Abstract

Since the first demonstration of broadband luminescence in bismuth doped material, the thermal effect has been found to play a significant role in modifying optical properties of bismuth active centers (BACs) not only in fabrication process but also when implementing post-treatment. Here, a comprehensive study on spectroscopic properties of bismuth/erbium co-doped fiber (BEDF) at room temperature (RT, 300 K) and liquid nitrogen temperature (LNT, 77 K) has been conducted regarding its ultra-broadband luminescence. The absorption bands of Er3+ blue shift due to the change of the thermal population distribution, but the absorption bands of BACs have less noticeable change. In addition, at LNT the emission of Er3+ at 1535 nm excited at 830 nm is significantly decreased due to the reduction of the absorption at 830 nm. Moreover, the emission intensities from BACs increase at LNT attributed to the re-distribution of pump power from Er3+ to BACs. Meanwhile, the emission at 1200 nm is broadened and the whole emission band of BACs redshifts due to the emission recombination of the different BACs. The on/off gain spectrum of BACs has less variation at LNT though the gain of Er3+ nearly disappears, which is consistent with the reduction of Er3+ emission.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

2018 (3)

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, and G.-D. Peng, “Pump wavelength dependence and thermal effect of photobleaching of BAC-Al in bismuth/erbium codoped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4739–4742 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Cao, S. Xu, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and M. Peng, “Ultrabroad photoemission from an amorphous solid by topochemical reduction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1801059 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, P. Boutinaud, L. Li, J. Cao, P. Xiong, X. Li, H. Luo, and M. Peng, “Novel persistent and tribo-luminescence from bismuth ion pairs doped strontium gallate,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(38), 10367–10375 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

2015 (2)

2014 (2)

K. Riumkin, M. Melkumov, I. Varfolomeev, A. Shubin, I. Bufetov, S. Firstov, V. Khopin, A. Umnikov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, Z. M. Sathi, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Toward an ultra-broadband emission source based on the Bismuth and Erbium co-doped optical fiber and a single 830 nm laser diode pump,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7786–7792 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (8)

R. Cao, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, and J. Qiu, “Superbroad near-to-mid-infrared luminescence from Bi53+ in Bi5(AlCl4)3,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2562–2571 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Su, H. Zhao, H. Li, L. Zheng, X. Fan, X. Jiang, H. Tang, G. Ren, J. Xu, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. Lisiecki, and P. Solarz, “Near-infrared photoluminescence spectra in Bi-doped CsI crystal: evidence for Bi-valence conversions and Bi ion aggregation,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(6), 757–764 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi: SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Su, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Fan, Y. Zhan, Q. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Near-infrared to mid-infrared photoluminescence of Bi2O3-GeO2 binary glasses,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4260–4262 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Sci. Appl. 1(5), e12 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300—1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

2009 (4)

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 530–532 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. Razdobreev, V. Y. Ivanov, L. Bigot, M. Godlewski, and E. F. Kustov, “Optically detected magnetic resonance in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2691–2693 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bismuth-Doped Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

O. Sanz, E. Haro-Poniatowski, J. Gonzalo, and J. F. Navarro, “Influence of the melting conditions of heavy metal oxide glasses containing bismuth oxide on their optical absorption,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(8), 761–768 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O–Al2O3–SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191912 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, L. Bulatov, I. Bufetov, A. Shubin, M. Melkumov, E. Kustov, E. Dianov, A. Umnikov, and V. Khopin, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers—a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

J. Erostyák, A. Buzády, I. Hornyák, and L. Kozma, “Sensitized luminescence of the Eu3+/La3+/cinnamic acid mixed complex: comparison to the Eu3+/Gd3+/cinnamic acid mixed complex,” J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 121(1), 43–48 (1999).
[Crossref]

K. Oh and T. Morse, “Thermal effects on the excited state absorption and upconversion process of erbium ions in germanosilicate optical fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259(1-3), 51–56 (1999).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

N. Kagi, A. Oyobe, and K. Nakamura, “Temperature dependence of the gain in erbium-doped fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 261–265 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (2)

C. Millar, T. Whitley, and S. Fleming, “Thermal properties of an erbium-doped fibre amplifier,” IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 137(3), 155–162 (1990).
[Crossref]

M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, M. Horiguchi, and E. Sugita, “Gain characteristics of erbium-doped single-mode fiber amplifiers operated at liquid-nitrogen temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(23), 2273–2275 (1990).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

Al Choueiry, A.

