Abstract

We presented the fabrication of both U-doped and (Ce, U) co-doped YAG transparent ceramics by the vacuum sintering method for neutron detection, which has not been seen in literature to date. The microstructure and optical property of the samples were investigated. Tetravalent was found to be the only valence state of U in YAG under high vacuum and with Ca(NO3)2·4H2O as the sintering aid. No pores and a second phase were found in Ce0.2,U0.2:YAG ceramics, and the grain size is uniform and of micron scale. The in-line transmittance of U0.2:YAG and Ce0.2,U0.2:YAG ceramics were measured to be as high as 79.04% and 80.24% in the visible light region, respectively. The results indicate that this material would be a promising candidate for the potential applications of neutron detection.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  23. A. Bhaskar, H. Y. Chang, T. H. Chang, and S. Y. Chen, “Microwave annealing of YAG:Ce nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 78, 124–126 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  24. D. J. Gregg, Y. J. Zhang, Z. M. Zhang, I. Karatechevtseva, M. G. Blackford, G. Triani, G. R. Lumpkin, and E. R. Vance, “Crystal chemistry and structures of uranium-doped gadolinium zirconates,” Nucl. Mater. 438(1), 144–153 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  25. G. C. Allen, J. A. Crofts, M. T. Curtis, P. M. Tucker, D. Chadwick, and P. J. Hampson, “X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of some uranium oxide phase,” J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 12, 1296–1301 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  26. N. Y. Kirikova, M. Kirm, J. C. Krupa, V. N. Makhov, G. Zimmerer, and J. Y. Gesland, “6d5f configuration of U4+ doped into LiYF4 crystal,” J. Lumin. 97(3), 174–179 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  27. M. Sobczyk and J. Drożdżyński, “Optical properties of U4+-doped KPb2Cl5 single crystal,” Struct. Chem. 21(2), 455–459 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  28. M. Kirm, J. C. Krupa, V. N. Makhov, E. Negodin, G. Zimmerer, and J. Y. Gesland, “6d5f and 5f2 configurations of U4+ doped into LiYF4 and YF3 crystals,” J. Lumin. 104(1–2), 85–92 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  29. J. Chen, Z. Deng, Z. Liu, Y. Lin, H. Lan, D. Chen, B. Fei, C. Wang, F. Wang, Q. Hu, and Y. Cao, “Optical enhancement brought by doping Gd3+ ions into Ce: YAG ceramics for indoor white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 23(7), A292–A298 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. D. D. Jia, Y. Wang, X. Guo, K. Li, Y. K. Zou, and W. Y. Jia, “Synthesis and Characterization of YAG:Ce3+ LED Nanophosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(1), J1–J4 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  31. A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Meuller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  32. A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  33. J. G. J. Peelen, “Light Transmission of Sintered Alumina,” Philips Tech. Rev. 36, 47–52 (1976).
  34. J. G. J. Peelen and R. Metselaar, “Light Scattering by Pores in Polycrystalline Materials: Transmission Properties of Alumina,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(1), 216–220 (1974).
    [Crossref]

2018 (1)

L. Zhang, T. Zhou, F. A. Selim, and H. Chen, “Single CaO accelerated densification and microstructure control of highly transparent YAG ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101(2), 703–712 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

Q. H. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, X. T. Chen, Z. W. Lu, L. J. Chen, J. Q. Qi, Z. Y. Huang, T. F. Hua, S. S. Wang, Y. L. Shi, and R. C. Chen, “Synthesis of pure-phase uranium-doped YAG powder via coprecipitation method,” Mater. Lett. 188(1), 396–398 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

P. Husband, I. Bartošová, V. Slugeň, and F. A. Selim, “Positron annihilation in transparent ceramics,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 674(1), 012013 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

W. Guo, J. Q. Huang, Y. Lin, Q. F. Huang, B. J. Fei, J. Chen, W. C. Wang, F. Y. Wang, C. Y. Ma, X. Y. Yuan, and Y. Cao, “A low viscosity slurry system for fabricating chromium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Cr:YAG) transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 35(14), 3873–3878 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, Z. Deng, Z. Liu, Y. Lin, H. Lan, D. Chen, B. Fei, C. Wang, F. Wang, Q. Hu, and Y. Cao, “Optical enhancement brought by doping Gd3+ ions into Ce: YAG ceramics for indoor white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 23(7), A292–A298 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

2013 (3)

