Abstract

Photo-degradation of organic dyes occasionally causes problems in microoptical devices, e.g., microfluidic or droplet lasers, since a strong optical power is concentrated in a small volume for the enhancement of the operation efficiency. Although lanthanide ions provide bleach-resistant fluorescence emitters, their absorption and emission efficiencies are so poor that they usually require a long optical path. Polyethylene glycol is a useful solvent that enhances both the absorption and emission efficiencies due to its turbid characteristic and its ligand effect. A polyethylene glycol solution of europium ions exhibited an 80-fold stronger fluorescence (613 nm wavelength) than an aqueous solution. In addition, solidification induced twofold enhancement of the fluorescence intensity due to the pump light (396 nm wavelength) confinement in a small volume.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
  29. S. Ogata, T. Shimizu, T. Ishibashi, Y. Ishiyone, M. Hanami, M. Ito, A. Ishii, S. Kawaguchi, K. Sugimoto, and M. Hasegawa, “Water-soluble lanthanide complexes with a helical ligand modified for strong luminescence in a wide pH region,” New J. Chem. 41(14), 6385–6394 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  30. W. Horrocks and D. R. Sudnick, “Lanthanide ion luminescence probes of the structure of biological macromolecules,” Acc. Chem. Res. 14(12), 384–392 (1981).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  37. M. Dejneka, E. Snitzer, and R. E. Riman, “Spectroscopic characterization of Eu3+-doped inorganic and alkoxide sol-gel derived fluorozirconate glass and zirconium fluoride gels,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 202(1-2), 23–34 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  38. S. V. Eliseeva, O. V. Kotova, F. Gumy, S. N. Semenov, V. G. Kessler, L. S. Lepnev, J.-C. G. Bünzli, and N. P. Kuzmina, “Role of the ancillary ligand N,N-dimethylaminoethanol in the sensitization of EuIII and TbIII luminescence in dimeric β-diketonates,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(16), 3614–3626 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. M. Nogami and Y. Abe, “Properties of sol-gel-derived Al2O3-SiO2 glasses using Eu3+ ion fluorescence spectra,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 197(1), 73–78 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  40. V. Bekiari, G. Pistolis, and P. Lianos, “Improvement of the emission properties of sol-gel silica matrices containing Eu3+ in the presence of poly(ethylene glycol)-200,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 226(1-2), 200–203 (1998).
    [Crossref]

2017 (3)

M. Saito, T. Hashimoto, and J. Taniguchi, “Fabrication of disk droplets and evaluation of their lasing action,” Opt. Lett. 42(20), 4119–4122 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ogata, T. Shimizu, T. Ishibashi, Y. Ishiyone, M. Hanami, M. Ito, A. Ishii, S. Kawaguchi, K. Sugimoto, and M. Hasegawa, “Water-soluble lanthanide complexes with a helical ligand modified for strong luminescence in a wide pH region,” New J. Chem. 41(14), 6385–6394 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Kitagawa, R. Ohno, T. Nakanishi, K. Fushimi, and Y. Hasegawa, “Solvent-dependent dual-luminescence properties of a europium complex with helical π-conjugated ligands,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 16(5), 683–689 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

M. Saito and Y. Nishimura, “Bistable random laser that uses a phase transition of polyethylene glycol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(13), 131107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Hirai, T. Nakanishi, Y. Kitagawa, K. Fushimi, T. Seki, H. Ito, and Y. Hasegawa, “Luminescent europium(III) coordination zippers linked with thiophene-based bridges,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 55(39), 12059–12062 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

S. Sato, A. Ishii, C. Yamada, J. Kim, C. H. Song, A. Fujiwara, M. Takata, and M. Hasegawa, “Luminescence of fusion materials of polymeric chain-structured lanthanide complexes,” Polym. J. 47(2), 195–200 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

N. B. D. Lima, S. M. C. Gonçalves, S. A. Júnior, and A. M. Simas, “A comprehensive strategy to boost the quantum yield of luminescence of europium complexes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2395 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

