Abstract

We developed a wavelength-tunable second harmonic scattering experimental setup to investigate dispersion of the nonlinear optical response of three different nanocrystal suspensions (LiNbO3, ZnO and BiFeO3). Special attention was paid to reproducibility issues with the implementation of a detailed protocol that allows correcting for the setup spectral response. The absolute, orientation-averaged second order susceptibilities of the three nanomaterials were then assessed in the 700-1300 nm spectral range evidencing very specific optical signatures. The well-defined resonances observed for ZnO and BiFeO3 near their electronic transitions were found to be poorly described by the Miller’s rule.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (6)

D. Smirnova, A. I. Smirnov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Multipolar second-harmonic generation by Mie-resonant dielectric nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. A 97(1), 013807 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. Slenders, H. Bové, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, A. Y. Sonay, P. Pantazis, L. Bonacina, P. Vanden Berghe, M. vandeVen, and M. Ameloot, “Image Correlation Spectroscopy with Second Harmonic Generating Nanoparticles in Suspension and in Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(20), 6112–6118 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ramos-Gomes, W. Möbius, L. Bonacina, F. Alves, and M. A. Markus, “Bismuth Ferrite Second Harmonic Nanoparticles for Pulmonary Macrophage Tracking,” Small 15(4), 1803776 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. V. Multian, J. Riporto, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, S. Beauquis, C. Galez, V. Y. Gayvoronsky, and R. Le Dantec, “Averaged third-order susceptibility of ZnO nanocrystals from Third Harmonic Generation and Third Harmonic Scattering,” Opt. Mater. 84, 579–585 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. Clarke, A. Rogov, S. McCarthy, L. Bonacina, Y. Gun’ko, C. Galez, R. Le Dantec, Y. Volkov, Y. Mugnier, and A. Prina-Mello, “Preparation from a revisited wet chemical route of phase-pure, monocrystalline and SHG-efficient BiFeO3 nanoparticles for harmonic bio-imaging,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 10473 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Tytus, O. Phelan, M. Urbain, G. Clarke, J. Riporto, R. Le Dantec, G. Djanta, S. Beauquis, V. Monnier, Y. Chevolot, C. Galez, and Y. Mugnier, “Preparation and Preliminary Nonlinear Optical Properties of BiFeO3 Nanocrystal Suspensions from a Simple, Chelating Agent-Free Precipitation Route,” J. Nanomater. 2018, 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

L. Dubreil, I. Leroux, M. Ledevin, C. Schleder, L. Lagalice, C. Lovo, R. Fleurisson, S. Passemard, V. Kilin, S. Gerber-Lemaire, M.-A. Colle, L. Bonacina, and K. Rouger, “Multi-harmonic Imaging in the Second Near-Infrared Window of Nanoparticle-Labeled Stem Cells as a Monitoring Tool in Tissue Depth,” ACS Nano 11(7), 6672–6681 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Timpu, A. Sergeyev, N. R. Hendricks, and R. Grange, “Second-Harmonic Enhancement with Mie Resonances in Perovskite Nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 4(1), 76–84 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Van Steerteghem, K. Clays, T. Verbiest, and S. Van Cleuvenbergen, “Third-Harmonic Scattering for Fast and Sensitive Screening of the Second Hyperpolarizability in Solution,” Anal. Chem. 89(5), 2964–2971 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

H. Linnenbank, Y. Grynko, J. Förstner, and S. Linden, “Second harmonic generation spectroscopy on hybrid plasmonic/dielectric nanoantennas,” Light: Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16013 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, A. Manjavacas, N. J. Hogan, L. Zhou, C. Ayala-Orozco, L. Dong, J. K. Day, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Toward Surface Plasmon-Enhanced Optical Parametric Amplification (SPOPA) with Engineered Nanoparticles: A Nanoscale Tunable Infrared Source,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3373–3378 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Luppi and V. Véniard, “A review of recent theoretical studies in nonlinear crystals: towards the design of new materials,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 31(12), 123002 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

M. C. Larciprete and M. Centini, “Second harmonic generation from ZnO films and nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 2(3), 031302 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced Third-Harmonic Generation in Silicon Nanoparticles Driven by Magnetic Response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Schwung, A. Rogov, G. Clarke, C. Joulaud, T. Magouroux, D. Staedler, S. Passemard, T. Jüstel, L. Badie, C. Galez, J. P. Wolf, Y. Volkov, A. Prina-Mello, S. Gerber-Lemaire, D. Rytz, Y. Mugnier, L. Bonacina, and R. L. Dantec, “Nonlinear optical and magnetic properties of BiFeO3 harmonic nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(11), 114306 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

C. Joulaud, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, M. Dubled, J.-C. Marty, C. Galez, J.-P. Wolf, L. Bonacina, and R. Le Dantec, “Characterization of the nonlinear optical properties of nanocrystals by Hyper Rayleigh Scattering,” J. Nanobiotechnol. 11(Suppl 1), S8 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Lafrentz, D. Brunne, A. V. Rodina, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Bakin, and M. Bayer, “Second harmonic generation spectroscopy of excitons in ZnO,” Phys. Rev. B 88(23), 235207 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (6)

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, and et al., “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Mohanty, G. S. Chaubey, A. Yourdkhani, S. Adireddy, G. Caruntu, and J. B. Wiley, “Synthesis and piezoelectric response of cubic and spherical LiNbO3 nanocrystals,” RSC Adv. 2(5), 1913–1916 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Kedenburg, M. Vieweg, T. Gissibl, and H. Giessen, “Linear refractive index and absorption measurements of nonlinear optical liquids in the visible and near-infrared spectral region,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(11), 1588–1611 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Knabe, K. Buse, W. Assenmacher, and W. Mader, “Spontaneous polarization in ultrasmall lithium niobate nanocrystals revealed by second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B 86(19), 195428 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Bhatt, I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, A. K. Karnal, M. K. Swami, H. S. Patel, and P. K. Gupta, “Urbach tail and bandgap analysis in near stoichiometric LiNbO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 209(1), 176–180 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

S. G. Choi, H. T. Yi, S.-W. Cheong, J. N. Hilfiker, R. France, and A. G. Norman, “Optical anisotropy and charge-transfer transition energies in BiFeO3 from 1.0 to 5.5 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 83(10), 100101 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, L. Bonacina, J. Extermann, L. Badie, C. Joulaud, M. Gerrmann, D. Rytz, J. P. Wolf, and C. Galez, “Ensemble and Individual Characterization of the Nonlinear Optical Properties of ZnO and BaTiO3 Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(31), 15140–15146 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Winter, M. Zielinski, D. Chauvat, J. Zyss, and D. Oron, “The Second Order Nonlinear Susceptibility of Quantum Confined Semiconductors—A Single Dot Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(11), 4558–4563 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

J. Campo, A. Painelli, F. Terenziani, T. Van Regemorter, D. Beljonne, E. Goovaerts, and W. Wenseleers, “First Hyperpolarizability Dispersion of the Octupolar Molecule Crystal Violet: Multiple Resonances and Vibrational and Solvation Effects,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(46), 16467–16478 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C.-L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear Optical Properties of Core-Shell Nanocavities for Enhanced Second-Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207402 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Pantazis, J. Maloney, D. Wu, and S. E. Fraser, “Second harmonic generating (SHG) nanoprobes for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 107(33), 14535–14540 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

