Abstract

We report on a way to make and transfer large-area (100 cm2) free-standing 2D or 3D colloidal photonic crystal (CPC) films deposited using a roll-to-roll Langmuir-Blodgett technique from silica or polymer particles. Using this approach, a ‘sticker’ composed of a monolayer array of silica particles with 120 nm diameter in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) glue was transferred onto a commercial flexible organic photovoltaic cell improving its conversion efficiency by some 5.2-8.3% at off-normal 0°-45° angles. The results presented here open up a range of new options for application of CPC films in the areas of photovoltaics and light-emitting devices.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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Corrections

30 March 2018: A typographical correction was made to the author affiliations.


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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. H. Kim, J. P. Ge, J. Kim, S. E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. D. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 534–540 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. H. Wang and K. Q. Zhang, “Photonic Crystal Structures with Tunable Structure Color as Colorimetric Sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 13(4), 4192–4213 (2013).
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  6. H. Fudouzi, T. Sawada, Y. Tanaka, I. Ario, T. Hyakutake, and I. Nishizaki, “Smart photonic coating as a new visualization technique of strain deformation of metal plates,” Proc. SPIE8345, 83451S (2012).
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  10. P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-Crystal Colloidal Multilayers of Controlled Thickness,” Chem. Mater. 11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  20. W. C. Luk, K. M. Yeung, K. C. Tam, K. L. Ng, K. C. Kwok, C. Y. Kwong, A. M. C. Ng, and A. B. Djurisic, “Enhanced conversion efficiency of polymeric photovoltaic cell by nanostructured antireflection coating,” Org. Electron. 12(4), 557–561 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. Deak, B. Bancsi, A. L. Toth, A. L. Kovacs, and Z. Horvolgyi, “Complex Langmuir–Blodgett films from silica nanoparticles: An optical spectroscopy study,” Colloid Surf. A 278(1-3), 10–16 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

A. Yadav and M. S. Tirumkudulu, “Free-standing monolayer films of ordered colloidal particles,” Soft Matter 13(25), 4520–4525 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

M. Parchine, J. McGrath, M. Bardosova, and M. E. Pemble, “Large Area 2D and 3D Colloidal Photonic Crystals Fabricated by a Roll-to-Roll Langmuir-Blodgett Method,” Langmuir 32(23), 5862–5869 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

Z. Cai, N. L. Smith, J. T. Zhang, and S. A. Asher, “Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Chemical and Biomolecular Sensors,” Anal. Chem. 87(10), 5013–5025 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Karg, T. A. F. Konig, M. Retsch, C. Stelling, P. M. Reichstein, T. Honold, M. Thelakkat, and A. Fery, “Colloidal self-assembly concepts for light management in photovoltaics,” Mater. Today 18(4), 185–205 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Armstrong and C. O’Dwyer, “Artificial opal photonic crystals and inverse opal structures − fundamentals and applications from optics to energy storage,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(24), 6109–6143 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Mathews, D. O’Mahony, K. Thomas, E. Pelucchi, B. Corbett, and A. P. Morrison, “Adhesive bonding for mechanically stacked solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(9), 1080–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

T. Kohoutek, J. Orava, L. Strizik, T. Wagner, A. L. Greer, M. Bardosova, and H. Fudouzi, “Large-area inverse opal structures in a bulk chalcogenide glass by spin-coating and thin-film transfer,” Opt. Mater. 36(2), 390–395 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Fang, B. M. Phillips, K. Askar, B. Choi, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Scalable bottom-up fabrication of colloidal photonic crystals and periodic plasmonic nanostructures,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(38), 6031–6047 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Wang and K. Q. Zhang, “Photonic Crystal Structures with Tunable Structure Color as Colorimetric Sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 13(4), 4192–4213 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

G. Kocher-Oberlehner, M. Bardosova, M. Pemble, and B. S. Richards, “Planar photonic solar concentrators for building-integrated photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 104, 53–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

W. C. Luk, K. M. Yeung, K. C. Tam, K. L. Ng, K. C. Kwok, C. Y. Kwong, A. M. C. Ng, and A. B. Djurisic, “Enhanced conversion efficiency of polymeric photovoltaic cell by nanostructured antireflection coating,” Org. Electron. 12(4), 557–561 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

