pazoki, and B. Rahmani, “Synthesis of ZnO Nanoparticles by Precipitation Method,” Oriental J. Chem. 31(2), 1219–1221 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gigli, G.

Y. Q. Li, A. Rizzo, R. Cingolani, and G. Gigli, “Bright White-Light-Emitting Device from Ternary Nanocrystal Composites,” Adv. Mater. 18(19), 2545–2548 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gindele, F.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-Coated InP/ZnS Nanocrystals as Converter Material in White LEDs,” Adv. Mater. 20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gu, H.

X. Li, Y. Liu, X. Song, H. Wang, H. Gu, and H. Zeng, “Intercrossed carbon nanorings with pure surface states as low-cost and environment-friendly phosphors for white-light-emitting diodes,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 54(6), 1759–1764 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guan, X. Y.

H. M. Xiong, D. P. Xie, X. Y. Guan, Y. J. Tan, and Y. Y. Xia, “Water-stable blue-emitting ZnO@polymer core?shell microspheres,” J. Mater. Chem. 17(24), 2490–2496 (2007).
[Crossref]

Guo, D. Y.

D. Y. Guo, C. X. Shan, K. K. Liu, Q. Lou, and D. Z. Shen, “Surface plasmon effect of carbon nanodots,” Nanoscale 7(45), 18908–18913 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Guo, C. X. Shan, S. N. Qu, and D. Z. Shen, “Highly sensitive ultraviolet photodetectors fabricated from ZnO quantum dots/carbon nanodots hybrid films,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 7469 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hahn, Y.-B.

N. Tripathy, R. Ahmad, H. A. Ko, G. Khang, and Y.-B. Hahn, “Enhanced anticancer potency using an acid-responsive ZnO-incorporated liposomal drug-delivery system,” Nanoscale 7(9), 4088–4096 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haldar, D.

S. Bera, S. K. Maity, and D. Haldar, “Photoelectrochemical properties of CdSe quantum dots doped disk-like tripeptide capsule,” CrystEngComm 16(22), 4834–4841 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hamilton, C.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hamizi, N. A.

Hardman, R.

R. Hardman, “A toxicologic review of quantum dots: toxicity depends on physicochemical and environmental factors,” Environ. Health Perspect. 114(2), 165–172 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haw, H. Y.

He, G. H.

K. K. Liu, C. X. Shan, G. H. He, R. Q. Wang, L. Dong, and D. Z. Shen, “Rewritable Painting Realized from Ambient-Sensitive Fluorescence of ZnO Nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42232 (2017).
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X. Xu, C. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Dai, and J. Hu, “Control mechanism behind broad fluorescence from violet to orange in ZnO quantum dots,” CrystEngComm 15(5), 977–981 (2013).
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Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
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J. Pan, J. Chen, Q. Huang, Q. Khan, X. Liu, Z. Tao, Z. Zhang, W. Lei, and A. Nathan, “Size Tunable ZnO Nanoparticles To Enhance Electron Injection in Solution Processed QLEDs,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 215–222 (2016).
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C. Ma, M. Zhou, D. Wu, M. Feng, X. Liu, P. Huo, W. Shi, Z. Ma, and Y. Yan, “One-step hydrothermal synthesis of cobalt and potassium codoped CdSe quantum dots with high visible light photocatalytic activity,” CrystEngComm 17(7), 1701–1709 (2015).
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J. Hye Oh, S. Ji Yang, and Y. Rag Do, “Healthy, natural, efficient and tunable lighting: four-package white LEDs for optimizing the circadian effect, color quality and vision performance,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(2), e141 (2014).
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P. P. Dai, C. Li, X. T. Zhang, J. Xu, X. Chen, X. L. Wang, Y. Jia, X. Wang, and Y. C. Liu, “A single Eu2+-activated high-color-rendering oxychloride white-light phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(2), e16024 (2016).
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D. X. Ye, Y. Y. Ma, W. Zhao, H. M. Cao, J. L. Kong, H. M. Xiong, and H. Möhwald, “ZnO-Based Nanoplatforms for Labeling and Treatment of Mouse Tumors without Detectable Toxic Side Effects,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4294–4300 (2016).
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Z. Y. Zhang, Y. D. Xu, Y. Y. Ma, L. L. Qiu, Y. Wang, J. L. Kong, and H. M. Xiong, “Biodegradable ZnO@polymer core-shell nanocarriers: pH-triggered release of doxorubicin in vitro,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(15), 4127–4131 (2013).
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J. Pan, J. Chen, Q. Huang, Q. Khan, X. Liu, Z. Tao, Z. Zhang, W. Lei, and A. Nathan, “Size Tunable ZnO Nanoparticles To Enhance Electron Injection in Solution Processed QLEDs,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 215–222 (2016).
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Q. Qiao, B. H. Li, C. X. Shan, J. S. Liu, J. Yu, X. H. Xie, Z. Z. Zhang, T. B. Ji, Y. Jia, and D. Z. Shen, “Light-emitting diodes fabricated from small-size ZnO quantum dots,” Mater. Lett. 74, 104–106 (2012).
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Li, C.