A. Deniset-Besseau, J. Duboisset, E. Benichou, F. Hache, P.-F. Brevet, and M.-C. Schanne-Klein, “Measurement of the Second-Order Hyperpolarizability of the Collagen Triple Helix and Determination of Its Physical Origin,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(40), 13437–13445 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Campo, F. Desmet, W. Wenseleers, and E. Goovaerts, “Highly sensitive setup for tunable wavelength hyper-Rayleigh scattering with parallel detection and calibration data for various solvents,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4587–4604 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

J. Campo, W. Wenseleers, E. Goovaerts, M. Szablewski, and G. H. Cross, “Accurate Determination and Modeling of the Dispersion of the First Hyperpolarizability of an Efficient Zwitterionic Nonlinear Optical Chromophore by Tunable Wavelength Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(1), 287–296 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Pedersen, C. Fisker, and T. G. Pedersen, “Second-harmonic generation from ZnO nanowires,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5(8), 2671–2674 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

S. J. Clark and J. Robertson, “Band gap and Schottky barrier heights of multiferroic BiFeO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 132903 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

R. Prasanth, L. K. van Vugt, D. A. M. Vanmaekelbergh, and H. C. Gerritsen, “Resonance enhancement of optical second harmonic generation in a ZnO nanowire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(18), 181501 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

R. S. Klein, G. E. Kugel, A. Maillard, K. Polgár, and A. Péter, “Absolute non-linear optical coefficients of LiNbO3 for near stoichiometric crystal compositions,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 171–174 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Bergfeld and W. Daum, “Second-Harmonic Generation in GaAs: Experiment versus Theoretical Predictions of χxyz (2),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(3), 036801 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, R. D. Schaller, P. B. Petersen, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Near-Field Imaging of Nonlinear Optical Mixing in Single Zinc Oxide Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 2(4), 279–283 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. Seres, “Dispersion of second-order nonlinear optical coefficient,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 73(7), 705–709 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

M. Jacobsohn and U. Banin, “Size Dependence of Second Harmonic Generation in CdSe Nanocrystal Quantum Dots,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(1), 1–5 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (4)

F. W. Vance, B. I. Lemon, and J. T. Hupp, “Enormous Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering from Nanocrystalline Gold Particle Suspensions,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102(50), 10091–10093 (1998).
[Crossref]

F. L. Huyskens, P. L. Huyskens, and A. P. Persoons, “Solvent dependence of the first hyperpolarizability of p-nitroanilines: Differences between nonspecific dipole–dipole interactions and solute–solvent H-bonds,” J. Chem. Phys. 108(19), 8161–8171 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. P. Wagner, M. Kühnelt, W. Langbein, and J. M. Hvam, “Dispersion of the second-order nonlinear susceptibility in ZnTe, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Phys. Rev. B 58(16), 10494–10501 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. Srikant and D. R. Clarke, “On the optical band gap of zinc oxide,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(10), 5447–5451 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (3)

1991 (1)

K. Clays and A. Persoons, “Hyper-Rayleigh scattering in solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66(23), 2980–2983 (1991).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

J. L. Oudar and D. S. Chemla, “Hyperpolarizabilities of the nitroanilines and their relations to the excited state dipole moment,” J. Chem. Phys. 66(6), 2664–2668 (1977).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

R. C. Miller, “Optical second harmonic generation in piezoelectric crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(1), 17–19 (1964).
[Crossref]

Adireddy, S.

D. Mohanty, G. S. Chaubey, A. Yourdkhani, S. Adireddy, G. Caruntu, and J. B. Wiley, “Synthesis and piezoelectric response of cubic and spherical LiNbO3 nanocrystals,” RSC Adv. 2(5), 1913–1916 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alves, F.

F. Ramos-Gomes, W. Möbius, L. Bonacina, F. Alves, and M. A. Markus, “Bismuth Ferrite Second Harmonic Nanoparticles for Pulmonary Macrophage Tracking,” Small 15(4), 1803776 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ameloot, M.

E. Slenders, H. Bové, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, A. Y. Sonay, P. Pantazis, L. Bonacina, P. Vanden Berghe, M. vandeVen, and M. Ameloot, “Image Correlation Spectroscopy with Second Harmonic Generating Nanoparticles in Suspension and in Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(20), 6112–6118 (2018).
[Crossref]

Assenmacher, W.

B. Knabe, K. Buse, W. Assenmacher, and W. Mader, “Spontaneous polarization in ultrasmall lithium niobate nanocrystals revealed by second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B 86(19), 195428 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ayala-Orozco, C.

Y. Zhang, A. Manjavacas, N. J. Hogan, L. Zhou, C. Ayala-Orozco, L. Dong, J. K. Day, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Toward Surface Plasmon-Enhanced Optical Parametric Amplification (SPOPA) with Engineered Nanoparticles: A Nanoscale Tunable Infrared Source,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3373–3378 (2016).
[Crossref]

Badie, L.

S. Schwung, A. Rogov, G. Clarke, C. Joulaud, T. Magouroux, D. Staedler, S. Passemard, T. Jüstel, L. Badie, C. Galez, J. P. Wolf, Y. Volkov, A. Prina-Mello, S. Gerber-Lemaire, D. Rytz, Y. Mugnier, L. Bonacina, and R. L. Dantec, “Nonlinear optical and magnetic properties of BiFeO3 harmonic nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(11), 114306 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, L. Bonacina, J. Extermann, L. Badie, C. Joulaud, M. Gerrmann, D. Rytz, J. P. Wolf, and C. Galez, “Ensemble and Individual Characterization of the Nonlinear Optical Properties of ZnO and BaTiO3 Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(31), 15140–15146 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bakin, A.

M. Lafrentz, D. Brunne, A. V. Rodina, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Bakin, and M. Bayer, “Second harmonic generation spectroscopy of excitons in ZnO,” Phys. Rev. B 88(23), 235207 (2013).
[Crossref]

Banin, U.

M. Jacobsohn and U. Banin, “Size Dependence of Second Harmonic Generation in CdSe Nanocrystal Quantum Dots,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(1), 1–5 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bayer, M.

M. Lafrentz, D. Brunne, A. V. Rodina, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Bakin, and M. Bayer, “Second harmonic generation spectroscopy of excitons in ZnO,” Phys. Rev. B 88(23), 235207 (2013).
[Crossref]

Beauquis, S.

V. V. Multian, J. Riporto, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, S. Beauquis, C. Galez, V. Y. Gayvoronsky, and R. Le Dantec, “Averaged third-order susceptibility of ZnO nanocrystals from Third Harmonic Generation and Third Harmonic Scattering,” Opt. Mater. 84, 579–585 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Tytus, O. Phelan, M. Urbain, G. Clarke, J. Riporto, R. Le Dantec, G. Djanta, S. Beauquis, V. Monnier, Y. Chevolot, C. Galez, and Y. Mugnier, “Preparation and Preliminary Nonlinear Optical Properties of BiFeO3 Nanocrystal Suspensions from a Simple, Chelating Agent-Free Precipitation Route,” J. Nanomater. 2018, 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Beljonne, D.

