Abstract

Bulk crystals cut and polished as spheres or cylinders are unique tools for measuring the angular distribution of any linear or nonlinear optical property as well as for designing widely and continuously tunable parametric devices. The aim of this article is to describe the specific techniques of shaping such high quality samples, and their use in methods of optical measurements and devices that we implemented.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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Refractive indices determination of a small-size nonlinear biaxial crystal by use of double-refraction measurements with a laser beam

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References

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  1. A. Mazumdar, “Principles and Techniques of Schlieren Imaging Systems,” Columbia University Academic Commons (2013).
  2. B. Boulanger and G. Marnier, “The sphere method: a new technique in linear and nonlinear crystalline optical studies,” Opt. Commun. 72, 144–147 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  3. B. Boulanger, J. P. Fève, G. Marnier, B. Ménaert, X. Cabirol, P. Villeval, and C. Bonnin, “Relative sign and absolute magnitude of d(2) nonlinear coefficients of KTP from second-harmonic-generation measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11(5), 750–757 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  4. B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, B. Ménaert, and J. Zaccaro, “Spheres and cylinders in parametric non linear optics,” Opt. Mater. 26(4), 459–464 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, L. Ferrier, B. Ménaert, and J. Zaccaro, “Refractive indices determination of a small size non linear biaxial crystal by using double refraction measurements with a laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(5), 852–856 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystals,” Laser Photonics Rev.1–18 (2013), doi:.
    [Crossref]
  7. P. Brand, B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, Y. Petit, C. Félix, B. Ménaert, T. Taira, and H. Ishizuki, “Angular quasi-phase-matching experiments and determination of accurate Sellmeier equations for 5%MgO:PPLN,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2578–2580 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. V. Kemlin, P. Brand, B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, B. Ménaert, and J. Debray, “Phase-matching properties and refined Sellmeier equations of the new nonlinear infrared crystal CdSiP2.,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1800–1802 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. E. Boursier, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, C. Félix, J. Debray, D. Jegouso, B. Ménaert, D. Roshchupkin, and I. Shoji, “Phase-matching directions, refined Sellmeier equations, and second-order nonlinear coefficient of the infrared Langatate crystal La3Ga(5.5)Ta(0.5)O14,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 4033–4036 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. F. Guo, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Debray, G. Aka, and P. Loiseau, “Phase-matching directions and refined Sellmeier equations of the monoclinic GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5290–5293 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. E. Boursier, P. Segonds, B. Ménaert, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, D. Badikov, V. Petrov, and B. Boulanger, “Phase-matching directions and refined Sellmeier equations of the monoclinic acentric crystal BaGa4Se7,” Opt. Lett. 41(12), 2731–2734 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. O. Pacaud, J. P. Fève, B. Boulanger, and B. Ménaert, “Cylindrical KTiOPO4 crystal for enhanced angular tunability of phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 25(10), 737–739 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. V. Kemlin, V. Jegouso, J. Debray, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, H. Ishizuki, and T. Taira, “Widely tunable OPO in a 5 mm-thick 5%MgO:PPLN partial cylinder,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 860–862 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. V. Kemlin, D. Jegouso, J. Debray, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, G. Mennerat, J. M. Melkonian, and A. Godard, “Dual-wavelength source from 5%MgO:PPLN cylinders devoted to the characterization of nonlinear crystals for infrared generation,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28886–28891 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, B. Ménaert, and J. Zaccaro, “Spheres and cylinders in parametric non linear optics,” Opt. Mater. 26(4), 459–464 (2004).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1994 (1)

1989 (1)

B. Boulanger and G. Marnier, “The sphere method: a new technique in linear and nonlinear crystalline optical studies,” Opt. Commun. 72, 144–147 (1989).
[Crossref]

Aka, G.

Badikov, D.

Badikov, V.

Bonnin, C.

Boulanger, B.

