Abstract

A diode-pumped passively Q-switched 1065 nm laser with a novel Nd:Gd0.89La0.1NbO4 mixed crystal was demonstrated for the first time to the best of our knowledge. First, the crystal characteristics were investigated. In the continuous-wave (CW) operation, when the absorbed pump power was 12.24 W, the maximum CW output power of 3.06 W was obtained with the optimum transmission (20%) of the output plane coupler. In the passively Q-switched situation, when Cr4+:YAG crystal with an initial transmission of 90% served as the Q-switched saturable absorber, the maximum repetition rate, pulse peak power and minimum pulse width were 24.5 kHz, 1.13 kW and 32 ns, respectively, at the absorbed pump power of 12.24 W.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]

2017 (6)

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, F. Peng, W. Liu, J. Luo, R. Dou, G. Sun, X. Wang, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, spectral properties and continuous wave laser operation of new mixed Nd:GdYNbO4 laser crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 698, 159–163 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, W. Lu, J. Xu, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, structure, defects, mechanical and spectral properties of Nd0. 01:Gd0. 89La0. 1NbO4 mixed crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(10), 636 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, J. Gao, G. Sun, and M. Chen, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, X. Yang, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, G. Sun, Y. Ma, and D. Sun, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdNbO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 56(8), 086111 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, F. Peng, X. Wang, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth and characterization of a mixed laser crystal: Nd-doped Gd0.89La0.1NbO4,” RSC Advances 7(57), 35666–35671 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Model for the polarization dependence of the saturable absorption in Cr4+:YAG,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(2), 577–586 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

J. Liu, C. Wang, S. Liu, W. Tian, L. Li, S. Liu, and M. Liu, “Characterization of passively Q-switched mode-locking diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(12), 1971–1980 (2008).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

Y. He, X. Hou, L. Qin, Y. Sun, Y. Li, H. Qi, and L. Pan, “Laser-diode pumped passively Q-switched Nd: YxGd1− xVO4 laser with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 234(1-6), 305–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

H. Jiang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Optical-transition properties of the Nd3+ ion in Gd0.8La0.2VO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(7), 3647–3650 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kuck, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. Zagumennyi, Y. Zavartsev, P. Studenikin, and I. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0. 5La0. 5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

Chen, M.

S. Ding, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, J. Gao, G. Sun, and M. Chen, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cheng, S.

Cichy, B.

W. Strek, B. Cichy, L. Radosinski, P. Gluchowski, L. Marciniak, M. Lukaszewicz, and D. Hreniak, “Laser-induced white-light emission from graphene ceramics–opening a band gap in grapheme,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(1), 237 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ding, S.

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, W. Lu, J. Xu, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, structure, defects, mechanical and spectral properties of Nd0. 01:Gd0. 89La0. 1NbO4 mixed crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(10), 636 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, F. Peng, W. Liu, J. Luo, R. Dou, G. Sun, X. Wang, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, spectral properties and continuous wave laser operation of new mixed Nd:GdYNbO4 laser crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 698, 159–163 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, J. Gao, G. Sun, and M. Chen, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, F. Peng, X. Wang, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth and characterization of a mixed laser crystal: Nd-doped Gd0.89La0.1NbO4,” RSC Advances 7(57), 35666–35671 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, X. Yang, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, G. Sun, Y. Ma, and D. Sun, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdNbO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 56(8), 086111 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dong, C.

Dou, R.

S. Ding, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, J. Gao, G. Sun, and M. Chen, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, F. Peng, W. Liu, J. Luo, R. Dou, G. Sun, X. Wang, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, spectral properties and continuous wave laser operation of new mixed Nd:GdYNbO4 laser crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 698, 159–163 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, D. Sun, W. Liu, G. Sun, R. Dou, X. Wang, and X. Xing, “Growth, thermal properties, and LD-pumped 1066 nm laser performance of Nd3+ doped Gd/YTaO4 mixed single crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(11), 2536–2544 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fan, R.

Feng, T. L.

Fu, X.

Gao, J.

S. Ding, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, J. Gao, G. Sun, and M. Chen, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gluchowski, P.

W. Strek, B. Cichy, L. Radosinski, P. Gluchowski, L. Marciniak, M. Lukaszewicz, and D. Hreniak, “Laser-induced white-light emission from graphene ceramics–opening a band gap in grapheme,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(1), 237 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, J. L.