J. Campo, A. Painelli, F. Terenziani, T. Van Regemorter, D. Beljonne, E. Goovaerts, and W. Wenseleers, “First Hyperpolarizability Dispersion of the Octupolar Molecule Crystal Violet: Multiple Resonances and Vibrational and Solvation Effects,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(46), 16467–16478 (2010).
[Crossref]

Benichou, E.

A. Deniset-Besseau, J. Duboisset, E. Benichou, F. Hache, P.-F. Brevet, and M.-C. Schanne-Klein, “Measurement of the Second-Order Hyperpolarizability of the Collagen Triple Helix and Determination of Its Physical Origin,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(40), 13437–13445 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bergfeld, S.

S. Bergfeld and W. Daum, “Second-Harmonic Generation in GaAs: Experiment versus Theoretical Predictions of χxyz (2),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(3), 036801 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bhatt, R.

R. Bhatt, I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, A. K. Karnal, M. K. Swami, H. S. Patel, and P. K. Gupta, “Urbach tail and bandgap analysis in near stoichiometric LiNbO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 209(1), 176–180 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bhaumik, I.

R. Bhatt, I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, A. K. Karnal, M. K. Swami, H. S. Patel, and P. K. Gupta, “Urbach tail and bandgap analysis in near stoichiometric LiNbO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 209(1), 176–180 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bonacina, L.

G. Clarke, A. Rogov, S. McCarthy, L. Bonacina, Y. Gun’ko, C. Galez, R. Le Dantec, Y. Volkov, Y. Mugnier, and A. Prina-Mello, “Preparation from a revisited wet chemical route of phase-pure, monocrystalline and SHG-efficient BiFeO3 nanoparticles for harmonic bio-imaging,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 10473 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ramos-Gomes, W. Möbius, L. Bonacina, F. Alves, and M. A. Markus, “Bismuth Ferrite Second Harmonic Nanoparticles for Pulmonary Macrophage Tracking,” Small 15(4), 1803776 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. Slenders, H. Bové, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, A. Y. Sonay, P. Pantazis, L. Bonacina, P. Vanden Berghe, M. vandeVen, and M. Ameloot, “Image Correlation Spectroscopy with Second Harmonic Generating Nanoparticles in Suspension and in Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(20), 6112–6118 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Dubreil, I. Leroux, M. Ledevin, C. Schleder, L. Lagalice, C. Lovo, R. Fleurisson, S. Passemard, V. Kilin, S. Gerber-Lemaire, M.-A. Colle, L. Bonacina, and K. Rouger, “Multi-harmonic Imaging in the Second Near-Infrared Window of Nanoparticle-Labeled Stem Cells as a Monitoring Tool in Tissue Depth,” ACS Nano 11(7), 6672–6681 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Schwung, A. Rogov, G. Clarke, C. Joulaud, T. Magouroux, D. Staedler, S. Passemard, T. Jüstel, L. Badie, C. Galez, J. P. Wolf, Y. Volkov, A. Prina-Mello, S. Gerber-Lemaire, D. Rytz, Y. Mugnier, L. Bonacina, and R. L. Dantec, “Nonlinear optical and magnetic properties of BiFeO3 harmonic nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(11), 114306 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Joulaud, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, M. Dubled, J.-C. Marty, C. Galez, J.-P. Wolf, L. Bonacina, and R. Le Dantec, “Characterization of the nonlinear optical properties of nanocrystals by Hyper Rayleigh Scattering,” J. Nanobiotechnol. 11(Suppl 1), S8 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, L. Bonacina, J. Extermann, L. Badie, C. Joulaud, M. Gerrmann, D. Rytz, J. P. Wolf, and C. Galez, “Ensemble and Individual Characterization of the Nonlinear Optical Properties of ZnO and BaTiO3 Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(31), 15140–15146 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bové, H.

E. Slenders, H. Bové, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, A. Y. Sonay, P. Pantazis, L. Bonacina, P. Vanden Berghe, M. vandeVen, and M. Ameloot, “Image Correlation Spectroscopy with Second Harmonic Generating Nanoparticles in Suspension and in Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(20), 6112–6118 (2018).
[Crossref]

Brener, I.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced Third-Harmonic Generation in Silicon Nanoparticles Driven by Magnetic Response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brevet, P.-F.

A. Deniset-Besseau, J. Duboisset, E. Benichou, F. Hache, P.-F. Brevet, and M.-C. Schanne-Klein, “Measurement of the Second-Order Hyperpolarizability of the Collagen Triple Helix and Determination of Its Physical Origin,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(40), 13437–13445 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brunne, D.

M. Lafrentz, D. Brunne, A. V. Rodina, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Bakin, and M. Bayer, “Second harmonic generation spectroscopy of excitons in ZnO,” Phys. Rev. B 88(23), 235207 (2013).
[Crossref]

Buse, K.

B. Knabe, K. Buse, W. Assenmacher, and W. Mader, “Spontaneous polarization in ultrasmall lithium niobate nanocrystals revealed by second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B 86(19), 195428 (2012).
[Crossref]

Campo, J.

J. Campo, A. Painelli, F. Terenziani, T. Van Regemorter, D. Beljonne, E. Goovaerts, and W. Wenseleers, “First Hyperpolarizability Dispersion of the Octupolar Molecule Crystal Violet: Multiple Resonances and Vibrational and Solvation Effects,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(46), 16467–16478 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Campo, F. Desmet, W. Wenseleers, and E. Goovaerts, “Highly sensitive setup for tunable wavelength hyper-Rayleigh scattering with parallel detection and calibration data for various solvents,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4587–4604 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Campo, W. Wenseleers, E. Goovaerts, M. Szablewski, and G. H. Cross, “Accurate Determination and Modeling of the Dispersion of the First Hyperpolarizability of an Efficient Zwitterionic Nonlinear Optical Chromophore by Tunable Wavelength Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(1), 287–296 (2008).
[Crossref]

Caruntu, G.

D. Mohanty, G. S. Chaubey, A. Yourdkhani, S. Adireddy, G. Caruntu, and J. B. Wiley, “Synthesis and piezoelectric response of cubic and spherical LiNbO3 nanocrystals,” RSC Adv. 2(5), 1913–1916 (2012).
[Crossref]

Centini, M.

M. C. Larciprete and M. Centini, “Second harmonic generation from ZnO films and nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. Rev. 2(3), 031302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chaubey, G. S.

D. Mohanty, G. S. Chaubey, A. Yourdkhani, S. Adireddy, G. Caruntu, and J. B. Wiley, “Synthesis and piezoelectric response of cubic and spherical LiNbO3 nanocrystals,” RSC Adv. 2(5), 1913–1916 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chauvat, D.

S. Winter, M. Zielinski, D. Chauvat, J. Zyss, and D. Oron, “The Second Order Nonlinear Susceptibility of Quantum Confined Semiconductors—A Single Dot Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(11), 4558–4563 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chemla, D. S.

