Abstract

We demonstrate a new technology–a combination of side glowing (or side emitting) plastic optical fibers with seamless felting technology–that addresses the challenges of smart textiles related to cutting and stitching together with the ability to be washed. The technology was explored for the development of a collection of dresses called “Deep Sea Life” that exhibit versatile designs and styles and so can advance modern fashion design.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. B. N. Derick and J. S. Synder, “Luminous textile products,” U.S. Patent 3,508,589 (1970)
  2. J. R. Parker and T. P. Hopkins, “Light distribution system including an area light emitting portion contained in a flexible holder,” U.S. Patent 6,030,089 (2000).
  3. K. D. Kaschke, “Motorola Solutions Inc, Optical fiber light emitting apparatus,” U.S. Patent 5,542,016 (1996).
  4. V. Koncar, E. Deflin, and A. Weill, “Communication apparel and optical fibre fabric display,” Wearable electronics and photonics 46, 155 (2005).
  5. A. Harlin, M. Makinen, and A. Vuorivirta, “Development of polymeric optical fibre fabrics as illumination elements and textile displays,” J. Autex Res. 3(1), 8 (2003).
  6. D. Graham-Rowe, “Photonic fabrics take shape,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 62007 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. B. Gauvreau, N. Guo, K. Schicker, K. Stoeffler, F. Boismenu, A. Ajji, R. Wingfield, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Color-changing and color-tunable photonic bandgap fiber textiles,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15677–15693 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. B. Selm, E. A. Gürel, M. Rothmaier, R. M. Rossi, and L. J. Scherer, “Polymeric optical fiber fabrics for illumination and sensorial applications in textiles,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 21(11), 1061–1071 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  9. F. Ng, X. Tao, and X. Mo, “Creative Light-Emitting Imaging on Textiles Integrated with Laser-Ablated Polymer Optical Fibres,” Trends in Textile Eng. & Fashion Techn. 3(3), 1–7 (2018).
  10. K. Krebber, S. Liehr, and J. Witt, “Smart technical textiles based on fibre optic sensors”. OFS Proc. 8421, 84212A (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. L. M. Castano and A. M. Flatau, “Smart fabric sensors and e-textile technologies: a review,” Smart Mater. Struct. 23(5), 053001 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. B. M. Quandt, M. S. Pfister, J. F. Lübben, F. Spano, R. M. Rossi, G. L. Bona, and L. F. Boesel, “POF-yarn weaves: controlling the light out-coupling of wearable phototherapy devices,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8(10), 4316–4330 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. J. Shen, C. Chui, and X. Tao, “Luminous fabric devices for wearable low-level light therapy,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(12), 2925–2937 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. S. Mordon, C. Cochrane, J. B. Tylcz, N. Betrouni, L. Mortier, and V. Koncar, “Light emitting fabric technologies for photodynamic therapy,” Photodiagn. Photodyn. Ther. 12(1), 1–8 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. C. Massaroni, P. Saccomandi, and E. Schena, “Medical smart textiles based on fiber optic technology: an overview,” J. Funct. Biomater. 6(2), 204–221 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. E. Thiele, R. Helbig, F. Weigand, R.S.M. Arnold, and I. M. Seeger, “Two ways to apply optical fibers in textile structures,” In T-Plot Workshop Technical Textiles and Textile Recycling (2009).
  17. J. Tan, “Photonic patterns: fashion cutting with illuminating polymeric optical fibre (POF) textiles,” The Second International Conference for Creative Pattern Cutting, University of Huddersfield, UK, 24–25 February 2016.
  18. J. Tan, “Crafting photonics,” Hong Kong: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (2015).
  19. The luminous fabric, simply stunning (catalogue) http://www.lumigram.com/catalog/download/FiberOpticFabric_EN.pdf
  20. C. Dalsgaard and R. Sterrett, “White paper on smart textile garments and devices: a market overview of smart textile wearable technologies,“ Market Opportunities for Smart Textiles, Ohmatex, Denmark (2014).
  21. C. A. Hagen, “Fabulous felt hats: dazzling designs from handmade felt,” Lark Books (2005).
  22. B. Ziek, “The felt frontier: I: Polly Stirling: Contemporary feltmaker,” Surface Design J. 28(4), 35–38 (2004).
  23. Die Wollfabrik, https://shop.die-wollfabrik.com/
  24. Wollknoll, https://www.wollknoll.eu/shop/

2018 (1)

F. Ng, X. Tao, and X. Mo, “Creative Light-Emitting Imaging on Textiles Integrated with Laser-Ablated Polymer Optical Fibres,” Trends in Textile Eng. & Fashion Techn. 3(3), 1–7 (2018).

