Abstract

In this work, a backscattering imaging method based on near infrared random fiber laser is shown to provide a high contrast optical image between carious and sound enamel. The obtained contrast is 0.70, which is more than 8 times higher than the contrast obtained from radiographic imaging. Caries and cracks in enamel could clearly be identified against healthy enamel using the optical system. The near infrared wavelength, high spectral density and low coherence of random fiber laser contribute to its deep penetration, high brightness and low speckle contrast, using the method in a backscattering configuration opens potential clinical use.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Corrections

15 April 2020: A typographical correction was made to the funding section.


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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2019 (2)

R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and B. Hu, “Multimode Random Fiber Laser for Speckle-Free Imaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(1), 0900106 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Ma, J. Q. Li, J. Y. Guo, H. Wu, H. H. Zhang, B. Hu, Y. J. Rao, and W. L. Zhang, “High-power low spatial coherence random fiber laser,” Opt. Express 27(6), 8738–8744 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (4)

R. Ma, W. L. Zhang, J. Y. Guo, and Y. J. Rao, “Decoherence of fiber supercontinuum light source for speckle-free imaging,” Opt. Express 26(20), 26758–26765 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. K. Mitchell, A. R. Furness, R. J. Sword, S. W. Looney, W. W. Brackett, and M. G. Brackett, “Diagnosis of Pit-and-fissure Caries Using Three-dimensional Scanned Images,” Oper. Dent. 43(3), E152–E157 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. H. Chan and D. Fried, “Multispectral cross-polarization reflectance measurements suggest high contrast of demineralization on tooth surfaces at wavelengths beyond 1300 nm due to reduced light scattering in sound enamel,” J. Biomed. Opt. 23(6), 060501 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. B. Yang, D. A. Curtis, and D. Fried, “Cross-polarization reflectance imaging of root caries and dental calculus on extracted teeth at wavelengths from 400 to 2350 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(11), e201800113 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

M. A. Geibel, S. Carstens, U. Braisch, A. Rahman, M. Herz, and A. Jablonski-Momeni, “Radiographic diagnosis of proximal caries-influence of experience and gender of the dental staff,” Clin. Oral. Invest. 21(9), 2761–2770 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Abogazalah, J. G. Eckert, and M. Ando, “In vitro performance of near infrared light transillumination at 780-nm and digital radiography for detection of non cavitated approximal caries,” J. Dent. 63, 44–50 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

S. A. Son, K. H. Jung, C. C. Ko, and Y. H. Kwon, “Spectral characteristics of caries-related autofluorescence spectra and their use for diagnosis of caries stage,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 015001 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. C. Simon, S. A. Lucas, M. Staninec, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, M. J. Cozin, R. C. Lee, and D. Fried, “Near-IR transillumination and reflectance imaging at 1300-nm and 1500-1700-nm for in vivo caries detection,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(9), 828–836 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

B. Redding, P. Ahmadi, V. Mokan, M. Seifert, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Low-spatial-coherence high-radiance broadband fiber source for speckle free imaging,” Opt. Lett. 40(20), 4607–4610 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Gomez, “Detection and diagnosis of the early caries lesion,” BMC Oral Health 15(S1), S3 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Luan, B. Gu, A. S. L. Gomes, K. T. Yong, S. Wen, and P. Prasad, “Lasing in Nanocomposite Random Media, Review Paper,” Nano Today 10(2), 168–192 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

W. A. Fried, D. Fried, K. H. Chan, and C. L. Darling, “High contrast reflectance imaging of simulated lesions on tooth occlusal surfaces at near-IR wavelengths,” Lasers Surg. Med. 45(8), 533–541 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. J. Hu, B. Miao, T. X. Wang, Q. Fu, D. G. Zhang, H. Ming, and Q. J. Zhang, “Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4644–4647 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Perschbacher, “Interpretation of panoramic radiographs,” Aust. Dent. J. 57(Suppl 1), 40–45 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

S. Chung, D. Fried, M. Staninec, and C. L. Darling, “Multispectral near-IR reflectance and transillumination imaging of teeth,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(10), 2804–2814 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. M. A. Maia, L. Karlsson, W. Margulis, and A. S. L. Gomes, “Evaluation of two imaging techniques: near-infrared transillumination and dental radiographs for the detection of early proximal enamel caries,” Dentomaxillofac Rad. 40(7), 429–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