P. P. Dai, C. Li, X. T. Zhang, J. Xu, X. Chen, X. L. Wang, Y. Jia, X. Wang, and Y. C. Liu, “A single Eu2+-activated high-color-rendering oxychloride white-light phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(2), e16024 (2016).
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Li, G.

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X. Li, Y. Liu, X. Song, H. Wang, H. Gu, and H. Zeng, “Intercrossed carbon nanorings with pure surface states as low-cost and environment-friendly phosphors for white-light-emitting diodes,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 54(6), 1759–1764 (2015).
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Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
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J. Huang, X. Hu, J. Shen, D. Wu, C. Yin, R. Xiang, C. Yang, X. Liang, and W. Xiang, “Facile synthesis of a thermally stable Ce3+:Y3Al5O12 phosphor-in-glass for white LEDs,” CrystEngComm 17(37), 7079–7085 (2015).
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Lim, J.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
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C. C. Lin, W.-T. Chen, C.-I. Chu, K.-W. Huang, C.-W. Yeh, B.-M. Cheng, and R.-S. Liu, “UV/VUV switch-driven color-reversal effect for Tb-activated phosphors,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16066 (2016).
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H. Zhu, C. C. Lin, W. Luo, S. Shu, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, J. Kong, E. Ma, Y. Cao, R. S. Liu, and X. Chen, “Highly efficient non-rare-earth red emitting phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4312 (2014).
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Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, Y.

X. Cai, Y. Luo, W. Zhang, D. Du, and Y. Lin, “pH-Sensitive ZnO Quantum Dots-Doxorubicin Nanoparticles for Lung Cancer Targeted Drug Delivery,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(34), 22442–22450 (2016).
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X. Xu, C. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Dai, and J. Hu, “Control mechanism behind broad fluorescence from violet to orange in ZnO quantum dots,” CrystEngComm 15(5), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. S.

Q. Qiao, B. H. Li, C. X. Shan, J. S. Liu, J. Yu, X. H. Xie, Z. Z. Zhang, T. B. Ji, Y. Jia, and D. Z. Shen, “Light-emitting diodes fabricated from small-size ZnO quantum dots,” Mater. Lett. 74, 104–106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, K. K.

K. K. Liu, C. X. Shan, G. H. He, R. Q. Wang, L. Dong, and D. Z. Shen, “Rewritable Painting Realized from Ambient-Sensitive Fluorescence of ZnO Nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42232 (2017).
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D. Y. Guo, C. X. Shan, K. K. Liu, Q. Lou, and D. Z. Shen, “Surface plasmon effect of carbon nanodots,” Nanoscale 7(45), 18908–18913 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, R. S.

