Abstract

The effects of thermal quenching and low-temperature cooling upon near infrared (NIR) luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped optical fiber (BEDF) are investigated by comparing the emission spectrum in different states. The experimental results indicate NIR luminescence has been significantly enhanced by quenching with appearance of two new luminescent centers at ∼ 950 and 1230 nm, which are believed to be associated with two different bismuth active centers (BAC-Ge and BAC-Al2). Furthermore, when the quenched fiber is immersed in liquid nitrogen for cooling, the luminescence from 900 to 1500 nm is further enhanced while the luminescence of Er3+ peaked at 1536 nm is decreased. To find out the optimal cumulative effect of quenching and cooling, the experiment of quenching and cooling are repeated multiple times. It is found that the highest luminescence intensity for the band 1000-1360 nm in BEDF is achieved at the second experiment. These results not only exhibit more intrinsic information of the spectral properties of BACs in Bi-doped fibers, but also provide a new way to control the formation of BACs, obtaining broader and higher luminescence.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  38. B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

2018 (4)

2017 (4)

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, B. Yan, M. Ding, Q. Zhao, G. Xiao, J. Wen, and G.-D. Peng, “Systematical study of up-conversion and near infrared emission of Bi/Er co-doped optical fibre pumped at 830 nm,” Optik 133, 132–139 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. V. Kharakhordin, K. E. Riumkin, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-induced bleaching and thermo-stimulated recovery of luminescent centers in bismuth-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(9), 3422–3432 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

M. Ding, S. Wei, Y. Luo, and G.-D. Peng, “Reversible photo-bleaching effect in a bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber under 830 nm irradiation,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4688–4691 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Yan, Y. Luo, A. Zareanborji, G. Xiao, G.-D. Peng, and J. Wen, “Performance comparison of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibre by 830 nm and 980 nm pumping,” J. Opt. 18(10), 105705 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (2)

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, K. Riumkin, A. Shubin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers for a spectral region of 1600-1800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6927–6930 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

A. Trukhin, J. Teteris, A. Bazakutsa, and K. Golant, “Impact of fluorine admixture, hydrogen loading, and exposure to ArF excimer laser on photoluminescence of bismuth defects in amorphous silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 180–184 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, Z. M. Sathi, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Toward an ultra-broadband emission source based on the Bismuth and Erbium co-doped optical fiber and a single 830 nm laser diode pump,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7786–7792 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

2011 (4)

2010 (1)

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

G. Brambilla and V. Pruneri, “Enhanced photosensitivity in silicate optical fibers by thermal treatment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(11), 111905 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Optical studies of Er(DBM)3Phen containing methyl methacrylate solution and poly(methyl methacrylate) matrix,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 86(2-3), 430–434 (2004).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

K. Oh and T. Morse, “Thermal effects on the excited state absorption and upconversion process of erbium ions in germanosilicate optical fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259(1-3), 51–56 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, L. Reekie, and D. N. Payne, “Enhanced photosensitivity in germanosilicate fibers exposed to CO2 laser radiation,” Opt. Lett. 24(15), 1023–1025 (1999).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

N. Kagi, A. Oyobe, and K. Nakamura, “Temperature dependence of the gain in erbium-doped fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 261–265 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (2)

C. Millar, T. Whitley, and S. Fleming, “Thermal properties of an erbium-doped fibre amplifier,” IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 137(3), 155–162 (1990).
[Crossref]

E. Desurvire and J. R. Simpson, “Evaluation of 4I15/2 and 4I13/2 Stark-level energies in erbium-doped aluminosilicate glass fibers,” Opt. Lett. 15(10), 547–549 (1990).
[Crossref]

Alyshev, S.

Alyshev, S. V.

Barmenkov, Y. O.

Bazakutsa, A.

A. Trukhin, J. Teteris, A. Bazakutsa, and K. Golant, “Impact of fluorine admixture, hydrogen loading, and exposure to ArF excimer laser on photoluminescence of bismuth defects in amorphous silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 180–184 (2013).
[Crossref]

Boyland, A. J.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brambilla, G.