He, Y.

Y. Ma, Y. He, X. Yu, X. Li, J. Li, R. Yan, J. Peng, X. Zhang, R. Sun, Y. Pan, and D. Chen, “Multiple-beam, pulse-burst, passively Q-switched ceramic Nd:YAG laser under micro-lens array pumping,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24955–24961 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. He, X. Hou, L. Qin, Y. Sun, Y. Li, H. Qi, and L. Pan, “Laser-diode pumped passively Q-switched Nd: YxGd1− xVO4 laser with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 234(1-6), 305–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

Heumann, E.

I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kuck, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hou, J.

Hou, X.

Y. He, X. Hou, L. Qin, Y. Sun, Y. Li, H. Qi, and L. Pan, “Laser-diode pumped passively Q-switched Nd: YxGd1− xVO4 laser with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 234(1-6), 305–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hreniak, D.

W. Strek, B. Cichy, L. Radosinski, P. Gluchowski, L. Marciniak, M. Lukaszewicz, and D. Hreniak, “Laser-induced white-light emission from graphene ceramics–opening a band gap in grapheme,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(1), 237 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

H. Jiang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Optical-transition properties of the Nd3+ ion in Gd0.8La0.2VO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(7), 3647–3650 (2002).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. Zagumennyi, Y. Zavartsev, P. Studenikin, and I. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0. 5La0. 5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

Jiang, H.

H. Jiang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Optical-transition properties of the Nd3+ ion in Gd0.8La0.2VO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(7), 3647–3650 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kuck, S.

I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kuck, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

Li, D. C.

Li, G. Q.

Li, J.

Li, L.

J. Liu, C. Wang, S. Liu, W. Tian, L. Li, S. Liu, and M. Liu, “Characterization of passively Q-switched mode-locking diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(12), 1971–1980 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Li, Y.

X. Fu, Z. Jia, Y. Li, D. Yuan, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “Crystal growth and characterization of Nd3+:(LaxGd1-x)3Ga5O12 laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(9), 1242–1253 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. He, X. Hou, L. Qin, Y. Sun, Y. Li, H. Qi, and L. Pan, “Laser-diode pumped passively Q-switched Nd: YxGd1− xVO4 laser with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 234(1-6), 305–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lisiecki, R.

Liu, H.

H. Jiang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Optical-transition properties of the Nd3+ ion in Gd0.8La0.2VO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(7), 3647–3650 (2002).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, C. Wang, S. Liu, W. Tian, L. Li, S. Liu, and M. Liu, “Characterization of passively Q-switched mode-locking diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(12), 1971–1980 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

J. Liu, C. Wang, S. Liu, W. Tian, L. Li, S. Liu, and M. Liu, “Characterization of passively Q-switched mode-locking diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(12), 1971–1980 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

J. Liu, C. Wang, S. Liu, W. Tian, L. Li, S. Liu, and M. Liu, “Characterization of passively Q-switched mode-locking diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(12), 1971–1980 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, C. Wang, S. Liu, W. Tian, L. Li, S. Liu, and M. Liu, “Characterization of passively Q-switched mode-locking diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(12), 1971–1980 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, W. Lu, J. Xu, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, structure, defects, mechanical and spectral properties of Nd0. 01:Gd0. 89La0. 1NbO4 mixed crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(10), 636 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, F. Peng, W. Liu, J. Luo, R. Dou, G. Sun, X. Wang, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, spectral properties and continuous wave laser operation of new mixed Nd:GdYNbO4 laser crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 698, 159–163 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, X. Yang, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, G. Sun, Y. Ma, and D. Sun, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdNbO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 56(8), 086111 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, F. Peng, X. Wang, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth and characterization of a mixed laser crystal: Nd-doped Gd0.89La0.1NbO4,” RSC Advances 7(57), 35666–35671 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, J. Gao, G. Sun, and M. Chen, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, D. Sun, W. Liu, G. Sun, R. Dou, X. Wang, and X. Xing, “Growth, thermal properties, and LD-pumped 1066 nm laser performance of Nd3+ doped Gd/YTaO4 mixed single crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(11), 2536–2544 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, W.

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, W. Lu, J. Xu, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, structure, defects, mechanical and spectral properties of Nd0. 01:Gd0. 89La0. 1NbO4 mixed crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(10), 636 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lukasiewicz, T.