H. Zhu, C. C. Lin, W. Luo, S. Shu, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, J. Kong, E. Ma, Y. Cao, R. S. Liu, and X. Chen, “Highly efficient non-rare-earth red emitting phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4312 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, R.-S.

C. C. Lin, W.-T. Chen, C.-I. Chu, K.-W. Huang, C.-W. Yeh, B.-M. Cheng, and R.-S. Liu, “UV/VUV switch-driven color-reversal effect for Tb-activated phosphors,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16066 (2016).
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Liu, X.

F. Zhang, X. Feng, Y. Zhang, L. Yan, Y. Yang, and X. Liu, “Photoluminescent carbon quantum dots as a directly film-forming phosphor towards white LEDs,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8618–8632 (2016).
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Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Pan, J. Chen, Q. Huang, Q. Khan, X. Liu, Z. Tao, Z. Zhang, W. Lei, and A. Nathan, “Size Tunable ZnO Nanoparticles To Enhance Electron Injection in Solution Processed QLEDs,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 215–222 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Ma, M. Zhou, D. Wu, M. Feng, X. Liu, P. Huo, W. Shi, Z. Ma, and Y. Yan, “One-step hydrothermal synthesis of cobalt and potassium codoped CdSe quantum dots with high visible light photocatalytic activity,” CrystEngComm 17(7), 1701–1709 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

X. Li, Y. Liu, X. Song, H. Wang, H. Gu, and H. Zeng, “Intercrossed carbon nanorings with pure surface states as low-cost and environment-friendly phosphors for white-light-emitting diodes,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 54(6), 1759–1764 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhu, C. C. Lin, W. Luo, S. Shu, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, J. Kong, E. Ma, Y. Cao, R. S. Liu, and X. Chen, “Highly efficient non-rare-earth red emitting phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4312 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, L. W. Sun, Y. Liu, H. M. Xiao, and S. Y. Fu, “Synthesis of silane surface modified ZnO quantum dots with ultrastable, strong and tunable luminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(43), 11921–11923 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y. C.

P. P. Dai, C. Li, X. T. Zhang, J. Xu, X. Chen, X. L. Wang, Y. Jia, X. Wang, and Y. C. Liu, “A single Eu2+-activated high-color-rendering oxychloride white-light phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(2), e16024 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

B. C. Marin, S. W. Hsu, L. Chen, A. Lo, D. W. Zwissler, Z. Liu, and A. R. Tao, “Plasmon-Enhanced Two-Photon Absorption in Photoluminescent Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 526–531 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhu, C. C. Lin, W. Luo, S. Shu, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, J. Kong, E. Ma, Y. Cao, R. S. Liu, and X. Chen, “Highly efficient non-rare-earth red emitting phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4312 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lo, A.

B. C. Marin, S. W. Hsu, L. Chen, A. Lo, D. W. Zwissler, Z. Liu, and A. R. Tao, “Plasmon-Enhanced Two-Photon Absorption in Photoluminescent Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 526–531 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lou, Q.

D. Y. Guo, C. X. Shan, K. K. Liu, Q. Lou, and D. Z. Shen, “Surface plasmon effect of carbon nanodots,” Nanoscale 7(45), 18908–18913 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, P.

Lu, Y. J.

Y. J. Lu, Z. F. Shi, C. X. Shan, and D. Z. Shen, “ZnO-based deep-ultraviolet light-emitting devices,” Chin. Phys. B 26(4), 047703 (2017).
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Luo, W.

H. Zhu, C. C. Lin, W. Luo, S. Shu, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, J. Kong, E. Ma, Y. Cao, R. S. Liu, and X. Chen, “Highly efficient non-rare-earth red emitting phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4312 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Y.

X. Cai, Y. Luo, W. Zhang, D. Du, and Y. Lin, “pH-Sensitive ZnO Quantum Dots-Doxorubicin Nanoparticles for Lung Cancer Targeted Drug Delivery,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(34), 22442–22450 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lupton, J. M.