J. L. Oudar and D. S. Chemla, “Hyperpolarizabilities of the nitroanilines and their relations to the excited state dipole moment,” J. Chem. Phys. 66(6), 2664–2668 (1977).
[Crossref]

Cheong, S.-W.

S. G. Choi, H. T. Yi, S.-W. Cheong, J. N. Hilfiker, R. France, and A. G. Norman, “Optical anisotropy and charge-transfer transition energies in BiFeO3 from 1.0 to 5.5 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 83(10), 100101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chevolot, Y.

T. Tytus, O. Phelan, M. Urbain, G. Clarke, J. Riporto, R. Le Dantec, G. Djanta, S. Beauquis, V. Monnier, Y. Chevolot, C. Galez, and Y. Mugnier, “Preparation and Preliminary Nonlinear Optical Properties of BiFeO3 Nanocrystal Suspensions from a Simple, Chelating Agent-Free Precipitation Route,” J. Nanomater. 2018, 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. G.

S. G. Choi, H. T. Yi, S.-W. Cheong, J. N. Hilfiker, R. France, and A. G. Norman, “Optical anisotropy and charge-transfer transition energies in BiFeO3 from 1.0 to 5.5 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 83(10), 100101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Clark, S. J.

S. J. Clark and J. Robertson, “Band gap and Schottky barrier heights of multiferroic BiFeO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 132903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Clarke, D. R.

V. Srikant and D. R. Clarke, “On the optical band gap of zinc oxide,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(10), 5447–5451 (1998).
[Crossref]

Clarke, G.

G. Clarke, A. Rogov, S. McCarthy, L. Bonacina, Y. Gun’ko, C. Galez, R. Le Dantec, Y. Volkov, Y. Mugnier, and A. Prina-Mello, “Preparation from a revisited wet chemical route of phase-pure, monocrystalline and SHG-efficient BiFeO3 nanoparticles for harmonic bio-imaging,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 10473 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Tytus, O. Phelan, M. Urbain, G. Clarke, J. Riporto, R. Le Dantec, G. Djanta, S. Beauquis, V. Monnier, Y. Chevolot, C. Galez, and Y. Mugnier, “Preparation and Preliminary Nonlinear Optical Properties of BiFeO3 Nanocrystal Suspensions from a Simple, Chelating Agent-Free Precipitation Route,” J. Nanomater. 2018, 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Schwung, A. Rogov, G. Clarke, C. Joulaud, T. Magouroux, D. Staedler, S. Passemard, T. Jüstel, L. Badie, C. Galez, J. P. Wolf, Y. Volkov, A. Prina-Mello, S. Gerber-Lemaire, D. Rytz, Y. Mugnier, L. Bonacina, and R. L. Dantec, “Nonlinear optical and magnetic properties of BiFeO3 harmonic nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(11), 114306 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, and et al., “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref]

Clays, K.

N. Van Steerteghem, K. Clays, T. Verbiest, and S. Van Cleuvenbergen, “Third-Harmonic Scattering for Fast and Sensitive Screening of the Second Hyperpolarizability in Solution,” Anal. Chem. 89(5), 2964–2971 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Clays and A. Persoons, “Hyper-Rayleigh scattering in solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66(23), 2980–2983 (1991).
[Crossref]

Colle, M.-A.

L. Dubreil, I. Leroux, M. Ledevin, C. Schleder, L. Lagalice, C. Lovo, R. Fleurisson, S. Passemard, V. Kilin, S. Gerber-Lemaire, M.-A. Colle, L. Bonacina, and K. Rouger, “Multi-harmonic Imaging in the Second Near-Infrared Window of Nanoparticle-Labeled Stem Cells as a Monitoring Tool in Tissue Depth,” ACS Nano 11(7), 6672–6681 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cross, G. H.

J. Campo, W. Wenseleers, E. Goovaerts, M. Szablewski, and G. H. Cross, “Accurate Determination and Modeling of the Dispersion of the First Hyperpolarizability of an Efficient Zwitterionic Nonlinear Optical Chromophore by Tunable Wavelength Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(1), 287–296 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dantec, R. L.

S. Schwung, A. Rogov, G. Clarke, C. Joulaud, T. Magouroux, D. Staedler, S. Passemard, T. Jüstel, L. Badie, C. Galez, J. P. Wolf, Y. Volkov, A. Prina-Mello, S. Gerber-Lemaire, D. Rytz, Y. Mugnier, L. Bonacina, and R. L. Dantec, “Nonlinear optical and magnetic properties of BiFeO3 harmonic nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(11), 114306 (2014).
[Crossref]

Daum, W.

S. Bergfeld and W. Daum, “Second-Harmonic Generation in GaAs: Experiment versus Theoretical Predictions of χxyz (2),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(3), 036801 (2003).
[Crossref]

Day, J. K.

Y. Zhang, A. Manjavacas, N. J. Hogan, L. Zhou, C. Ayala-Orozco, L. Dong, J. K. Day, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Toward Surface Plasmon-Enhanced Optical Parametric Amplification (SPOPA) with Engineered Nanoparticles: A Nanoscale Tunable Infrared Source,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3373–3378 (2016).
[Crossref]

Decker, M.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced Third-Harmonic Generation in Silicon Nanoparticles Driven by Magnetic Response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref]

Deniset-Besseau, A.

A. Deniset-Besseau, J. Duboisset, E. Benichou, F. Hache, P.-F. Brevet, and M.-C. Schanne-Klein, “Measurement of the Second-Order Hyperpolarizability of the Collagen Triple Helix and Determination of Its Physical Origin,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(40), 13437–13445 (2009).
[Crossref]

Desmet, F.

Djanta, G.

V. V. Multian, J. Riporto, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, S. Beauquis, C. Galez, V. Y. Gayvoronsky, and R. Le Dantec, “Averaged third-order susceptibility of ZnO nanocrystals from Third Harmonic Generation and Third Harmonic Scattering,” Opt. Mater. 84, 579–585 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Tytus, O. Phelan, M. Urbain, G. Clarke, J. Riporto, R. Le Dantec, G. Djanta, S. Beauquis, V. Monnier, Y. Chevolot, C. Galez, and Y. Mugnier, “Preparation and Preliminary Nonlinear Optical Properties of BiFeO3 Nanocrystal Suspensions from a Simple, Chelating Agent-Free Precipitation Route,” J. Nanomater. 2018, 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Joulaud, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, M. Dubled, J.-C. Marty, C. Galez, J.-P. Wolf, L. Bonacina, and R. Le Dantec, “Characterization of the nonlinear optical properties of nanocrystals by Hyper Rayleigh Scattering,” J. Nanobiotechnol. 11(Suppl 1), S8 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, L. Bonacina, J. Extermann, L. Badie, C. Joulaud, M. Gerrmann, D. Rytz, J. P. Wolf, and C. Galez, “Ensemble and Individual Characterization of the Nonlinear Optical Properties of ZnO and BaTiO3 Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(31), 15140–15146 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dong, L.