B. J. Fei, W. Guo, J. Q. Huang, Q. F. Huang, J. Chen, J. T. Li, W. D. Chen, G. Zhang, and Y. G. Cao, “Spectroscopic properties and energy transfers in Cr, Tm, Ho triple-doped Y3Al5O12 transparent ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(12), 2037–2044 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Rák, R. C. Ewing, and U. Becker, “Electronic structure and thermodynamic stability of uranium-doped yttrium iron garnet,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 25(49), 495502 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Gregg, Y. J. Zhang, Z. M. Zhang, I. Karatechevtseva, M. G. Blackford, G. Triani, G. R. Lumpkin, and E. R. Vance, “Crystal chemistry and structures of uranium-doped gadolinium zirconates,” Nucl. Mater. 438(1), 144–153 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

A. Bhaskar, H. Y. Chang, T. H. Chang, and S. Y. Chen, “Microwave annealing of YAG:Ce nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 78, 124–126 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Tang, Y. G. Cao, J. Q. Huang, H. G. Liu, W. Guo, and W. C. Wang, “Fabrication and laser behavior of composite Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95(1), 56–69 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. J. Zhou, K. N. Zhou, Y. M. Li, Z. L. Wang, and Q. C. Feng, “Luminescent properties and energy transfer of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Ln3+(Ln=Tb, Pr) prepared by polymer-assisted sol-gel method,” J. Lumin. 132(11), 3004–3009 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Meuller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. M. Andre, K. Le Guen, P. Jonnard, and Y. Menesguen, “DUVEX: an-ray counting system based on YAG:Ce scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 659(1), 318–321 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

M. Sobczyk and J. Drożdżyński, “Optical properties of U4+-doped KPb2Cl5 single crystal,” Struct. Chem. 21(2), 455–459 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

X. B. Yang, H. J. Li, Q. Y. Bi, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Growth of large-sized Ce:Y3Al5O12(Ce:YAG) scintillation crystal by the temperature gradient technique(TGT),” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3692–3696 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. Bachmann, C. Ronda, and A. Meijerink, “Temperature quenching of yellow Ce3+ luminescence in YAG: Ce,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2077–2084 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, T. M. Tillotson, D. T. Speaks, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, Y. P. Chapman, and S. E. Derenzo, “Cerium-doped single crystal and transparent ceramic lutetium aluminum garnet scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 579(1), 38–41 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. D. Jia, Y. Wang, X. Guo, K. Li, Y. K. Zou, and W. Y. Jia, “Synthesis and Characterization of YAG:Ce3+ LED Nanophosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(1), J1–J4 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

R. T. Kouzes, “Detecting illict nuclear materials: The installation of radiological monitoring equipment in the Unite States and overseas is helping thwart nuclear terrorism,” Am. Sci. 93(5), 422–427 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

R. Turner and T. Jones, “Techniques for imaging neuroscience,” Br. Med. Bull. 65(1), 3–20 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. C. Womble, G. Vourvoploulos, J. Paschal, I. Novikov, and G. Y. Chen, “Optimizing the signal-to-noise ratio for the PELAN system,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 505(1-2), 470–473 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Kirm, J. C. Krupa, V. N. Makhov, E. Negodin, G. Zimmerer, and J. Y. Gesland, “6d5f and 5f2 configurations of U4+ doped into LiYF4 and YF3 crystals,” J. Lumin. 104(1–2), 85–92 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

J. F. Clergeau, B. Guerard, J. C. Buffet, and P. V. Esch, “High-position-resolution neutron detector using a position-sensitive photomultiplier tube,” SPIE. Proc. 4785, 254–262 (2002).

A. Ikesue, “Polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics lasers,” Opt. Mater. 19(1), 183–187 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Kirikova, M. Kirm, J. C. Krupa, V. N. Makhov, G. Zimmerer, and J. Y. Gesland, “6d5f configuration of U4+ doped into LiYF4 crystal,” J. Lumin. 97(3), 174–179 (2002).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. Moszyński, T. Ludziejewski, D. Wolski, W. Klamra, and L. O. Norlin, “Properities of the Ce:YAG scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 345(3), 461–467 (1994).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

J. M. White, H. E. Goodis, and C. L. Rose, “Use of the pulsed Nd:YAG laser for intraoral soft tissue surgery,” Lasers Surg. Med. 11(5), 455–461 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (2)

M. Baba, H. Wakabayashi, N. Ito, K. Maeda, and N. Hirakawa, “Measurement of double-differential neutron emission spectra from uranium-238,” J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 27(7), 601–616 (1990).
[Crossref]