M. Saito and K. Koyama, “Spectral and polarization characteristics of a deformed droplet laser,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065002 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Saito and Y. Nishimura, “Bistable optical transmission properties of polyethylene-glycol,” Proc. SPIE 8474, 847411 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Yoshioka, Y. Yang, H. Watanabe, and Y. Oki, “Fundamental characteristics of degradation-recoverable solid-state DFB polymer laser,” Opt. Express 20(4), 4690–4696 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

G. Auby, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Hu, W. Qiu, X. Cheng, Y. Luo, C. Qin, W. Wu, X. Wang, X. Tian, T. Wang, L. Wang, Q. Zhang, B. Zhu, G. Zou, Q. Zhang, and Y. Chen, “Optical amplification of Eu(TTA)3Phen solution-filled hollow optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1902–1904 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Spatial coherence of random laser emission,” Opt. Lett. 36(17), 3404–3406 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Lee, H. Li, J. D. Suter, K. Reddy, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, “Tunable single mode lasing from an on-chip optofluidic ring resonator laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(6), 061103 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Miyata, T. Nakagawa, R. Kawakami, Y. Kita, K. Sugimoto, T. Nakashima, T. Harada, T. Kawai, and Y. Hasegawa, “Remarkable luminescence properties of lanthanide complexes with asymmetric dodecahedron structures,” Chemistry 17(2), 521–528 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

S. V. Eliseeva, D. N. Pleshkov, K. A. Lyssenko, L. S. Lepnev, J.-C. G. Bünzli, and N. P. Kuzmina, “Highly luminescent and triboluminescent coordination polymers assembled from lanthanide β-diketonates and aromatic bidentate O-donor ligands,” Inorg. Chem. 49(20), 9300–9311 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. C. Tsang, C.-Y. Wong, and E. Y. B. Pun, “High-gain optical amplification in Eu3+-doped polymer,” Opt. Lett. 35(4), 520–522 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. B. Bradley, R. Stoffer, L. Agazzi, F. Ay, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Integrated Al2O3:Er3+ ring lasers on silicon with wide wavelength selectivity,” Opt. Lett. 35(1), 73–75 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Song and D. Psaltis, “Pneumatically tunable optofluidic dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(8), 081101 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

L. D. Carlos, R. A. S. Ferreira, V. Z. Bermudez, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Lanthanide-containing light-emitting organic-inorganic hybrids: a bet on the future,” Adv. Mater. 21(5), 509–534 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

S. V. Eliseeva, O. V. Kotova, F. Gumy, S. N. Semenov, V. G. Kessler, L. S. Lepnev, J.-C. G. Bünzli, and N. P. Kuzmina, “Role of the ancillary ligand N,N-dimethylaminoethanol in the sensitization of EuIII and TbIII luminescence in dimeric β-diketonates,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(16), 3614–3626 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 143501 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

H. Liang, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, and F. Guo, “Amplified spontaneous emission of Eu(DBM)3phen doped step-index polymer optical fiber by end-pumping with a YAG,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 98(2), 912–916 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Quici, M. Cavazzini, G. Marzanni, G. Accorsi, N. Armaroli, B. Ventura, and F. Barigelletti, “Visible and near-infrared intense luminescence from water-soluble lanthanide [Tb(III), Eu(III), Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), Er(III)] complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 44(3), 529–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

I. G. Kytina, V. G. Kytin, and K. Lips, “High power polymer dye laser with improved stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(24), 4902–4904 (2004).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, “Upconversion lasing of a thulium-ion-doped fluorozirconate glass microsphere,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(5), 2385–2388 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 162(4-6), 241–246 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

V. Bekiari, G. Pistolis, and P. Lianos, “Improvement of the emission properties of sol-gel silica matrices containing Eu3+ in the presence of poly(ethylene glycol)-200,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 226(1-2), 200–203 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (3)