M. Bardosova, M. E. Pemble, I. M. Povey, and R. H. Tredgold, “The Langmuir-Blodgett Approach to Making Colloidal Photonic Crystals from Silica Spheres,” Adv. Mater. 22(29), 3104–3124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

H. Kim, J. P. Ge, J. Kim, S. E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. D. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

W. Li, B. Yang, and D. Wang, “Fabrication of Colloidal Crystals with Defined and Complex Structures via Layer-by-Layer Transfer,” Langmuir 24(23), 13772–13775 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

A. Deak, B. Bancsi, A. L. Toth, A. L. Kovacs, and Z. Horvolgyi, “Complex Langmuir–Blodgett films from silica nanoparticles: An optical spectroscopy study,” Colloid Surf. A 278(1-3), 10–16 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

X. Yan, J. Yao, G. Lu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Microcontact Printing of Colloidal Crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(34), 10510–10511 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-Crystal Colloidal Multilayers of Controlled Thickness,” Chem. Mater. 11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

J. E. G. J. Wijnhoven and W. L. Vos, “Preparation of photonic crystals made of air spheres in titania,” Science 281(5378), 802–804 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ario, I.

H. Fudouzi, T. Sawada, Y. Tanaka, I. Ario, T. Hyakutake, and I. Nishizaki, “Smart photonic coating as a new visualization technique of strain deformation of metal plates,” Proc. SPIE8345, 83451S (2012).

Armstrong, E.

E. Armstrong and C. O’Dwyer, “Artificial opal photonic crystals and inverse opal structures − fundamentals and applications from optics to energy storage,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(24), 6109–6143 (2015).
[Crossref]

Asher, S. A.

Z. Cai, N. L. Smith, J. T. Zhang, and S. A. Asher, “Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Chemical and Biomolecular Sensors,” Anal. Chem. 87(10), 5013–5025 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Askar, K.

Y. Fang, B. M. Phillips, K. Askar, B. Choi, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Scalable bottom-up fabrication of colloidal photonic crystals and periodic plasmonic nanostructures,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(38), 6031–6047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bancsi, B.

A. Deak, B. Bancsi, A. L. Toth, A. L. Kovacs, and Z. Horvolgyi, “Complex Langmuir–Blodgett films from silica nanoparticles: An optical spectroscopy study,” Colloid Surf. A 278(1-3), 10–16 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bardosova, M.

M. Parchine, J. McGrath, M. Bardosova, and M. E. Pemble, “Large Area 2D and 3D Colloidal Photonic Crystals Fabricated by a Roll-to-Roll Langmuir-Blodgett Method,” Langmuir 32(23), 5862–5869 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kohoutek, J. Orava, L. Strizik, T. Wagner, A. L. Greer, M. Bardosova, and H. Fudouzi, “Large-area inverse opal structures in a bulk chalcogenide glass by spin-coating and thin-film transfer,” Opt. Mater. 36(2), 390–395 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Kocher-Oberlehner, M. Bardosova, M. Pemble, and B. S. Richards, “Planar photonic solar concentrators for building-integrated photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 104, 53–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Bardosova, M. E. Pemble, I. M. Povey, and R. H. Tredgold, “The Langmuir-Blodgett Approach to Making Colloidal Photonic Crystals from Silica Spheres,” Adv. Mater. 22(29), 3104–3124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baumberg, J. J.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bertone, J. F.

P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-Crystal Colloidal Multilayers of Controlled Thickness,” Chem. Mater. 11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
[Crossref]

Burdet, P.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butler, S.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, Z.

Z. Cai, N. L. Smith, J. T. Zhang, and S. A. Asher, “Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Chemical and Biomolecular Sensors,” Anal. Chem. 87(10), 5013–5025 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

X. Yan, J. Yao, G. Lu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Microcontact Printing of Colloidal Crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(34), 10510–10511 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, B.

Y. Fang, B. M. Phillips, K. Askar, B. Choi, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Scalable bottom-up fabrication of colloidal photonic crystals and periodic plasmonic nanostructures,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(38), 6031–6047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. E.