A. Al Choueiry, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Bigot, V. G. Truong, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Spectroscopic study of bismuth-doped silica glass,” in CLEO/Europe and IQEC 2007 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2007), CE_23.

Arai, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[Crossref]

Becker, P.

Becker, P. M.

P. M. Becker, A. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: fundamentals and technology (Academic press, 1999).

Bigot, L.

I. Razdobreev, V. Y. Ivanov, L. Bigot, M. Godlewski, and E. F. Kustov, “Optically detected magnetic resonance in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2691–2693 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Ivanov, and M. Godlewski, “Optically detected magnetic resonance in bismuth-doped silica glasses,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2009 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2009), CE3_6.

A. Al Choueiry, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Bigot, V. G. Truong, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Spectroscopic study of bismuth-doped silica glass,” in CLEO/Europe and IQEC 2007 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2007), CE_23.

Boutinaud, P.

X. Wang, P. Boutinaud, L. Li, J. Cao, P. Xiong, X. Li, H. Luo, and M. Peng, “Novel persistent and tribo-luminescence from bismuth ion pairs doped strontium gallate,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(38), 10367–10375 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bufetov, I.

Bufetov, I. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300—1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bulatov, L.

Buzády, A.

J. Erostyák, A. Buzády, I. Hornyák, and L. Kozma, “Sensitized luminescence of the Eu3+/La3+/cinnamic acid mixed complex: comparison to the Eu3+/Gd3+/cinnamic acid mixed complex,” J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 121(1), 43–48 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cai, F.

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Annealing effects on bismuth active centers in Bi/Er co-doped fiber,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2016 Conference on, (IEEE, 2016), 1–2.

Canning, J.

Cao, J.

J. Cao, S. Xu, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and M. Peng, “Ultrabroad photoemission from an amorphous solid by topochemical reduction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1801059 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, P. Boutinaud, L. Li, J. Cao, P. Xiong, X. Li, H. Luo, and M. Peng, “Novel persistent and tribo-luminescence from bismuth ion pairs doped strontium gallate,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(38), 10367–10375 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cao, R.

Chu, Y.

Denisov, L. K.

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M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
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Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
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M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, G. Xiao, and G.-D. Peng, “Near infrared emission in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber at liquid nitrogen temperature pumped by 830 nm light,” in 3rd the Australian and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics, (New Zealand: Queenstown, 2017).

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S. Wei, Y. Luo, D. Fan, G. Xiao, Y. Chu, B. Zhang, Y. Tian, M. Talal, M. Lancry, and G.-D. Peng, “BAC activation by thermal quenching in bismuth/erbium codoped fiber,” Opt. Lett. 44(7), 1872–1875 (2019).
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M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
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J. Zhang, Z. M. Sathi, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Toward an ultra-broadband emission source based on the Bismuth and Erbium co-doped optical fiber and a single 830 nm laser diode pump,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7786–7792 (2013).
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Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
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M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, G. Xiao, and G.-D. Peng, “Near infrared emission in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber at liquid nitrogen temperature pumped by 830 nm light,” in 3rd the Australian and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics, (New Zealand: Queenstown, 2017).

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A. Al Choueiry, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Bigot, V. G. Truong, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Spectroscopic study of bismuth-doped silica glass,” in CLEO/Europe and IQEC 2007 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2007), CE_23.

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I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
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Semjonov, S. L.

Shimizu, M.

M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, M. Horiguchi, and E. Sugita, “Gain characteristics of erbium-doped single-mode fiber amplifiers operated at liquid-nitrogen temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(23), 2273–2275 (1990).
[Crossref]

Shubin, A.

Shubin, A. V.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

Simpson, J. R.

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, and P. Becker, “High-gain erbium-doped traveling-wave fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 12(11), 888–890 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. M. Becker, A. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: fundamentals and technology (Academic press, 1999).

Solarz, P.

Su, L.

Sugita, E.

M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, M. Horiguchi, and E. Sugita, “Gain characteristics of erbium-doped single-mode fiber amplifiers operated at liquid-nitrogen temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(23), 2273–2275 (1990).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, T.

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O–Al2O3–SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191912 (2006).
[Crossref]

Talal, M.

Tan, D.

Tan, L.

Tang, H.

Teng, Y.

Tian, Y.

Truong, V. G.

A. Al Choueiry, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Bigot, V. G. Truong, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Spectroscopic study of bismuth-doped silica glass,” in CLEO/Europe and IQEC 2007 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2007), CE_23.