G. Brambilla and V. Pruneri, “Enhanced photosensitivity in silicate optical fibers by thermal treatment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(11), 111905 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, L. Reekie, and D. N. Payne, “Enhanced photosensitivity in germanosilicate fibers exposed to CO2 laser radiation,” Opt. Lett. 24(15), 1023–1025 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bufetov, I. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Gur’yanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300–1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cai, F.

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, Q. Zhao, and G. Peng, “Annealing Effects on Bismuth Active Centers in Bi/Er Co-doped Fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest(2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTh2A.75.

Canning, J.

Chai, Q.

J. Hao, Y. Chu, Z. Ma, Q. Chai, J. Ren, Y. Liu, Y. Luo, J. Yang, Z. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, and G. Peng, “Effects of thermal treatment on photoluminescence properties of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 46, 141–146 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

B. Zhou, H. Lin, B. Chen, and E. Y.-B. Pun, “Superbroadband near-infrared emission in Tm-Bi codoped sodium-germanium-gallate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6514–6523 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Optical studies of Er(DBM)3Phen containing methyl methacrylate solution and poly(methyl methacrylate) matrix,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 86(2-3), 430–434 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, N.

Chen, Z.

Chu, Y.

J. Hao, Y. Chu, Z. Ma, Q. Chai, J. Ren, Y. Liu, Y. Luo, J. Yang, Z. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, and G. Peng, “Effects of thermal treatment on photoluminescence properties of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 46, 141–146 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dai, Y.

Das, S.

Denisov, L. K.

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Gur’yanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300–1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Desurvire, E.

Dhar, A.

Dianov, E.

Dianov, E. M.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. V. Kharakhordin, K. E. Riumkin, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-induced bleaching and thermo-stimulated recovery of luminescent centers in bismuth-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(9), 3422–3432 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Gur’yanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300–1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres,” in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Glasgow, vol.4, pp. 949–950.

Didenko, S. I.

Ding, M.

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, B. Yan, M. Ding, Q. Zhao, G. Xiao, J. Wen, and G.-D. Peng, “Systematical study of up-conversion and near infrared emission of Bi/Er co-doped optical fibre pumped at 830 nm,” Optik 133, 132–139 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, S. Wei, Y. Luo, and G.-D. Peng, “Reversible photo-bleaching effect in a bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber under 830 nm irradiation,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4688–4691 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, B. Yan, A. Zareanborji, M. Ding, C. Wang, J. Wen, X. Sang, and G. Peng, “Blue up-vonversion and near infrared (NIR) emission of Bi/Er co-doped fibre (BEDF) under 830 nm pumping,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu5A.95.

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, Q. Zhao, and G. Peng, “Annealing Effects on Bismuth Active Centers in Bi/Er Co-doped Fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest(2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTh2A.75.

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, G. Xiao, and G.-D. Peng, “Near infrared emission in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber at liquid nitrogen temperature pumped by 830 nm light,” in 3rd the Australian and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics, (New Zealand: Queenstown, 2017).

Dong, Y.

Dutta, D.

Dvoretskii, D. A.

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Gur’yanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300–1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres,” in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Glasgow, vol.4, pp. 949–950.

Fan, D.

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fan, X.

Fang, J.

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, G. Xiao, and G.-D. Peng, “Near infrared emission in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber at liquid nitrogen temperature pumped by 830 nm light,” in 3rd the Australian and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics, (New Zealand: Queenstown, 2017).

Firstov, S.

Firstov, S. V.

Firstova, E.

Firstova, E. G.

Fleming, S.

C. Millar, T. Whitley, and S. Fleming, “Thermal properties of an erbium-doped fibre amplifier,” IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 137(3), 155–162 (1990).
[Crossref]

Golant, K.

A. Trukhin, J. Teteris, A. Bazakutsa, and K. Golant, “Impact of fluorine admixture, hydrogen loading, and exposure to ArF excimer laser on photoluminescence of bismuth defects in amorphous silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 180–184 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guan, M.

Gur’yanov, A. N.

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Gur’yanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300–1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A.

Guryanov, A. N.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres,” in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Glasgow, vol.4, pp. 949–950.

Hao, J.

J. Hao, Y. Chu, Z. Ma, Q. Chai, J. Ren, Y. Liu, Y. Luo, J. Yang, Z. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, and G. Peng, “Effects of thermal treatment on photoluminescence properties of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 46, 141–146 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hong, Z.