A. L. Rogach, N. Gaponik, J. M. Lupton, C. Bertoni, D. E. Gallardo, S. Dunn, N. Li Pira, M. Paderi, P. Repetto, S. G. Romanov, C. O’Dwyer, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, and A. Eychmüller, “Light-emitting diodes with semiconductor nanocrystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47(35), 6538–6549 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lv, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, C.

C. Ma, M. Zhou, D. Wu, M. Feng, X. Liu, P. Huo, W. Shi, Z. Ma, and Y. Yan, “One-step hydrothermal synthesis of cobalt and potassium codoped CdSe quantum dots with high visible light photocatalytic activity,” CrystEngComm 17(7), 1701–1709 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, E.

H. Zhu, C. C. Lin, W. Luo, S. Shu, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, J. Kong, E. Ma, Y. Cao, R. S. Liu, and X. Chen, “Highly efficient non-rare-earth red emitting phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4312 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Y. Y.

D. X. Ye, Y. Y. Ma, W. Zhao, H. M. Cao, J. L. Kong, H. M. Xiong, and H. Möhwald, “ZnO-Based Nanoplatforms for Labeling and Treatment of Mouse Tumors without Detectable Toxic Side Effects,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4294–4300 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Y. Zhang, Y. D. Xu, Y. Y. Ma, L. L. Qiu, Y. Wang, J. L. Kong, and H. M. Xiong, “Biodegradable ZnO@polymer core-shell nanocarriers: pH-triggered release of doxorubicin in vitro,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(15), 4127–4131 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Z.

C. Ma, M. Zhou, D. Wu, M. Feng, X. Liu, P. Huo, W. Shi, Z. Ma, and Y. Yan, “One-step hydrothermal synthesis of cobalt and potassium codoped CdSe quantum dots with high visible light photocatalytic activity,” CrystEngComm 17(7), 1701–1709 (2015).
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J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
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Wu, D.

