Abstract

Optical parametric oscillators (OPOs) have been widely used for decades as tunable, narrow-linewidth, and coherent light sources for reaching long wavelengths and are attractive for applications such as quantum random number generation and Ising machines. To date, waveguide-based OPOs have suffered from relatively high thresholds on the order of hundreds of milliwatts. With the advance in integrated photonic techniques demonstrated by high-efficiency second-harmonic generation in aluminum nitride (AlN) photonic microring resonators, highly compact and nanophotonic implementation of parametric oscillation is feasible. Here we employ phase-matched AlN microring resonators to demonstrate low-threshold parametric oscillation in the telecom infrared band with an on-chip efficiency up to 17% and milliwatt-level output power. A broad phase-matching window is observed, enabling tunable generation of signal and idler pairs over a 180 nm bandwidth across the C band. This result establishes an important milestone in integrated nonlinear optics and paves the way towards chip-based quantum light sources and tunable, coherent radiation for spectroscopy and chemical sensing.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Quasi-phase-matched self-pumped optical parametric oscillation in a micro-resonator

Simon J. Herr, Christoph S. Werner, Karsten Buse, and Ingo Breunig
Opt. Express 26(8) 10813-10819 (2018)

Continuous-wave whispering-gallery optical parametric oscillator based on CdSiP2

Yuechen Jia, Kevin Hanka, Kevin T. Zawilski, Peter G. Schunemann, Karsten Buse, and Ingo Breunig
Opt. Express 26(8) 10833-10841 (2018)

Broadly tunable noncritically phase-matched ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator with a 2-µJ pump threshold

K. L. Vodopyanov and P. G. Schunemann
Opt. Lett. 28(6) 441-443 (2003)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Tang, W. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. Lane, and L. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Godard, “Infrared (2–12  μm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Physique 8, 1100–1128 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. I. Breunig, D. Haertle, and K. Buse, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators: recent developments and prospects,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 99–111 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3 at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  5. L. Myers and W. Bosenberg, “Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663–1672 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. C. Eckardt, C. D. Nabors, W. J. Kozlovsky, and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator frequency tuning and control,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 646–667 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  7. P. E. Powers, T. J. Kulp, and S. E. Bisson, “Continuous tuning of a continuous-wave periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator by use of a fan-out grating design,” Opt. Lett. 23, 159–161 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Vainio, M. Siltanen, J. Peltola, and L. Halonen, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator tuned by a diffraction grating,” Opt. Express 17, 7702–7707 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  9. P. Gross, M. E. Klein, H. Ridderbusch, D.-H. Lee, J.-P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, and K.-J. Boller, “Wide wavelength tuning of an optical parametric oscillator through electro-optic shaping of the gain spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1433–1435 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Siltanen, M. Vainio, and L. Halonen, “Pump-tunable continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator from 2.5 to 4.4  μm,” Opt. Express 18, 14087–14092 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. Canalias and V. Pasiskevicius, “Mirrorless optical parametric oscillator,” Nat. Photonics 1, 459–462 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  12. L.-A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  13. O. Morin, V. D’Auria, C. Fabre, and J. Laurat, “High-fidelity single-photon source based on a type II optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3738–3740 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. Z. Vernon and J. E. Sipe, “Strongly driven nonlinear quantum optics in microring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 033840 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  16. X. Guo, C.-l. Zou, C. Schuck, H. Jung, R. Cheng, and H. X. Tang, “Parametric down-conversion photon-pair source on a nanophotonic chip,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16249 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  17. X. Lu, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, G. Moille, A. Singh, V. Anant, and K. Srinivasan, “Chip-integrated visible-telecom entangled photon pair source for quantum communication,” Nat. Phys. 15, 373–381 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  18. Y. Yamamoto, K. Aihara, T. Leleu, K.-I. Kawarabayashi, S. Kako, M. Fejer, K. Inoue, and H. Takesue, “Coherent Ising machines—optical neural networks operating at the quantum limit,” npj Quantum Inf. 3, 49 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  19. I. Breunig, “Three-wave mixing in whispering gallery resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 569–587 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  21. T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  22. C. S. Werner, T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Blue-pumped whispering gallery optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4224–4226 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Optimizing pump threshold and conversion efficiency of whispering gallery optical parametric oscillators by controlled coupling,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5250–5252 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  24. I. Breunig, B. Sturman, A. Bückle, C. S. Werner, and K. Buse, “Structure of pump resonances during optical parametric oscillation in whispering gallery resonators,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3316–3318 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. J. Herr, C. S. Werner, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Quasi-phase-matched self-pumped optical parametric oscillation in a micro-resonator,” Opt. Express 26, 10813–10819 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  26. S.-K. Meisenheimer, J. U. Fürst, C. Werner, T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Broadband infrared spectroscopy using optical parametric oscillation in a radially-poled whispering gallery resonator,” Opt. Express 23, 24042–24047 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  27. C. S. Werner, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave whispering-gallery optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 40, 772–775 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  28. Y. Jia, K. Hanka, K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave whispering-gallery optical parametric oscillator based on CdSiP2,” Opt. Express 26, 10833–10841 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  29. S.-K. Meisenheimer, J. U. Fürst, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillation tunable up to an 8  μm wavelength,” Optica 4, 189–192 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  30. G. Schreiber, D. Hofmann, W. Grundkoetter, Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, “Nonlinear integrated optical frequency converters with periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4277, 144–160 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  31. M. Oron, P. Blau, S. Pearl, and M. Katz, “Optical parametric oscillation in orientation patterned gaas waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8240, 82400C (2012).
    [Crossref]
  32. M. Savanier, C. Ozanam, L. Lanco, X. Lafosse, A. Andronico, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, “Near-infrared optical parametric oscillator in a III-V semiconductor waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261105 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  33. X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, J. Lu, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Ultra-high-Q UV microring resonators based on a single-crystalline AlN platform,” Optica 5, 1279–1282 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  34. X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Aluminum nitride-on-sapphire platform for integrated high-Q microresonators,” Opt. Express 25, 587–594 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  35. X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, J. Lu, Z. Gong, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Beyond 100  THz-spanning ultraviolet frequency combs in a non-centrosymmetric crystalline waveguide,” Nat. Commun. 10, 2971 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  36. X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated continuous-wave aluminum nitride Raman laser,” Optica 4, 893–896 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  37. X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated high-Q crystalline AlN microresonators for broadband Kerr and Raman frequency combs,” ACS Photon. 5, 1943–1950 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  38. A. W. Bruch, X. Liu, X. Guo, J. B. Surya, Z. Gong, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “17,000%/w second-harmonic conversion efficiency in single-crystalline aluminum nitride microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 131102 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  39. M. Zhang, C. Wang, R. Cheng, A. Shams-Ansari, and M. Lončar, “Monolithic ultra-high-Q lithium niobate microring resonator,” Optica 4, 1536–1537 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  40. B. Desiatov, A. Shams-Ansari, M. Zhang, C. Wang, and M. Lončar, “Ultra-low-loss integrated visible photonics using thin-film lithium niobate,” Optica 6, 380 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  41. B. Sturman and I. Breunig, “Generic description of second-order nonlinear phenomena in whispering-gallery resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2465–2471 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  42. X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  43. X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, L. Jiang, and H. X. Tang, “All-optical control of linear and nonlinear energy transfer via the Zeno effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 203902 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  44. X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  45. X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, and H. X. Tang, “Second-harmonic generation in aluminum nitride microrings with 2500%/W conversion efficiency,” Optica 3, 1126–1131 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  46. J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 153901 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  47. D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  48. B. Dong, X. Luo, S. Zhu, M. Li, D. Hasan, L. Zhang, S. J. Chua, J. Wei, Y. Chang, G.-Q. Lo, K. W. Ang, D.-L. Kwong, and C. Lee, “Aluminum nitride on insulator (AlNOI) platform for mid-infrared photonics,” Opt. Lett. 44, 73–76 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  49. L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  50. L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
    [Crossref]