Y. Zhang, A. Manjavacas, N. J. Hogan, L. Zhou, C. Ayala-Orozco, L. Dong, J. K. Day, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Toward Surface Plasmon-Enhanced Optical Parametric Amplification (SPOPA) with Engineered Nanoparticles: A Nanoscale Tunable Infrared Source,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3373–3378 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dubled, M.

C. Joulaud, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, M. Dubled, J.-C. Marty, C. Galez, J.-P. Wolf, L. Bonacina, and R. Le Dantec, “Characterization of the nonlinear optical properties of nanocrystals by Hyper Rayleigh Scattering,” J. Nanobiotechnol. 11(Suppl 1), S8 (2013).
[Crossref]

Duboisset, J.

A. Deniset-Besseau, J. Duboisset, E. Benichou, F. Hache, P.-F. Brevet, and M.-C. Schanne-Klein, “Measurement of the Second-Order Hyperpolarizability of the Collagen Triple Helix and Determination of Its Physical Origin,” J. Phys. Chem. B 113(40), 13437–13445 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dubreil, L.

L. Dubreil, I. Leroux, M. Ledevin, C. Schleder, L. Lagalice, C. Lovo, R. Fleurisson, S. Passemard, V. Kilin, S. Gerber-Lemaire, M.-A. Colle, L. Bonacina, and K. Rouger, “Multi-harmonic Imaging in the Second Near-Infrared Window of Nanoparticle-Labeled Stem Cells as a Monitoring Tool in Tissue Depth,” ACS Nano 11(7), 6672–6681 (2017).
[Crossref]

Extermann, J.

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, and et al., “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, L. Bonacina, J. Extermann, L. Badie, C. Joulaud, M. Gerrmann, D. Rytz, J. P. Wolf, and C. Galez, “Ensemble and Individual Characterization of the Nonlinear Optical Properties of ZnO and BaTiO3 Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(31), 15140–15146 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ezhov, A. A.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced Third-Harmonic Generation in Silicon Nanoparticles Driven by Magnetic Response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fedyanin, A. A.

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced Third-Harmonic Generation in Silicon Nanoparticles Driven by Magnetic Response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fisker, C.

K. Pedersen, C. Fisker, and T. G. Pedersen, “Second-harmonic generation from ZnO nanowires,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5(8), 2671–2674 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fleurisson, R.

L. Dubreil, I. Leroux, M. Ledevin, C. Schleder, L. Lagalice, C. Lovo, R. Fleurisson, S. Passemard, V. Kilin, S. Gerber-Lemaire, M.-A. Colle, L. Bonacina, and K. Rouger, “Multi-harmonic Imaging in the Second Near-Infrared Window of Nanoparticle-Labeled Stem Cells as a Monitoring Tool in Tissue Depth,” ACS Nano 11(7), 6672–6681 (2017).
[Crossref]

Förstner, J.

H. Linnenbank, Y. Grynko, J. Förstner, and S. Linden, “Second harmonic generation spectroscopy on hybrid plasmonic/dielectric nanoantennas,” Light: Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16013 (2016).
[Crossref]

France, R.

S. G. Choi, H. T. Yi, S.-W. Cheong, J. N. Hilfiker, R. France, and A. G. Norman, “Optical anisotropy and charge-transfer transition energies in BiFeO3 from 1.0 to 5.5 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 83(10), 100101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fraser, S. E.

P. Pantazis, J. Maloney, D. Wu, and S. E. Fraser, “Second harmonic generating (SHG) nanoprobes for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 107(33), 14535–14540 (2010).
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G. Clarke, A. Rogov, S. McCarthy, L. Bonacina, Y. Gun’ko, C. Galez, R. Le Dantec, Y. Volkov, Y. Mugnier, and A. Prina-Mello, “Preparation from a revisited wet chemical route of phase-pure, monocrystalline and SHG-efficient BiFeO3 nanoparticles for harmonic bio-imaging,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 10473 (2018).
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P. Pantazis, J. Maloney, D. Wu, and S. E. Fraser, “Second harmonic generating (SHG) nanoprobes for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 107(33), 14535–14540 (2010).
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T. Tytus, O. Phelan, M. Urbain, G. Clarke, J. Riporto, R. Le Dantec, G. Djanta, S. Beauquis, V. Monnier, Y. Chevolot, C. Galez, and Y. Mugnier, “Preparation and Preliminary Nonlinear Optical Properties of BiFeO3 Nanocrystal Suspensions from a Simple, Chelating Agent-Free Precipitation Route,” J. Nanomater. 2018, 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. V. Multian, J. Riporto, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, S. Beauquis, C. Galez, V. Y. Gayvoronsky, and R. Le Dantec, “Averaged third-order susceptibility of ZnO nanocrystals from Third Harmonic Generation and Third Harmonic Scattering,” Opt. Mater. 84, 579–585 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. Slenders, H. Bové, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, A. Y. Sonay, P. Pantazis, L. Bonacina, P. Vanden Berghe, M. vandeVen, and M. Ameloot, “Image Correlation Spectroscopy with Second Harmonic Generating Nanoparticles in Suspension and in Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(20), 6112–6118 (2018).
[Crossref]

Van Cleuvenbergen, S.

N. Van Steerteghem, K. Clays, T. Verbiest, and S. Van Cleuvenbergen, “Third-Harmonic Scattering for Fast and Sensitive Screening of the Second Hyperpolarizability in Solution,” Anal. Chem. 89(5), 2964–2971 (2017).
[Crossref]

Van Regemorter, T.

J. Campo, A. Painelli, F. Terenziani, T. Van Regemorter, D. Beljonne, E. Goovaerts, and W. Wenseleers, “First Hyperpolarizability Dispersion of the Octupolar Molecule Crystal Violet: Multiple Resonances and Vibrational and Solvation Effects,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(46), 16467–16478 (2010).
[Crossref]

Van Steerteghem, N.

N. Van Steerteghem, K. Clays, T. Verbiest, and S. Van Cleuvenbergen, “Third-Harmonic Scattering for Fast and Sensitive Screening of the Second Hyperpolarizability in Solution,” Anal. Chem. 89(5), 2964–2971 (2017).
[Crossref]

van Vugt, L. K.

R. Prasanth, L. K. van Vugt, D. A. M. Vanmaekelbergh, and H. C. Gerritsen, “Resonance enhancement of optical second harmonic generation in a ZnO nanowire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(18), 181501 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vance, F. W.

F. W. Vance, B. I. Lemon, and J. T. Hupp, “Enormous Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering from Nanocrystalline Gold Particle Suspensions,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102(50), 10091–10093 (1998).
[Crossref]

Vanden Berghe, P.

E. Slenders, H. Bové, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, A. Y. Sonay, P. Pantazis, L. Bonacina, P. Vanden Berghe, M. vandeVen, and M. Ameloot, “Image Correlation Spectroscopy with Second Harmonic Generating Nanoparticles in Suspension and in Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(20), 6112–6118 (2018).
[Crossref]

vandeVen, M.