C. Ma, M. Zhou, D. Wu, M. Feng, X. Liu, P. Huo, W. Shi, Z. Ma, and Y. Yan, “One-step hydrothermal synthesis of cobalt and potassium codoped CdSe quantum dots with high visible light photocatalytic activity,” CrystEngComm 17(7), 1701–1709 (2015).
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J. Huang, X. Hu, J. Shen, D. Wu, C. Yin, R. Xiang, C. Yang, X. Liang, and W. Xiang, “Facile synthesis of a thermally stable Ce3+:Y3Al5O12 phosphor-in-glass for white LEDs,” CrystEngComm 17(37), 7079–7085 (2015).
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H. M. Xiong, D. P. Xie, X. Y. Guan, Y. J. Tan, and Y. Y. Xia, “Water-stable blue-emitting ZnO@polymer core?shell microspheres,” J. Mater. Chem. 17(24), 2490–2496 (2007).
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J. Huang, X. Hu, J. Shen, D. Wu, C. Yin, R. Xiang, C. Yang, X. Liang, and W. Xiang, “Facile synthesis of a thermally stable Ce3+:Y3Al5O12 phosphor-in-glass for white LEDs,” CrystEngComm 17(37), 7079–7085 (2015).
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J. Huang, X. Hu, J. Shen, D. Wu, C. Yin, R. Xiang, C. Yang, X. Liang, and W. Xiang, “Facile synthesis of a thermally stable Ce3+:Y3Al5O12 phosphor-in-glass for white LEDs,” CrystEngComm 17(37), 7079–7085 (2015).
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H. M. Xiong, D. P. Xie, X. Y. Guan, Y. J. Tan, and Y. Y. Xia, “Water-stable blue-emitting ZnO@polymer core?shell microspheres,” J. Mater. Chem. 17(24), 2490–2496 (2007).
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D. X. Ye, Y. Y. Ma, W. Zhao, H. M. Cao, J. L. Kong, H. M. Xiong, and H. Möhwald, “ZnO-Based Nanoplatforms for Labeling and Treatment of Mouse Tumors without Detectable Toxic Side Effects,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4294–4300 (2016).
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Z. Y. Zhang, Y. D. Xu, Y. Y. Ma, L. L. Qiu, Y. Wang, J. L. Kong, and H. M. Xiong, “Biodegradable ZnO@polymer core-shell nanocarriers: pH-triggered release of doxorubicin in vitro,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(15), 4127–4131 (2013).
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H. M. Xiong, D. P. Xie, X. Y. Guan, Y. J. Tan, and Y. Y. Xia, “Water-stable blue-emitting ZnO@polymer core?shell microspheres,” J. Mater. Chem. 17(24), 2490–2496 (2007).
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X. Xu, C. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Dai, and J. Hu, “Control mechanism behind broad fluorescence from violet to orange in ZnO quantum dots,” CrystEngComm 15(5), 977–981 (2013).
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P. P. Dai, C. Li, X. T. Zhang, J. Xu, X. Chen, X. L. Wang, Y. Jia, X. Wang, and Y. C. Liu, “A single Eu2+-activated high-color-rendering oxychloride white-light phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(2), e16024 (2016).
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J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-Coated InP/ZnS Nanocrystals as Converter Material in White LEDs,” Adv. Mater. 20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
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H. Zeng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue Luminescence of ZnO Nanoparticles Based on Non-Equilibrium Processes: Defect Origins and Emission Controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
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C. Ma, M. Zhou, D. Wu, M. Feng, X. Liu, P. Huo, W. Shi, Z. Ma, and Y. Yan, “One-step hydrothermal synthesis of cobalt and potassium codoped CdSe quantum dots with high visible light photocatalytic activity,” CrystEngComm 17(7), 1701–1709 (2015).
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J. Huang, X. Hu, J. Shen, D. Wu, C. Yin, R. Xiang, C. Yang, X. Liang, and W. Xiang, “Facile synthesis of a thermally stable Ce3+:Y3Al5O12 phosphor-in-glass for white LEDs,” CrystEngComm 17(37), 7079–7085 (2015).
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H. Zeng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue Luminescence of ZnO Nanoparticles Based on Non-Equilibrium Processes: Defect Origins and Emission Controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
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D. X. Ye, Y. Y. Ma, W. Zhao, H. M. Cao, J. L. Kong, H. M. Xiong, and H. Möhwald, “ZnO-Based Nanoplatforms for Labeling and Treatment of Mouse Tumors without Detectable Toxic Side Effects,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4294–4300 (2016).
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X. Li, Y. Liu, X. Song, H. Wang, H. Gu, and H. Zeng, “Intercrossed carbon nanorings with pure surface states as low-cost and environment-friendly phosphors for white-light-emitting diodes,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 54(6), 1759–1764 (2015).
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H. Zeng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue Luminescence of ZnO Nanoparticles Based on Non-Equilibrium Processes: Defect Origins and Emission Controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
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Zhang, P.

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X. Cai, Y. Luo, W. Zhang, D. Du, and Y. Lin, “pH-Sensitive ZnO Quantum Dots-Doxorubicin Nanoparticles for Lung Cancer Targeted Drug Delivery,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(34), 22442–22450 (2016).
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Zhang, X. T.