I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kuck, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lukaszewicz, M.

W. Strek, B. Cichy, L. Radosinski, P. Gluchowski, L. Marciniak, M. Lukaszewicz, and D. Hreniak, “Laser-induced white-light emission from graphene ceramics–opening a band gap in grapheme,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(1), 237 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, W. Lu, J. Xu, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, structure, defects, mechanical and spectral properties of Nd0. 01:Gd0. 89La0. 1NbO4 mixed crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(10), 636 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, F. Peng, W. Liu, J. Luo, R. Dou, G. Sun, X. Wang, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, spectral properties and continuous wave laser operation of new mixed Nd:GdYNbO4 laser crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 698, 159–163 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, J. Gao, G. Sun, and M. Chen, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, F. Peng, X. Wang, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth and characterization of a mixed laser crystal: Nd-doped Gd0.89La0.1NbO4,” RSC Advances 7(57), 35666–35671 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, X. Yang, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, G. Sun, Y. Ma, and D. Sun, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdNbO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 56(8), 086111 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, D. Sun, W. Liu, G. Sun, R. Dou, X. Wang, and X. Xing, “Growth, thermal properties, and LD-pumped 1066 nm laser performance of Nd3+ doped Gd/YTaO4 mixed single crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(11), 2536–2544 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

Marciniak, L.

W. Strek, B. Cichy, L. Radosinski, P. Gluchowski, L. Marciniak, M. Lukaszewicz, and D. Hreniak, “Laser-induced white-light emission from graphene ceramics–opening a band gap in grapheme,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(1), 237 (2015).
[Crossref]

Meng, J.

Ostroumov, V.

V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. Zagumennyi, Y. Zavartsev, P. Studenikin, and I. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0. 5La0. 5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pan, L.

Y. He, X. Hou, L. Qin, Y. Sun, Y. Li, H. Qi, and L. Pan, “Laser-diode pumped passively Q-switched Nd: YxGd1− xVO4 laser with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 234(1-6), 305–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pan, Y.

Peng, F.

S. Ding, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, J. Gao, G. Sun, and M. Chen, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, F. Peng, X. Wang, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth and characterization of a mixed laser crystal: Nd-doped Gd0.89La0.1NbO4,” RSC Advances 7(57), 35666–35671 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, F. Peng, W. Liu, J. Luo, R. Dou, G. Sun, X. Wang, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, spectral properties and continuous wave laser operation of new mixed Nd:GdYNbO4 laser crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 698, 159–163 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, D. Sun, W. Liu, G. Sun, R. Dou, X. Wang, and X. Xing, “Growth, thermal properties, and LD-pumped 1066 nm laser performance of Nd3+ doped Gd/YTaO4 mixed single crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(11), 2536–2544 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peng, J.

Qi, H.

Y. He, X. Hou, L. Qin, Y. Sun, Y. Li, H. Qi, and L. Pan, “Laser-diode pumped passively Q-switched Nd: YxGd1− xVO4 laser with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 234(1-6), 305–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

Qiao, W. C.

Qin, L.

Y. He, X. Hou, L. Qin, Y. Sun, Y. Li, H. Qi, and L. Pan, “Laser-diode pumped passively Q-switched Nd: YxGd1− xVO4 laser with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 234(1-6), 305–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

Radosinski, L.

W. Strek, B. Cichy, L. Radosinski, P. Gluchowski, L. Marciniak, M. Lukaszewicz, and D. Hreniak, “Laser-induced white-light emission from graphene ceramics–opening a band gap in grapheme,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(1), 237 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

Sato, Y.

Shcherbakov, I.

V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. Zagumennyi, Y. Zavartsev, P. Studenikin, and I. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0. 5La0. 5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sokolska, I.

I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kuck, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
[Crossref]

Strek, W.

W. Strek, B. Cichy, L. Radosinski, P. Gluchowski, L. Marciniak, M. Lukaszewicz, and D. Hreniak, “Laser-induced white-light emission from graphene ceramics–opening a band gap in grapheme,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(1), 237 (2015).
[Crossref]

Studenikin, P.

V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. Zagumennyi, Y. Zavartsev, P. Studenikin, and I. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0. 5La0. 5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[Crossref]

Su, L. B.

Sun, D.