H. Kim, J. P. Ge, J. Kim, S. E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. D. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[Crossref]

Colvin, V. L.

P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-Crystal Colloidal Multilayers of Controlled Thickness,” Chem. Mater. 11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
[Crossref]

Corbett, B.

I. Mathews, D. O’Mahony, K. Thomas, E. Pelucchi, B. Corbett, and A. P. Morrison, “Adhesive bonding for mechanically stacked solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(9), 1080–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Deak, A.

A. Deak, B. Bancsi, A. L. Toth, A. L. Kovacs, and Z. Horvolgyi, “Complex Langmuir–Blodgett films from silica nanoparticles: An optical spectroscopy study,” Colloid Surf. A 278(1-3), 10–16 (2006).
[Crossref]

Djurisic, A. B.

W. C. Luk, K. M. Yeung, K. C. Tam, K. L. Ng, K. C. Kwok, C. Y. Kwong, A. M. C. Ng, and A. B. Djurisic, “Enhanced conversion efficiency of polymeric photovoltaic cell by nanostructured antireflection coating,” Org. Electron. 12(4), 557–561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fang, Y.

Y. Fang, B. M. Phillips, K. Askar, B. Choi, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Scalable bottom-up fabrication of colloidal photonic crystals and periodic plasmonic nanostructures,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(38), 6031–6047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fery, A.

M. Karg, T. A. F. Konig, M. Retsch, C. Stelling, P. M. Reichstein, T. Honold, M. Thelakkat, and A. Fery, “Colloidal self-assembly concepts for light management in photovoltaics,” Mater. Today 18(4), 185–205 (2015).
[Crossref]

Finlayson, C. E.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fudouzi, H.

T. Kohoutek, J. Orava, L. Strizik, T. Wagner, A. L. Greer, M. Bardosova, and H. Fudouzi, “Large-area inverse opal structures in a bulk chalcogenide glass by spin-coating and thin-film transfer,” Opt. Mater. 36(2), 390–395 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Fudouzi, T. Sawada, Y. Tanaka, I. Ario, T. Hyakutake, and I. Nishizaki, “Smart photonic coating as a new visualization technique of strain deformation of metal plates,” Proc. SPIE8345, 83451S (2012).

Ge, J. P.

H. Kim, J. P. Ge, J. Kim, S. E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. D. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[Crossref]

Greer, A. L.

T. Kohoutek, J. Orava, L. Strizik, T. Wagner, A. L. Greer, M. Bardosova, and H. Fudouzi, “Large-area inverse opal structures in a bulk chalcogenide glass by spin-coating and thin-film transfer,” Opt. Mater. 36(2), 390–395 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guo, Q.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haines, A.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hellmann, G. P.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herrmann, L.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Honold, T.

M. Karg, T. A. F. Konig, M. Retsch, C. Stelling, P. M. Reichstein, T. Honold, M. Thelakkat, and A. Fery, “Colloidal self-assembly concepts for light management in photovoltaics,” Mater. Today 18(4), 185–205 (2015).
[Crossref]

Horvolgyi, Z.

A. Deak, B. Bancsi, A. L. Toth, A. L. Kovacs, and Z. Horvolgyi, “Complex Langmuir–Blodgett films from silica nanoparticles: An optical spectroscopy study,” Colloid Surf. A 278(1-3), 10–16 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hwang, K. S.

P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-Crystal Colloidal Multilayers of Controlled Thickness,” Chem. Mater. 11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hyakutake, T.

H. Fudouzi, T. Sawada, Y. Tanaka, I. Ario, T. Hyakutake, and I. Nishizaki, “Smart photonic coating as a new visualization technique of strain deformation of metal plates,” Proc. SPIE8345, 83451S (2012).

Jiang, B.

Y. Fang, B. M. Phillips, K. Askar, B. Choi, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Scalable bottom-up fabrication of colloidal photonic crystals and periodic plasmonic nanostructures,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(38), 6031–6047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiang, P.