2019 (5)

X. Lu, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, G. Moille, A. Singh, V. Anant, and K. Srinivasan, “Chip-integrated visible-telecom entangled photon pair source for quantum communication,” Nat. Phys. 15, 373–381 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, J. Lu, Z. Gong, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Beyond 100  THz-spanning ultraviolet frequency combs in a non-centrosymmetric crystalline waveguide,” Nat. Commun. 10, 2971 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Dong, X. Luo, S. Zhu, M. Li, D. Hasan, L. Zhang, S. J. Chua, J. Wei, Y. Chang, G.-Q. Lo, K. W. Ang, D.-L. Kwong, and C. Lee, “Aluminum nitride on insulator (AlNOI) platform for mid-infrared photonics,” Opt. Lett. 44, 73–76 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Desiatov, A. Shams-Ansari, M. Zhang, C. Wang, and M. Lončar, “Ultra-low-loss integrated visible photonics using thin-film lithium niobate,” Optica 6, 380 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (7)

S. J. Herr, C. S. Werner, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Quasi-phase-matched self-pumped optical parametric oscillation in a micro-resonator,” Opt. Express 26, 10813–10819 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jia, K. Hanka, K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave whispering-gallery optical parametric oscillator based on CdSiP2,” Opt. Express 26, 10833–10841 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, J. Lu, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Ultra-high-Q UV microring resonators based on a single-crystalline AlN platform,” Optica 5, 1279–1282 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated high-Q crystalline AlN microresonators for broadband Kerr and Raman frequency combs,” ACS Photon. 5, 1943–1950 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. W. Bruch, X. Liu, X. Guo, J. B. Surya, Z. Gong, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “17,000%/w second-harmonic conversion efficiency in single-crystalline aluminum nitride microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 131102 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, L. Jiang, and H. X. Tang, “All-optical control of linear and nonlinear energy transfer via the Zeno effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 203902 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (6)

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Yamamoto, K. Aihara, T. Leleu, K.-I. Kawarabayashi, S. Kako, M. Fejer, K. Inoue, and H. Takesue, “Coherent Ising machines—optical neural networks operating at the quantum limit,” npj Quantum Inf. 3, 49 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Aluminum nitride-on-sapphire platform for integrated high-Q microresonators,” Opt. Express 25, 587–594 (2017).
[Crossref]

S.-K. Meisenheimer, J. U. Fürst, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillation tunable up to an 8  μm wavelength,” Optica 4, 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated continuous-wave aluminum nitride Raman laser,” Optica 4, 893–896 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, C. Wang, R. Cheng, A. Shams-Ansari, and M. Lončar, “Monolithic ultra-high-Q lithium niobate microring resonator,” Optica 4, 1536–1537 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, and H. X. Tang, “Second-harmonic generation in aluminum nitride microrings with 2500%/W conversion efficiency,” Optica 3, 1126–1131 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Breunig, “Three-wave mixing in whispering gallery resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 569–587 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-l. Zou, C. Schuck, H. Jung, R. Cheng, and H. X. Tang, “Parametric down-conversion photon-pair source on a nanophotonic chip,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16249 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2013 (3)

I. Breunig, B. Sturman, A. Bückle, C. S. Werner, and K. Buse, “Structure of pump resonances during optical parametric oscillation in whispering gallery resonators,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3316–3318 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Savanier, C. Ozanam, L. Lanco, X. Lafosse, A. Andronico, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, “Near-infrared optical parametric oscillator in a III-V semiconductor waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261105 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

2011 (3)