L. Karlsson, A. M. A. Maia, B. B. C. Kyotoku, S. Tranæus, A. S. L. Gomes, and W. Margulis, “Near-infrared transillumination of teeth: measurement of a system performance,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(3), 036001 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

D. M. Zezell, A. d. C. Ribeiro, L. Bachmann, A. S. L. Gomes, C. Rousseau, and J. Girkin, “Characterization of natural carious lesions by fluorescence spectroscopy at 405 nm excitation wavelength,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(6), 064013 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. J. S. de Matos, L. d. S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 369(6478), 340 (1994).
[Crossref]

Abogazalah, N.

N. Abogazalah, J. G. Eckert, and M. Ando, “In vitro performance of near infrared light transillumination at 780-nm and digital radiography for detection of non cavitated approximal caries,” J. Dent. 63, 44–50 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ahmadi, P.

Ando, M.

N. Abogazalah, J. G. Eckert, and M. Ando, “In vitro performance of near infrared light transillumination at 780-nm and digital radiography for detection of non cavitated approximal caries,” J. Dent. 63, 44–50 (2017).
[Crossref]

Babin, S. A.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bachmann, L.

D. M. Zezell, A. d. C. Ribeiro, L. Bachmann, A. S. L. Gomes, C. Rousseau, and J. Girkin, “Characterization of natural carious lesions by fluorescence spectroscopy at 405 nm excitation wavelength,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(6), 064013 (2007).
[Crossref]

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 369(6478), 340 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bixler, J. N.

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. H. Hokr, D. T. Nodurft, J. V. Thompson, J. N. Bixler, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, H. Cao, B. A. Rockwell, M. F. Scully, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Lighting up microscopy with random Raman lasing,” in Real-time Measurements, Rogue Events, and Emerging Applications, (2016), pp.9732.

Brackett, M. G.

J. K. Mitchell, A. R. Furness, R. J. Sword, S. W. Looney, W. W. Brackett, and M. G. Brackett, “Diagnosis of Pit-and-fissure Caries Using Three-dimensional Scanned Images,” Oper. Dent. 43(3), E152–E157 (2018).
[Crossref]

Brackett, W. W.

J. K. Mitchell, A. R. Furness, R. J. Sword, S. W. Looney, W. W. Brackett, and M. G. Brackett, “Diagnosis of Pit-and-fissure Caries Using Three-dimensional Scanned Images,” Oper. Dent. 43(3), E152–E157 (2018).
[Crossref]

Braisch, U.

M. A. Geibel, S. Carstens, U. Braisch, A. Rahman, M. Herz, and A. Jablonski-Momeni, “Radiographic diagnosis of proximal caries-influence of experience and gender of the dental staff,” Clin. Oral. Invest. 21(9), 2761–2770 (2017).
[Crossref]

Brito-Silva, A. M.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. d. S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Redding, P. Ahmadi, V. Mokan, M. Seifert, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Low-spatial-coherence high-radiance broadband fiber source for speckle free imaging,” Opt. Lett. 40(20), 4607–4610 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. H. Hokr, D. T. Nodurft, J. V. Thompson, J. N. Bixler, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, H. Cao, B. A. Rockwell, M. F. Scully, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Lighting up microscopy with random Raman lasing,” in Real-time Measurements, Rogue Events, and Emerging Applications, (2016), pp.9732.

Carstens, S.

M. A. Geibel, S. Carstens, U. Braisch, A. Rahman, M. Herz, and A. Jablonski-Momeni, “Radiographic diagnosis of proximal caries-influence of experience and gender of the dental staff,” Clin. Oral. Invest. 21(9), 2761–2770 (2017).
[Crossref]

Carvalho, M. T.

M. T. Carvalho, A. S. Lotay, F. M. Kenny, J. M. Girkin, and A. S. L. Gomes, “Random laser illumination: an ideal source for biomedical polarization imaging?” in Multimodal Biomedical Imaging XI, (2016), pp. 9701.

Chan, K. H.