Iskhakova, L. D.

Jiang, X.

Kagi, N.

N. Kagi, A. Oyobe, and K. Nakamura, “Temperature dependence of the gain in erbium-doped fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 261–265 (1991).
[Crossref]

Karatun, N. M.

Kharakhordin, A.

Kharakhordin, A. V.

Khopin, V.

Khopin, V. F.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Gur’yanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300–1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kir’Yanov, A. V.

Koltashev, V. V.

Legotin, S. A.

Li, H.

Liang, H.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Optical studies of Er(DBM)3Phen containing methyl methacrylate solution and poly(methyl methacrylate) matrix,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 86(2-3), 430–434 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lin, H.

Lisiecki, R.

Liu, W.

Liu, Y.

J. Hao, Y. Chu, Z. Ma, Q. Chai, J. Ren, Y. Liu, Y. Luo, J. Yang, Z. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, and G. Peng, “Effects of thermal treatment on photoluminescence properties of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 46, 141–146 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

J. Hao, Y. Chu, Z. Ma, Q. Chai, J. Ren, Y. Liu, Y. Luo, J. Yang, Z. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, and G. Peng, “Effects of thermal treatment on photoluminescence properties of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 46, 141–146 (2018).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Dai, and G.-D. Peng, “Effect of pump wavelength and temperature on the spectral performance of BAC-Al in bismuth-doped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 44(3), 634–637 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, and G.-D. Peng, “Pump wavelength dependence and thermal effect of photobleaching of BAC-Al in bismuth/erbium codoped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4739–4742 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, Y. Chu, Z. Ma, Q. Chai, J. Ren, Y. Liu, Y. Luo, J. Yang, Z. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, and G. Peng, “Effects of thermal treatment on photoluminescence properties of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 46, 141–146 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, B. Yan, M. Ding, Q. Zhao, G. Xiao, J. Wen, and G.-D. Peng, “Systematical study of up-conversion and near infrared emission of Bi/Er co-doped optical fibre pumped at 830 nm,” Optik 133, 132–139 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, S. Wei, Y. Luo, and G.-D. Peng, “Reversible photo-bleaching effect in a bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber under 830 nm irradiation,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4688–4691 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Yan, Y. Luo, A. Zareanborji, G. Xiao, G.-D. Peng, and J. Wen, “Performance comparison of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibre by 830 nm and 980 nm pumping,” J. Opt. 18(10), 105705 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wen, W. Liu, Y. Dong, Y. Luo, G.-D. Peng, N. Chen, F. Pang, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “Radiation-induced photoluminescence enhancement of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fibers via atomic layer deposition,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29004–29013 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. M. Sathi, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Improving broadband emission within Bi/Er doped silicate fibres with Yb co-doping,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(10), 2096–2105 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, Z. M. Sathi, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Toward an ultra-broadband emission source based on the Bismuth and Erbium co-doped optical fiber and a single 830 nm laser diode pump,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7786–7792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, B. Yan, A. Zareanborji, M. Ding, C. Wang, J. Wen, X. Sang, and G. Peng, “Blue up-vonversion and near infrared (NIR) emission of Bi/Er co-doped fibre (BEDF) under 830 nm pumping,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu5A.95.

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, Q. Zhao, and G. Peng, “Annealing Effects on Bismuth Active Centers in Bi/Er Co-doped Fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest(2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTh2A.75.

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, G. Xiao, and G.-D. Peng, “Near infrared emission in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber at liquid nitrogen temperature pumped by 830 nm light,” in 3rd the Australian and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics, (New Zealand: Queenstown, 2017).

Ma, Z.

Mashinsky, V. M.

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres,” in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Glasgow, vol.4, pp. 949–950.

Melkumov, M.

Melkumov, M. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

Millar, C.

C. Millar, T. Whitley, and S. Fleming, “Thermal properties of an erbium-doped fibre amplifier,” IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 137(3), 155–162 (1990).
[Crossref]

Ming, H.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Optical studies of Er(DBM)3Phen containing methyl methacrylate solution and poly(methyl methacrylate) matrix,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 86(2-3), 430–434 (2004).
[Crossref]

Minkovich, V.

Morse, T.