Umnikov, A.

Varfolomeev, I.

Vel’miskin, V. V.

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300—1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Wang, Q.

Wang, W.

Wang, X.

X. Wang, P. Boutinaud, L. Li, J. Cao, P. Xiong, X. Li, H. Luo, and M. Peng, “Novel persistent and tribo-luminescence from bismuth ion pairs doped strontium gallate,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(38), 10367–10375 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wei, S.

S. Wei, Y. Luo, D. Fan, G. Xiao, Y. Chu, B. Zhang, Y. Tian, M. Talal, M. Lancry, and G.-D. Peng, “BAC activation by thermal quenching in bismuth/erbium codoped fiber,” Opt. Lett. 44(7), 1872–1875 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Annealing effects on bismuth active centers in Bi/Er co-doped fiber,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2016 Conference on, (IEEE, 2016), 1–2.

Wen, J.

Whitley, T.

C. Millar, T. Whitley, and S. Fleming, “Thermal properties of an erbium-doped fibre amplifier,” IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 137(3), 155–162 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wondraczek, L.

Xiao, G.

S. Wei, Y. Luo, D. Fan, G. Xiao, Y. Chu, B. Zhang, Y. Tian, M. Talal, M. Lancry, and G.-D. Peng, “BAC activation by thermal quenching in bismuth/erbium codoped fiber,” Opt. Lett. 44(7), 1872–1875 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, G. Xiao, and G.-D. Peng, “Near infrared emission in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber at liquid nitrogen temperature pumped by 830 nm light,” in 3rd the Australian and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics, (New Zealand: Queenstown, 2017).

Xiong, P.

X. Wang, P. Boutinaud, L. Li, J. Cao, P. Xiong, X. Li, H. Luo, and M. Peng, “Novel persistent and tribo-luminescence from bismuth ion pairs doped strontium gallate,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(38), 10367–10375 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Xu, J.

Xu, S.

J. Cao, S. Xu, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and M. Peng, “Ultrabroad photoemission from an amorphous solid by topochemical reduction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1801059 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, L. Tan, L. Wang, M. Peng, and S. Xu, “Superbroad visible to NIR photoluminescence from Bi+ evidenced in Ba2B5O9Cl: Bi crystal,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2830–2835 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yamada, M.

M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, M. Horiguchi, and E. Sugita, “Gain characteristics of erbium-doped single-mode fiber amplifiers operated at liquid-nitrogen temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(23), 2273–2275 (1990).
[Crossref]

Yan, B.

B. Yan, Y. Luo, A. Zareanborji, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “1350 - 1470 nm optical amplification with bismuth / erbium co-doped fibre,” in Australia and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics (ANZCOP) Conference 2013, (Perth, Australia, 2013), p. P#32.

Yang, Z.

J. Cao, S. Xu, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and M. Peng, “Ultrabroad photoemission from an amorphous solid by topochemical reduction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1801059 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yoo, S.

Yu, P.

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zareanborji, A.

A. Zareanborji, Y. Luo, and G.-D. Peng, “Characterization and assessment of multiple bismuth active centres in Bi/Er doped fiber,” in Opto-Electronics and Applied Optics (IEM OPTRONIX), 2015 2nd International Conference on, (IEEE, 2015), 1–5.

B. Yan, Y. Luo, A. Zareanborji, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “1350 - 1470 nm optical amplification with bismuth / erbium co-doped fibre,” in Australia and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics (ANZCOP) Conference 2013, (Perth, Australia, 2013), p. P#32.

Zhan, Y.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, N.

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

J. Cao, S. Xu, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and M. Peng, “Ultrabroad photoemission from an amorphous solid by topochemical reduction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1801059 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhao, H.

Zhao, Q.

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, and G.-D. Peng, “Pump wavelength dependence and thermal effect of photobleaching of BAC-Al in bismuth/erbium codoped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4739–4742 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Annealing effects on bismuth active centers in Bi/Er co-doped fiber,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2016 Conference on, (IEEE, 2016), 1–2.

Zheng, J.

Zheng, L.

Zhou, J.

Zhou, S.

Zlenko, A. S.