K. H. Chan and D. Fried, “Multispectral cross-polarization reflectance measurements suggest high contrast of demineralization on tooth surfaces at wavelengths beyond 1300 nm due to reduced light scattering in sound enamel,” J. Biomed. Opt. 23(6), 060501 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. C. Simon, S. A. Lucas, M. Staninec, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, M. J. Cozin, R. C. Lee, and D. Fried, “Near-IR transillumination and reflectance imaging at 1300-nm and 1500-1700-nm for in vivo caries detection,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(9), 828–836 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. A. Fried, D. Fried, K. H. Chan, and C. L. Darling, “High contrast reflectance imaging of simulated lesions on tooth occlusal surfaces at near-IR wavelengths,” Lasers Surg. Med. 45(8), 533–541 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Choma, M. A.

Chung, S.

Churkin, D. V.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cozin, M. J.

J. C. Simon, S. A. Lucas, M. Staninec, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, M. J. Cozin, R. C. Lee, and D. Fried, “Near-IR transillumination and reflectance imaging at 1300-nm and 1500-1700-nm for in vivo caries detection,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(9), 828–836 (2016).
[Crossref]

Curtis, D. A.

V. B. Yang, D. A. Curtis, and D. Fried, “Cross-polarization reflectance imaging of root caries and dental calculus on extracted teeth at wavelengths from 400 to 2350 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(11), e201800113 (2018).
[Crossref]

Darling, C. L.

J. C. Simon, S. A. Lucas, M. Staninec, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, M. J. Cozin, R. C. Lee, and D. Fried, “Near-IR transillumination and reflectance imaging at 1300-nm and 1500-1700-nm for in vivo caries detection,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(9), 828–836 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. A. Fried, D. Fried, K. H. Chan, and C. L. Darling, “High contrast reflectance imaging of simulated lesions on tooth occlusal surfaces at near-IR wavelengths,” Lasers Surg. Med. 45(8), 533–541 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Chung, D. Fried, M. Staninec, and C. L. Darling, “Multispectral near-IR reflectance and transillumination imaging of teeth,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(10), 2804–2814 (2011).
[Crossref]

de Araújo, C. B.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. d. S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

de Matos, C. J. S.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. d. S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dyer, P. N.

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

Eckert, J. G.

N. Abogazalah, J. G. Eckert, and M. Ando, “In vitro performance of near infrared light transillumination at 780-nm and digital radiography for detection of non cavitated approximal caries,” J. Dent. 63, 44–50 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fried, D.

V. B. Yang, D. A. Curtis, and D. Fried, “Cross-polarization reflectance imaging of root caries and dental calculus on extracted teeth at wavelengths from 400 to 2350 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(11), e201800113 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. H. Chan and D. Fried, “Multispectral cross-polarization reflectance measurements suggest high contrast of demineralization on tooth surfaces at wavelengths beyond 1300 nm due to reduced light scattering in sound enamel,” J. Biomed. Opt. 23(6), 060501 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. C. Simon, S. A. Lucas, M. Staninec, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, M. J. Cozin, R. C. Lee, and D. Fried, “Near-IR transillumination and reflectance imaging at 1300-nm and 1500-1700-nm for in vivo caries detection,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(9), 828–836 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. A. Fried, D. Fried, K. H. Chan, and C. L. Darling, “High contrast reflectance imaging of simulated lesions on tooth occlusal surfaces at near-IR wavelengths,” Lasers Surg. Med. 45(8), 533–541 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Chung, D. Fried, M. Staninec, and C. L. Darling, “Multispectral near-IR reflectance and transillumination imaging of teeth,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(10), 2804–2814 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fried, W. A.

W. A. Fried, D. Fried, K. H. Chan, and C. L. Darling, “High contrast reflectance imaging of simulated lesions on tooth occlusal surfaces at near-IR wavelengths,” Lasers Surg. Med. 45(8), 533–541 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fu, Q.

Z. J. Hu, B. Miao, T. X. Wang, Q. Fu, D. G. Zhang, H. Ming, and Q. J. Zhang, “Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4644–4647 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Furness, A. R.

J. K. Mitchell, A. R. Furness, R. J. Sword, S. W. Looney, W. W. Brackett, and M. G. Brackett, “Diagnosis of Pit-and-fissure Caries Using Three-dimensional Scanned Images,” Oper. Dent. 43(3), E152–E157 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gámez, M. A. M.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. d. S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Geibel, M. A.