K. Oh and T. Morse, “Thermal effects on the excited state absorption and upconversion process of erbium ions in germanosilicate optical fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259(1-3), 51–56 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, K.

N. Kagi, A. Oyobe, and K. Nakamura, “Temperature dependence of the gain in erbium-doped fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 261–265 (1991).
[Crossref]

Oh, K.

K. Oh and T. Morse, “Thermal effects on the excited state absorption and upconversion process of erbium ions in germanosilicate optical fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259(1-3), 51–56 (1999).
[Crossref]

Oyobe, A.

N. Kagi, A. Oyobe, and K. Nakamura, “Temperature dependence of the gain in erbium-doped fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 261–265 (1991).
[Crossref]

Pang, F.

Paul, M. C.

Payne, D. N.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, L. Reekie, and D. N. Payne, “Enhanced photosensitivity in germanosilicate fibers exposed to CO2 laser radiation,” Opt. Lett. 24(15), 1023–1025 (1999).
[Crossref]

Peng, G.

J. Hao, Y. Chu, Z. Ma, Q. Chai, J. Ren, Y. Liu, Y. Luo, J. Yang, Z. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, and G. Peng, “Effects of thermal treatment on photoluminescence properties of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 46, 141–146 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, Q. Zhao, and G. Peng, “Annealing Effects on Bismuth Active Centers in Bi/Er Co-doped Fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest(2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTh2A.75.

Y. Luo, B. Yan, A. Zareanborji, M. Ding, C. Wang, J. Wen, X. Sang, and G. Peng, “Blue up-vonversion and near infrared (NIR) emission of Bi/Er co-doped fibre (BEDF) under 830 nm pumping,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu5A.95.

Peng, G. D.

Peng, G.-D.

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Dai, and G.-D. Peng, “Effect of pump wavelength and temperature on the spectral performance of BAC-Al in bismuth-doped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 44(3), 634–637 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, and G.-D. Peng, “Pump wavelength dependence and thermal effect of photobleaching of BAC-Al in bismuth/erbium codoped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4739–4742 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, B. Yan, M. Ding, Q. Zhao, G. Xiao, J. Wen, and G.-D. Peng, “Systematical study of up-conversion and near infrared emission of Bi/Er co-doped optical fibre pumped at 830 nm,” Optik 133, 132–139 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Yan, Y. Luo, A. Zareanborji, G. Xiao, G.-D. Peng, and J. Wen, “Performance comparison of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibre by 830 nm and 980 nm pumping,” J. Opt. 18(10), 105705 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, S. Wei, Y. Luo, and G.-D. Peng, “Reversible photo-bleaching effect in a bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber under 830 nm irradiation,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4688–4691 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wen, W. Liu, Y. Dong, Y. Luo, G.-D. Peng, N. Chen, F. Pang, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “Radiation-induced photoluminescence enhancement of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fibers via atomic layer deposition,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29004–29013 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, Z. M. Sathi, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Toward an ultra-broadband emission source based on the Bismuth and Erbium co-doped optical fiber and a single 830 nm laser diode pump,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7786–7792 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, G. Xiao, and G.-D. Peng, “Near infrared emission in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber at liquid nitrogen temperature pumped by 830 nm light,” in 3rd the Australian and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics, (New Zealand: Queenstown, 2017).

Pruneri, V.

G. Brambilla and V. Pruneri, “Enhanced photosensitivity in silicate optical fibers by thermal treatment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(11), 111905 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, L. Reekie, and D. N. Payne, “Enhanced photosensitivity in germanosilicate fibers exposed to CO2 laser radiation,” Opt. Lett. 24(15), 1023–1025 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pun, E. Y.-B.

Qiu, J.

Reekie, L.

Ren, G.

Ren, J.

J. Hao, Y. Chu, Z. Ma, Q. Chai, J. Ren, Y. Liu, Y. Luo, J. Yang, Z. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, and G. Peng, “Effects of thermal treatment on photoluminescence properties of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 46, 141–146 (2018).
[Crossref]

Riumkin, K.

Riumkin, K. E.

S. V. Firstov, S. V. Alyshev, A. V. Kharakhordin, K. E. Riumkin, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser-induced bleaching and thermo-stimulated recovery of luminescent centers in bismuth-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(9), 3422–3432 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

Sahu, J. K.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sang, X.