S. Fetter, V. A. Frolov, M. Miller, R. Mozley, O. F. Prilutsky, S. N. Rodionov, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Detecting nuclear warheads,” Sci. Glob. Secur. 1(3–4), 225–253 (1990).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

J. G. J. Peelen, “Light Transmission of Sintered Alumina,” Philips Tech. Rev. 36, 47–52 (1976).

1974 (2)

J. G. J. Peelen and R. Metselaar, “Light Scattering by Pores in Polycrystalline Materials: Transmission Properties of Alumina,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(1), 216–220 (1974).
[Crossref]

G. C. Allen, J. A. Crofts, M. T. Curtis, P. M. Tucker, D. Chadwick, and P. J. Hampson, “X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of some uranium oxide phase,” J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 12, 1296–1301 (1974).
[Crossref]

Allen, G. C.

G. C. Allen, J. A. Crofts, M. T. Curtis, P. M. Tucker, D. Chadwick, and P. J. Hampson, “X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of some uranium oxide phase,” J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 12, 1296–1301 (1974).
[Crossref]

Anderson, J. M.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Meuller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

Andre, J. M.

J. M. Andre, K. Le Guen, P. Jonnard, and Y. Menesguen, “DUVEX: an-ray counting system based on YAG:Ce scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 659(1), 318–321 (2011).
[Crossref]

Baba, M.

M. Baba, H. Wakabayashi, N. Ito, K. Maeda, and N. Hirakawa, “Measurement of double-differential neutron emission spectra from uranium-238,” J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 27(7), 601–616 (1990).
[Crossref]

Bachmann, V.

V. Bachmann, C. Ronda, and A. Meijerink, “Temperature quenching of yellow Ce3+ luminescence in YAG: Ce,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2077–2084 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bartošová, I.

P. Husband, I. Bartošová, V. Slugeň, and F. A. Selim, “Positron annihilation in transparent ceramics,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 674(1), 012013 (2016).
[Crossref]

Becker, U.

Z. Rák, R. C. Ewing, and U. Becker, “Electronic structure and thermodynamic stability of uranium-doped yttrium iron garnet,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 25(49), 495502 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhaskar, A.

A. Bhaskar, H. Y. Chang, T. H. Chang, and S. Y. Chen, “Microwave annealing of YAG:Ce nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 78, 124–126 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bi, Q. Y.

X. B. Yang, H. J. Li, Q. Y. Bi, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Growth of large-sized Ce:Y3Al5O12(Ce:YAG) scintillation crystal by the temperature gradient technique(TGT),” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3692–3696 (2009).
[Crossref]

Blackford, M. G.

D. J. Gregg, Y. J. Zhang, Z. M. Zhang, I. Karatechevtseva, M. G. Blackford, G. Triani, G. R. Lumpkin, and E. R. Vance, “Crystal chemistry and structures of uranium-doped gadolinium zirconates,” Nucl. Mater. 438(1), 144–153 (2013).
[Crossref]

Buffet, J. C.

J. F. Clergeau, B. Guerard, J. C. Buffet, and P. V. Esch, “High-position-resolution neutron detector using a position-sensitive photomultiplier tube,” SPIE. Proc. 4785, 254–262 (2002).

Cao, Y.

W. Guo, J. Q. Huang, Y. Lin, Q. F. Huang, B. J. Fei, J. Chen, W. C. Wang, F. Y. Wang, C. Y. Ma, X. Y. Yuan, and Y. Cao, “A low viscosity slurry system for fabricating chromium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Cr:YAG) transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 35(14), 3873–3878 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, Z. Deng, Z. Liu, Y. Lin, H. Lan, D. Chen, B. Fei, C. Wang, F. Wang, Q. Hu, and Y. Cao, “Optical enhancement brought by doping Gd3+ ions into Ce: YAG ceramics for indoor white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express 23(7), A292–A298 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, Y. G.

Chadwick, D.

G. C. Allen, J. A. Crofts, M. T. Curtis, P. M. Tucker, D. Chadwick, and P. J. Hampson, “X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of some uranium oxide phase,” J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 12, 1296–1301 (1974).
[Crossref]

Chai, B. H. T.

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, T. M. Tillotson, D. T. Speaks, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, Y. P. Chapman, and S. E. Derenzo, “Cerium-doped single crystal and transparent ceramic lutetium aluminum garnet scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 579(1), 38–41 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, H. Y.