M. A. Geibel, S. Carstens, U. Braisch, A. Rahman, M. Herz, and A. Jablonski-Momeni, “Radiographic diagnosis of proximal caries-influence of experience and gender of the dental staff,” Clin. Oral. Invest. 21(9), 2761–2770 (2017).
[Crossref]

Girkin, J.

D. M. Zezell, A. d. C. Ribeiro, L. Bachmann, A. S. L. Gomes, C. Rousseau, and J. Girkin, “Characterization of natural carious lesions by fluorescence spectroscopy at 405 nm excitation wavelength,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(6), 064013 (2007).
[Crossref]

Girkin, J. M.

M. T. Carvalho, A. S. Lotay, F. M. Kenny, J. M. Girkin, and A. S. L. Gomes, “Random laser illumination: an ideal source for biomedical polarization imaging?” in Multimodal Biomedical Imaging XI, (2016), pp. 9701.

Gomes, A. S. L.

F. Luan, B. Gu, A. S. L. Gomes, K. T. Yong, S. Wen, and P. Prasad, “Lasing in Nanocomposite Random Media, Review Paper,” Nano Today 10(2), 168–192 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. M. A. Maia, L. Karlsson, W. Margulis, and A. S. L. Gomes, “Evaluation of two imaging techniques: near-infrared transillumination and dental radiographs for the detection of early proximal enamel caries,” Dentomaxillofac Rad. 40(7), 429–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Karlsson, A. M. A. Maia, B. B. C. Kyotoku, S. Tranæus, A. S. L. Gomes, and W. Margulis, “Near-infrared transillumination of teeth: measurement of a system performance,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(3), 036001 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. M. Zezell, A. d. C. Ribeiro, L. Bachmann, A. S. L. Gomes, C. Rousseau, and J. Girkin, “Characterization of natural carious lesions by fluorescence spectroscopy at 405 nm excitation wavelength,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(6), 064013 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. J. S. de Matos, L. d. S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 369(6478), 340 (1994).
[Crossref]

M. T. Carvalho, A. S. Lotay, F. M. Kenny, J. M. Girkin, and A. S. L. Gomes, “Random laser illumination: an ideal source for biomedical polarization imaging?” in Multimodal Biomedical Imaging XI, (2016), pp. 9701.

Gomez, J.

J. Gomez, “Detection and diagnosis of the early caries lesion,” BMC Oral Health 15(S1), S3 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gu, B.

F. Luan, B. Gu, A. S. L. Gomes, K. T. Yong, S. Wen, and P. Prasad, “Lasing in Nanocomposite Random Media, Review Paper,” Nano Today 10(2), 168–192 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, J. Y.

Herz, M.

M. A. Geibel, S. Carstens, U. Braisch, A. Rahman, M. Herz, and A. Jablonski-Momeni, “Radiographic diagnosis of proximal caries-influence of experience and gender of the dental staff,” Clin. Oral. Invest. 21(9), 2761–2770 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hokr, B. H.

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. H. Hokr, D. T. Nodurft, J. V. Thompson, J. N. Bixler, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, H. Cao, B. A. Rockwell, M. F. Scully, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Lighting up microscopy with random Raman lasing,” in Real-time Measurements, Rogue Events, and Emerging Applications, (2016), pp.9732.

Hu, B.

R. Ma, J. Q. Li, J. Y. Guo, H. Wu, H. H. Zhang, B. Hu, Y. J. Rao, and W. L. Zhang, “High-power low spatial coherence random fiber laser,” Opt. Express 27(6), 8738–8744 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and B. Hu, “Multimode Random Fiber Laser for Speckle-Free Imaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(1), 0900106 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hu, Z. J.

Z. J. Hu, B. Miao, T. X. Wang, Q. Fu, D. G. Zhang, H. Ming, and Q. J. Zhang, “Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4644–4647 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jablonski-Momeni, A.

M. A. Geibel, S. Carstens, U. Braisch, A. Rahman, M. Herz, and A. Jablonski-Momeni, “Radiographic diagnosis of proximal caries-influence of experience and gender of the dental staff,” Clin. Oral. Invest. 21(9), 2761–2770 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jung, K. H.