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Breunig, D. Haertle, and K. Buse, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators: recent developments and prospects,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 99–111 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Sturman and I. Breunig, “Generic description of second-order nonlinear phenomena in whispering-gallery resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2465–2471 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

M. Siltanen, M. Vainio, and L. Halonen, “Pump-tunable continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator from 2.5 to 4.4  μm,” Opt. Express 18, 14087–14092 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 153901 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2007 (2)

C. Canalias and V. Pasiskevicius, “Mirrorless optical parametric oscillator,” Nat. Photonics 1, 459–462 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Godard, “Infrared (2–12  μm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Physique 8, 1100–1128 (2007).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

G. Schreiber, D. Hofmann, W. Grundkoetter, Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, “Nonlinear integrated optical frequency converters with periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4277, 144–160 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

L. Myers and W. Bosenberg, “Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663–1672 (1997).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

C. Tang, W. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. Lane, and L. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1986 (1)

L.-A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

J. A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3 at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
[Crossref]

Aiello, A.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

Aihara, K.

Y. Yamamoto, K. Aihara, T. Leleu, K.-I. Kawarabayashi, S. Kako, M. Fejer, K. Inoue, and H. Takesue, “Coherent Ising machines—optical neural networks operating at the quantum limit,” npj Quantum Inf. 3, 49 (2017).
[Crossref]

Anant, V.

X. Lu, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, G. Moille, A. Singh, V. Anant, and K. Srinivasan, “Chip-integrated visible-telecom entangled photon pair source for quantum communication,” Nat. Phys. 15, 373–381 (2019).
[Crossref]

Andersen, U. L.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 153901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Andronico, A.

M. Savanier, C. Ozanam, L. Lanco, X. Lafosse, A. Andronico, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, “Near-infrared optical parametric oscillator in a III-V semiconductor waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ang, K. W.

Beckmann, T.

Bisson, S. E.

Blau, P.

M. Oron, P. Blau, S. Pearl, and M. Katz, “Optical parametric oscillation in orientation patterned gaas waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8240, 82400C (2012).
[Crossref]

Boes, A.

L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

Boller, K.-J.

Bosenberg, W.

L. Myers and W. Bosenberg, “Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663–1672 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. Tang, W. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. Lane, and L. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

Breunig, I.

S. J. Herr, C. S. Werner, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Quasi-phase-matched self-pumped optical parametric oscillation in a micro-resonator,” Opt. Express 26, 10813–10819 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jia, K. Hanka, K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave whispering-gallery optical parametric oscillator based on CdSiP2,” Opt. Express 26, 10833–10841 (2018).
[Crossref]

S.-K. Meisenheimer, J. U. Fürst, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillation tunable up to an 8  μm wavelength,” Optica 4, 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Breunig, “Three-wave mixing in whispering gallery resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 569–587 (2016).
[Crossref]

S.-K. Meisenheimer, J. U. Fürst, C. Werner, T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Broadband infrared spectroscopy using optical parametric oscillation in a radially-poled whispering gallery resonator,” Opt. Express 23, 24042–24047 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. S. Werner, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave whispering-gallery optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 40, 772–775 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Breunig, B. Sturman, A. Bückle, C. S. Werner, and K. Buse, “Structure of pump resonances during optical parametric oscillation in whispering gallery resonators,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3316–3318 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. S. Werner, T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Blue-pumped whispering gallery optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4224–4226 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Optimizing pump threshold and conversion efficiency of whispering gallery optical parametric oscillators by controlled coupling,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5250–5252 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Sturman and I. Breunig, “Generic description of second-order nonlinear phenomena in whispering-gallery resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2465–2471 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. Breunig, D. Haertle, and K. Buse, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators: recent developments and prospects,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 99–111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bruch, A. W.

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, J. Lu, Z. Gong, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Beyond 100  THz-spanning ultraviolet frequency combs in a non-centrosymmetric crystalline waveguide,” Nat. Commun. 10, 2971 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. W. Bruch, X. Liu, X. Guo, J. B. Surya, Z. Gong, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “17,000%/w second-harmonic conversion efficiency in single-crystalline aluminum nitride microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 131102 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, J. Lu, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Ultra-high-Q UV microring resonators based on a single-crystalline AlN platform,” Optica 5, 1279–1282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bückle, A.

Buse, K.

S. J. Herr, C. S. Werner, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Quasi-phase-matched self-pumped optical parametric oscillation in a micro-resonator,” Opt. Express 26, 10813–10819 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Jia, K. Hanka, K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave whispering-gallery optical parametric oscillator based on CdSiP2,” Opt. Express 26, 10833–10841 (2018).
[Crossref]

S.-K. Meisenheimer, J. U. Fürst, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillation tunable up to an 8  μm wavelength,” Optica 4, 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. S. Werner, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave whispering-gallery optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 40, 772–775 (2015).
[Crossref]

S.-K. Meisenheimer, J. U. Fürst, C. Werner, T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Broadband infrared spectroscopy using optical parametric oscillation in a radially-poled whispering gallery resonator,” Opt. Express 23, 24042–24047 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Breunig, B. Sturman, A. Bückle, C. S. Werner, and K. Buse, “Structure of pump resonances during optical parametric oscillation in whispering gallery resonators,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3316–3318 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. S. Werner, T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Blue-pumped whispering gallery optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4224–4226 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Optimizing pump threshold and conversion efficiency of whispering gallery optical parametric oscillators by controlled coupling,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5250–5252 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Breunig, D. Haertle, and K. Buse, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators: recent developments and prospects,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 99–111 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

Canalias, C.

C. Canalias and V. Pasiskevicius, “Mirrorless optical parametric oscillator,” Nat. Photonics 1, 459–462 (2007).
[Crossref]

Carlson, D. R.

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chang, L.

L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chang, Y.

Chekhova, M. V.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L.

C. Tang, W. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. Lane, and L. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[Crossref]

Cheng, R.