A. Bhaskar, H. Y. Chang, T. H. Chang, and S. Y. Chen, “Microwave annealing of YAG:Ce nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 78, 124–126 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chang, T. H.

A. Bhaskar, H. Y. Chang, T. H. Chang, and S. Y. Chen, “Microwave annealing of YAG:Ce nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 78, 124–126 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chapman, Y. P.

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, T. M. Tillotson, D. T. Speaks, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, Y. P. Chapman, and S. E. Derenzo, “Cerium-doped single crystal and transparent ceramic lutetium aluminum garnet scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 579(1), 38–41 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, D.

Chen, D. C.

Chen, G. Y.

P. C. Womble, G. Vourvoploulos, J. Paschal, I. Novikov, and G. Y. Chen, “Optimizing the signal-to-noise ratio for the PELAN system,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 505(1-2), 470–473 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

L. Zhang, T. Zhou, F. A. Selim, and H. Chen, “Single CaO accelerated densification and microstructure control of highly transparent YAG ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101(2), 703–712 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

Chen, L. J.

Q. H. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, X. T. Chen, Z. W. Lu, L. J. Chen, J. Q. Qi, Z. Y. Huang, T. F. Hua, S. S. Wang, Y. L. Shi, and R. C. Chen, “Synthesis of pure-phase uranium-doped YAG powder via coprecipitation method,” Mater. Lett. 188(1), 396–398 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, R. C.

Q. H. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, X. T. Chen, Z. W. Lu, L. J. Chen, J. Q. Qi, Z. Y. Huang, T. F. Hua, S. S. Wang, Y. L. Shi, and R. C. Chen, “Synthesis of pure-phase uranium-doped YAG powder via coprecipitation method,” Mater. Lett. 188(1), 396–398 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. Y.

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[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, T. M. Tillotson, D. T. Speaks, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, Y. P. Chapman, and S. E. Derenzo, “Cerium-doped single crystal and transparent ceramic lutetium aluminum garnet scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 579(1), 38–41 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peelen, J. G. J.

J. G. J. Peelen, “Light Transmission of Sintered Alumina,” Philips Tech. Rev. 36, 47–52 (1976).

J. G. J. Peelen and R. Metselaar, “Light Scattering by Pores in Polycrystalline Materials: Transmission Properties of Alumina,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(1), 216–220 (1974).
[Crossref]

Prilutsky, O. F.

S. Fetter, V. A. Frolov, M. Miller, R. Mozley, O. F. Prilutsky, S. N. Rodionov, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Detecting nuclear warheads,” Sci. Glob. Secur. 1(3–4), 225–253 (1990).
[Crossref]

Qi, J. Q.

Q. H. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, X. T. Chen, Z. W. Lu, L. J. Chen, J. Q. Qi, Z. Y. Huang, T. F. Hua, S. S. Wang, Y. L. Shi, and R. C. Chen, “Synthesis of pure-phase uranium-doped YAG powder via coprecipitation method,” Mater. Lett. 188(1), 396–398 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rák, Z.

Z. Rák, R. C. Ewing, and U. Becker, “Electronic structure and thermodynamic stability of uranium-doped yttrium iron garnet,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 25(49), 495502 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodionov, S. N.

S. Fetter, V. A. Frolov, M. Miller, R. Mozley, O. F. Prilutsky, S. N. Rodionov, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Detecting nuclear warheads,” Sci. Glob. Secur. 1(3–4), 225–253 (1990).
[Crossref]

Ronda, C.

V. Bachmann, C. Ronda, and A. Meijerink, “Temperature quenching of yellow Ce3+ luminescence in YAG: Ce,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2077–2084 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rose, C. L.

J. M. White, H. E. Goodis, and C. L. Rose, “Use of the pulsed Nd:YAG laser for intraoral soft tissue surgery,” Lasers Surg. Med. 11(5), 455–461 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sagdeev, R. Z.

S. Fetter, V. A. Frolov, M. Miller, R. Mozley, O. F. Prilutsky, S. N. Rodionov, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Detecting nuclear warheads,” Sci. Glob. Secur. 1(3–4), 225–253 (1990).
[Crossref]

Selim, F. A.

L. Zhang, T. Zhou, F. A. Selim, and H. Chen, “Single CaO accelerated densification and microstructure control of highly transparent YAG ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101(2), 703–712 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Husband, I. Bartošová, V. Slugeň, and F. A. Selim, “Positron annihilation in transparent ceramics,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 674(1), 012013 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shi, H. L.

Shi, Y. L.