E. Boursier, P. Segonds, B. Ménaert, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, D. Badikov, V. Petrov, and B. Boulanger, “Phase-matching directions and refined Sellmeier equations of the monoclinic acentric crystal BaGa4Se7,” Opt. Lett. 41(12), 2731–2734 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guo, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Debray, G. Aka, and P. Loiseau, “Phase-matching directions and refined Sellmeier equations of the monoclinic GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5290–5293 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Boursier, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, C. Félix, J. Debray, D. Jegouso, B. Ménaert, D. Roshchupkin, and I. Shoji, “Phase-matching directions, refined Sellmeier equations, and second-order nonlinear coefficient of the infrared Langatate crystal La3Ga(5.5)Ta(0.5)O14,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 4033–4036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Kemlin, D. Jegouso, J. Debray, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, G. Mennerat, J. M. Melkonian, and A. Godard, “Dual-wavelength source from 5%MgO:PPLN cylinders devoted to the characterization of nonlinear crystals for infrared generation,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28886–28891 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Kemlin, V. Jegouso, J. Debray, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, H. Ishizuki, and T. Taira, “Widely tunable OPO in a 5 mm-thick 5%MgO:PPLN partial cylinder,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 860–862 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Kemlin, P. Brand, B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, B. Ménaert, and J. Debray, “Phase-matching properties and refined Sellmeier equations of the new nonlinear infrared crystal CdSiP2.,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1800–1802 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Brand, B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, Y. Petit, C. Félix, B. Ménaert, T. Taira, and H. Ishizuki, “Angular quasi-phase-matching experiments and determination of accurate Sellmeier equations for 5%MgO:PPLN,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2578–2580 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, L. Ferrier, B. Ménaert, and J. Zaccaro, “Refractive indices determination of a small size non linear biaxial crystal by using double refraction measurements with a laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(5), 852–856 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, B. Ménaert, and J. Zaccaro, “Spheres and cylinders in parametric non linear optics,” Opt. Mater. 26(4), 459–464 (2004).
[Crossref]

O. Pacaud, J. P. Fève, B. Boulanger, and B. Ménaert, “Cylindrical KTiOPO4 crystal for enhanced angular tunability of phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 25(10), 737–739 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Boulanger, J. P. Fève, G. Marnier, B. Ménaert, X. Cabirol, P. Villeval, and C. Bonnin, “Relative sign and absolute magnitude of d(2) nonlinear coefficients of KTP from second-harmonic-generation measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11(5), 750–757 (1994).
[Crossref]

B. Boulanger and G. Marnier, “The sphere method: a new technique in linear and nonlinear crystalline optical studies,” Opt. Commun. 72, 144–147 (1989).
[Crossref]

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystals,” Laser Photonics Rev.1–18 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Boursier, E.

Brand, P.

Cabirol, X.

Debray, J.

Félix, C.

Ferrier, L.

Fève, J. P.

Godard, A.

Guo, F.

Ishizuki, H.

Jegouso, D.

Jegouso, V.

Joly, S.

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystals,” Laser Photonics Rev.1–18 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Kemlin, V.

Loiseau, P.

Marnier, G.

Melkonian, J. M.

Menaert, B.

Ménaert, B.

E. Boursier, P. Segonds, B. Ménaert, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, D. Badikov, V. Petrov, and B. Boulanger, “Phase-matching directions and refined Sellmeier equations of the monoclinic acentric crystal BaGa4Se7,” Opt. Lett. 41(12), 2731–2734 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guo, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Debray, G. Aka, and P. Loiseau, “Phase-matching directions and refined Sellmeier equations of the monoclinic GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5290–5293 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Boursier, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, C. Félix, J. Debray, D. Jegouso, B. Ménaert, D. Roshchupkin, and I. Shoji, “Phase-matching directions, refined Sellmeier equations, and second-order nonlinear coefficient of the infrared Langatate crystal La3Ga(5.5)Ta(0.5)O14,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 4033–4036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Kemlin, P. Brand, B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, B. Ménaert, and J. Debray, “Phase-matching properties and refined Sellmeier equations of the new nonlinear infrared crystal CdSiP2.,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1800–1802 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Brand, B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, Y. Petit, C. Félix, B. Ménaert, T. Taira, and H. Ishizuki, “Angular quasi-phase-matching experiments and determination of accurate Sellmeier equations for 5%MgO:PPLN,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2578–2580 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, L. Ferrier, B. Ménaert, and J. Zaccaro, “Refractive indices determination of a small size non linear biaxial crystal by using double refraction measurements with a laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(5), 852–856 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, B. Ménaert, and J. Zaccaro, “Spheres and cylinders in parametric non linear optics,” Opt. Mater. 26(4), 459–464 (2004).
[Crossref]

O. Pacaud, J. P. Fève, B. Boulanger, and B. Ménaert, “Cylindrical KTiOPO4 crystal for enhanced angular tunability of phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 25(10), 737–739 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Boulanger, J. P. Fève, G. Marnier, B. Ménaert, X. Cabirol, P. Villeval, and C. Bonnin, “Relative sign and absolute magnitude of d(2) nonlinear coefficients of KTP from second-harmonic-generation measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11(5), 750–757 (1994).
[Crossref]

Mennerat, G.

Pacaud, O.

Panyutin, V.

Petit, Y.

Petrov, V.

Roshchupkin, D.

Schunemann, P. G.

Segonds, P.