M. Zhang, C. Wang, R. Cheng, A. Shams-Ansari, and M. Lončar, “Monolithic ultra-high-Q lithium niobate microring resonator,” Optica 4, 1536–1537 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-l. Zou, C. Schuck, H. Jung, R. Cheng, and H. X. Tang, “Parametric down-conversion photon-pair source on a nanophotonic chip,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chiles, J.

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chua, S. J.

Coddington, I.

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cole, D. C.

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

D’Auria, V.

Desiatov, B.

Diddams, S. A.

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dong, B.

Droste, S.

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ducci, S.

M. Savanier, C. Ozanam, L. Lanco, X. Lafosse, A. Andronico, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, “Near-infrared optical parametric oscillator in a III-V semiconductor waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Eckardt, R. C.

Elser, D.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 153901 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fabre, C.

Favero, I.

M. Savanier, C. Ozanam, L. Lanco, X. Lafosse, A. Andronico, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, “Near-infrared optical parametric oscillator in a III-V semiconductor waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M.

Y. Yamamoto, K. Aihara, T. Leleu, K.-I. Kawarabayashi, S. Kako, M. Fejer, K. Inoue, and H. Takesue, “Coherent Ising machines—optical neural networks operating at the quantum limit,” npj Quantum Inf. 3, 49 (2017).
[Crossref]

Förtsch, M.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fredrick, C.

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fürst, J. U.

S.-K. Meisenheimer, J. U. Fürst, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillation tunable up to an 8  μm wavelength,” Optica 4, 189–192 (2017).
[Crossref]

S.-K. Meisenheimer, J. U. Fürst, C. Werner, T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Broadband infrared spectroscopy using optical parametric oscillation in a radially-poled whispering gallery resonator,” Opt. Express 23, 24042–24047 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 153901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Giordmaine, J. A.

J. A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3 at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
[Crossref]

Godard, A.

A. Godard, “Infrared (2–12  μm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Physique 8, 1100–1128 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gong, Z.

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, J. Lu, Z. Gong, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Beyond 100  THz-spanning ultraviolet frequency combs in a non-centrosymmetric crystalline waveguide,” Nat. Commun. 10, 2971 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. W. Bruch, X. Liu, X. Guo, J. B. Surya, Z. Gong, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “17,000%/w second-harmonic conversion efficiency in single-crystalline aluminum nitride microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 131102 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, J. Lu, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Ultra-high-Q UV microring resonators based on a single-crystalline AlN platform,” Optica 5, 1279–1282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gross, P.

Grundkoetter, W.

G. Schreiber, D. Hofmann, W. Grundkoetter, Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, “Nonlinear integrated optical frequency converters with periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4277, 144–160 (2001).
[Crossref]

Guo, X.

A. W. Bruch, X. Liu, X. Guo, J. B. Surya, Z. Gong, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “17,000%/w second-harmonic conversion efficiency in single-crystalline aluminum nitride microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 131102 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, L. Jiang, and H. X. Tang, “All-optical control of linear and nonlinear energy transfer via the Zeno effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 203902 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, and H. X. Tang, “Second-harmonic generation in aluminum nitride microrings with 2500%/W conversion efficiency,” Optica 3, 1126–1131 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-l. Zou, C. Schuck, H. Jung, R. Cheng, and H. X. Tang, “Parametric down-conversion photon-pair source on a nanophotonic chip,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guo, X.-W.

L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Haertle, D.

I. Breunig, D. Haertle, and K. Buse, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators: recent developments and prospects,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 99–111 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

L.-A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref]

Halonen, L.

Han, Y.

Hanka, K.

Hao, Z.

Hasan, D.

Herr, S. J.

Hickstein, D. D.

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hofmann, D.

G. Schreiber, D. Hofmann, W. Grundkoetter, Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, “Nonlinear integrated optical frequency converters with periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4277, 144–160 (2001).
[Crossref]

Inoue, K.

Y. Yamamoto, K. Aihara, T. Leleu, K.-I. Kawarabayashi, S. Kako, M. Fejer, K. Inoue, and H. Takesue, “Coherent Ising machines—optical neural networks operating at the quantum limit,” npj Quantum Inf. 3, 49 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jia, Y.

Jiang, L.

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, L. Jiang, and H. X. Tang, “All-optical control of linear and nonlinear energy transfer via the Zeno effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 203902 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jung, H.

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-l. Zou, C. Schuck, H. Jung, R. Cheng, and H. X. Tang, “Parametric down-conversion photon-pair source on a nanophotonic chip,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kako, S.

Y. Yamamoto, K. Aihara, T. Leleu, K.-I. Kawarabayashi, S. Kako, M. Fejer, K. Inoue, and H. Takesue, “Coherent Ising machines—optical neural networks operating at the quantum limit,” npj Quantum Inf. 3, 49 (2017).
[Crossref]

Katz, M.

M. Oron, P. Blau, S. Pearl, and M. Katz, “Optical parametric oscillation in orientation patterned gaas waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8240, 82400C (2012).
[Crossref]

Kawarabayashi, K.-I.

Y. Yamamoto, K. Aihara, T. Leleu, K.-I. Kawarabayashi, S. Kako, M. Fejer, K. Inoue, and H. Takesue, “Coherent Ising machines—optical neural networks operating at the quantum limit,” npj Quantum Inf. 3, 49 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kennedy, M.

L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kennedy, M. J.

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kimble, H. J.

L.-A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref]

Klein, M. E.

Kowligy, A.

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

Kulp, T. J.

Kwong, D.-L.

Lafosse, X.

M. Savanier, C. Ozanam, L. Lanco, X. Lafosse, A. Andronico, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, “Near-infrared optical parametric oscillator in a III-V semiconductor waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lamb, E. S.

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lanco, L.