S. A. Son, K. H. Jung, C. C. Ko, and Y. H. Kwon, “Spectral characteristics of caries-related autofluorescence spectra and their use for diagnosis of caries stage,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 015001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, L.

A. M. A. Maia, L. Karlsson, W. Margulis, and A. S. L. Gomes, “Evaluation of two imaging techniques: near-infrared transillumination and dental radiographs for the detection of early proximal enamel caries,” Dentomaxillofac Rad. 40(7), 429–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Karlsson, A. M. A. Maia, B. B. C. Kyotoku, S. Tranæus, A. S. L. Gomes, and W. Margulis, “Near-infrared transillumination of teeth: measurement of a system performance,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(3), 036001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kenny, F. M.

M. T. Carvalho, A. S. Lotay, F. M. Kenny, J. M. Girkin, and A. S. L. Gomes, “Random laser illumination: an ideal source for biomedical polarization imaging?” in Multimodal Biomedical Imaging XI, (2016), pp. 9701.

Ko, C. C.

S. A. Son, K. H. Jung, C. C. Ko, and Y. H. Kwon, “Spectral characteristics of caries-related autofluorescence spectra and their use for diagnosis of caries stage,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 015001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kwon, Y. H.

S. A. Son, K. H. Jung, C. C. Ko, and Y. H. Kwon, “Spectral characteristics of caries-related autofluorescence spectra and their use for diagnosis of caries stage,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 015001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kyotoku, B. B. C.

L. Karlsson, A. M. A. Maia, B. B. C. Kyotoku, S. Tranæus, A. S. L. Gomes, and W. Margulis, “Near-infrared transillumination of teeth: measurement of a system performance,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(3), 036001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 369(6478), 340 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lee, R. C.

J. C. Simon, S. A. Lucas, M. Staninec, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, M. J. Cozin, R. C. Lee, and D. Fried, “Near-IR transillumination and reflectance imaging at 1300-nm and 1500-1700-nm for in vivo caries detection,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(9), 828–836 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, J. Q.

Looney, S. W.

J. K. Mitchell, A. R. Furness, R. J. Sword, S. W. Looney, W. W. Brackett, and M. G. Brackett, “Diagnosis of Pit-and-fissure Caries Using Three-dimensional Scanned Images,” Oper. Dent. 43(3), E152–E157 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lotay, A. S.

M. T. Carvalho, A. S. Lotay, F. M. Kenny, J. M. Girkin, and A. S. L. Gomes, “Random laser illumination: an ideal source for biomedical polarization imaging?” in Multimodal Biomedical Imaging XI, (2016), pp. 9701.

Luan, F.

F. Luan, B. Gu, A. S. L. Gomes, K. T. Yong, S. Wen, and P. Prasad, “Lasing in Nanocomposite Random Media, Review Paper,” Nano Today 10(2), 168–192 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lucas, S. A.

J. C. Simon, S. A. Lucas, M. Staninec, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, M. J. Cozin, R. C. Lee, and D. Fried, “Near-IR transillumination and reflectance imaging at 1300-nm and 1500-1700-nm for in vivo caries detection,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(9), 828–836 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, R.

Maia, A. M. A.

A. M. A. Maia, L. Karlsson, W. Margulis, and A. S. L. Gomes, “Evaluation of two imaging techniques: near-infrared transillumination and dental radiographs for the detection of early proximal enamel caries,” Dentomaxillofac Rad. 40(7), 429–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Karlsson, A. M. A. Maia, B. B. C. Kyotoku, S. Tranæus, A. S. L. Gomes, and W. Margulis, “Near-infrared transillumination of teeth: measurement of a system performance,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(3), 036001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Margulis, W.

A. M. A. Maia, L. Karlsson, W. Margulis, and A. S. L. Gomes, “Evaluation of two imaging techniques: near-infrared transillumination and dental radiographs for the detection of early proximal enamel caries,” Dentomaxillofac Rad. 40(7), 429–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Karlsson, A. M. A. Maia, B. B. C. Kyotoku, S. Tranæus, A. S. L. Gomes, and W. Margulis, “Near-infrared transillumination of teeth: measurement of a system performance,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(3), 036001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Menezes, L. d. S.