M. Dejneka, E. Snitzer, and R. E. Riman, “Spectroscopic characterization of Eu3+-doped inorganic and alkoxide sol-gel derived fluorozirconate glass and zirconium fluoride gels,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 202(1-2), 23–34 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. Nogami and Y. Abe, “Properties of sol-gel-derived Al2O3-SiO2 glasses using Eu3+ ion fluorescence spectra,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 197(1), 73–78 (1996).
[Crossref]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. Albada, A. Lagendijk, N. M. Lawandy, and R. M. Balachandran, “Random Laser?” Nature 373(6511), 203–204 (1995).
[Crossref]

L. D. Carlos, M. Assunção, and L. Alcácer, “Luminescence of polymer electrolytes containing europium (III),” J. Mater. Res. 10(01), 202–210 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

M. D. Barnes, K. C. Ng, W. B. Whitten, and J. M. Ramsey, “Detection of single rhodamine 6G molecules in levitated microdroplets,” Anal. Chem. 65(17), 2360–2365 (1993).
[Crossref]

C. Gouedard, D. Husson, C. Sauteret, F. Auzel, and A. Migus, “Generation of spatially incoherent short pulses in laser-pumped neodymium stoichiometric crystals and powders,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10(12), 2358–2363 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

H. Cai and G. C. Farrington, “UV/Visible spectroscopy studies of Ni(II) coordination in poly(ethylene glycol),” J. Electrochem. Soc. 139(3), 744–748 (1992).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, “Efficient Er3+-doped optical fiber amplifier pumped by a 1.48 μm InGaAsP laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54(4), 295–297 (1989).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

W. Horrocks and D. R. Sudnick, “Lanthanide ion luminescence probes of the structure of biological macromolecules,” Acc. Chem. Res. 14(12), 384–392 (1981).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

Abe, Y.

M. Nogami and Y. Abe, “Properties of sol-gel-derived Al2O3-SiO2 glasses using Eu3+ ion fluorescence spectra,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 197(1), 73–78 (1996).
[Crossref]

Accorsi, G.

S. Quici, M. Cavazzini, G. Marzanni, G. Accorsi, N. Armaroli, B. Ventura, and F. Barigelletti, “Visible and near-infrared intense luminescence from water-soluble lanthanide [Tb(III), Eu(III), Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), Er(III)] complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 44(3), 529–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agazzi, L.

Albada, M. P.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. Albada, A. Lagendijk, N. M. Lawandy, and R. M. Balachandran, “Random Laser?” Nature 373(6511), 203–204 (1995).
[Crossref]

Alcácer, L.

L. D. Carlos, M. Assunção, and L. Alcácer, “Luminescence of polymer electrolytes containing europium (III),” J. Mater. Res. 10(01), 202–210 (1995).
[Crossref]

Armaroli, N.

S. Quici, M. Cavazzini, G. Marzanni, G. Accorsi, N. Armaroli, B. Ventura, and F. Barigelletti, “Visible and near-infrared intense luminescence from water-soluble lanthanide [Tb(III), Eu(III), Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), Er(III)] complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 44(3), 529–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Assunção, M.

L. D. Carlos, M. Assunção, and L. Alcácer, “Luminescence of polymer electrolytes containing europium (III),” J. Mater. Res. 10(01), 202–210 (1995).
[Crossref]

Auby, G.

G. Auby, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Auzel, F.

Ay, F.

Balachandran, R. M.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. Albada, A. Lagendijk, N. M. Lawandy, and R. M. Balachandran, “Random Laser?” Nature 373(6511), 203–204 (1995).
[Crossref]

Balslev, S.

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 143501 (2007).
[Crossref]

Barigelletti, F.

S. Quici, M. Cavazzini, G. Marzanni, G. Accorsi, N. Armaroli, B. Ventura, and F. Barigelletti, “Visible and near-infrared intense luminescence from water-soluble lanthanide [Tb(III), Eu(III), Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), Er(III)] complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 44(3), 529–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnes, M. D.