M. Savanier, C. Ozanam, L. Lanco, X. Lafosse, A. Andronico, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, “Near-infrared optical parametric oscillator in a III-V semiconductor waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lane, R.

C. Tang, W. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. Lane, and L. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lassen, M.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 153901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Laurat, J.

Lee, C.

Lee, D.-H.

Lee, Y. L.

G. Schreiber, D. Hofmann, W. Grundkoetter, Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, “Nonlinear integrated optical frequency converters with periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4277, 144–160 (2001).
[Crossref]

Leleu, T.

Y. Yamamoto, K. Aihara, T. Leleu, K.-I. Kawarabayashi, S. Kako, M. Fejer, K. Inoue, and H. Takesue, “Coherent Ising machines—optical neural networks operating at the quantum limit,” npj Quantum Inf. 3, 49 (2017).
[Crossref]

Leo, G.

M. Savanier, C. Ozanam, L. Lanco, X. Lafosse, A. Andronico, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, “Near-infrared optical parametric oscillator in a III-V semiconductor waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leuchs, G.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 153901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, M.

Li, Q.

X. Lu, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, G. Moille, A. Singh, V. Anant, and K. Srinivasan, “Chip-integrated visible-telecom entangled photon pair source for quantum communication,” Nat. Phys. 15, 373–381 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lind, A.

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Linnenbank, H.

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, J. Lu, Z. Gong, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Beyond 100  THz-spanning ultraviolet frequency combs in a non-centrosymmetric crystalline waveguide,” Nat. Commun. 10, 2971 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. W. Bruch, X. Liu, X. Guo, J. B. Surya, Z. Gong, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “17,000%/w second-harmonic conversion efficiency in single-crystalline aluminum nitride microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 131102 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated high-Q crystalline AlN microresonators for broadband Kerr and Raman frequency combs,” ACS Photon. 5, 1943–1950 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, J. Lu, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Ultra-high-Q UV microring resonators based on a single-crystalline AlN platform,” Optica 5, 1279–1282 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated continuous-wave aluminum nitride Raman laser,” Optica 4, 893–896 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Aluminum nitride-on-sapphire platform for integrated high-Q microresonators,” Opt. Express 25, 587–594 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lo, G.-Q.

Loncar, M.

Lu, J.

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, J. Lu, Z. Gong, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Beyond 100  THz-spanning ultraviolet frequency combs in a non-centrosymmetric crystalline waveguide,” Nat. Commun. 10, 2971 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, J. Lu, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Ultra-high-Q UV microring resonators based on a single-crystalline AlN platform,” Optica 5, 1279–1282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lu, X.

X. Lu, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, G. Moille, A. Singh, V. Anant, and K. Srinivasan, “Chip-integrated visible-telecom entangled photon pair source for quantum communication,” Nat. Phys. 15, 373–381 (2019).
[Crossref]

Luo, X.

Luo, Y.

Marquardt, C.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 153901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Meisenheimer, S.-K.

Meyn, J.-P.

Miller, R. C.

J. A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3 at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
[Crossref]

Moille, G.

X. Lu, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, G. Moille, A. Singh, V. Anant, and K. Srinivasan, “Chip-integrated visible-telecom entangled photon pair source for quantum communication,” Nat. Phys. 15, 373–381 (2019).
[Crossref]

Morin, O.

Myers, L.

L. Myers and W. Bosenberg, “Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663–1672 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nabors, C. D.

Nader, N.

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

Newbury, N. R.

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Oron, M.

M. Oron, P. Blau, S. Pearl, and M. Katz, “Optical parametric oscillation in orientation patterned gaas waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8240, 82400C (2012).
[Crossref]

Ozanam, C.

M. Savanier, C. Ozanam, L. Lanco, X. Lafosse, A. Andronico, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, “Near-infrared optical parametric oscillator in a III-V semiconductor waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Papp, S. B.

L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pasiskevicius, V.

C. Canalias and V. Pasiskevicius, “Mirrorless optical parametric oscillator,” Nat. Photonics 1, 459–462 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pearl, S.

M. Oron, P. Blau, S. Pearl, and M. Katz, “Optical parametric oscillation in orientation patterned gaas waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8240, 82400C (2012).
[Crossref]

Peltola, J.

Peters, J. D.

L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

Pintus, P.

L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Powers, P. E.

Quiring, V.

G. Schreiber, D. Hofmann, W. Grundkoetter, Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, “Nonlinear integrated optical frequency converters with periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4277, 144–160 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ricken, R.

G. Schreiber, D. Hofmann, W. Grundkoetter, Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, “Nonlinear integrated optical frequency converters with periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4277, 144–160 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ridderbusch, H.

Savanier, M.

M. Savanier, C. Ozanam, L. Lanco, X. Lafosse, A. Andronico, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, “Near-infrared optical parametric oscillator in a III-V semiconductor waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schreiber, G.

G. Schreiber, D. Hofmann, W. Grundkoetter, Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, “Nonlinear integrated optical frequency converters with periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4277, 144–160 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schuck, C.

X. Guo, C.-l. Zou, C. Schuck, H. Jung, R. Cheng, and H. X. Tang, “Parametric down-conversion photon-pair source on a nanophotonic chip,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schunemann, P. G.

Shams-Ansari, A.

Silberhorn, C.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref]

Siltanen, M.

Singh, A.

X. Lu, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, G. Moille, A. Singh, V. Anant, and K. Srinivasan, “Chip-integrated visible-telecom entangled photon pair source for quantum communication,” Nat. Phys. 15, 373–381 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sipe, J. E.

Z. Vernon and J. E. Sipe, “Strongly driven nonlinear quantum optics in microring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 033840 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sohler, W.

G. Schreiber, D. Hofmann, W. Grundkoetter, Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, “Nonlinear integrated optical frequency converters with periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4277, 144–160 (2001).
[Crossref]

Spencer, D. T.