E. Slenders, H. Bové, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, A. Y. Sonay, P. Pantazis, L. Bonacina, P. Vanden Berghe, M. vandeVen, and M. Ameloot, “Image Correlation Spectroscopy with Second Harmonic Generating Nanoparticles in Suspension and in Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(20), 6112–6118 (2018).
[Crossref]

Vanmaekelbergh, D. A. M.

R. Prasanth, L. K. van Vugt, D. A. M. Vanmaekelbergh, and H. C. Gerritsen, “Resonance enhancement of optical second harmonic generation in a ZnO nanowire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(18), 181501 (2006).
[Crossref]

Véniard, V.

E. Luppi and V. Véniard, “A review of recent theoretical studies in nonlinear crystals: towards the design of new materials,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 31(12), 123002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Verbiest, T.

N. Van Steerteghem, K. Clays, T. Verbiest, and S. Van Cleuvenbergen, “Third-Harmonic Scattering for Fast and Sensitive Screening of the Second Hyperpolarizability in Solution,” Anal. Chem. 89(5), 2964–2971 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vieweg, M.

Volkov, Y.

G. Clarke, A. Rogov, S. McCarthy, L. Bonacina, Y. Gun’ko, C. Galez, R. Le Dantec, Y. Volkov, Y. Mugnier, and A. Prina-Mello, “Preparation from a revisited wet chemical route of phase-pure, monocrystalline and SHG-efficient BiFeO3 nanoparticles for harmonic bio-imaging,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 10473 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Schwung, A. Rogov, G. Clarke, C. Joulaud, T. Magouroux, D. Staedler, S. Passemard, T. Jüstel, L. Badie, C. Galez, J. P. Wolf, Y. Volkov, A. Prina-Mello, S. Gerber-Lemaire, D. Rytz, Y. Mugnier, L. Bonacina, and R. L. Dantec, “Nonlinear optical and magnetic properties of BiFeO3 harmonic nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(11), 114306 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wagner, H. P.

H. P. Wagner, M. Kühnelt, W. Langbein, and J. M. Hvam, “Dispersion of the second-order nonlinear susceptibility in ZnTe, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Phys. Rev. B 58(16), 10494–10501 (1998).
[Crossref]

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C. Xu, J. B. Shear, and W. W. Webb, “Hyper-Rayleigh and Hyper-Raman Scattering Background of Liquid Water in Two-Photon Excited Fluorescence Detection,” Anal. Chem. 69(7), 1285–1287 (1997).
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J. Campo, A. Painelli, F. Terenziani, T. Van Regemorter, D. Beljonne, E. Goovaerts, and W. Wenseleers, “First Hyperpolarizability Dispersion of the Octupolar Molecule Crystal Violet: Multiple Resonances and Vibrational and Solvation Effects,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(46), 16467–16478 (2010).
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J. Campo, F. Desmet, W. Wenseleers, and E. Goovaerts, “Highly sensitive setup for tunable wavelength hyper-Rayleigh scattering with parallel detection and calibration data for various solvents,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4587–4604 (2009).
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J. Campo, W. Wenseleers, E. Goovaerts, M. Szablewski, and G. H. Cross, “Accurate Determination and Modeling of the Dispersion of the First Hyperpolarizability of an Efficient Zwitterionic Nonlinear Optical Chromophore by Tunable Wavelength Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(1), 287–296 (2008).
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D. Mohanty, G. S. Chaubey, A. Yourdkhani, S. Adireddy, G. Caruntu, and J. B. Wiley, “Synthesis and piezoelectric response of cubic and spherical LiNbO3 nanocrystals,” RSC Adv. 2(5), 1913–1916 (2012).
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Winter, S.

S. Winter, M. Zielinski, D. Chauvat, J. Zyss, and D. Oron, “The Second Order Nonlinear Susceptibility of Quantum Confined Semiconductors—A Single Dot Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(11), 4558–4563 (2011).
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Wolf, J. P.

S. Schwung, A. Rogov, G. Clarke, C. Joulaud, T. Magouroux, D. Staedler, S. Passemard, T. Jüstel, L. Badie, C. Galez, J. P. Wolf, Y. Volkov, A. Prina-Mello, S. Gerber-Lemaire, D. Rytz, Y. Mugnier, L. Bonacina, and R. L. Dantec, “Nonlinear optical and magnetic properties of BiFeO3 harmonic nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(11), 114306 (2014).
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R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, L. Bonacina, J. Extermann, L. Badie, C. Joulaud, M. Gerrmann, D. Rytz, J. P. Wolf, and C. Galez, “Ensemble and Individual Characterization of the Nonlinear Optical Properties of ZnO and BaTiO3 Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(31), 15140–15146 (2011).
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Wolf, J.-P.

C. Joulaud, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, M. Dubled, J.-C. Marty, C. Galez, J.-P. Wolf, L. Bonacina, and R. Le Dantec, “Characterization of the nonlinear optical properties of nanocrystals by Hyper Rayleigh Scattering,” J. Nanobiotechnol. 11(Suppl 1), S8 (2013).
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Wu, D.

P. Pantazis, J. Maloney, D. Wu, and S. E. Fraser, “Second harmonic generating (SHG) nanoprobes for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 107(33), 14535–14540 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, C.

C. Xu, J. B. Shear, and W. W. Webb, “Hyper-Rayleigh and Hyper-Raman Scattering Background of Liquid Water in Two-Photon Excited Fluorescence Detection,” Anal. Chem. 69(7), 1285–1287 (1997).
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Yakovlev, D. R.

M. Lafrentz, D. Brunne, A. V. Rodina, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Bakin, and M. Bayer, “Second harmonic generation spectroscopy of excitons in ZnO,” Phys. Rev. B 88(23), 235207 (2013).
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Yan, H.

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, R. D. Schaller, P. B. Petersen, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Near-Field Imaging of Nonlinear Optical Mixing in Single Zinc Oxide Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 2(4), 279–283 (2002).
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Yang, P.

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, R. D. Schaller, P. B. Petersen, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Near-Field Imaging of Nonlinear Optical Mixing in Single Zinc Oxide Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 2(4), 279–283 (2002).
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Yi, H. T.

S. G. Choi, H. T. Yi, S.-W. Cheong, J. N. Hilfiker, R. France, and A. G. Norman, “Optical anisotropy and charge-transfer transition energies in BiFeO3 from 1.0 to 5.5 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 83(10), 100101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yourdkhani, A.

D. Mohanty, G. S. Chaubey, A. Yourdkhani, S. Adireddy, G. Caruntu, and J. B. Wiley, “Synthesis and piezoelectric response of cubic and spherical LiNbO3 nanocrystals,” RSC Adv. 2(5), 1913–1916 (2012).
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M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
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Zelmon, D. E.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, A. Manjavacas, N. J. Hogan, L. Zhou, C. Ayala-Orozco, L. Dong, J. K. Day, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Toward Surface Plasmon-Enhanced Optical Parametric Amplification (SPOPA) with Engineered Nanoparticles: A Nanoscale Tunable Infrared Source,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3373–3378 (2016).
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Zhou, L.