Y. Fang, B. M. Phillips, K. Askar, B. Choi, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Scalable bottom-up fabrication of colloidal photonic crystals and periodic plasmonic nanostructures,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(38), 6031–6047 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-Crystal Colloidal Multilayers of Controlled Thickness,” Chem. Mater. 11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
[Crossref]

Karg, M.

M. Karg, T. A. F. Konig, M. Retsch, C. Stelling, P. M. Reichstein, T. Honold, M. Thelakkat, and A. Fery, “Colloidal self-assembly concepts for light management in photovoltaics,” Mater. Today 18(4), 185–205 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

H. Kim, J. P. Ge, J. Kim, S. E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. D. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

H. Kim, J. P. Ge, J. Kim, S. E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. D. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kocher-Oberlehner, G.

G. Kocher-Oberlehner, M. Bardosova, M. Pemble, and B. S. Richards, “Planar photonic solar concentrators for building-integrated photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 104, 53–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kohoutek, T.

T. Kohoutek, J. Orava, L. Strizik, T. Wagner, A. L. Greer, M. Bardosova, and H. Fudouzi, “Large-area inverse opal structures in a bulk chalcogenide glass by spin-coating and thin-film transfer,” Opt. Mater. 36(2), 390–395 (2013).
[Crossref]

Konig, T. A. F.

M. Karg, T. A. F. Konig, M. Retsch, C. Stelling, P. M. Reichstein, T. Honold, M. Thelakkat, and A. Fery, “Colloidal self-assembly concepts for light management in photovoltaics,” Mater. Today 18(4), 185–205 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kovacs, A. L.

A. Deak, B. Bancsi, A. L. Toth, A. L. Kovacs, and Z. Horvolgyi, “Complex Langmuir–Blodgett films from silica nanoparticles: An optical spectroscopy study,” Colloid Surf. A 278(1-3), 10–16 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kwok, K. C.

W. C. Luk, K. M. Yeung, K. C. Tam, K. L. Ng, K. C. Kwok, C. Y. Kwong, A. M. C. Ng, and A. B. Djurisic, “Enhanced conversion efficiency of polymeric photovoltaic cell by nanostructured antireflection coating,” Org. Electron. 12(4), 557–561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kwon, S.

H. Kim, J. P. Ge, J. Kim, S. E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. D. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kwong, C. Y.

W. C. Luk, K. M. Yeung, K. C. Tam, K. L. Ng, K. C. Kwok, C. Y. Kwong, A. M. C. Ng, and A. B. Djurisic, “Enhanced conversion efficiency of polymeric photovoltaic cell by nanostructured antireflection coating,” Org. Electron. 12(4), 557–561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.

H. Kim, J. P. Ge, J. Kim, S. E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. D. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Kim, J. P. Ge, J. Kim, S. E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. D. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

W. Li, B. Yang, and D. Wang, “Fabrication of Colloidal Crystals with Defined and Complex Structures via Layer-by-Layer Transfer,” Langmuir 24(23), 13772–13775 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, G.

X. Yan, J. Yao, G. Lu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Microcontact Printing of Colloidal Crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(34), 10510–10511 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luk, W. C.

W. C. Luk, K. M. Yeung, K. C. Tam, K. L. Ng, K. C. Kwok, C. Y. Kwong, A. M. C. Ng, and A. B. Djurisic, “Enhanced conversion efficiency of polymeric photovoltaic cell by nanostructured antireflection coating,” Org. Electron. 12(4), 557–561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mackley, M.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mathews, I.

I. Mathews, D. O’Mahony, K. Thomas, E. Pelucchi, B. Corbett, and A. P. Morrison, “Adhesive bonding for mechanically stacked solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(9), 1080–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

McGrath, J.

M. Parchine, J. McGrath, M. Bardosova, and M. E. Pemble, “Large Area 2D and 3D Colloidal Photonic Crystals Fabricated by a Roll-to-Roll Langmuir-Blodgett Method,” Langmuir 32(23), 5862–5869 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Midgley, P. A.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morrison, A. P.

I. Mathews, D. O’Mahony, K. Thomas, E. Pelucchi, B. Corbett, and A. P. Morrison, “Adhesive bonding for mechanically stacked solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(9), 1080–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ng, A. M. C.