Q. H. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, X. T. Chen, Z. W. Lu, L. J. Chen, J. Q. Qi, Z. Y. Huang, T. F. Hua, S. S. Wang, Y. L. Shi, and R. C. Chen, “Synthesis of pure-phase uranium-doped YAG powder via coprecipitation method,” Mater. Lett. 188(1), 396–398 (2017).
[Crossref]

Slugen, V.

P. Husband, I. Bartošová, V. Slugeň, and F. A. Selim, “Positron annihilation in transparent ceramics,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 674(1), 012013 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sobczyk, M.

M. Sobczyk and J. Drożdżyński, “Optical properties of U4+-doped KPb2Cl5 single crystal,” Struct. Chem. 21(2), 455–459 (2010).
[Crossref]

Speaks, D. T.

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, T. M. Tillotson, D. T. Speaks, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, Y. P. Chapman, and S. E. Derenzo, “Cerium-doped single crystal and transparent ceramic lutetium aluminum garnet scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 579(1), 38–41 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stevenson, A. J.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Meuller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

Su, L. B.

X. B. Yang, H. J. Li, Q. Y. Bi, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Growth of large-sized Ce:Y3Al5O12(Ce:YAG) scintillation crystal by the temperature gradient technique(TGT),” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3692–3696 (2009).
[Crossref]

Suchy, D. L.

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Meuller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tang, F.

F. Tang, Y. G. Cao, J. Q. Huang, H. G. Liu, W. Guo, and W. C. Wang, “Fabrication and laser behavior of composite Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95(1), 56–69 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tillotson, T. M.

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, T. M. Tillotson, D. T. Speaks, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, Y. P. Chapman, and S. E. Derenzo, “Cerium-doped single crystal and transparent ceramic lutetium aluminum garnet scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 579(1), 38–41 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Triani, G.

D. J. Gregg, Y. J. Zhang, Z. M. Zhang, I. Karatechevtseva, M. G. Blackford, G. Triani, G. R. Lumpkin, and E. R. Vance, “Crystal chemistry and structures of uranium-doped gadolinium zirconates,” Nucl. Mater. 438(1), 144–153 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tucker, P. M.

G. C. Allen, J. A. Crofts, M. T. Curtis, P. M. Tucker, D. Chadwick, and P. J. Hampson, “X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of some uranium oxide phase,” J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 12, 1296–1301 (1974).
[Crossref]

Turner, R.

R. Turner and T. Jones, “Techniques for imaging neuroscience,” Br. Med. Bull. 65(1), 3–20 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vance, E. R.

D. J. Gregg, Y. J. Zhang, Z. M. Zhang, I. Karatechevtseva, M. G. Blackford, G. Triani, G. R. Lumpkin, and E. R. Vance, “Crystal chemistry and structures of uranium-doped gadolinium zirconates,” Nucl. Mater. 438(1), 144–153 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vourvoploulos, G.

P. C. Womble, G. Vourvoploulos, J. Paschal, I. Novikov, and G. Y. Chen, “Optimizing the signal-to-noise ratio for the PELAN system,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 505(1-2), 470–473 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wakabayashi, H.

M. Baba, H. Wakabayashi, N. Ito, K. Maeda, and N. Hirakawa, “Measurement of double-differential neutron emission spectra from uranium-238,” J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 27(7), 601–616 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, F.

Wang, F. Y.

W. Guo, J. Q. Huang, Y. Lin, Q. F. Huang, B. J. Fei, J. Chen, W. C. Wang, F. Y. Wang, C. Y. Ma, X. Y. Yuan, and Y. Cao, “A low viscosity slurry system for fabricating chromium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Cr:YAG) transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 35(14), 3873–3878 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. S.

Q. H. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, X. T. Chen, Z. W. Lu, L. J. Chen, J. Q. Qi, Z. Y. Huang, T. F. Hua, S. S. Wang, Y. L. Shi, and R. C. Chen, “Synthesis of pure-phase uranium-doped YAG powder via coprecipitation method,” Mater. Lett. 188(1), 396–398 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, W. C.

W. Guo, J. Q. Huang, Y. Lin, Q. F. Huang, B. J. Fei, J. Chen, W. C. Wang, F. Y. Wang, C. Y. Ma, X. Y. Yuan, and Y. Cao, “A low viscosity slurry system for fabricating chromium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Cr:YAG) transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 35(14), 3873–3878 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. L. Shi, C. Zhu, J. Q. Huang, J. Chen, D. C. Chen, W. C. Wang, W. F. Wang, Y. G. Cao, and X. Y. Xuan, “Luminescence properties of YAG:Ce, Gd phosphors synthesized under vacuum condition and their white LED performances,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 649–655 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Tang, Y. G. Cao, J. Q. Huang, H. G. Liu, W. Guo, and W. C. Wang, “Fabrication and laser behavior of composite Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95(1), 56–69 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, W. F.