Y. Zhang, A. Manjavacas, N. J. Hogan, L. Zhou, C. Ayala-Orozco, L. Dong, J. K. Day, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Toward Surface Plasmon-Enhanced Optical Parametric Amplification (SPOPA) with Engineered Nanoparticles: A Nanoscale Tunable Infrared Source,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3373–3378 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zielinski, M.

S. Winter, M. Zielinski, D. Chauvat, J. Zyss, and D. Oron, “The Second Order Nonlinear Susceptibility of Quantum Confined Semiconductors—A Single Dot Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(11), 4558–4563 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zyss, J.

S. Winter, M. Zielinski, D. Chauvat, J. Zyss, and D. Oron, “The Second Order Nonlinear Susceptibility of Quantum Confined Semiconductors—A Single Dot Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(11), 4558–4563 (2011).
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ACS Nano (2)

D. Staedler, T. Magouroux, R. Hadji, C. Joulaud, J. Extermann, S. Schwung, S. Passemard, C. Kasparian, G. Clarke, M. Gerrmann, and et al., “Harmonic nanocrystals for biolabeling: a survey of optical properties and biocompatibility,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2542–2549 (2012).
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L. Dubreil, I. Leroux, M. Ledevin, C. Schleder, L. Lagalice, C. Lovo, R. Fleurisson, S. Passemard, V. Kilin, S. Gerber-Lemaire, M.-A. Colle, L. Bonacina, and K. Rouger, “Multi-harmonic Imaging in the Second Near-Infrared Window of Nanoparticle-Labeled Stem Cells as a Monitoring Tool in Tissue Depth,” ACS Nano 11(7), 6672–6681 (2017).
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ACS Photonics (1)

F. Timpu, A. Sergeyev, N. R. Hendricks, and R. Grange, “Second-Harmonic Enhancement with Mie Resonances in Perovskite Nanoparticles,” ACS Photonics 4(1), 76–84 (2017).
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Anal. Chem. (2)

N. Van Steerteghem, K. Clays, T. Verbiest, and S. Van Cleuvenbergen, “Third-Harmonic Scattering for Fast and Sensitive Screening of the Second Hyperpolarizability in Solution,” Anal. Chem. 89(5), 2964–2971 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Xu, J. B. Shear, and W. W. Webb, “Hyper-Rayleigh and Hyper-Raman Scattering Background of Liquid Water in Two-Photon Excited Fluorescence Detection,” Anal. Chem. 69(7), 1285–1287 (1997).
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Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

J. Seres, “Dispersion of second-order nonlinear optical coefficient,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 73(7), 705–709 (2001).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

R. Prasanth, L. K. van Vugt, D. A. M. Vanmaekelbergh, and H. C. Gerritsen, “Resonance enhancement of optical second harmonic generation in a ZnO nanowire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(18), 181501 (2006).
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S. J. Clark and J. Robertson, “Band gap and Schottky barrier heights of multiferroic BiFeO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 132903 (2007).
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J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

J. Campo, A. Painelli, F. Terenziani, T. Van Regemorter, D. Beljonne, E. Goovaerts, and W. Wenseleers, “First Hyperpolarizability Dispersion of the Octupolar Molecule Crystal Violet: Multiple Resonances and Vibrational and Solvation Effects,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(46), 16467–16478 (2010).
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J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Schwung, A. Rogov, G. Clarke, C. Joulaud, T. Magouroux, D. Staedler, S. Passemard, T. Jüstel, L. Badie, C. Galez, J. P. Wolf, Y. Volkov, A. Prina-Mello, S. Gerber-Lemaire, D. Rytz, Y. Mugnier, L. Bonacina, and R. L. Dantec, “Nonlinear optical and magnetic properties of BiFeO3 harmonic nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(11), 114306 (2014).
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J. Nanobiotechnol. (1)

C. Joulaud, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, M. Dubled, J.-C. Marty, C. Galez, J.-P. Wolf, L. Bonacina, and R. Le Dantec, “Characterization of the nonlinear optical properties of nanocrystals by Hyper Rayleigh Scattering,” J. Nanobiotechnol. 11(Suppl 1), S8 (2013).
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J. Nanomater. (1)

T. Tytus, O. Phelan, M. Urbain, G. Clarke, J. Riporto, R. Le Dantec, G. Djanta, S. Beauquis, V. Monnier, Y. Chevolot, C. Galez, and Y. Mugnier, “Preparation and Preliminary Nonlinear Optical Properties of BiFeO3 Nanocrystal Suspensions from a Simple, Chelating Agent-Free Precipitation Route,” J. Nanomater. 2018, 1–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. B (3)

F. W. Vance, B. I. Lemon, and J. T. Hupp, “Enormous Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering from Nanocrystalline Gold Particle Suspensions,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102(50), 10091–10093 (1998).
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M. Jacobsohn and U. Banin, “Size Dependence of Second Harmonic Generation in CdSe Nanocrystal Quantum Dots,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(1), 1–5 (2000).
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J. Phys. Chem. C (3)

J. Campo, W. Wenseleers, E. Goovaerts, M. Szablewski, and G. H. Cross, “Accurate Determination and Modeling of the Dispersion of the First Hyperpolarizability of an Efficient Zwitterionic Nonlinear Optical Chromophore by Tunable Wavelength Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(1), 287–296 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Winter, M. Zielinski, D. Chauvat, J. Zyss, and D. Oron, “The Second Order Nonlinear Susceptibility of Quantum Confined Semiconductors—A Single Dot Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(11), 4558–4563 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Le Dantec, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, L. Bonacina, J. Extermann, L. Badie, C. Joulaud, M. Gerrmann, D. Rytz, J. P. Wolf, and C. Galez, “Ensemble and Individual Characterization of the Nonlinear Optical Properties of ZnO and BaTiO3 Nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(31), 15140–15146 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (1)

E. Slenders, H. Bové, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, A. Y. Sonay, P. Pantazis, L. Bonacina, P. Vanden Berghe, M. vandeVen, and M. Ameloot, “Image Correlation Spectroscopy with Second Harmonic Generating Nanoparticles in Suspension and in Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9(20), 6112–6118 (2018).
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Light: Sci. Appl. (1)

H. Linnenbank, Y. Grynko, J. Förstner, and S. Linden, “Second harmonic generation spectroscopy on hybrid plasmonic/dielectric nanoantennas,” Light: Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16013 (2016).
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Nano Lett. (3)

J. C. Johnson, H. Yan, R. D. Schaller, P. B. Petersen, P. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Near-Field Imaging of Nonlinear Optical Mixing in Single Zinc Oxide Nanowires,” Nano Lett. 2(4), 279–283 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. R. Shcherbakov, D. N. Neshev, B. Hopkins, A. S. Shorokhov, I. Staude, E. V. Melik-Gaykazyan, M. Decker, A. A. Ezhov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Brener, A. A. Fedyanin, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Enhanced Third-Harmonic Generation in Silicon Nanoparticles Driven by Magnetic Response,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6488–6492 (2014).
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Y. Zhang, A. Manjavacas, N. J. Hogan, L. Zhou, C. Ayala-Orozco, L. Dong, J. K. Day, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Toward Surface Plasmon-Enhanced Optical Parametric Amplification (SPOPA) with Engineered Nanoparticles: A Nanoscale Tunable Infrared Source,” Nano Lett. 16(5), 3373–3378 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. (2)