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

Srinivasan, K.

X. Lu, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, G. Moille, A. Singh, V. Anant, and K. Srinivasan, “Chip-integrated visible-telecom entangled photon pair source for quantum communication,” Nat. Phys. 15, 373–381 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Stanton, E. J.

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

Steigerwald, H.

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[Crossref]

Strekalov, D.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref]

Strekalov, D. V.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 153901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sturman, B.

Suche, H.

G. Schreiber, D. Hofmann, W. Grundkoetter, Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, “Nonlinear integrated optical frequency converters with periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4277, 144–160 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sun, C.

Surya, J. B.

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, J. Lu, Z. Gong, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Beyond 100  THz-spanning ultraviolet frequency combs in a non-centrosymmetric crystalline waveguide,” Nat. Commun. 10, 2971 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. W. Bruch, X. Liu, X. Guo, J. B. Surya, Z. Gong, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “17,000%/w second-harmonic conversion efficiency in single-crystalline aluminum nitride microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 131102 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, J. Lu, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Ultra-high-Q UV microring resonators based on a single-crystalline AlN platform,” Optica 5, 1279–1282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Takesue, H.

Y. Yamamoto, K. Aihara, T. Leleu, K.-I. Kawarabayashi, S. Kako, M. Fejer, K. Inoue, and H. Takesue, “Coherent Ising machines—optical neural networks operating at the quantum limit,” npj Quantum Inf. 3, 49 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tang, C.

C. Tang, W. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. Lane, and L. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[Crossref]

Tang, H. X.

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, J. Lu, Z. Gong, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Beyond 100  THz-spanning ultraviolet frequency combs in a non-centrosymmetric crystalline waveguide,” Nat. Commun. 10, 2971 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. W. Bruch, X. Liu, X. Guo, J. B. Surya, Z. Gong, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “17,000%/w second-harmonic conversion efficiency in single-crystalline aluminum nitride microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 131102 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, L. Jiang, and H. X. Tang, “All-optical control of linear and nonlinear energy transfer via the Zeno effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 203902 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, J. Lu, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Ultra-high-Q UV microring resonators based on a single-crystalline AlN platform,” Optica 5, 1279–1282 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, and H. X. Tang, “Second-harmonic generation in aluminum nitride microrings with 2500%/W conversion efficiency,” Optica 3, 1126–1131 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-l. Zou, C. Schuck, H. Jung, R. Cheng, and H. X. Tang, “Parametric down-conversion photon-pair source on a nanophotonic chip,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ukachi, T.

C. Tang, W. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. Lane, and L. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[Crossref]

Vainio, M.

Vernon, Z.

Z. Vernon and J. E. Sipe, “Strongly driven nonlinear quantum optics in microring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 033840 (2015).
[Crossref]

Volet, N.

L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wallenstein, R.

Wang, C.

Wang, J.

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, J. Lu, Z. Gong, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Beyond 100  THz-spanning ultraviolet frequency combs in a non-centrosymmetric crystalline waveguide,” Nat. Commun. 10, 2971 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. W. Bruch, X. Liu, X. Guo, J. B. Surya, Z. Gong, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “17,000%/w second-harmonic conversion efficiency in single-crystalline aluminum nitride microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 131102 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated high-Q crystalline AlN microresonators for broadband Kerr and Raman frequency combs,” ACS Photon. 5, 1943–1950 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated high-Q crystalline AlN microresonators for broadband Kerr and Raman frequency combs,” ACS Photon. 5, 1943–1950 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, J. Lu, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Ultra-high-Q UV microring resonators based on a single-crystalline AlN platform,” Optica 5, 1279–1282 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated continuous-wave aluminum nitride Raman laser,” Optica 4, 893–896 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated continuous-wave aluminum nitride Raman laser,” Optica 4, 893–896 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Aluminum nitride-on-sapphire platform for integrated high-Q microresonators,” Opt. Express 25, 587–594 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Aluminum nitride-on-sapphire platform for integrated high-Q microresonators,” Opt. Express 25, 587–594 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Wei, J.

Wei, T.

Werner, C.

Werner, C. S.

Westly, D. A.

X. Lu, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, G. Moille, A. Singh, V. Anant, and K. Srinivasan, “Chip-integrated visible-telecom entangled photon pair source for quantum communication,” Nat. Phys. 15, 373–381 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wittmann, C.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

L.-A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref]

Wu, L.-A.

L.-A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref]

Xiong, B.

Yamamoto, Y.

Y. Yamamoto, K. Aihara, T. Leleu, K.-I. Kawarabayashi, S. Kako, M. Fejer, K. Inoue, and H. Takesue, “Coherent Ising machines—optical neural networks operating at the quantum limit,” npj Quantum Inf. 3, 49 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, J.

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, J. Lu, Z. Gong, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Beyond 100  THz-spanning ultraviolet frequency combs in a non-centrosymmetric crystalline waveguide,” Nat. Commun. 10, 2971 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated high-Q crystalline AlN microresonators for broadband Kerr and Raman frequency combs,” ACS Photon. 5, 1943–1950 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. W. Bruch, X. Liu, X. Guo, J. B. Surya, Z. Gong, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “17,000%/w second-harmonic conversion efficiency in single-crystalline aluminum nitride microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 131102 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, J. Lu, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Ultra-high-Q UV microring resonators based on a single-crystalline AlN platform,” Optica 5, 1279–1282 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated continuous-wave aluminum nitride Raman laser,” Optica 4, 893–896 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Aluminum nitride-on-sapphire platform for integrated high-Q microresonators,” Opt. Express 25, 587–594 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ycas, G. G.

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.-P.

L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zawilski, K. T.

Zhang, L.