Wang, Y.

D. D. Jia, Y. Wang, X. Guo, K. Li, Y. K. Zou, and W. Y. Jia, “Synthesis and Characterization of YAG:Ce3+ LED Nanophosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(1), J1–J4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. L.

X. J. Zhou, K. N. Zhou, Y. M. Li, Z. L. Wang, and Q. C. Feng, “Luminescent properties and energy transfer of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Ln3+(Ln=Tb, Pr) prepared by polymer-assisted sol-gel method,” J. Lumin. 132(11), 3004–3009 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wei, N.

Q. H. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, X. T. Chen, Z. W. Lu, L. J. Chen, J. Q. Qi, Z. Y. Huang, T. F. Hua, S. S. Wang, Y. L. Shi, and R. C. Chen, “Synthesis of pure-phase uranium-doped YAG powder via coprecipitation method,” Mater. Lett. 188(1), 396–398 (2017).
[Crossref]

White, J. M.

J. M. White, H. E. Goodis, and C. L. Rose, “Use of the pulsed Nd:YAG laser for intraoral soft tissue surgery,” Lasers Surg. Med. 11(5), 455–461 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolski, D.

M. Moszyński, T. Ludziejewski, D. Wolski, W. Klamra, and L. O. Norlin, “Properities of the Ce:YAG scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 345(3), 461–467 (1994).
[Crossref]

Womble, P. C.

P. C. Womble, G. Vourvoploulos, J. Paschal, I. Novikov, and G. Y. Chen, “Optimizing the signal-to-noise ratio for the PELAN system,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 505(1-2), 470–473 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

X. B. Yang, H. J. Li, Q. Y. Bi, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Growth of large-sized Ce:Y3Al5O12(Ce:YAG) scintillation crystal by the temperature gradient technique(TGT),” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3692–3696 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xuan, X. Y.

Yang, X. B.

X. B. Yang, H. J. Li, Q. Y. Bi, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Growth of large-sized Ce:Y3Al5O12(Ce:YAG) scintillation crystal by the temperature gradient technique(TGT),” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3692–3696 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, K.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yuan, X. Y.

W. Guo, J. Q. Huang, Y. Lin, Q. F. Huang, B. J. Fei, J. Chen, W. C. Wang, F. Y. Wang, C. Y. Ma, X. Y. Yuan, and Y. Cao, “A low viscosity slurry system for fabricating chromium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Cr:YAG) transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 35(14), 3873–3878 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, T. Zhou, F. A. Selim, and H. Chen, “Single CaO accelerated densification and microstructure control of highly transparent YAG ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101(2), 703–712 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q. H.

Q. H. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, X. T. Chen, Z. W. Lu, L. J. Chen, J. Q. Qi, Z. Y. Huang, T. F. Hua, S. S. Wang, Y. L. Shi, and R. C. Chen, “Synthesis of pure-phase uranium-doped YAG powder via coprecipitation method,” Mater. Lett. 188(1), 396–398 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y. J.

D. J. Gregg, Y. J. Zhang, Z. M. Zhang, I. Karatechevtseva, M. G. Blackford, G. Triani, G. R. Lumpkin, and E. R. Vance, “Crystal chemistry and structures of uranium-doped gadolinium zirconates,” Nucl. Mater. 438(1), 144–153 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z. M.

D. J. Gregg, Y. J. Zhang, Z. M. Zhang, I. Karatechevtseva, M. G. Blackford, G. Triani, G. R. Lumpkin, and E. R. Vance, “Crystal chemistry and structures of uranium-doped gadolinium zirconates,” Nucl. Mater. 438(1), 144–153 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, K. N.

X. J. Zhou, K. N. Zhou, Y. M. Li, Z. L. Wang, and Q. C. Feng, “Luminescent properties and energy transfer of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Ln3+(Ln=Tb, Pr) prepared by polymer-assisted sol-gel method,” J. Lumin. 132(11), 3004–3009 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhou, T.

L. Zhang, T. Zhou, F. A. Selim, and H. Chen, “Single CaO accelerated densification and microstructure control of highly transparent YAG ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101(2), 703–712 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X. J.