M. D. Barnes, K. C. Ng, W. B. Whitten, and J. M. Ramsey, “Detection of single rhodamine 6G molecules in levitated microdroplets,” Anal. Chem. 65(17), 2360–2365 (1993).
[Crossref]

Baughman, R. H.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 162(4-6), 241–246 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bekiari, V.

V. Bekiari, G. Pistolis, and P. Lianos, “Improvement of the emission properties of sol-gel silica matrices containing Eu3+ in the presence of poly(ethylene glycol)-200,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 226(1-2), 200–203 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bermudez, V. Z.

L. D. Carlos, R. A. S. Ferreira, V. Z. Bermudez, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Lanthanide-containing light-emitting organic-inorganic hybrids: a bet on the future,” Adv. Mater. 21(5), 509–534 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bradley, J. D. B.

Brecher, C.

Bünzli, J.-C. G.

S. V. Eliseeva, D. N. Pleshkov, K. A. Lyssenko, L. S. Lepnev, J.-C. G. Bünzli, and N. P. Kuzmina, “Highly luminescent and triboluminescent coordination polymers assembled from lanthanide β-diketonates and aromatic bidentate O-donor ligands,” Inorg. Chem. 49(20), 9300–9311 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Nishimura, Y.

M. Saito and Y. Nishimura, “Bistable random laser that uses a phase transition of polyethylene glycol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(13), 131107 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Saito and Y. Nishimura, “Bistable optical transmission properties of polyethylene-glycol,” Proc. SPIE 8474, 847411 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nogami, M.

M. Nogami and Y. Abe, “Properties of sol-gel-derived Al2O3-SiO2 glasses using Eu3+ ion fluorescence spectra,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 197(1), 73–78 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ogata, S.

S. Ogata, T. Shimizu, T. Ishibashi, Y. Ishiyone, M. Hanami, M. Ito, A. Ishii, S. Kawaguchi, K. Sugimoto, and M. Hasegawa, “Water-soluble lanthanide complexes with a helical ligand modified for strong luminescence in a wide pH region,” New J. Chem. 41(14), 6385–6394 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ohno, R.

Y. Kitagawa, R. Ohno, T. Nakanishi, K. Fushimi, and Y. Hasegawa, “Solvent-dependent dual-luminescence properties of a europium complex with helical π-conjugated ligands,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 16(5), 683–689 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oki, Y.

Pistolis, G.

V. Bekiari, G. Pistolis, and P. Lianos, “Improvement of the emission properties of sol-gel silica matrices containing Eu3+ in the presence of poly(ethylene glycol)-200,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 226(1-2), 200–203 (1998).
[Crossref]

Pleshkov, D. N.

S. V. Eliseeva, D. N. Pleshkov, K. A. Lyssenko, L. S. Lepnev, J.-C. G. Bünzli, and N. P. Kuzmina, “Highly luminescent and triboluminescent coordination polymers assembled from lanthanide β-diketonates and aromatic bidentate O-donor ligands,” Inorg. Chem. 49(20), 9300–9311 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pollnau, M.

Psaltis, D.

W. Song and D. Psaltis, “Pneumatically tunable optofluidic dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(8), 081101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pun, E. Y. B.

Qin, C.

Qiu, W.

Quici, S.

S. Quici, M. Cavazzini, G. Marzanni, G. Accorsi, N. Armaroli, B. Ventura, and F. Barigelletti, “Visible and near-infrared intense luminescence from water-soluble lanthanide [Tb(III), Eu(III), Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), Er(III)] complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 44(3), 529–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raimond, J.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ramsey, J. M.

M. D. Barnes, K. C. Ng, W. B. Whitten, and J. M. Ramsey, “Detection of single rhodamine 6G molecules in levitated microdroplets,” Anal. Chem. 65(17), 2360–2365 (1993).
[Crossref]

Redding, B.