W. C. Luk, K. M. Yeung, K. C. Tam, K. L. Ng, K. C. Kwok, C. Y. Kwong, A. M. C. Ng, and A. B. Djurisic, “Enhanced conversion efficiency of polymeric photovoltaic cell by nanostructured antireflection coating,” Org. Electron. 12(4), 557–561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ng, K. L.

W. C. Luk, K. M. Yeung, K. C. Tam, K. L. Ng, K. C. Kwok, C. Y. Kwong, A. M. C. Ng, and A. B. Djurisic, “Enhanced conversion efficiency of polymeric photovoltaic cell by nanostructured antireflection coating,” Org. Electron. 12(4), 557–561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nishizaki, I.

H. Fudouzi, T. Sawada, Y. Tanaka, I. Ario, T. Hyakutake, and I. Nishizaki, “Smart photonic coating as a new visualization technique of strain deformation of metal plates,” Proc. SPIE8345, 83451S (2012).

O’Dwyer, C.

E. Armstrong and C. O’Dwyer, “Artificial opal photonic crystals and inverse opal structures − fundamentals and applications from optics to energy storage,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(24), 6109–6143 (2015).
[Crossref]

O’Mahony, D.

I. Mathews, D. O’Mahony, K. Thomas, E. Pelucchi, B. Corbett, and A. P. Morrison, “Adhesive bonding for mechanically stacked solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(9), 1080–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Orava, J.

T. Kohoutek, J. Orava, L. Strizik, T. Wagner, A. L. Greer, M. Bardosova, and H. Fudouzi, “Large-area inverse opal structures in a bulk chalcogenide glass by spin-coating and thin-film transfer,” Opt. Mater. 36(2), 390–395 (2013).
[Crossref]

Parchine, M.

M. Parchine, J. McGrath, M. Bardosova, and M. E. Pemble, “Large Area 2D and 3D Colloidal Photonic Crystals Fabricated by a Roll-to-Roll Langmuir-Blodgett Method,” Langmuir 32(23), 5862–5869 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, W.

H. Kim, J. P. Ge, J. Kim, S. E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. D. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pelucchi, E.

I. Mathews, D. O’Mahony, K. Thomas, E. Pelucchi, B. Corbett, and A. P. Morrison, “Adhesive bonding for mechanically stacked solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(9), 1080–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pemble, M.

G. Kocher-Oberlehner, M. Bardosova, M. Pemble, and B. S. Richards, “Planar photonic solar concentrators for building-integrated photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 104, 53–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pemble, M. E.

M. Parchine, J. McGrath, M. Bardosova, and M. E. Pemble, “Large Area 2D and 3D Colloidal Photonic Crystals Fabricated by a Roll-to-Roll Langmuir-Blodgett Method,” Langmuir 32(23), 5862–5869 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bardosova, M. E. Pemble, I. M. Povey, and R. H. Tredgold, “The Langmuir-Blodgett Approach to Making Colloidal Photonic Crystals from Silica Spheres,” Adv. Mater. 22(29), 3104–3124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petukhov, A. V.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phillips, B. M.

Y. Fang, B. M. Phillips, K. Askar, B. Choi, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Scalable bottom-up fabrication of colloidal photonic crystals and periodic plasmonic nanostructures,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(38), 6031–6047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Povey, I. M.

M. Bardosova, M. E. Pemble, I. M. Povey, and R. H. Tredgold, “The Langmuir-Blodgett Approach to Making Colloidal Photonic Crystals from Silica Spheres,” Adv. Mater. 22(29), 3104–3124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reichstein, P. M.

M. Karg, T. A. F. Konig, M. Retsch, C. Stelling, P. M. Reichstein, T. Honold, M. Thelakkat, and A. Fery, “Colloidal self-assembly concepts for light management in photovoltaics,” Mater. Today 18(4), 185–205 (2015).
[Crossref]

Retsch, M.

M. Karg, T. A. F. Konig, M. Retsch, C. Stelling, P. M. Reichstein, T. Honold, M. Thelakkat, and A. Fery, “Colloidal self-assembly concepts for light management in photovoltaics,” Mater. Today 18(4), 185–205 (2015).
[Crossref]

Richards, B. S.