Y. Luo, B. Yan, A. Zareanborji, M. Ding, C. Wang, J. Wen, X. Sang, and G. Peng, “Blue up-vonversion and near infrared (NIR) emission of Bi/Er co-doped fibre (BEDF) under 830 nm pumping,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu5A.95.

Sathi, Z. M.

Semjonov, S. L.

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Gur’yanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300–1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shubin, A.

Shubin, A. V.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

Simpson, J. R.

Solarz, P.

Standish, R. J.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

Su, L.

Tan, D.

Tang, H.

Tapero, K. I.

Teng, Y.

Teteris, J.

A. Trukhin, J. Teteris, A. Bazakutsa, and K. Golant, “Impact of fluorine admixture, hydrogen loading, and exposure to ArF excimer laser on photoluminescence of bismuth defects in amorphous silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 180–184 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tian, Y.

Trukhin, A.

A. Trukhin, J. Teteris, A. Bazakutsa, and K. Golant, “Impact of fluorine admixture, hydrogen loading, and exposure to ArF excimer laser on photoluminescence of bismuth defects in amorphous silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 180–184 (2013).
[Crossref]

Umnikov, A. A.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres,” in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Glasgow, vol.4, pp. 949–950.

Vel’miskin, V. V.

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Gur’yanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300–1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Y. Luo, B. Yan, A. Zareanborji, M. Ding, C. Wang, J. Wen, X. Sang, and G. Peng, “Blue up-vonversion and near infrared (NIR) emission of Bi/Er co-doped fibre (BEDF) under 830 nm pumping,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu5A.95.

Wang, T.

Wang, W.

Webb, A. S.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wei, S.

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, S. Wei, Y. Luo, and G.-D. Peng, “Reversible photo-bleaching effect in a bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber under 830 nm irradiation,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4688–4691 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, Q. Zhao, and G. Peng, “Annealing Effects on Bismuth Active Centers in Bi/Er Co-doped Fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest(2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTh2A.75.

Wen, J.

Y. Luo, B. Yan, M. Ding, Q. Zhao, G. Xiao, J. Wen, and G.-D. Peng, “Systematical study of up-conversion and near infrared emission of Bi/Er co-doped optical fibre pumped at 830 nm,” Optik 133, 132–139 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Yan, Y. Luo, A. Zareanborji, G. Xiao, G.-D. Peng, and J. Wen, “Performance comparison of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibre by 830 nm and 980 nm pumping,” J. Opt. 18(10), 105705 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wen, W. Liu, Y. Dong, Y. Luo, G.-D. Peng, N. Chen, F. Pang, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “Radiation-induced photoluminescence enhancement of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fibers via atomic layer deposition,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29004–29013 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, B. Yan, A. Zareanborji, M. Ding, C. Wang, J. Wen, X. Sang, and G. Peng, “Blue up-vonversion and near infrared (NIR) emission of Bi/Er co-doped fibre (BEDF) under 830 nm pumping,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu5A.95.

Whitley, T.

C. Millar, T. Whitley, and S. Fleming, “Thermal properties of an erbium-doped fibre amplifier,” IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 137(3), 155–162 (1990).
[Crossref]

Xiao, G.

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, B. Yan, M. Ding, Q. Zhao, G. Xiao, J. Wen, and G.-D. Peng, “Systematical study of up-conversion and near infrared emission of Bi/Er co-doped optical fibre pumped at 830 nm,” Optik 133, 132–139 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Yan, Y. Luo, A. Zareanborji, G. Xiao, G.-D. Peng, and J. Wen, “Performance comparison of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibre by 830 nm and 980 nm pumping,” J. Opt. 18(10), 105705 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, G. Xiao, and G.-D. Peng, “Near infrared emission in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber at liquid nitrogen temperature pumped by 830 nm light,” in 3rd the Australian and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics, (New Zealand: Queenstown, 2017).

Xu, B.

Xu, J.

Yan, B.