Reddy, K.

W. Lee, H. Li, J. D. Suter, K. Reddy, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, “Tunable single mode lasing from an on-chip optofluidic ring resonator laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(6), 061103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ribeiro, S. J. L.

L. D. Carlos, R. A. S. Ferreira, V. Z. Bermudez, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Lanthanide-containing light-emitting organic-inorganic hybrids: a bet on the future,” Adv. Mater. 21(5), 509–534 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Riman, R. E.

M. Dejneka, E. Snitzer, and R. E. Riman, “Spectroscopic characterization of Eu3+-doped inorganic and alkoxide sol-gel derived fluorozirconate glass and zirconium fluoride gels,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 202(1-2), 23–34 (1996).
[Crossref]

Saito, M.

M. Saito, T. Hashimoto, and J. Taniguchi, “Fabrication of disk droplets and evaluation of their lasing action,” Opt. Lett. 42(20), 4119–4122 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Saito and Y. Nishimura, “Bistable random laser that uses a phase transition of polyethylene glycol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(13), 131107 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Saito and Y. Nishimura, “Bistable optical transmission properties of polyethylene-glycol,” Proc. SPIE 8474, 847411 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Saito and K. Koyama, “Spectral and polarization characteristics of a deformed droplet laser,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Samelson, H.

Sandoghdar, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sasaki, K.

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, “Upconversion lasing of a thulium-ion-doped fluorozirconate glass microsphere,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(5), 2385–2388 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sato, S.

S. Sato, A. Ishii, C. Yamada, J. Kim, C. H. Song, A. Fujiwara, M. Takata, and M. Hasegawa, “Luminescence of fusion materials of polymeric chain-structured lanthanide complexes,” Polym. J. 47(2), 195–200 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sauteret, C.

Seki, T.

Y. Hirai, T. Nakanishi, Y. Kitagawa, K. Fushimi, T. Seki, H. Ito, and Y. Hasegawa, “Luminescent europium(III) coordination zippers linked with thiophene-based bridges,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 55(39), 12059–12062 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Semenov, S. N.

S. V. Eliseeva, O. V. Kotova, F. Gumy, S. N. Semenov, V. G. Kessler, L. S. Lepnev, J.-C. G. Bünzli, and N. P. Kuzmina, “Role of the ancillary ligand N,N-dimethylaminoethanol in the sensitization of EuIII and TbIII luminescence in dimeric β-diketonates,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(16), 3614–3626 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shimizu, T.

S. Ogata, T. Shimizu, T. Ishibashi, Y. Ishiyone, M. Hanami, M. Ito, A. Ishii, S. Kawaguchi, K. Sugimoto, and M. Hasegawa, “Water-soluble lanthanide complexes with a helical ligand modified for strong luminescence in a wide pH region,” New J. Chem. 41(14), 6385–6394 (2017).
[Crossref]

Simas, A. M.

N. B. D. Lima, S. M. C. Gonçalves, S. A. Júnior, and A. M. Simas, “A comprehensive strategy to boost the quantum yield of luminescence of europium complexes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2395 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Snitzer, E.

M. Dejneka, E. Snitzer, and R. E. Riman, “Spectroscopic characterization of Eu3+-doped inorganic and alkoxide sol-gel derived fluorozirconate glass and zirconium fluoride gels,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 202(1-2), 23–34 (1996).
[Crossref]

Song, C. H.

S. Sato, A. Ishii, C. Yamada, J. Kim, C. H. Song, A. Fujiwara, M. Takata, and M. Hasegawa, “Luminescence of fusion materials of polymeric chain-structured lanthanide complexes,” Polym. J. 47(2), 195–200 (2015).
[Crossref]

Song, W.

W. Song and D. Psaltis, “Pneumatically tunable optofluidic dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(8), 081101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Soto-Velasco, J.

G. Auby, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stoffer, R.

Sudnick, D. R.