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi: SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300—1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zollfrank, C.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

J. Cao, S. Xu, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and M. Peng, “Ultrabroad photoemission from an amorphous solid by topochemical reduction,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(22), 1801059 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Shimizu, M. Yamada, M. Horiguchi, and E. Sugita, “Gain characteristics of erbium-doped single-mode fiber amplifiers operated at liquid-nitrogen temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(23), 2273–2275 (1990).
[Crossref]

T. Suzuki and Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband near-infrared emission from Bi-doped Li2O–Al2O3–SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(19), 191912 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Gumenyuk, K. Golant, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Energy transition characterization of 1.18 and 1.3 µm bands of bismuth fiber by spectroscopy of the transient oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(19), 191108 (2011).
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IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. (1)

C. Millar, T. Whitley, and S. Fleming, “Thermal properties of an erbium-doped fibre amplifier,” IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 137(3), 155–162 (1990).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bismuth-Doped Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 111–125 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, G. Xiao, D. Fan, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Thermal effect on attenuation and luminescence of Bi/Er co-doped fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(1), 43–46 (2017).
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N. Kagi, A. Oyobe, and K. Nakamura, “Temperature dependence of the gain in erbium-doped fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 261–265 (1991).
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J. Mater. Chem. (1)

N. Zhang, J. Qiu, G. Dong, Z. Yang, Q. Zhang, and M. Peng, “Broadband tunable near-infrared emission of Bi-doped composite germanosilicate glasses,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(7), 3154–3159 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

X. Wang, P. Boutinaud, L. Li, J. Cao, P. Xiong, X. Li, H. Luo, and M. Peng, “Novel persistent and tribo-luminescence from bismuth ion pairs doped strontium gallate,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(38), 10367–10375 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

O. Sanz, E. Haro-Poniatowski, J. Gonzalo, and J. F. Navarro, “Influence of the melting conditions of heavy metal oxide glasses containing bismuth oxide on their optical absorption,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(8), 761–768 (2006).
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K. Oh and T. Morse, “Thermal effects on the excited state absorption and upconversion process of erbium ions in germanosilicate optical fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259(1-3), 51–56 (1999).
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J. Photochem. Photobiol., A (1)

J. Erostyák, A. Buzády, I. Hornyák, and L. Kozma, “Sensitized luminescence of the Eu3+/La3+/cinnamic acid mixed complex: comparison to the Eu3+/Gd3+/cinnamic acid mixed complex,” J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 121(1), 43–48 (1999).
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J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

X. Jiang, L. Su, P. Yu, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Xu, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Broadband photoluminescence of Bi2O3–GeO2 binary systems: glass, glass-ceramics and crystals,” Laser Phys. 23(10), 105812 (2013).
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Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

E. M. Dianov, “Nature of Bi-related near IR active centers in glasses: state of the art and first reliable results,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(9), 095106 (2015).
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Light: Sci. Appl. (1)

E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers: a challenging active medium for near-IR lasers and optical amplifiers,” Light: Sci. Appl. 1(5), e12 (2012).
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Opt. Express (7)

B. Xu, S. Zhou, M. Guan, D. Tan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, Z. Ma, Z. Hong, and J. Qiu, “Unusual luminescence quenching and reviving behavior of Bi-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23436–23443 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi: SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Peng, N. Zhang, L. Wondraczek, J. Qiu, Z. Yang, and Q. Zhang, “Ultrabroad NIR luminescence and energy transfer in Bi and Er/Bi co-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20799–20807 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Cao, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, and J. Qiu, “Superbroad near-to-mid-infrared luminescence from Bi53+ in Bi5(AlCl4)3,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2562–2571 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, L. Tan, L. Wang, M. Peng, and S. Xu, “Superbroad visible to NIR photoluminescence from Bi+ evidenced in Ba2B5O9Cl: Bi crystal,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2830–2835 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Firstov, V. Khopin, I. Bufetov, E. Firstova, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
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J. Zhang, Z. M. Sathi, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Toward an ultra-broadband emission source based on the Bismuth and Erbium co-doped optical fiber and a single 830 nm laser diode pump,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7786–7792 (2013).
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Opt. Lett. (10)

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 530–532 (2009).
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K. Riumkin, M. Melkumov, I. Varfolomeev, A. Shubin, I. Bufetov, S. Firstov, V. Khopin, A. Umnikov, A. Guryanov, and E. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
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V. Dvoyrin, V. Mashinsky, L. Bulatov, I. Bufetov, A. Shubin, M. Melkumov, E. Kustov, E. Dianov, A. Umnikov, and V. Khopin, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers—a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. Desurvire, J. R. Simpson, and P. Becker, “High-gain erbium-doped traveling-wave fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 12(11), 888–890 (1987).
[Crossref]