C. J. S. de Matos, L. d. S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Miao, B.

Z. J. Hu, B. Miao, T. X. Wang, Q. Fu, D. G. Zhang, H. Ming, and Q. J. Zhang, “Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4644–4647 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ming, H.

Z. J. Hu, B. Miao, T. X. Wang, Q. Fu, D. G. Zhang, H. Ming, and Q. J. Zhang, “Disordered microstructure polymer optical fiber for stabilized coherent random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4644–4647 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mitchell, J. K.

J. K. Mitchell, A. R. Furness, R. J. Sword, S. W. Looney, W. W. Brackett, and M. G. Brackett, “Diagnosis of Pit-and-fissure Caries Using Three-dimensional Scanned Images,” Oper. Dent. 43(3), E152–E157 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mokan, V.

Nodurft, D. T.

B. H. Hokr, D. T. Nodurft, J. V. Thompson, J. N. Bixler, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, H. Cao, B. A. Rockwell, M. F. Scully, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Lighting up microscopy with random Raman lasing,” in Real-time Measurements, Rogue Events, and Emerging Applications, (2016), pp.9732.

Noojin, G. D.

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. H. Hokr, D. T. Nodurft, J. V. Thompson, J. N. Bixler, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, H. Cao, B. A. Rockwell, M. F. Scully, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Lighting up microscopy with random Raman lasing,” in Real-time Measurements, Rogue Events, and Emerging Applications, (2016), pp.9732.

Perschbacher, S.

S. Perschbacher, “Interpretation of panoramic radiographs,” Aust. Dent. J. 57(Suppl 1), 40–45 (2012).
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Podivilov, E. V.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Prasad, P.

F. Luan, B. Gu, A. S. L. Gomes, K. T. Yong, S. Wen, and P. Prasad, “Lasing in Nanocomposite Random Media, Review Paper,” Nano Today 10(2), 168–192 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rahman, A.

M. A. Geibel, S. Carstens, U. Braisch, A. Rahman, M. Herz, and A. Jablonski-Momeni, “Radiographic diagnosis of proximal caries-influence of experience and gender of the dental staff,” Clin. Oral. Invest. 21(9), 2761–2770 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y. J.

Redding, B.

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Redding, P. Ahmadi, V. Mokan, M. Seifert, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Low-spatial-coherence high-radiance broadband fiber source for speckle free imaging,” Opt. Lett. 40(20), 4607–4610 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. H. Hokr, D. T. Nodurft, J. V. Thompson, J. N. Bixler, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, H. Cao, B. A. Rockwell, M. F. Scully, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Lighting up microscopy with random Raman lasing,” in Real-time Measurements, Rogue Events, and Emerging Applications, (2016), pp.9732.

Ribeiro, A. d. C.

D. M. Zezell, A. d. C. Ribeiro, L. Bachmann, A. S. L. Gomes, C. Rousseau, and J. Girkin, “Characterization of natural carious lesions by fluorescence spectroscopy at 405 nm excitation wavelength,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(6), 064013 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rockwell, B. A.

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. H. Hokr, D. T. Nodurft, J. V. Thompson, J. N. Bixler, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, H. Cao, B. A. Rockwell, M. F. Scully, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Lighting up microscopy with random Raman lasing,” in Real-time Measurements, Rogue Events, and Emerging Applications, (2016), pp.9732.

Rousseau, C.

D. M. Zezell, A. d. C. Ribeiro, L. Bachmann, A. S. L. Gomes, C. Rousseau, and J. Girkin, “Characterization of natural carious lesions by fluorescence spectroscopy at 405 nm excitation wavelength,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(6), 064013 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 369(6478), 340 (1994).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, M. S.

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

Scully, M. F.

B. H. Hokr, D. T. Nodurft, J. V. Thompson, J. N. Bixler, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, H. Cao, B. A. Rockwell, M. F. Scully, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Lighting up microscopy with random Raman lasing,” in Real-time Measurements, Rogue Events, and Emerging Applications, (2016), pp.9732.

Scully, M. O.

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

Seifert, M.

Simon, J. C.

J. C. Simon, S. A. Lucas, M. Staninec, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, M. J. Cozin, R. C. Lee, and D. Fried, “Near-IR transillumination and reflectance imaging at 1300-nm and 1500-1700-nm for in vivo caries detection,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(9), 828–836 (2016).
[Crossref]

Son, S. A.