S. Ding, X. Yang, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, G. Sun, Y. Ma, and D. Sun, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdNbO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 56(8), 086111 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, J. Gao, G. Sun, and M. Chen, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, F. Peng, X. Wang, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth and characterization of a mixed laser crystal: Nd-doped Gd0.89La0.1NbO4,” RSC Advances 7(57), 35666–35671 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, W. Lu, J. Xu, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, structure, defects, mechanical and spectral properties of Nd0. 01:Gd0. 89La0. 1NbO4 mixed crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(10), 636 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, F. Peng, W. Liu, J. Luo, R. Dou, G. Sun, X. Wang, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, spectral properties and continuous wave laser operation of new mixed Nd:GdYNbO4 laser crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 698, 159–163 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, D. Sun, W. Liu, G. Sun, R. Dou, X. Wang, and X. Xing, “Growth, thermal properties, and LD-pumped 1066 nm laser performance of Nd3+ doped Gd/YTaO4 mixed single crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(11), 2536–2544 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, G.

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, F. Peng, W. Liu, J. Luo, R. Dou, G. Sun, X. Wang, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, spectral properties and continuous wave laser operation of new mixed Nd:GdYNbO4 laser crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 698, 159–163 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, W. Lu, J. Xu, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, structure, defects, mechanical and spectral properties of Nd0. 01:Gd0. 89La0. 1NbO4 mixed crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(10), 636 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, F. Peng, X. Wang, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth and characterization of a mixed laser crystal: Nd-doped Gd0.89La0.1NbO4,” RSC Advances 7(57), 35666–35671 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, J. Gao, G. Sun, and M. Chen, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, X. Yang, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, G. Sun, Y. Ma, and D. Sun, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdNbO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 56(8), 086111 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, D. Sun, W. Liu, G. Sun, R. Dou, X. Wang, and X. Xing, “Growth, thermal properties, and LD-pumped 1066 nm laser performance of Nd3+ doped Gd/YTaO4 mixed single crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(11), 2536–2544 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, R.

Sun, Y.

Y. He, X. Hou, L. Qin, Y. Sun, Y. Li, H. Qi, and L. Pan, “Laser-diode pumped passively Q-switched Nd: YxGd1− xVO4 laser with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 234(1-6), 305–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

Taira, T.

Tao, X.

Tian, W.

J. Liu, C. Wang, S. Liu, W. Tian, L. Li, S. Liu, and M. Liu, “Characterization of passively Q-switched mode-locking diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(12), 1971–1980 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

J. Liu, C. Wang, S. Liu, W. Tian, L. Li, S. Liu, and M. Liu, “Characterization of passively Q-switched mode-locking diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(12), 1971–1980 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

H. Jiang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Optical-transition properties of the Nd3+ ion in Gd0.8La0.2VO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(7), 3647–3650 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q. G.

Wang, X.

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, F. Peng, X. Wang, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth and characterization of a mixed laser crystal: Nd-doped Gd0.89La0.1NbO4,” RSC Advances 7(57), 35666–35671 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, F. Peng, W. Liu, J. Luo, R. Dou, G. Sun, X. Wang, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, spectral properties and continuous wave laser operation of new mixed Nd:GdYNbO4 laser crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 698, 159–163 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, D. Sun, W. Liu, G. Sun, R. Dou, X. Wang, and X. Xing, “Growth, thermal properties, and LD-pumped 1066 nm laser performance of Nd3+ doped Gd/YTaO4 mixed single crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(11), 2536–2544 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xing, X.

Xu, J.

Xu, X.

Xu, X. D.

Yan, R.

Yang, H.

Yang, K. J.

Yang, X.

S. Ding, X. Yang, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, G. Sun, Y. Ma, and D. Sun, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdNbO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 56(8), 086111 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Yu, X.

Yuan, D.

Zagumennyi, A.

V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. Zagumennyi, Y. Zavartsev, P. Studenikin, and I. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0. 5La0. 5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zavartsev, Y.