W. Horrocks and D. R. Sudnick, “Lanthanide ion luminescence probes of the structure of biological macromolecules,” Acc. Chem. Res. 14(12), 384–392 (1981).
[Crossref]

Sugimoto, K.

S. Ogata, T. Shimizu, T. Ishibashi, Y. Ishiyone, M. Hanami, M. Ito, A. Ishii, S. Kawaguchi, K. Sugimoto, and M. Hasegawa, “Water-soluble lanthanide complexes with a helical ligand modified for strong luminescence in a wide pH region,” New J. Chem. 41(14), 6385–6394 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Miyata, T. Nakagawa, R. Kawakami, Y. Kita, K. Sugimoto, T. Nakashima, T. Harada, T. Kawai, and Y. Hasegawa, “Remarkable luminescence properties of lanthanide complexes with asymmetric dodecahedron structures,” Chemistry 17(2), 521–528 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.

W. Lee, H. Li, J. D. Suter, K. Reddy, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, “Tunable single mode lasing from an on-chip optofluidic ring resonator laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(6), 061103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Suter, J. D.

W. Lee, H. Li, J. D. Suter, K. Reddy, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, “Tunable single mode lasing from an on-chip optofluidic ring resonator laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(6), 061103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, K.

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, “Efficient Er3+-doped optical fiber amplifier pumped by a 1.48 μm InGaAsP laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54(4), 295–297 (1989).
[Crossref]

Takata, M.

S. Sato, A. Ishii, C. Yamada, J. Kim, C. H. Song, A. Fujiwara, M. Takata, and M. Hasegawa, “Luminescence of fusion materials of polymeric chain-structured lanthanide complexes,” Polym. J. 47(2), 195–200 (2015).
[Crossref]

Taniguchi, J.

Tian, X.

Treussart, F.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsang, K. C.

Vardeny, Z. V.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 162(4-6), 241–246 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ventura, B.

S. Quici, M. Cavazzini, G. Marzanni, G. Accorsi, N. Armaroli, B. Ventura, and F. Barigelletti, “Visible and near-infrared intense luminescence from water-soluble lanthanide [Tb(III), Eu(III), Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), Er(III)] complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 44(3), 529–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

G. Auby, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Wang, T.

Wang, X.

Watanabe, H.

Whitten, W. B.

M. D. Barnes, K. C. Ng, W. B. Whitten, and J. M. Ramsey, “Detection of single rhodamine 6G molecules in levitated microdroplets,” Anal. Chem. 65(17), 2360–2365 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. Albada, A. Lagendijk, N. M. Lawandy, and R. M. Balachandran, “Random Laser?” Nature 373(6511), 203–204 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wong, C.-Y.

Wörhoff, K.

Wu, W.

Yamada, C.

S. Sato, A. Ishii, C. Yamada, J. Kim, C. H. Song, A. Fujiwara, M. Takata, and M. Hasegawa, “Luminescence of fusion materials of polymeric chain-structured lanthanide complexes,” Polym. J. 47(2), 195–200 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Yoshioka, H.

Zakhidov, A. A.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 162(4-6), 241–246 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Zheng, Z.

H. Liang, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, and F. Guo, “Amplified spontaneous emission of Eu(DBM)3phen doped step-index polymer optical fiber by end-pumping with a YAG,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 98(2), 912–916 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhu, B.

Zou, G.

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

W. Horrocks and D. R. Sudnick, “Lanthanide ion luminescence probes of the structure of biological macromolecules,” Acc. Chem. Res. 14(12), 384–392 (1981).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

L. D. Carlos, R. A. S. Ferreira, V. Z. Bermudez, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Lanthanide-containing light-emitting organic-inorganic hybrids: a bet on the future,” Adv. Mater. 21(5), 509–534 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (1)

M. D. Barnes, K. C. Ng, W. B. Whitten, and J. M. Ramsey, “Detection of single rhodamine 6G molecules in levitated microdroplets,” Anal. Chem. 65(17), 2360–2365 (1993).
[Crossref]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