P. P. Dai, C. Li, X. T. Zhang, J. Xu, X. Chen, X. L. Wang, Y. Jia, X. Wang, and Y. C. Liu, “A single Eu2+-activated high-color-rendering oxychloride white-light phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(2), e16024 (2016).
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F. Zhang, X. Feng, Y. Zhang, L. Yan, Y. Yang, and X. Liu, “Photoluminescent carbon quantum dots as a directly film-forming phosphor towards white LEDs,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8618–8632 (2016).
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Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
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J. Pan, J. Chen, Q. Huang, Q. Khan, X. Liu, Z. Tao, Z. Zhang, W. Lei, and A. Nathan, “Size Tunable ZnO Nanoparticles To Enhance Electron Injection in Solution Processed QLEDs,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 215–222 (2016).
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Y. Chang, X. Yao, Z. Zhang, D. Jiang, Y. Yu, L. Mi, H. Wang, G. Li, D. Yu, and Y. Jiang, “Preparation of highly luminescent BaSO4protected CdTe quantum dots as conversion materials for excellent color-rendering white LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(12), 2831–2836 (2015).
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Z. Y. Zhang, Y. D. Xu, Y. Y. Ma, L. L. Qiu, Y. Wang, J. L. Kong, and H. M. Xiong, “Biodegradable ZnO@polymer core-shell nanocarriers: pH-triggered release of doxorubicin in vitro,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(15), 4127–4131 (2013).
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Q. Qiao, B. H. Li, C. X. Shan, J. S. Liu, J. Yu, X. H. Xie, Z. Z. Zhang, T. B. Ji, Y. Jia, and D. Z. Shen, “Light-emitting diodes fabricated from small-size ZnO quantum dots,” Mater. Lett. 74, 104–106 (2012).
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D. X. Ye, Y. Y. Ma, W. Zhao, H. M. Cao, J. L. Kong, H. M. Xiong, and H. Möhwald, “ZnO-Based Nanoplatforms for Labeling and Treatment of Mouse Tumors without Detectable Toxic Side Effects,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4294–4300 (2016).
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Zheng, Y.

L. Qian, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “Stable and efficient quantum-dot light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed multilayer structures,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 543–548 (2011).
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Zhou, H.

H. Zhou, Q. Wang, and Y. Jin, “Temperature dependence of energy transfer in tunable white light-emitting phosphor BaY2Si3O10:Bi3+,Eu3+for near UV LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(42), 11151–11162 (2015).
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Zhou, M.

C. Ma, M. Zhou, D. Wu, M. Feng, X. Liu, P. Huo, W. Shi, Z. Ma, and Y. Yan, “One-step hydrothermal synthesis of cobalt and potassium codoped CdSe quantum dots with high visible light photocatalytic activity,” CrystEngComm 17(7), 1701–1709 (2015).
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Ziegler, J.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-Coated InP/ZnS Nanocrystals as Converter Material in White LEDs,” Adv. Mater. 20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
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Zwissler, D. W.

B. C. Marin, S. W. Hsu, L. Chen, A. Lo, D. W. Zwissler, Z. Liu, and A. R. Tao, “Plasmon-Enhanced Two-Photon Absorption in Photoluminescent Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 526–531 (2016).
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ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (4)

B. Wang, H. Lin, J. Xu, H. Chen, and Y. Wang, “CaMg₂Al₁₆O₂₇:Mn⁴⁺-based red phosphor: a potential color converter for high-powered warm W-LED,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(24), 22905–22913 (2014).
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T. Aubert, S. J. Soenen, D. Wassmuth, M. Cirillo, R. Van Deun, K. Braeckmans, and Z. Hens, “Bright and stable CdSe/CdS@SiO₂ nanoparticles suitable for long-term cell labeling,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11714–11723 (2014).
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X. Cai, Y. Luo, W. Zhang, D. Du, and Y. Lin, “pH-Sensitive ZnO Quantum Dots-Doxorubicin Nanoparticles for Lung Cancer Targeted Drug Delivery,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(34), 22442–22450 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
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ACS Nano (1)

D. X. Ye, Y. Y. Ma, W. Zhao, H. M. Cao, J. L. Kong, H. M. Xiong, and H. Möhwald, “ZnO-Based Nanoplatforms for Labeling and Treatment of Mouse Tumors without Detectable Toxic Side Effects,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4294–4300 (2016).
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ACS Photonics (2)