I. Razdobreev, V. Y. Ivanov, L. Bigot, M. Godlewski, and E. F. Kustov, “Optically detected magnetic resonance in bismuth-doped silica glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2691–2693 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, W. Wang, and G.-D. Peng, “Photo-bleaching mechanism of the BAC-Si in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 42(24), 5222–5225 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, Y. Luo, Y. Tian, and G.-D. Peng, “Pump wavelength dependence and thermal effect of photobleaching of BAC-Al in bismuth/erbium codoped aluminosilicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 43(19), 4739–4742 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Wei, Y. Luo, D. Fan, G. Xiao, Y. Chu, B. Zhang, Y. Tian, M. Talal, M. Lancry, and G.-D. Peng, “BAC activation by thermal quenching in bismuth/erbium codoped fiber,” Opt. Lett. 44(7), 1872–1875 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, L. Su, X. Guo, H. Tang, X. Fan, Y. Zhan, Q. Wang, L. Zheng, H. Li, and J. Xu, “Near-infrared to mid-infrared photoluminescence of Bi2O3-GeO2 binary glasses,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4260–4262 (2012).
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Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
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Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Quantum Electron. (1)

D. A. Dvoretskii, I. A. Bufetov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. S. Zlenko, V. F. Khopin, S. Semjonov, A. N. Guryanov, L. K. Denisov, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of bismuth-doped silica fibres in the temperature range 300—1500 K,” Quantum Electron. 42(9), 762–769 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (8)

S. Wei, Y. Luo, M. Ding, F. Cai, Q. Zhao, and G.-D. Peng, “Annealing effects on bismuth active centers in Bi/Er co-doped fiber,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 2016 Conference on, (IEEE, 2016), 1–2.

P. M. Becker, A. A. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: fundamentals and technology (Academic press, 1999).

M. Ding, “Investigation of basic emission characteristics and relevant induced effects in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fibres,” PhD thesis (University of New South Wales Sydney, 2018).

A. Al Choueiry, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Bigot, V. G. Truong, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Spectroscopic study of bismuth-doped silica glass,” in CLEO/Europe and IQEC 2007 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2007), CE_23.

M. Ding, J. Fang, Y. Luo, G. Xiao, and G.-D. Peng, “Near infrared emission in bismuth/erbium co-doped optical fiber at liquid nitrogen temperature pumped by 830 nm light,” in 3rd the Australian and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics, (New Zealand: Queenstown, 2017).

A. Zareanborji, Y. Luo, and G.-D. Peng, “Characterization and assessment of multiple bismuth active centres in Bi/Er doped fiber,” in Opto-Electronics and Applied Optics (IEM OPTRONIX), 2015 2nd International Conference on, (IEEE, 2015), 1–5.

B. Yan, Y. Luo, A. Zareanborji, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G.-D. Peng, “1350 - 1470 nm optical amplification with bismuth / erbium co-doped fibre,” in Australia and New Zealand Conference on Optics and Photonics (ANZCOP) Conference 2013, (Perth, Australia, 2013), p. P#32.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Ivanov, and M. Godlewski, “Optically detected magnetic resonance in bismuth-doped silica glasses,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2009 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2009), CE3_6.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. The measured absorption spectrum of BEDF.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. The absorption spectra at RT and LNT using the insertion loss method.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Emission spectra of BEDF excited at 830 nm with different pump power at RT. (b) Gaussian decomposition of the emission spectrum pumped by 830 nm with 34.46 mW.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. The emission intensity of each active center as a function of pump power at RT.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Emission spectra of BEDF excited at 830 nm with different pump power at LNT. (b) Comparison of the emission spectra at RT and LNT excited at 830 nm with pump power of 34.46 mW.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Dependence of FWHM (contributed by BACs) upon pump power at RT and LNT.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Measured transmission spectra and calculated on/off gain spectrum at RT using 44.01 mW 830 nm pump. (b) On/off gain spectra at RT with different 830 nm pump power.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. (a) On/pff gain spectra at LNT with different 830 nm pump power. (b) Comparison of on/off gain measured at RT and LNT with pump power of 44.01 mW.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. The absorption spectra of EDF at RT (solid line) and LNT (dotted line) using insertion loss method. The EDF is 0.2 m long.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. Emission spectra excited at 830 nm at RT and LNT in four types of BEDF/BDF samples: (a) BEDF-1, (b) BEDF-2, (c) BDF-1, (d) BDF-2.

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