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, J. Lu, Z. Gong, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Beyond 100  THz-spanning ultraviolet frequency combs in a non-centrosymmetric crystalline waveguide,” Nat. Commun. 10, 2971 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. Dong, X. Luo, S. Zhu, M. Li, D. Hasan, L. Zhang, S. J. Chua, J. Wei, Y. Chang, G.-Q. Lo, K. W. Ang, D.-L. Kwong, and C. Lee, “Aluminum nitride on insulator (AlNOI) platform for mid-infrared photonics,” Opt. Lett. 44, 73–76 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. W. Bruch, X. Liu, X. Guo, J. B. Surya, Z. Gong, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “17,000%/w second-harmonic conversion efficiency in single-crystalline aluminum nitride microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 131102 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, J. Lu, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Ultra-high-Q UV microring resonators based on a single-crystalline AlN platform,” Optica 5, 1279–1282 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

Zhang, Y.

Zhu, S.

Zou, C.-L.

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, L. Jiang, and H. X. Tang, “All-optical control of linear and nonlinear energy transfer via the Zeno effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 203902 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-l. Zou, C. Schuck, H. Jung, R. Cheng, and H. X. Tang, “Parametric down-conversion photon-pair source on a nanophotonic chip,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16249 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, and H. X. Tang, “Second-harmonic generation in aluminum nitride microrings with 2500%/W conversion efficiency,” Optica 3, 1126–1131 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACS Photon. (1)

X. Liu, C. Sun, B. Xiong, L. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Han, Z. Hao, H. Li, Y. Luo, J. Yan, T. Wei, Y. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Integrated high-Q crystalline AlN microresonators for broadband Kerr and Raman frequency combs,” ACS Photon. 5, 1943–1950 (2018).
[Crossref]

APL Photon. (1)

L. Chang, A. Boes, P. Pintus, J. D. Peters, M. Kennedy, X.-W. Guo, N. Volet, S.-P. Yu, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Strong frequency conversion in heterogeneously integrated GaAs resonators,” APL Photon. 4, 036103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

I. Breunig, D. Haertle, and K. Buse, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators: recent developments and prospects,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 99–111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. W. Bruch, X. Liu, X. Guo, J. B. Surya, Z. Gong, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “17,000%/w second-harmonic conversion efficiency in single-crystalline aluminum nitride microresonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 131102 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Savanier, C. Ozanam, L. Lanco, X. Lafosse, A. Andronico, I. Favero, S. Ducci, and G. Leo, “Near-infrared optical parametric oscillator in a III-V semiconductor waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261105 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. R. Physique (1)

A. Godard, “Infrared (2–12  μm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Physique 8, 1100–1128 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Myers and W. Bosenberg, “Periodically poled lithium niobate and quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1663–1672 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Photon. Rev. (2)

L. Chang, A. Boes, X. Guo, D. T. Spencer, M. J. Kennedy, J. D. Peters, N. Volet, J. Chiles, A. Kowligy, N. Nader, D. D. Hickstein, E. J. Stanton, S. A. Diddams, S. B. Papp, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneously integrated GaAs waveguides on insulator for efficient frequency conversion,” Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1800149 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Breunig, “Three-wave mixing in whispering gallery resonators,” Laser Photon. Rev. 10, 569–587 (2016).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

X. Guo, C.-l. Zou, C. Schuck, H. Jung, R. Cheng, and H. X. Tang, “Parametric down-conversion photon-pair source on a nanophotonic chip,” Light Sci. Appl. 6, e16249 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (2)

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, J. Lu, Z. Gong, J. B. Surya, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “Beyond 100  THz-spanning ultraviolet frequency combs in a non-centrosymmetric crystalline waveguide,” Nat. Commun. 10, 2971 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

C. Canalias and V. Pasiskevicius, “Mirrorless optical parametric oscillator,” Nat. Photonics 1, 459–462 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

X. Lu, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, G. Moille, A. Singh, V. Anant, and K. Srinivasan, “Chip-integrated visible-telecom entangled photon pair source for quantum communication,” Nat. Phys. 15, 373–381 (2019).
[Crossref]

npj Quantum Inf. (1)

Y. Yamamoto, K. Aihara, T. Leleu, K.-I. Kawarabayashi, S. Kako, M. Fejer, K. Inoue, and H. Takesue, “Coherent Ising machines—optical neural networks operating at the quantum limit,” npj Quantum Inf. 3, 49 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (8)

B. Dong, X. Luo, S. Zhu, M. Li, D. Hasan, L. Zhang, S. J. Chua, J. Wei, Y. Chang, G.-Q. Lo, K. W. Ang, D.-L. Kwong, and C. Lee, “Aluminum nitride on insulator (AlNOI) platform for mid-infrared photonics,” Opt. Lett. 44, 73–76 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. S. Werner, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Continuous-wave whispering-gallery optical parametric oscillator for high-resolution spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 40, 772–775 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. S. Werner, T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Blue-pumped whispering gallery optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37, 4224–4226 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Beckmann, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Optimizing pump threshold and conversion efficiency of whispering gallery optical parametric oscillators by controlled coupling,” Opt. Lett. 37, 5250–5252 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. Breunig, B. Sturman, A. Bückle, C. S. Werner, and K. Buse, “Structure of pump resonances during optical parametric oscillation in whispering gallery resonators,” Opt. Lett. 38, 3316–3318 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Gross, M. E. Klein, H. Ridderbusch, D.-H. Lee, J.-P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, and K.-J. Boller, “Wide wavelength tuning of an optical parametric oscillator through electro-optic shaping of the gain spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1433–1435 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. E. Powers, T. J. Kulp, and S. E. Bisson, “Continuous tuning of a continuous-wave periodically poled lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator by use of a fan-out grating design,” Opt. Lett. 23, 159–161 (1998).
[Crossref]

O. Morin, V. D’Auria, C. Fabre, and J. Laurat, “High-fidelity single-photon source based on a type II optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3738–3740 (2012).
[Crossref]