G. Kocher-Oberlehner, M. Bardosova, M. Pemble, and B. S. Richards, “Planar photonic solar concentrators for building-integrated photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 104, 53–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sawada, T.

H. Fudouzi, T. Sawada, Y. Tanaka, I. Ario, T. Hyakutake, and I. Nishizaki, “Smart photonic coating as a new visualization technique of strain deformation of metal plates,” Proc. SPIE8345, 83451S (2012).

Schäfer, C.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, N. L.

Z. Cai, N. L. Smith, J. T. Zhang, and S. A. Asher, “Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Chemical and Biomolecular Sensors,” Anal. Chem. 87(10), 5013–5025 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Snoswell, D. R. E.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spahn, P.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stelling, C.

M. Karg, T. A. F. Konig, M. Retsch, C. Stelling, P. M. Reichstein, T. Honold, M. Thelakkat, and A. Fery, “Colloidal self-assembly concepts for light management in photovoltaics,” Mater. Today 18(4), 185–205 (2015).
[Crossref]

Strizik, L.

T. Kohoutek, J. Orava, L. Strizik, T. Wagner, A. L. Greer, M. Bardosova, and H. Fudouzi, “Large-area inverse opal structures in a bulk chalcogenide glass by spin-coating and thin-film transfer,” Opt. Mater. 36(2), 390–395 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tam, K. C.

W. C. Luk, K. M. Yeung, K. C. Tam, K. L. Ng, K. C. Kwok, C. Y. Kwong, A. M. C. Ng, and A. B. Djurisic, “Enhanced conversion efficiency of polymeric photovoltaic cell by nanostructured antireflection coating,” Org. Electron. 12(4), 557–561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, Y.

H. Fudouzi, T. Sawada, Y. Tanaka, I. Ario, T. Hyakutake, and I. Nishizaki, “Smart photonic coating as a new visualization technique of strain deformation of metal plates,” Proc. SPIE8345, 83451S (2012).

Thelakkat, M.

M. Karg, T. A. F. Konig, M. Retsch, C. Stelling, P. M. Reichstein, T. Honold, M. Thelakkat, and A. Fery, “Colloidal self-assembly concepts for light management in photovoltaics,” Mater. Today 18(4), 185–205 (2015).
[Crossref]

Thomas, K.

I. Mathews, D. O’Mahony, K. Thomas, E. Pelucchi, B. Corbett, and A. P. Morrison, “Adhesive bonding for mechanically stacked solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(9), 1080–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tirumkudulu, M. S.

A. Yadav and M. S. Tirumkudulu, “Free-standing monolayer films of ordered colloidal particles,” Soft Matter 13(25), 4520–4525 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Toth, A. L.

A. Deak, B. Bancsi, A. L. Toth, A. L. Kovacs, and Z. Horvolgyi, “Complex Langmuir–Blodgett films from silica nanoparticles: An optical spectroscopy study,” Colloid Surf. A 278(1-3), 10–16 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tredgold, R. H.

M. Bardosova, M. E. Pemble, I. M. Povey, and R. H. Tredgold, “The Langmuir-Blodgett Approach to Making Colloidal Photonic Crystals from Silica Spheres,” Adv. Mater. 22(29), 3104–3124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vos, W. L.

J. E. G. J. Wijnhoven and W. L. Vos, “Preparation of photonic crystals made of air spheres in titania,” Science 281(5378), 802–804 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wagner, T.

T. Kohoutek, J. Orava, L. Strizik, T. Wagner, A. L. Greer, M. Bardosova, and H. Fudouzi, “Large-area inverse opal structures in a bulk chalcogenide glass by spin-coating and thin-film transfer,” Opt. Mater. 36(2), 390–395 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

W. Li, B. Yang, and D. Wang, “Fabrication of Colloidal Crystals with Defined and Complex Structures via Layer-by-Layer Transfer,” Langmuir 24(23), 13772–13775 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

H. Wang and K. Q. Zhang, “Photonic Crystal Structures with Tunable Structure Color as Colorimetric Sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 13(4), 4192–4213 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wijnhoven, J. E. G. J.