2017 (1)

2015 (2)

S. Mordon, C. Cochrane, J. B. Tylcz, N. Betrouni, L. Mortier, and V. Koncar, “Light emitting fabric technologies for photodynamic therapy,” Photodiagn. Photodyn. Ther. 12(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Massaroni, P. Saccomandi, and E. Schena, “Medical smart textiles based on fiber optic technology: an overview,” J. Funct. Biomater. 6(2), 204–221 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

L. M. Castano and A. M. Flatau, “Smart fabric sensors and e-textile technologies: a review,” Smart Mater. Struct. 23(5), 053001 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2010 (1)

B. Selm, E. A. Gürel, M. Rothmaier, R. M. Rossi, and L. J. Scherer, “Polymeric optical fiber fabrics for illumination and sensorial applications in textiles,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 21(11), 1061–1071 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

D. Graham-Rowe, “Photonic fabrics take shape,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 62007 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

V. Koncar, E. Deflin, and A. Weill, “Communication apparel and optical fibre fabric display,” Wearable electronics and photonics 46, 155 (2005).

2004 (1)

B. Ziek, “The felt frontier: I: Polly Stirling: Contemporary feltmaker,” Surface Design J. 28(4), 35–38 (2004).

2003 (1)

A. Harlin, M. Makinen, and A. Vuorivirta, “Development of polymeric optical fibre fabrics as illumination elements and textile displays,” J. Autex Res. 3(1), 8 (2003).

Ajji, A.

Betrouni, N.

S. Mordon, C. Cochrane, J. B. Tylcz, N. Betrouni, L. Mortier, and V. Koncar, “Light emitting fabric technologies for photodynamic therapy,” Photodiagn. Photodyn. Ther. 12(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boesel, L. F.

Boismenu, F.

Bona, G. L.

Castano, L. M.

L. M. Castano and A. M. Flatau, “Smart fabric sensors and e-textile technologies: a review,” Smart Mater. Struct. 23(5), 053001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chui, C.

Cochrane, C.

S. Mordon, C. Cochrane, J. B. Tylcz, N. Betrouni, L. Mortier, and V. Koncar, “Light emitting fabric technologies for photodynamic therapy,” Photodiagn. Photodyn. Ther. 12(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deflin, E.

V. Koncar, E. Deflin, and A. Weill, “Communication apparel and optical fibre fabric display,” Wearable electronics and photonics 46, 155 (2005).

Dubois, C.

Flatau, A. M.

L. M. Castano and A. M. Flatau, “Smart fabric sensors and e-textile technologies: a review,” Smart Mater. Struct. 23(5), 053001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gauvreau, B.

Graham-Rowe, D.

D. Graham-Rowe, “Photonic fabrics take shape,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 62007 (2007).
[Crossref]

Guo, N.

Gürel, E. A.

B. Selm, E. A. Gürel, M. Rothmaier, R. M. Rossi, and L. J. Scherer, “Polymeric optical fiber fabrics for illumination and sensorial applications in textiles,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 21(11), 1061–1071 (2010).
[Crossref]

Harlin, A.

A. Harlin, M. Makinen, and A. Vuorivirta, “Development of polymeric optical fibre fabrics as illumination elements and textile displays,” J. Autex Res. 3(1), 8 (2003).

Koncar, V.

S. Mordon, C. Cochrane, J. B. Tylcz, N. Betrouni, L. Mortier, and V. Koncar, “Light emitting fabric technologies for photodynamic therapy,” Photodiagn. Photodyn. Ther. 12(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Koncar, E. Deflin, and A. Weill, “Communication apparel and optical fibre fabric display,” Wearable electronics and photonics 46, 155 (2005).

Lübben, J. F.

Makinen, M.

A. Harlin, M. Makinen, and A. Vuorivirta, “Development of polymeric optical fibre fabrics as illumination elements and textile displays,” J. Autex Res. 3(1), 8 (2003).

Massaroni, C.

C. Massaroni, P. Saccomandi, and E. Schena, “Medical smart textiles based on fiber optic technology: an overview,” J. Funct. Biomater. 6(2), 204–221 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mo, X.