V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. Zagumennyi, Y. Zavartsev, P. Studenikin, and I. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0. 5La0. 5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. Jiang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Optical-transition properties of the Nd3+ ion in Gd0.8La0.2VO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(7), 3647–3650 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, W. Lu, J. Xu, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, structure, defects, mechanical and spectral properties of Nd0. 01:Gd0. 89La0. 1NbO4 mixed crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(10), 636 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, F. Peng, W. Liu, J. Luo, R. Dou, G. Sun, X. Wang, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, spectral properties and continuous wave laser operation of new mixed Nd:GdYNbO4 laser crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 698, 159–163 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, J. Gao, G. Sun, and M. Chen, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, F. Peng, X. Wang, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth and characterization of a mixed laser crystal: Nd-doped Gd0.89La0.1NbO4,” RSC Advances 7(57), 35666–35671 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, X. Yang, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, G. Sun, Y. Ma, and D. Sun, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdNbO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 56(8), 086111 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, D. Sun, W. Liu, G. Sun, R. Dou, X. Wang, and X. Xing, “Growth, thermal properties, and LD-pumped 1066 nm laser performance of Nd3+ doped Gd/YTaO4 mixed single crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(11), 2536–2544 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhao, J.

Zhao, S. Z.

Zheng, L.

Zheng, L. H.

Zhou, D.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

I. Sokolska, E. Heumann, S. Kuck, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Laser oscillation of Er3+:YVO4 and Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystals in the spectral range around 1.6 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 893–896 (2000).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, W. Lu, J. Xu, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, structure, defects, mechanical and spectral properties of Nd0. 01:Gd0. 89La0. 1NbO4 mixed crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 123(10), 636 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (2)

S. Ding, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, J. Gao, G. Sun, and M. Chen, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and continuous wave laser operation of Nd:GdNbO4,” J. Alloys Compd. 693, 339–343 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, F. Peng, W. Liu, J. Luo, R. Dou, G. Sun, X. Wang, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth, spectral properties and continuous wave laser operation of new mixed Nd:GdYNbO4 laser crystal,” J. Alloys Compd. 698, 159–163 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Jiang, J. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Hu, and H. Liu, “Optical-transition properties of the Nd3+ ion in Gd0.8La0.2VO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 92(7), 3647–3650 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

J. Liu, C. Wang, S. Liu, W. Tian, L. Li, S. Liu, and M. Liu, “Characterization of passively Q-switched mode-locking diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” J. Mod. Opt. 55(12), 1971–1980 (2008).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

W. Strek, B. Cichy, L. Radosinski, P. Gluchowski, L. Marciniak, M. Lukaszewicz, and D. Hreniak, “Laser-induced white-light emission from graphene ceramics–opening a band gap in grapheme,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(1), 237 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Y. He, X. Hou, L. Qin, Y. Sun, Y. Li, H. Qi, and L. Pan, “Laser-diode pumped passively Q-switched Nd: YxGd1− xVO4 laser with a GaAs saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 234(1-6), 305–308 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. Zagumennyi, Y. Zavartsev, P. Studenikin, and I. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0. 5La0. 5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

S. Ding, X. Yang, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, G. Sun, Y. Ma, and D. Sun, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GdNbO4 laser with Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Eng. 56(8), 086111 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (3)

RSC Advances (1)

S. Ding, Q. Zhang, W. Liu, J. Luo, F. Peng, X. Wang, G. Sun, and D. Sun, “Crystal growth and characterization of a mixed laser crystal: Nd-doped Gd0.89La0.1NbO4,” RSC Advances 7(57), 35666–35671 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engneering (Springer, 2006).

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The photograph of the as-grown Nd:GdLaNbO4 mixed crystal with different concentration of La3+: (a) Concentration of La3+ is 15%; (b) Concentration of La3+ is 10%.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The absorption spectrum of Nd0.01:Gd0.89La0.1NbO4 mixed crystal in three directions. Inset: Enlarged spectrum at around 808 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The emission spectrum of Nd0.01:Gd0.89La0.1NbO4 mixed crystal.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental setup of the passively Q-switched Nd:Gd0.89La0.1NbO4 laser.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 CW output power as a function of absorbed pump power for different output couplers.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Beam profiles of CW Nd:Gd0.89La0.1NbO4 laser under different absorbed pump power.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The beam radius as a function of the spot position on different directions.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Average output power as a function of absorbed pump power.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Pulse width as a function of absorbed pump power.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Repetition rate as a function of absorbed pump power.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Pulse performance as a function of absorbed pump power: (a) Pulse energy; (b) Pulse peak power.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Comparison of optical and laser properties between Nd:GdLaNbO4 and other crystals

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