E. Boursier, P. Segonds, B. Ménaert, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, D. Badikov, V. Petrov, and B. Boulanger, “Phase-matching directions and refined Sellmeier equations of the monoclinic acentric crystal BaGa4Se7,” Opt. Lett. 41(12), 2731–2734 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guo, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Debray, G. Aka, and P. Loiseau, “Phase-matching directions and refined Sellmeier equations of the monoclinic GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5290–5293 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Boursier, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, C. Félix, J. Debray, D. Jegouso, B. Ménaert, D. Roshchupkin, and I. Shoji, “Phase-matching directions, refined Sellmeier equations, and second-order nonlinear coefficient of the infrared Langatate crystal La3Ga(5.5)Ta(0.5)O14,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 4033–4036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Kemlin, D. Jegouso, J. Debray, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, G. Mennerat, J. M. Melkonian, and A. Godard, “Dual-wavelength source from 5%MgO:PPLN cylinders devoted to the characterization of nonlinear crystals for infrared generation,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28886–28891 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Kemlin, V. Jegouso, J. Debray, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, H. Ishizuki, and T. Taira, “Widely tunable OPO in a 5 mm-thick 5%MgO:PPLN partial cylinder,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 860–862 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Kemlin, P. Brand, B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, B. Ménaert, and J. Debray, “Phase-matching properties and refined Sellmeier equations of the new nonlinear infrared crystal CdSiP2.,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1800–1802 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Brand, B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, Y. Petit, C. Félix, B. Ménaert, T. Taira, and H. Ishizuki, “Angular quasi-phase-matching experiments and determination of accurate Sellmeier equations for 5%MgO:PPLN,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2578–2580 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, L. Ferrier, B. Ménaert, and J. Zaccaro, “Refractive indices determination of a small size non linear biaxial crystal by using double refraction measurements with a laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(5), 852–856 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, B. Ménaert, and J. Zaccaro, “Spheres and cylinders in parametric non linear optics,” Opt. Mater. 26(4), 459–464 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystals,” Laser Photonics Rev.1–18 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Shoji, I.

Taira, T.

Villeval, P.

Zaccaro, J.

Zawilski, K. T.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. Boulanger and G. Marnier, “The sphere method: a new technique in linear and nonlinear crystalline optical studies,” Opt. Commun. 72, 144–147 (1989).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

P. Brand, B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, Y. Petit, C. Félix, B. Ménaert, T. Taira, and H. Ishizuki, “Angular quasi-phase-matching experiments and determination of accurate Sellmeier equations for 5%MgO:PPLN,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2578–2580 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Kemlin, P. Brand, B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, B. Ménaert, and J. Debray, “Phase-matching properties and refined Sellmeier equations of the new nonlinear infrared crystal CdSiP2.,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1800–1802 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Boursier, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, C. Félix, J. Debray, D. Jegouso, B. Ménaert, D. Roshchupkin, and I. Shoji, “Phase-matching directions, refined Sellmeier equations, and second-order nonlinear coefficient of the infrared Langatate crystal La3Ga(5.5)Ta(0.5)O14,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 4033–4036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guo, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Ménaert, J. Debray, G. Aka, and P. Loiseau, “Phase-matching directions and refined Sellmeier equations of the monoclinic GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5290–5293 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Boursier, P. Segonds, B. Ménaert, V. Badikov, V. Panyutin, D. Badikov, V. Petrov, and B. Boulanger, “Phase-matching directions and refined Sellmeier equations of the monoclinic acentric crystal BaGa4Se7,” Opt. Lett. 41(12), 2731–2734 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Pacaud, J. P. Fève, B. Boulanger, and B. Ménaert, “Cylindrical KTiOPO4 crystal for enhanced angular tunability of phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 25(10), 737–739 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Kemlin, V. Jegouso, J. Debray, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, H. Ishizuki, and T. Taira, “Widely tunable OPO in a 5 mm-thick 5%MgO:PPLN partial cylinder,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 860–862 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. (1)

B. Boulanger, P. Segonds, B. Ménaert, and J. Zaccaro, “Spheres and cylinders in parametric non linear optics,” Opt. Mater. 26(4), 459–464 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

A. Mazumdar, “Principles and Techniques of Schlieren Imaging Systems,” Columbia University Academic Commons (2013).

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystals,” Laser Photonics Rev.1–18 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Apparatus designed to shape crystals into cylinders with a polished rim.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Examples of polished full or partial cylinders ready for optical studies.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Main steps (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) for shaping and polishing a sphere from a cube.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Examples of polished spheres mounted on goniometer heads for optical measurements.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Sphere placed at the center of a Euler circle. (b) Focusing scheme inside the sphere
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Angular distribution recorded in polarized light of: (a) the absorption at 812 nm through a 7.44-mm-diameter Nd3+:YCOB sphere [6]; (b) the DFG tuning curve using a 7.55-mm-diameter BGSe sphere [11].
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 QPM 5%MgO:PPLN (Λ0 = 28 μm): (a) partial cylinder, (b) corresponding OPO tuning curve [13].

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