F. Ng, X. Tao, and X. Mo, “Creative Light-Emitting Imaging on Textiles Integrated with Laser-Ablated Polymer Optical Fibres,” Trends in Textile Eng. & Fashion Techn. 3(3), 1–7 (2018).

Mordon, S.

S. Mordon, C. Cochrane, J. B. Tylcz, N. Betrouni, L. Mortier, and V. Koncar, “Light emitting fabric technologies for photodynamic therapy,” Photodiagn. Photodyn. Ther. 12(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mortier, L.

S. Mordon, C. Cochrane, J. B. Tylcz, N. Betrouni, L. Mortier, and V. Koncar, “Light emitting fabric technologies for photodynamic therapy,” Photodiagn. Photodyn. Ther. 12(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ng, F.

F. Ng, X. Tao, and X. Mo, “Creative Light-Emitting Imaging on Textiles Integrated with Laser-Ablated Polymer Optical Fibres,” Trends in Textile Eng. & Fashion Techn. 3(3), 1–7 (2018).

Pfister, M. S.

Quandt, B. M.

Rossi, R. M.

B. M. Quandt, M. S. Pfister, J. F. Lübben, F. Spano, R. M. Rossi, G. L. Bona, and L. F. Boesel, “POF-yarn weaves: controlling the light out-coupling of wearable phototherapy devices,” Biomed. Opt. Express 8(10), 4316–4330 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Selm, E. A. Gürel, M. Rothmaier, R. M. Rossi, and L. J. Scherer, “Polymeric optical fiber fabrics for illumination and sensorial applications in textiles,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 21(11), 1061–1071 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rothmaier, M.

B. Selm, E. A. Gürel, M. Rothmaier, R. M. Rossi, and L. J. Scherer, “Polymeric optical fiber fabrics for illumination and sensorial applications in textiles,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 21(11), 1061–1071 (2010).
[Crossref]

Saccomandi, P.

C. Massaroni, P. Saccomandi, and E. Schena, “Medical smart textiles based on fiber optic technology: an overview,” J. Funct. Biomater. 6(2), 204–221 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schena, E.

C. Massaroni, P. Saccomandi, and E. Schena, “Medical smart textiles based on fiber optic technology: an overview,” J. Funct. Biomater. 6(2), 204–221 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scherer, L. J.

B. Selm, E. A. Gürel, M. Rothmaier, R. M. Rossi, and L. J. Scherer, “Polymeric optical fiber fabrics for illumination and sensorial applications in textiles,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 21(11), 1061–1071 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schicker, K.

Selm, B.

B. Selm, E. A. Gürel, M. Rothmaier, R. M. Rossi, and L. J. Scherer, “Polymeric optical fiber fabrics for illumination and sensorial applications in textiles,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 21(11), 1061–1071 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shen, J.

Skorobogatiy, M.

Spano, F.

Stoeffler, K.

Tao, X.

F. Ng, X. Tao, and X. Mo, “Creative Light-Emitting Imaging on Textiles Integrated with Laser-Ablated Polymer Optical Fibres,” Trends in Textile Eng. & Fashion Techn. 3(3), 1–7 (2018).

J. Shen, C. Chui, and X. Tao, “Luminous fabric devices for wearable low-level light therapy,” Biomed. Opt. Express 4(12), 2925–2937 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tylcz, J. B.

S. Mordon, C. Cochrane, J. B. Tylcz, N. Betrouni, L. Mortier, and V. Koncar, “Light emitting fabric technologies for photodynamic therapy,” Photodiagn. Photodyn. Ther. 12(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vuorivirta, A.

A. Harlin, M. Makinen, and A. Vuorivirta, “Development of polymeric optical fibre fabrics as illumination elements and textile displays,” J. Autex Res. 3(1), 8 (2003).

Weill, A.

V. Koncar, E. Deflin, and A. Weill, “Communication apparel and optical fibre fabric display,” Wearable electronics and photonics 46, 155 (2005).

Wingfield, R.

Ziek, B.

B. Ziek, “The felt frontier: I: Polly Stirling: Contemporary feltmaker,” Surface Design J. 28(4), 35–38 (2004).

Biomed. Opt. Express (2)

J. Autex Res. (1)

A. Harlin, M. Makinen, and A. Vuorivirta, “Development of polymeric optical fibre fabrics as illumination elements and textile displays,” J. Autex Res. 3(1), 8 (2003).