J. Pan, J. Chen, Q. Huang, Q. Khan, X. Liu, Z. Tao, Z. Zhang, W. Lei, and A. Nathan, “Size Tunable ZnO Nanoparticles To Enhance Electron Injection in Solution Processed QLEDs,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 215–222 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. C. Marin, S. W. Hsu, L. Chen, A. Lo, D. W. Zwissler, Z. Liu, and A. R. Tao, “Plasmon-Enhanced Two-Photon Absorption in Photoluminescent Semiconductor Nanocrystals,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 526–531 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

H. Zeng, G. Duan, Y. Li, S. Yang, X. Xu, and W. Cai, “Blue Luminescence of ZnO Nanoparticles Based on Non-Equilibrium Processes: Defect Origins and Emission Controls,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(4), 561–572 (2010).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (5)

H. M. Xiong, “ZnO nanoparticles applied to bioimaging and drug delivery,” Adv. Mater. 25(37), 5329–5335 (2013).
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N. Nasiri, R. Bo, F. Wang, L. Fu, and A. Tricoli, “Ultraporous Electron-Depleted ZnO Nanoparticle Networks for Highly Sensitive Portable Visible-Blind UV Photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 27(29), 4336–4343 (2015).
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J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-Coated InP/ZnS Nanocrystals as Converter Material in White LEDs,” Adv. Mater. 20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
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Y. Q. Li, A. Rizzo, R. Cingolani, and G. Gigli, “Bright White-Light-Emitting Device from Ternary Nanocrystal Composites,” Adv. Mater. 18(19), 2545–2548 (2006).
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X. Wang, X. Yan, W. Li, and K. Sun, “Doped quantum dots for white-light-emitting diodes without reabsorption of multiphase phosphors,” Adv. Mater. 24(20), 2742–2747 (2012).
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Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Choi, M. R. Phillips, I. Aharonovich, S. Pornsuwan, B. C. C. Cowie, and C. Ton-That, “Photophysics of Point Defects in ZnO Nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(6), 821–827 (2015).
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Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (4)

Z. Y. Zhang, Y. D. Xu, Y. Y. Ma, L. L. Qiu, Y. Wang, J. L. Kong, and H. M. Xiong, “Biodegradable ZnO@polymer core-shell nanocarriers: pH-triggered release of doxorubicin in vitro,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(15), 4127–4131 (2013).
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S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, H. V. Demir, and A. Eychmüller, “Bright white-light emitting manganese and copper co-doped ZnSe quantum dots,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(19), 4432–4436 (2011).
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X. Li, Y. Liu, X. Song, H. Wang, H. Gu, and H. Zeng, “Intercrossed carbon nanorings with pure surface states as low-cost and environment-friendly phosphors for white-light-emitting diodes,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 54(6), 1759–1764 (2015).
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Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (1)

H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, L. W. Sun, Y. Liu, H. M. Xiao, and S. Y. Fu, “Synthesis of silane surface modified ZnO quantum dots with ultrastable, strong and tunable luminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 47(43), 11921–11923 (2011).
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Chin. Phys. B (1)

Y. J. Lu, Z. F. Shi, C. X. Shan, and D. Z. Shen, “ZnO-based deep-ultraviolet light-emitting devices,” Chin. Phys. B 26(4), 047703 (2017).
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CrystEngComm (4)

J. Huang, X. Hu, J. Shen, D. Wu, C. Yin, R. Xiang, C. Yang, X. Liang, and W. Xiang, “Facile synthesis of a thermally stable Ce3+:Y3Al5O12 phosphor-in-glass for white LEDs,” CrystEngComm 17(37), 7079–7085 (2015).
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S. Bera, S. K. Maity, and D. Haldar, “Photoelectrochemical properties of CdSe quantum dots doped disk-like tripeptide capsule,” CrystEngComm 16(22), 4834–4841 (2014).
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C. Ma, M. Zhou, D. Wu, M. Feng, X. Liu, P. Huo, W. Shi, Z. Ma, and Y. Yan, “One-step hydrothermal synthesis of cobalt and potassium codoped CdSe quantum dots with high visible light photocatalytic activity,” CrystEngComm 17(7), 1701–1709 (2015).
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X. Xu, C. Xu, X. Wang, Y. Lin, J. Dai, and J. Hu, “Control mechanism behind broad fluorescence from violet to orange in ZnO quantum dots,” CrystEngComm 15(5), 977–981 (2013).
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R. Hardman, “A toxicologic review of quantum dots: toxicity depends on physicochemical and environmental factors,” Environ. Health Perspect. 114(2), 165–172 (2006).
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J. Colloid Interface Sci. (1)