X. J. Zhou, K. N. Zhou, Y. M. Li, Z. L. Wang, and Q. C. Feng, “Luminescent properties and energy transfer of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Ln3+(Ln=Tb, Pr) prepared by polymer-assisted sol-gel method,” J. Lumin. 132(11), 3004–3009 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhu, C.

Zimmerer, G.

M. Kirm, J. C. Krupa, V. N. Makhov, E. Negodin, G. Zimmerer, and J. Y. Gesland, “6d5f and 5f2 configurations of U4+ doped into LiYF4 and YF3 crystals,” J. Lumin. 104(1–2), 85–92 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Kirikova, M. Kirm, J. C. Krupa, V. N. Makhov, G. Zimmerer, and J. Y. Gesland, “6d5f configuration of U4+ doped into LiYF4 crystal,” J. Lumin. 97(3), 174–179 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y. K.

D. D. Jia, Y. Wang, X. Guo, K. Li, Y. K. Zou, and W. Y. Jia, “Synthesis and Characterization of YAG:Ce3+ LED Nanophosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(1), J1–J4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Am. Sci. (1)

R. T. Kouzes, “Detecting illict nuclear materials: The installation of radiological monitoring equipment in the Unite States and overseas is helping thwart nuclear terrorism,” Am. Sci. 93(5), 422–427 (2005).
[Crossref]

Br. Med. Bull. (1)

R. Turner and T. Jones, “Techniques for imaging neuroscience,” Br. Med. Bull. 65(1), 3–20 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

V. Bachmann, C. Ronda, and A. Meijerink, “Temperature quenching of yellow Ce3+ luminescence in YAG: Ce,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2077–2084 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (4)

L. Zhang, T. Zhou, F. A. Selim, and H. Chen, “Single CaO accelerated densification and microstructure control of highly transparent YAG ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 101(2), 703–712 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Tang, Y. G. Cao, J. Q. Huang, H. G. Liu, W. Guo, and W. C. Wang, “Fabrication and laser behavior of composite Yb:YAG ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95(1), 56–69 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. J. Stevenson, X. Li, M. A. Martinez, J. M. Anderson, D. L. Suchy, E. R. Kupp, E. C. Dickey, K. T. Meuller, and G. L. Messing, “Effect of SiO2 on densification and microstructure development in Nd:YAG transparent ceramic,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(5), 1380–1387 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd:YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. G. J. Peelen and R. Metselaar, “Light Scattering by Pores in Polycrystalline Materials: Transmission Properties of Alumina,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(1), 216–220 (1974).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. (1)

G. C. Allen, J. A. Crofts, M. T. Curtis, P. M. Tucker, D. Chadwick, and P. J. Hampson, “X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of some uranium oxide phase,” J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. 12, 1296–1301 (1974).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

X. B. Yang, H. J. Li, Q. Y. Bi, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Growth of large-sized Ce:Y3Al5O12(Ce:YAG) scintillation crystal by the temperature gradient technique(TGT),” J. Cryst. Growth 311(14), 3692–3696 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

D. D. Jia, Y. Wang, X. Guo, K. Li, Y. K. Zou, and W. Y. Jia, “Synthesis and Characterization of YAG:Ce3+ LED Nanophosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(1), J1–J4 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. (1)

W. Guo, J. Q. Huang, Y. Lin, Q. F. Huang, B. J. Fei, J. Chen, W. C. Wang, F. Y. Wang, C. Y. Ma, X. Y. Yuan, and Y. Cao, “A low viscosity slurry system for fabricating chromium doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Cr:YAG) transparent ceramics,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 35(14), 3873–3878 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (3)

X. J. Zhou, K. N. Zhou, Y. M. Li, Z. L. Wang, and Q. C. Feng, “Luminescent properties and energy transfer of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+, Ln3+(Ln=Tb, Pr) prepared by polymer-assisted sol-gel method,” J. Lumin. 132(11), 3004–3009 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Kirikova, M. Kirm, J. C. Krupa, V. N. Makhov, G. Zimmerer, and J. Y. Gesland, “6d5f configuration of U4+ doped into LiYF4 crystal,” J. Lumin. 97(3), 174–179 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Kirm, J. C. Krupa, V. N. Makhov, E. Negodin, G. Zimmerer, and J. Y. Gesland, “6d5f and 5f2 configurations of U4+ doped into LiYF4 and YF3 crystals,” J. Lumin. 104(1–2), 85–92 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Baba, H. Wakabayashi, N. Ito, K. Maeda, and N. Hirakawa, “Measurement of double-differential neutron emission spectra from uranium-238,” J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 27(7), 601–616 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