Y. Hirai, T. Nakanishi, Y. Kitagawa, K. Fushimi, T. Seki, H. Ito, and Y. Hasegawa, “Luminescent europium(III) coordination zippers linked with thiophene-based bridges,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 55(39), 12059–12062 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

I. G. Kytina, V. G. Kytin, and K. Lips, “High power polymer dye laser with improved stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(24), 4902–4904 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 143501 (2007).
[Crossref]

W. Song and D. Psaltis, “Pneumatically tunable optofluidic dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(8), 081101 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Auby, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, “Efficient Er3+-doped optical fiber amplifier pumped by a 1.48 μm InGaAsP laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54(4), 295–297 (1989).
[Crossref]

M. Saito and Y. Nishimura, “Bistable random laser that uses a phase transition of polyethylene glycol,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(13), 131107 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Lee, H. Li, J. D. Suter, K. Reddy, Y. Sun, and X. Fan, “Tunable single mode lasing from an on-chip optofluidic ring resonator laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(6), 061103 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chemistry (1)

K. Miyata, T. Nakagawa, R. Kawakami, Y. Kita, K. Sugimoto, T. Nakashima, T. Harada, T. Kawai, and Y. Hasegawa, “Remarkable luminescence properties of lanthanide complexes with asymmetric dodecahedron structures,” Chemistry 17(2), 521–528 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inorg. Chem. (2)

S. Quici, M. Cavazzini, G. Marzanni, G. Accorsi, N. Armaroli, B. Ventura, and F. Barigelletti, “Visible and near-infrared intense luminescence from water-soluble lanthanide [Tb(III), Eu(III), Sm(III), Dy(III), Pr(III), Ho(III), Yb(III), Nd(III), Er(III)] complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 44(3), 529–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Eliseeva, D. N. Pleshkov, K. A. Lyssenko, L. S. Lepnev, J.-C. G. Bünzli, and N. P. Kuzmina, “Highly luminescent and triboluminescent coordination polymers assembled from lanthanide β-diketonates and aromatic bidentate O-donor ligands,” Inorg. Chem. 49(20), 9300–9311 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, “Upconversion lasing of a thulium-ion-doped fluorozirconate glass microsphere,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(5), 2385–2388 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (1)

H. Liang, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, and F. Guo, “Amplified spontaneous emission of Eu(DBM)3phen doped step-index polymer optical fiber by end-pumping with a YAG,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 98(2), 912–916 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

H. Cai and G. C. Farrington, “UV/Visible spectroscopy studies of Ni(II) coordination in poly(ethylene glycol),” J. Electrochem. Soc. 139(3), 744–748 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

L. D. Carlos, M. Assunção, and L. Alcácer, “Luminescence of polymer electrolytes containing europium (III),” J. Mater. Res. 10(01), 202–210 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

M. Dejneka, E. Snitzer, and R. E. Riman, “Spectroscopic characterization of Eu3+-doped inorganic and alkoxide sol-gel derived fluorozirconate glass and zirconium fluoride gels,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 202(1-2), 23–34 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. Nogami and Y. Abe, “Properties of sol-gel-derived Al2O3-SiO2 glasses using Eu3+ ion fluorescence spectra,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 197(1), 73–78 (1996).
[Crossref]

V. Bekiari, G. Pistolis, and P. Lianos, “Improvement of the emission properties of sol-gel silica matrices containing Eu3+ in the presence of poly(ethylene glycol)-200,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 226(1-2), 200–203 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

M. Saito and K. Koyama, “Spectral and polarization characteristics of a deformed droplet laser,” J. Opt. 14(6), 065002 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