Optica (6)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Z. Vernon and J. E. Sipe, “Strongly driven nonlinear quantum optics in microring resonators,” Phys. Rev. A 92, 033840 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Appl. (1)

D. D. Hickstein, H. Jung, D. R. Carlson, A. Lind, I. Coddington, K. Srinivasan, G. G. Ycas, D. C. Cole, A. Kowligy, C. Fredrick, S. Droste, E. S. Lamb, N. R. Newbury, H. X. Tang, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation and frequency-comb stabilization using on-chip waveguides with both cubic and quadratic nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8, 014025 (2017).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 153901 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, L. Jiang, and H. X. Tang, “All-optical control of linear and nonlinear energy transfer via the Zeno effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 203902 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Guo, C.-L. Zou, H. Jung, and H. X. Tang, “On-chip strong coupling and efficient frequency conversion between telecom and visible optical modes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 123902 (2016).
[Crossref]

L.-A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3 at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
[Crossref]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Low-threshold optical parametric oscillations in a whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, “Highly tunable low-threshold optical parametric oscillation in radially poled whispering gallery resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

C. Tang, W. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. Lane, and L. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

G. Schreiber, D. Hofmann, W. Grundkoetter, Y. L. Lee, H. Suche, V. Quiring, R. Ricken, and W. Sohler, “Nonlinear integrated optical frequency converters with periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 4277, 144–160 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Oron, P. Blau, S. Pearl, and M. Katz, “Optical parametric oscillation in orientation patterned gaas waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8240, 82400C (2012).
[Crossref]

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Supplement 1       Supplemental information

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Schematic representation of the parametric oscillation model using two Fabry–Perót cavities. The visible mode near 780 nm ( ω b , green) produces nonlinear gain in the infrared signal and idler modes near 1560 nm ( ω s and ω i , blue and red, respectively) via the χ ( 2 ) effect with strength g 0 β . (b) Colorized scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of the fabricated AlN chip with cascaded microring resonators before SiO 2 encapsulation. (c) Schematic of the OPO (left) and SHG (right) measurement schemes. On-chip, the top bus waveguide addresses the infrared modes (red and blue) while the bottom bus waveguide addresses the near-visible modes (green). Note that in both cases the SHG and OPO waves are collected from the input facet of the chip. The infrared and near-visible waves are separated by an off-chip WDM before detection (shown here as a dichroic beamsplitter).
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Measured resonance spectra for the (a) visible and (b) infrared modes. The loaded and intrinsic Q factors ( Q L and Q 0 , respectively) are extracted after applying a Lorentzian fit at undercoupled conditions. The insets highlight the bus waveguide addressing each resonance. (c) On-chip SHG power conversion efficiency ( P b / P a ) versus on-chip IR pump power. Inset: temperature dependence of the maximum on-chip SHG power (blue dots) with on-chip pump power of 50 μW. A Lorentzian fit (black line) is applied to determine the optimum temperature. (d)  P b versus P a 2 , where a linear fit in the low-power regime is used to extract the SHG conversion efficiency ( P b / P a 2 ). The break of the data in (c) and (d) occurs when an erbium-doped fiber amplifier is introduced to provide high pump power.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Total on-chip infrared power versus on-chip visible pump power. The data is fitted to the theory to determine the OPO threshold (blue line). Near the threshold, a linear fit (dashed line) is also applied to give a slope efficiency of 31%. (b) Measured on-chip OPO conversion efficiency versus on-chip visible pump power, where a theoretical fit (red line) is applied to the data. The dashed line indicates the point at which the OPO efficiency has a theoretical maximum at P b = 4 P th .
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) OPO spectra collected from the transmission port of the microring resonator at different temperatures. Degenerate OPO occurs at 98°C (bottom), below which non-degenerate OPO is observed (top). (b) Recorded OPO wavelength versus the temperature. Degenerate parametric oscillation (purple) occurs at the optimum temperature for SHG of 98°C. The separation of the signal (blue) and idler (red) increases as the temperature is tuned away from this point. A numerical simulation of Eq. (12) is displayed as a black line, consistent with the experimental result.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Pump-to-OPO conversion efficiencies reported for various microcavity-based OPO devices. Blue and red circles represent OPO wavelengths in the near-infrared ( < 2 μm ) and mid-infrared ( > 2 μm ) regimes, respectively. LN, lithium niobate; PPLN, periodically poled lithium niobate.

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

H / = ω a a a + ω b b b + g 0 b ( a ) 2 + g 0 a 2 b ,
β = 2 κ b , 1 i ( ω b ω p ) κ b P p ω p ,
H eff / = δ a a a + g 0 β ( ( a ) 2 + a 2 ) ,
κ a 2 g 0 2 β 2 = g 0 2 2 κ b , 1 ( ω b ω p ) 2 + κ b 2 P th ω p .
P th = ω b g 0 2 κ a , 0 2 κ b , 0 = ω b 4 32 g 0 2 1 Q a , 0 2 Q b , 0 .
η SHG = P b P a 2 = g 2 4 κ a , 0 2 κ b , 0 1 ω a = g 0 2 Q a , 0 2 Q b , 0 ω a 4 ,
| a | 2 = 2 κ b , 1 g 0 P b ω b κ a κ b 2 g 0 2 .
C 0 = g 0 2 κ a κ b = 1 P th ω b 8 κ b , 1 κ b 1 κ a ,
P s + i = 2 κ a , 1 ω a | a | 2 ,
= 8 κ a , 1 κ a κ b , 1 κ b P th ( P b / P th 1 ) ,
η s + i = P s + i P P = 8 κ a , 1 κ a κ b , 1 κ b P b P th P th P b .
1 λ b = 1 λ s + 1 λ i , n b ( T ) λ b = n s ( T ) λ s + n i ( T ) λ i .

Metrics