J. E. G. J. Wijnhoven and W. L. Vos, “Preparation of photonic crystals made of air spheres in titania,” Science 281(5378), 802–804 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yadav, A.

A. Yadav and M. S. Tirumkudulu, “Free-standing monolayer films of ordered colloidal particles,” Soft Matter 13(25), 4520–4525 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, X.

X. Yan, J. Yao, G. Lu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Microcontact Printing of Colloidal Crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(34), 10510–10511 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, B.

W. Li, B. Yang, and D. Wang, “Fabrication of Colloidal Crystals with Defined and Complex Structures via Layer-by-Layer Transfer,” Langmuir 24(23), 13772–13775 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yan, J. Yao, G. Lu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Microcontact Printing of Colloidal Crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(34), 10510–10511 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, J.

X. Yan, J. Yao, G. Lu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Microcontact Printing of Colloidal Crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(34), 10510–10511 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeung, K. M.

W. C. Luk, K. M. Yeung, K. C. Tam, K. L. Ng, K. C. Kwok, C. Y. Kwong, A. M. C. Ng, and A. B. Djurisic, “Enhanced conversion efficiency of polymeric photovoltaic cell by nanostructured antireflection coating,” Org. Electron. 12(4), 557–561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yin, Y. D.

H. Kim, J. P. Ge, J. Kim, S. E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. D. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. T.

Z. Cai, N. L. Smith, J. T. Zhang, and S. A. Asher, “Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Chemical and Biomolecular Sensors,” Anal. Chem. 87(10), 5013–5025 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, K.

X. Yan, J. Yao, G. Lu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Microcontact Printing of Colloidal Crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(34), 10510–10511 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, K. Q.

H. Wang and K. Q. Zhang, “Photonic Crystal Structures with Tunable Structure Color as Colorimetric Sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 13(4), 4192–4213 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Q.

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. Bardosova, M. E. Pemble, I. M. Povey, and R. H. Tredgold, “The Langmuir-Blodgett Approach to Making Colloidal Photonic Crystals from Silica Spheres,” Adv. Mater. 22(29), 3104–3124 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (1)

Z. Cai, N. L. Smith, J. T. Zhang, and S. A. Asher, “Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Chemical and Biomolecular Sensors,” Anal. Chem. 87(10), 5013–5025 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

P. Jiang, J. F. Bertone, K. S. Hwang, and V. L. Colvin, “Single-Crystal Colloidal Multilayers of Controlled Thickness,” Chem. Mater. 11(8), 2132–2140 (1999).
[Crossref]

Colloid Surf. A (1)

A. Deak, B. Bancsi, A. L. Toth, A. L. Kovacs, and Z. Horvolgyi, “Complex Langmuir–Blodgett films from silica nanoparticles: An optical spectroscopy study,” Colloid Surf. A 278(1-3), 10–16 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

X. Yan, J. Yao, G. Lu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Microcontact Printing of Colloidal Crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(34), 10510–10511 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (2)

Y. Fang, B. M. Phillips, K. Askar, B. Choi, P. Jiang, and B. Jiang, “Scalable bottom-up fabrication of colloidal photonic crystals and periodic plasmonic nanostructures,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(38), 6031–6047 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Armstrong and C. O’Dwyer, “Artificial opal photonic crystals and inverse opal structures − fundamentals and applications from optics to energy storage,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 3(24), 6109–6143 (2015).
[Crossref]

Langmuir (2)

M. Parchine, J. McGrath, M. Bardosova, and M. E. Pemble, “Large Area 2D and 3D Colloidal Photonic Crystals Fabricated by a Roll-to-Roll Langmuir-Blodgett Method,” Langmuir 32(23), 5862–5869 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Li, B. Yang, and D. Wang, “Fabrication of Colloidal Crystals with Defined and Complex Structures via Layer-by-Layer Transfer,” Langmuir 24(23), 13772–13775 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mater. Today (1)

M. Karg, T. A. F. Konig, M. Retsch, C. Stelling, P. M. Reichstein, T. Honold, M. Thelakkat, and A. Fery, “Colloidal self-assembly concepts for light management in photovoltaics,” Mater. Today 18(4), 185–205 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