Z. Rák, R. C. Ewing, and U. Becker, “Electronic structure and thermodynamic stability of uranium-doped yttrium iron garnet,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 25(49), 495502 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

P. Husband, I. Bartošová, V. Slugeň, and F. A. Selim, “Positron annihilation in transparent ceramics,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 674(1), 012013 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

J. M. White, H. E. Goodis, and C. L. Rose, “Use of the pulsed Nd:YAG laser for intraoral soft tissue surgery,” Lasers Surg. Med. 11(5), 455–461 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mater. Lett. (2)

Q. H. Zhang, T. C. Lu, N. Wei, X. T. Chen, Z. W. Lu, L. J. Chen, J. Q. Qi, Z. Y. Huang, T. F. Hua, S. S. Wang, Y. L. Shi, and R. C. Chen, “Synthesis of pure-phase uranium-doped YAG powder via coprecipitation method,” Mater. Lett. 188(1), 396–398 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Bhaskar, H. Y. Chang, T. H. Chang, and S. Y. Chen, “Microwave annealing of YAG:Ce nanophosphors,” Mater. Lett. 78, 124–126 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (4)

N. J. Cherepy, J. D. Kuntz, T. M. Tillotson, D. T. Speaks, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, Y. P. Chapman, and S. E. Derenzo, “Cerium-doped single crystal and transparent ceramic lutetium aluminum garnet scintillators,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 579(1), 38–41 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Moszyński, T. Ludziejewski, D. Wolski, W. Klamra, and L. O. Norlin, “Properities of the Ce:YAG scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 345(3), 461–467 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. M. Andre, K. Le Guen, P. Jonnard, and Y. Menesguen, “DUVEX: an-ray counting system based on YAG:Ce scintillator,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 659(1), 318–321 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. C. Womble, G. Vourvoploulos, J. Paschal, I. Novikov, and G. Y. Chen, “Optimizing the signal-to-noise ratio for the PELAN system,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 505(1-2), 470–473 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Mater. (1)

D. J. Gregg, Y. J. Zhang, Z. M. Zhang, I. Karatechevtseva, M. G. Blackford, G. Triani, G. R. Lumpkin, and E. R. Vance, “Crystal chemistry and structures of uranium-doped gadolinium zirconates,” Nucl. Mater. 438(1), 144–153 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

A. Ikesue, “Polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics lasers,” Opt. Mater. 19(1), 183–187 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Philips Tech. Rev. (1)

J. G. J. Peelen, “Light Transmission of Sintered Alumina,” Philips Tech. Rev. 36, 47–52 (1976).

Sci. Glob. Secur. (1)

S. Fetter, V. A. Frolov, M. Miller, R. Mozley, O. F. Prilutsky, S. N. Rodionov, and R. Z. Sagdeev, “Detecting nuclear warheads,” Sci. Glob. Secur. 1(3–4), 225–253 (1990).
[Crossref]

SPIE. Proc. (1)

J. F. Clergeau, B. Guerard, J. C. Buffet, and P. V. Esch, “High-position-resolution neutron detector using a position-sensitive photomultiplier tube,” SPIE. Proc. 4785, 254–262 (2002).

Struct. Chem. (1)

M. Sobczyk and J. Drożdżyński, “Optical properties of U4+-doped KPb2Cl5 single crystal,” Struct. Chem. 21(2), 455–459 (2010).
[Crossref]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 XRD patterns of (Y1-xUx)3Al5O12 ceramics (x = 0.001, x = 0.002, x = 0.003, x = 0.005, x = 0.008).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Photograph of (Y1-xUx)3Al5O12 ceramics (x = 0.001, x = 0.002, x = 0.003, x = 0.005, x = 0.008).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Optical transmission of (Y1-xUx)3Al5O12 transparent ceramic at different concentrations.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 U 4f XPS spectra of U:YAG transparent ceramic.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Schematic diagram of the energy levels in U4+:YAG transparent ceramic.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 XRD patterns of (Y0.996U0.002Ce0.002)3Al5O12 ceramics.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Optical transmission spectrum of (Y0.996U0.002Ce0.002)3Al5O12.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 SEM image of polished (Y0.996U0.002Ce0.002)3Al5O12 transparent ceramic.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Grain size distribution of (Y0.996U0.002Ce0.002)3Al5O12 transparent ceramic.

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