S. V. Eliseeva, O. V. Kotova, F. Gumy, S. N. Semenov, V. G. Kessler, L. S. Lepnev, J.-C. G. Bünzli, and N. P. Kuzmina, “Role of the ancillary ligand N,N-dimethylaminoethanol in the sensitization of EuIII and TbIII luminescence in dimeric β-diketonates,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(16), 3614–3626 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. Albada, A. Lagendijk, N. M. Lawandy, and R. M. Balachandran, “Random Laser?” Nature 373(6511), 203–204 (1995).
[Crossref]

New J. Chem. (1)

S. Ogata, T. Shimizu, T. Ishibashi, Y. Ishiyone, M. Hanami, M. Ito, A. Ishii, S. Kawaguchi, K. Sugimoto, and M. Hasegawa, “Water-soluble lanthanide complexes with a helical ligand modified for strong luminescence in a wide pH region,” New J. Chem. 41(14), 6385–6394 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 162(4-6), 241–246 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. (1)

Y. Kitagawa, R. Ohno, T. Nakanishi, K. Fushimi, and Y. Hasegawa, “Solvent-dependent dual-luminescence properties of a europium complex with helical π-conjugated ligands,” Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 16(5), 683–689 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, J. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54(3), R1777–R1780 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polym. J. (1)

S. Sato, A. Ishii, C. Yamada, J. Kim, C. H. Song, A. Fujiwara, M. Takata, and M. Hasegawa, “Luminescence of fusion materials of polymeric chain-structured lanthanide complexes,” Polym. J. 47(2), 195–200 (2015).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Saito and Y. Nishimura, “Bistable optical transmission properties of polyethylene-glycol,” Proc. SPIE 8474, 847411 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

N. B. D. Lima, S. M. C. Gonçalves, S. A. Júnior, and A. M. Simas, “A comprehensive strategy to boost the quantum yield of luminescence of europium complexes,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2395 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

S. Shionoya and W. M. Yen, eds., Phosphor Handbook (CRC Press, 1999).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Transmission spectra of the Eu3+ ions that dissolved in (a) water or (b) PEG 300 (liquid). The ionic concentration was 0.01 mol/l and the sample thickness was 50 mm. The blank for the transmittance measurement was water or PEG that contained no Eu ions.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Optical system for the fluorescence measurement. (b) Photograph of the water and PEG solutions containing Eu3+ (0.01 mol/l). The pump laser beam (396 nm) passed through the solutions from the left to the right, inducing a strong fluorescence in the PEG solution.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Fluorescence spectra of Eu3+ that dissolved in the mixture of water and PEG 300. The volume ratio of the PEG varied (a)‒(i) between 0 and 100%. The Eu concentration was 0.01 mol/l. The sample cell thickness was 10 mm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a)‒(f) Dependence of the fluorescent peak height on the volume ratio of PEG. (g) Energy levels of the Eu3+ ion that are related to the excitation (396 nm) and the fluorescence emission at various wavelengths.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Fluorescence spectra of (a)‒(c) the liquid (PEG 300) or (d)‒(f) solid (PEG 1000) samples. The Eu concentration was 0.01 mol/l. The sample thickness was 1, 2, or 5 mm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Transmission spectra of PEG 300 (liquid) and PEG 1000 (solid). The samples were contained in a glass cell with a thickness of 10 or 1.2 mm. A xenon lamp was used as a light source in this experiment. The blank for the transmittance measurement was an empty glass cell. (b) Intensities of the scattered pump light (396 nm). As Fig. 2(b) shows, the violet laser beam was put into the sample cell, and the scattered light intensity was measured from the cell side, i.e., in the direction perpendicular to the pump beam path. The horizontal axis shows the distance from the cell entrance. The samples were PEG 300 (∆) and PEG 1000 (○).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Fluorescence spectra that were measured before (0 h, the thick gray line) and after (2 h, the thin line) the continuous irradiation of the pump laser beam (396 nm wavelength, 100 mW, 1 mm diameter). (b) Fluorescence spectra that were measured after preservation of 1 or 55 days. (c) Temporal change of the fluorescent peak heights (592 or 613 nm wavelength) during the preservation process.

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