J. Funct. Biomater. (1)

C. Massaroni, P. Saccomandi, and E. Schena, “Medical smart textiles based on fiber optic technology: an overview,” J. Funct. Biomater. 6(2), 204–221 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. (1)

B. Selm, E. A. Gürel, M. Rothmaier, R. M. Rossi, and L. J. Scherer, “Polymeric optical fiber fabrics for illumination and sensorial applications in textiles,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 21(11), 1061–1071 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. Graham-Rowe, “Photonic fabrics take shape,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 62007 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Photodiagn. Photodyn. Ther. (1)

S. Mordon, C. Cochrane, J. B. Tylcz, N. Betrouni, L. Mortier, and V. Koncar, “Light emitting fabric technologies for photodynamic therapy,” Photodiagn. Photodyn. Ther. 12(1), 1–8 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smart Mater. Struct. (1)

L. M. Castano and A. M. Flatau, “Smart fabric sensors and e-textile technologies: a review,” Smart Mater. Struct. 23(5), 053001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Surface Design J. (1)

B. Ziek, “The felt frontier: I: Polly Stirling: Contemporary feltmaker,” Surface Design J. 28(4), 35–38 (2004).

Trends in Textile Eng. & Fashion Techn. (1)

F. Ng, X. Tao, and X. Mo, “Creative Light-Emitting Imaging on Textiles Integrated with Laser-Ablated Polymer Optical Fibres,” Trends in Textile Eng. & Fashion Techn. 3(3), 1–7 (2018).

Wearable electronics and photonics (1)

V. Koncar, E. Deflin, and A. Weill, “Communication apparel and optical fibre fabric display,” Wearable electronics and photonics 46, 155 (2005).

Other (12)

K. Krebber, S. Liehr, and J. Witt, “Smart technical textiles based on fibre optic sensors”. OFS Proc. 8421, 84212A (2012).
[Crossref]

B. N. Derick and J. S. Synder, “Luminous textile products,” U.S. Patent 3,508,589 (1970)

J. R. Parker and T. P. Hopkins, “Light distribution system including an area light emitting portion contained in a flexible holder,” U.S. Patent 6,030,089 (2000).

K. D. Kaschke, “Motorola Solutions Inc, Optical fiber light emitting apparatus,” U.S. Patent 5,542,016 (1996).

Die Wollfabrik, https://shop.die-wollfabrik.com/

Wollknoll, https://www.wollknoll.eu/shop/

E. Thiele, R. Helbig, F. Weigand, R.S.M. Arnold, and I. M. Seeger, “Two ways to apply optical fibers in textile structures,” In T-Plot Workshop Technical Textiles and Textile Recycling (2009).

J. Tan, “Photonic patterns: fashion cutting with illuminating polymeric optical fibre (POF) textiles,” The Second International Conference for Creative Pattern Cutting, University of Huddersfield, UK, 24–25 February 2016.

J. Tan, “Crafting photonics,” Hong Kong: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (2015).

The luminous fabric, simply stunning (catalogue) http://www.lumigram.com/catalog/download/FiberOpticFabric_EN.pdf

C. Dalsgaard and R. Sterrett, “White paper on smart textile garments and devices: a market overview of smart textile wearable technologies,“ Market Opportunities for Smart Textiles, Ohmatex, Denmark (2014).

C. A. Hagen, “Fabulous felt hats: dazzling designs from handmade felt,” Lark Books (2005).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Fibers of rabbit’s wool diameter of 11-16 µm; (b) fibers of camel’s wool: diameter of 30-35 µm; (c) fibers merino sheep’s wool: diameter of 20-21 µm wool. Images obtained by using Zeiss Axioskop 2 Mot Microscope.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Technological scheme of nuno felting.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Technological scheme of nuno felt with integrated optical fibers.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Fibers bundle with a power source: (a) disconnected; (b) connected; (c) switched on.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Different types of optical fibres in felt. (a), (c), (e), (f) – patterns of chaotic combinations of thick and thin fibers; (b) – thick (2mm) and soft side-glowing fiber; (d) - glass beads on the ends of fibers.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Pieces of collection “Deep Sea Life”: (a) Sea slug; (b) Actinia; (c) Flying fish; (d) Coral; (e) Octopus; (f) Nudibranch mollusc; (g) Jellyfish.

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