Q. Zhao, C. E. Finlayson, D. R. E. Snoswell, A. Haines, C. Schäfer, P. Spahn, G. P. Hellmann, A. V. Petukhov, L. Herrmann, P. Burdet, P. A. Midgley, S. Butler, M. Mackley, Q. Guo, and J. J. Baumberg, “Large-scale ordering of nanoparticles using viscoelastic shear processing,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11661 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

H. Kim, J. P. Ge, J. Kim, S. E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. D. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics 3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. (1)

T. Kohoutek, J. Orava, L. Strizik, T. Wagner, A. L. Greer, M. Bardosova, and H. Fudouzi, “Large-area inverse opal structures in a bulk chalcogenide glass by spin-coating and thin-film transfer,” Opt. Mater. 36(2), 390–395 (2013).
[Crossref]

Org. Electron. (1)

W. C. Luk, K. M. Yeung, K. C. Tam, K. L. Ng, K. C. Kwok, C. Y. Kwong, A. M. C. Ng, and A. B. Djurisic, “Enhanced conversion efficiency of polymeric photovoltaic cell by nanostructured antireflection coating,” Org. Electron. 12(4), 557–561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. (1)

I. Mathews, D. O’Mahony, K. Thomas, E. Pelucchi, B. Corbett, and A. P. Morrison, “Adhesive bonding for mechanically stacked solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(9), 1080–1090 (2015).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

J. E. G. J. Wijnhoven and W. L. Vos, “Preparation of photonic crystals made of air spheres in titania,” Science 281(5378), 802–804 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sensors (Basel) (1)

H. Wang and K. Q. Zhang, “Photonic Crystal Structures with Tunable Structure Color as Colorimetric Sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 13(4), 4192–4213 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soft Matter (1)

A. Yadav and M. S. Tirumkudulu, “Free-standing monolayer films of ordered colloidal particles,” Soft Matter 13(25), 4520–4525 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

G. Kocher-Oberlehner, M. Bardosova, M. Pemble, and B. S. Richards, “Planar photonic solar concentrators for building-integrated photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 104, 53–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

H. Fudouzi, T. Sawada, Y. Tanaka, I. Ario, T. Hyakutake, and I. Nishizaki, “Smart photonic coating as a new visualization technique of strain deformation of metal plates,” Proc. SPIE8345, 83451S (2012).

H. Fudouzi, “Colloidal Photonic Crystal Films: Fabrication and Tunable Structural Color and Applications,” In Nanomaterials and Nanoarchitectures, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security, M. Bardosova, T. Wagner, eds. (Springer, 2015).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 A schematic shows the process of making LB monolayer / PVA composite (a), while the comparison of bare OPV cell and OPV cells covered with LB 120 nm / PVA and LB 740 nm / PVA composites is shown in (b).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The SEM micrographs depict the surfaces morphology of LB 120 nm (a) and LB 120 nm / PVA (b) films and LB 740 nm (c) and LB 740 nm / PVA (d) films in comparison. The scale bars correspond to 1 μm in all images.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The optical reflectivity spectra of colloidal crystal photonic multilayers (a) 13-layer LB multilayer of 250 nm silica particles, (b) controlled evaporation (see Ref. 10) multilayer of 235 nm silica particles and (c) vertical assembly grown multilayer of 265 nm polystyren particles in comparison with the spectra of freestanding composite films of the original films in PVA.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The optical reflectivity spectra shown (a) LB 120 nm and LB 740 nm deposited on polyester foils in comparison with the reflectivity of the substrate and the reflectivity of the substrate coated with a silicon glue film; (b) those of (a) glued with a silicone glue film onto an OPV and (c) the optical transmittance of an OPV cell (d) measured through double pouch foil and in the active area.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Solar simulator data showing in comparison of the ISC, VOC, FF and PCE parameters recorded from an OPV cell before and after the transfer of LB 120 nm / PVA composite films (glued with a 50 μm thick silicone film).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Comparison of solar simulator data showing the ISC, VOC, FF and PCE parameters recorder from an OPV cell before and after the transfer of LB 740 nm / PVA composite films (glued with a 50 μm thick silicone film).

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