Y. Luo, B. Yan, M. Ding, Q. Zhao, G. Xiao, J. Wen, and G.-D. Peng, “Systematical study of up-conversion and near infrared emission of Bi/Er co-doped optical fibre pumped at 830 nm,” Optik 133, 132–139 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Yan, Y. Luo, A. Zareanborji, G. Xiao, G.-D. Peng, and J. Wen, “Performance comparison of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibre by 830 nm and 980 nm pumping,” J. Opt. 18(10), 105705 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, B. Yan, A. Zareanborji, M. Ding, C. Wang, J. Wen, X. Sang, and G. Peng, “Blue up-vonversion and near infrared (NIR) emission of Bi/Er co-doped fibre (BEDF) under 830 nm pumping,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu5A.95.

Yang, J.

J. Hao, Y. Chu, Z. Ma, Q. Chai, J. Ren, Y. Liu, Y. Luo, J. Yang, Z. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, and G. Peng, “Effects of thermal treatment on photoluminescence properties of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 46, 141–146 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yashkov, M. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres,” in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Glasgow, vol.4, pp. 949–950.

Yoo, S.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yuan, L.

J. Hao, Y. Chu, Z. Ma, Q. Chai, J. Ren, Y. Liu, Y. Luo, J. Yang, Z. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, and G. Peng, “Effects of thermal treatment on photoluminescence properties of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 46, 141–146 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zareanborji, A.

B. Yan, Y. Luo, A. Zareanborji, G. Xiao, G.-D. Peng, and J. Wen, “Performance comparison of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibre by 830 nm and 980 nm pumping,” J. Opt. 18(10), 105705 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, B. Yan, A. Zareanborji, M. Ding, C. Wang, J. Wen, X. Sang, and G. Peng, “Blue up-vonversion and near infrared (NIR) emission of Bi/Er co-doped fibre (BEDF) under 830 nm pumping,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu5A.95.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Q.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Optical studies of Er(DBM)3Phen containing methyl methacrylate solution and poly(methyl methacrylate) matrix,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 86(2-3), 430–434 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhao, H.

Zhao, Q.

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Dai, and G.-D. Peng, “Effect of pump wavelength and temperature on the spectral performance of BAC-Al in bismuth-doped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 44(3), 634–637 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, and G.-D. Peng, “Pump wavelength dependence and thermal effect of photobleaching of BAC-Al in bismuth/erbium codoped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4739–4742 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, B. Yan, M. Ding, Q. Zhao, G. Xiao, J. Wen, and G.-D. Peng, “Systematical study of up-conversion and near infrared emission of Bi/Er co-doped optical fibre pumped at 830 nm,” Optik 133, 132–139 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, Q. Zhao, and G. Peng, “Annealing Effects on Bismuth Active Centers in Bi/Er Co-doped Fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest(2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTh2A.75.

Zheng, L.

Zheng, Z.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Optical studies of Er(DBM)3Phen containing methyl methacrylate solution and poly(methyl methacrylate) matrix,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 86(2-3), 430–434 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhou, B.

Zhou, J.

Zhou, S.

Zlenko, A. S.

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Gur’yanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300–1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Brambilla and V. Pruneri, “Enhanced photosensitivity in silicate optical fibers by thermal treatment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(11), 111905 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. (1)

C. Millar, T. Whitley, and S. Fleming, “Thermal properties of an erbium-doped fibre amplifier,” IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 137(3), 155–162 (1990).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

N. Kagi, A. Oyobe, and K. Nakamura, “Temperature dependence of the gain in erbium-doped fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 261–265 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

K. Oh and T. Morse, “Thermal effects on the excited state absorption and upconversion process of erbium ions in germanosilicate optical fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259(1-3), 51–56 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Trukhin, J. Teteris, A. Bazakutsa, and K. Golant, “Impact of fluorine admixture, hydrogen loading, and exposure to ArF excimer laser on photoluminescence of bismuth defects in amorphous silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 362(1), 180–184 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