K. Matsuyama, N. Ihsan, K. Irie, K. Mishima, T. Okuyama, and H. Muto, “Bioimaging application of highly luminescent silica-coated ZnO-nanoparticle quantum dots with biotin,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 399, 19–25 (2013).
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J. Mater. Chem. (2)

H. M. Xiong, D. P. Xie, X. Y. Guan, Y. J. Tan, and Y. Y. Xia, “Water-stable blue-emitting ZnO@polymer core?shell microspheres,” J. Mater. Chem. 17(24), 2490–2496 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. W. Sun, H. Q. Shi, W. N. Li, H. M. Xiao, S. Y. Fu, X. Z. Cao, and Z. X. Li, “Lanthanum-doped ZnO quantum dots with greatly enhanced fluorescent quantum yield,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(17), 8221–8227 (2012).
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J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (2)

Y. Chang, X. Yao, Z. Zhang, D. Jiang, Y. Yu, L. Mi, H. Wang, G. Li, D. Yu, and Y. Jiang, “Preparation of highly luminescent BaSO4protected CdTe quantum dots as conversion materials for excellent color-rendering white LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(12), 2831–2836 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhou, Q. Wang, and Y. Jin, “Temperature dependence of energy transfer in tunable white light-emitting phosphor BaY2Si3O10:Bi3+,Eu3+for near UV LEDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(42), 11151–11162 (2015).
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Light Sci. Appl. (5)

P. P. Dai, C. Li, X. T. Zhang, J. Xu, X. Chen, X. L. Wang, Y. Jia, X. Wang, and Y. C. Liu, “A single Eu2+-activated high-color-rendering oxychloride white-light phosphor for white-light-emitting diodes,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(2), e16024 (2016).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic illustration of the synthesis process of the ZnO NP powders.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Image of the as-prepared ZnO NP powders. (b) TEM image of the ZnO NPs. (c) HRTEM image of the ZnO NPs. (d) Selected area electron diffraction pattern of the ZnO NPs. (e) DLS of the ZnO NPs. (f) XRD pattern of the ZnO NPs. (g) XPS spectrum of the ZnO NPs.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) PLE spectrum at 535 nm and fluorescence spectra of the ZnO NPs under different excitation wavelengths. (b) Images of the ZnO NP powders under UV lighting and indoor lighting conditions. (c) Absorption spectrum of the ZnO NP powders. (d) Transient photoluminescence spectrum of the ZnO NPs, and the inset shows the schematic illustration of the carrier recombination process in the ZnO NPs.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The emission spectrum of the UV chip, the PLE spectrum of the ZnO NP powders has also been illustrated for comparison, and the electroluminescence spectra of the UV chip coated with the ZnO NP phosphors operated at different injection current. (b) Color coordinate of the LED operated at different injection currents. (c) Images of the LED operated at different injection currents.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The luminous efficiency and optical power density of the ZnO NP phosphors coated LED. (b) CCT of the LED. (c) The luminescence spectra of the LED by coating ZnO NP powders treated with different temperatures. (d) The luminescence intensity of the LED coating ZnO NP powders treated with different temperatures.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 The luminous efficiency of the LEDs under different driving current

Equations (1)

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y = y 0 + Α 1 e x p ( - t / τ 1 ) + Α 2 e x p ( - t / τ 2 )

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