V. V. Multian, J. Riporto, M. Urbain, Y. Mugnier, G. Djanta, S. Beauquis, C. Galez, V. Y. Gayvoronsky, and R. Le Dantec, “Averaged third-order susceptibility of ZnO nanocrystals from Third Harmonic Generation and Third Harmonic Scattering,” Opt. Mater. 84, 579–585 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. S. Klein, G. E. Kugel, A. Maillard, K. Polgár, and A. Péter, “Absolute non-linear optical coefficients of LiNbO3 for near stoichiometric crystal compositions,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 171–174 (2003).
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Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. Smirnova, A. I. Smirnov, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Multipolar second-harmonic generation by Mie-resonant dielectric nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. A 97(1), 013807 (2018).
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Phys. Rev. B (4)

S. G. Choi, H. T. Yi, S.-W. Cheong, J. N. Hilfiker, R. France, and A. G. Norman, “Optical anisotropy and charge-transfer transition energies in BiFeO3 from 1.0 to 5.5 eV,” Phys. Rev. B 83(10), 100101 (2011).
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B. Knabe, K. Buse, W. Assenmacher, and W. Mader, “Spontaneous polarization in ultrasmall lithium niobate nanocrystals revealed by second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B 86(19), 195428 (2012).
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M. Lafrentz, D. Brunne, A. V. Rodina, V. V. Pavlov, R. V. Pisarev, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Bakin, and M. Bayer, “Second harmonic generation spectroscopy of excitons in ZnO,” Phys. Rev. B 88(23), 235207 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. P. Wagner, M. Kühnelt, W. Langbein, and J. M. Hvam, “Dispersion of the second-order nonlinear susceptibility in ZnTe, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Phys. Rev. B 58(16), 10494–10501 (1998).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. Bergfeld and W. Daum, “Second-Harmonic Generation in GaAs: Experiment versus Theoretical Predictions of χxyz (2),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(3), 036801 (2003).
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Y. Pu, R. Grange, C.-L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear Optical Properties of Core-Shell Nanocavities for Enhanced Second-Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207402 (2010).
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Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

R. Bhatt, I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, A. K. Karnal, M. K. Swami, H. S. Patel, and P. K. Gupta, “Urbach tail and bandgap analysis in near stoichiometric LiNbO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 209(1), 176–180 (2012).
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Phys. Status Solidi C (1)

K. Pedersen, C. Fisker, and T. G. Pedersen, “Second-harmonic generation from ZnO nanowires,” Phys. Status Solidi C 5(8), 2671–2674 (2008).
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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (1)

P. Pantazis, J. Maloney, D. Wu, and S. E. Fraser, “Second harmonic generating (SHG) nanoprobes for in vivo imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 107(33), 14535–14540 (2010).
[Crossref]

RSC Adv. (1)

D. Mohanty, G. S. Chaubey, A. Yourdkhani, S. Adireddy, G. Caruntu, and J. B. Wiley, “Synthesis and piezoelectric response of cubic and spherical LiNbO3 nanocrystals,” RSC Adv. 2(5), 1913–1916 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

G. Clarke, A. Rogov, S. McCarthy, L. Bonacina, Y. Gun’ko, C. Galez, R. Le Dantec, Y. Volkov, Y. Mugnier, and A. Prina-Mello, “Preparation from a revisited wet chemical route of phase-pure, monocrystalline and SHG-efficient BiFeO3 nanoparticles for harmonic bio-imaging,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 10473 (2018).
[Crossref]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

E. Luppi and V. Véniard, “A review of recent theoretical studies in nonlinear crystals: towards the design of new materials,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 31(12), 123002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Small (1)

F. Ramos-Gomes, W. Möbius, L. Bonacina, F. Alves, and M. A. Markus, “Bismuth Ferrite Second Harmonic Nanoparticles for Pulmonary Macrophage Tracking,” Small 15(4), 1803776 (2018).
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Other (1)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Sketch of the SHS spectroscopy setup. HWP: achromatic Half-Wave Plate, VP: Vertical Glan-laser Polarizer, LPF: Long Pass Filter, DP: uncoated BK7 Dove Prism and SPF: Short Pass Filter.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Representative TEM images of ZnO, LiNbO3 and BiFeO3 samples.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Representative scattering spectra from chloroform and LN suspensions in ethanol. (b) The relative, orientation-averaged susceptibility of LN (blue circle, normalized at λ=1200 nm) is compared to the d33 coefficient measured in Ref. [7] (red triangle for congruent LiNbO3 and black triangle for 5%MgO:LiNbO3). Note that the left and right scales are proportional to make relevant the comparison. The blue line is a fit with the two-level model (Eq. (6)) described in the text.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Two-photon scattering spectra from ZnO suspensions for an excitation wavelength below 760 nm. The two-photon absorption induces a photoluminescence peak at 377 nm that is superimposed to the SHS contribution. (b) Only the SHS signal is detected in the 760-1300 nm excitation range. (c) Experimental ratio of the SHS signals IZnO and ILN from ZnO and LN suspensions in ethanol as a function of the excitation wavelength and after normalization at λ=1300 nm. A strong resonance is observed at 750 nm.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Experimental absolute values of the orientation-averaged second-order susceptibility of BFO, LN and ZnO nanocrystals (blue dots). Each dispersion curve is rescaled in the 700-1300 nm excitation range from the quantitative assessment made at 1064 nm from the external reference method applied with pNA molecules dissolved in methanol (red square). For LN, the two level model is also shown (green dashed line). For each nanomaterial, the Miller’s rule calculated from the linear complex susceptibility is indicated with a red dashed line.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Mean nanocrystal size and experimental values of $\langle {\chi ^{(2 )}}\rangle$ measured at 1064 nm. $\langle {\chi ^{(2 )}}\rangle$ is also given according to the individual, non-zero elements of the second-order susceptibility matrix

Equations (6)

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I 2 ω = G   N n p ( t ω 4 t 2 ω 2 ) n p . β e f f 2 I ω 2
t ω = 3 ( n ω s ) 2 / 3 ( n ω s ) 2 ( 2 ( n ω s ) 2 + ( n ω n p ) 2 ) ( 2 ( n ω s ) 2 + ( n ω n p ) 2 )
χ ( 2 ) = 2 β e f f / 2 β e f f V n p V n p
I 2 ω = G   N p N A ( f ω 4 f 2 ω 2 ) p N A β p N A 2 I ω 2
χ ( 2 ) ( λ ) R e l L N β ( λ ) R e l L N I L N ( λ ) I c h l o r o ( λ )   ( f ω 4 f 2 ω 2 ) c h l o r o ( λ ) ( t ω 4 t 2 ω 2 ) L N ( λ ) β c h l o r o ( λ )
χ ( 2 ) ( 2 ω , ω , ω ) = χ 0 ( 2 ) ω e g 4 ( ω e g 2 ω 2 ) ( ω e g 2 4 ω 2 )

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