B. Yan, Y. Luo, A. Zareanborji, G. Xiao, G.-D. Peng, and J. Wen, “Performance comparison of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibre by 830 nm and 980 nm pumping,” J. Opt. 18(10), 105705 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, B. Chen, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Optical studies of Er(DBM)3Phen containing methyl methacrylate solution and poly(methyl methacrylate) matrix,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 86(2-3), 430–434 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Firstov, A. Kharakhordin, S. Alyshev, K. Riumkin, E. Firstova, M. Melkumov, V. Khopin, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Formation of laser-active centers in bismuth-doped high-germania silica fibers by thermal treatment,” Opt. Express 26(10), 12363–12371 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wen, W. Liu, Y. Dong, Y. Luo, G.-D. Peng, N. Chen, F. Pang, Z. Chen, and T. Wang, “Radiation-induced photoluminescence enhancement of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fibers via atomic layer deposition,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29004–29013 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Zhou, H. Lin, B. Chen, and E. Y.-B. Pun, “Superbroadband near-infrared emission in Tm-Bi codoped sodium-germanium-gallate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6514–6523 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, Z. M. Sathi, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Toward an ultra-broadband emission source based on the Bismuth and Erbium co-doped optical fiber and a single 830 nm laser diode pump,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7786–7792 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. Hao, Y. Chu, Z. Ma, Q. Chai, J. Ren, Y. Liu, Y. Luo, J. Yang, Z. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Yuan, and G. Peng, “Effects of thermal treatment on photoluminescence properties of bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 46, 141–146 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Desurvire and J. R. Simpson, “Evaluation of 4I15/2 and 4I13/2 Stark-level energies in erbium-doped aluminosilicate glass fibers,” Opt. Lett. 15(10), 547–549 (1990).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, S. Wei, Y. Luo, and G.-D. Peng, “Reversible photo-bleaching effect in a bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber under 830 nm irradiation,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4688–4691 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, K. Riumkin, A. Shubin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers for a spectral region of 1600-1800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6927–6930 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri, L. Reekie, and D. N. Payne, “Enhanced photosensitivity in germanosilicate fibers exposed to CO2 laser radiation,” Opt. Lett. 24(15), 1023–1025 (1999).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, and G.-D. Peng, “Pump wavelength dependence and thermal effect of photobleaching of BAC-Al in bismuth/erbium codoped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4739–4742 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Dai, and G.-D. Peng, “Effect of pump wavelength and temperature on the spectral performance of BAC-Al in bismuth-doped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 44(3), 634–637 (2019).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (4)

Optik (1)

Y. Luo, B. Yan, M. Ding, Q. Zhao, G. Xiao, J. Wen, and G.-D. Peng, “Systematical study of up-conversion and near infrared emission of Bi/Er co-doped optical fibre pumped at 830 nm,” Optik 133, 132–139 (2017).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (1)

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. L. Semjonov, A. N. Gur’yanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300–1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, fluorescence and optical amplification in MCVD bismuth-doped silica glass optical fibres,” in Proceedings of 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2005), Glasgow, vol.4, pp. 949–950.

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, Q. Zhao, and G. Peng, “Annealing Effects on Bismuth Active Centers in Bi/Er Co-doped Fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest(2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTh2A.75.

Y. Luo, B. Yan, A. Zareanborji, M. Ding, C. Wang, J. Wen, X. Sang, and G. Peng, “Blue up-vonversion and near infrared (NIR) emission of Bi/Er co-doped fibre (BEDF) under 830 nm pumping,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper JTu5A.95.

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, G. Xiao, and G.-D. Peng, “Near infrared emission in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber at liquid nitrogen temperature pumped by 830 nm light,” in 3rd the Australian and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics, (New Zealand: Queenstown, 2017).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup for the forward emission measurement.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Absorption spectrum of BEDF.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Emission spectra of Sample 1 from 900 to 1600 nm under 830 nm pumping. Inset: the spectrum of 830 nm laser pump from 900 to 1600 nm with a peak of 1330 nm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Gaussian decomposition of the emission spectrum of Pristine (a) and LNT (b) in Fig. 3.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Emission spectra of EDF from 1400 to 1600 nm.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Emission spectra of quenched BEDF from 900 to 1600 nm under 830 nm pumping with 55 mW.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Gaussian decomposition of the emission spectrum of LNT (a) and RT (b) in Fig. 6.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Emission spectra of BEDF before and after quenching.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. The peak intensity variation of NIR luminescence as a function of quenching treatment times.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. (a) Emission spectra of BEDF from 900 to 1600 nm at different treatment times. (b) The peak intensity variation of NIR luminescence as a function of treatment times.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Treatments of every BEDF sample

Tables Icon

Table 2. The peak intensities and FWHMs of the Gaussian decompositions obtained from Fig. 4 and Fig. 7.

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