S. A. Son, K. H. Jung, C. C. Ko, and Y. H. Kwon, “Spectral characteristics of caries-related autofluorescence spectra and their use for diagnosis of caries stage,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 015001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Staninec, M.

J. C. Simon, S. A. Lucas, M. Staninec, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, M. J. Cozin, R. C. Lee, and D. Fried, “Near-IR transillumination and reflectance imaging at 1300-nm and 1500-1700-nm for in vivo caries detection,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(9), 828–836 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Chung, D. Fried, M. Staninec, and C. L. Darling, “Multispectral near-IR reflectance and transillumination imaging of teeth,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(10), 2804–2814 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sugavanam, S.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sword, R. J.

J. K. Mitchell, A. R. Furness, R. J. Sword, S. W. Looney, W. W. Brackett, and M. G. Brackett, “Diagnosis of Pit-and-fissure Caries Using Three-dimensional Scanned Images,” Oper. Dent. 43(3), E152–E157 (2018).
[Crossref]

Thomas, R. J.

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. H. Hokr, D. T. Nodurft, J. V. Thompson, J. N. Bixler, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, H. Cao, B. A. Rockwell, M. F. Scully, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Lighting up microscopy with random Raman lasing,” in Real-time Measurements, Rogue Events, and Emerging Applications, (2016), pp.9732.

Thompson, J. V.

B. H. Hokr, D. T. Nodurft, J. V. Thompson, J. N. Bixler, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, H. Cao, B. A. Rockwell, M. F. Scully, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Lighting up microscopy with random Raman lasing,” in Real-time Measurements, Rogue Events, and Emerging Applications, (2016), pp.9732.

Tom, H.

J. C. Simon, S. A. Lucas, M. Staninec, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, M. J. Cozin, R. C. Lee, and D. Fried, “Near-IR transillumination and reflectance imaging at 1300-nm and 1500-1700-nm for in vivo caries detection,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(9), 828–836 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tranæus, S.

L. Karlsson, A. M. A. Maia, B. B. C. Kyotoku, S. Tranæus, A. S. L. Gomes, and W. Margulis, “Near-infrared transillumination of teeth: measurement of a system performance,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(3), 036001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Turitsyn, S. K.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vatnik, I. D.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, P.

Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, T. X.

Wang, Z.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

F. Luan, B. Gu, A. S. L. Gomes, K. T. Yong, S. Wen, and P. Prasad, “Lasing in Nanocomposite Random Media, Review Paper,” Nano Today 10(2), 168–192 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

Yakovlev, V. V.

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. H. Hokr, D. T. Nodurft, J. V. Thompson, J. N. Bixler, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, H. Cao, B. A. Rockwell, M. F. Scully, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Lighting up microscopy with random Raman lasing,” in Real-time Measurements, Rogue Events, and Emerging Applications, (2016), pp.9732.

Yang, V. B.

V. B. Yang, D. A. Curtis, and D. Fried, “Cross-polarization reflectance imaging of root caries and dental calculus on extracted teeth at wavelengths from 400 to 2350 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(11), e201800113 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yong, K. T.

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[Crossref]

Zezell, D. M.

D. M. Zezell, A. d. C. Ribeiro, L. Bachmann, A. S. L. Gomes, C. Rousseau, and J. Girkin, “Characterization of natural carious lesions by fluorescence spectroscopy at 405 nm excitation wavelength,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(6), 064013 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
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Zhang, D. G.

Zhang, H. H.

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Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q. J.

Zhang, W. L.

Zou, G.

Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Aust. Dent. J. (1)

S. Perschbacher, “Interpretation of panoramic radiographs,” Aust. Dent. J. 57(Suppl 1), 40–45 (2012).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

BMC Oral Health (1)

J. Gomez, “Detection and diagnosis of the early caries lesion,” BMC Oral Health 15(S1), S3 (2015).
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Clin. Oral. Invest. (1)

M. A. Geibel, S. Carstens, U. Braisch, A. Rahman, M. Herz, and A. Jablonski-Momeni, “Radiographic diagnosis of proximal caries-influence of experience and gender of the dental staff,” Clin. Oral. Invest. 21(9), 2761–2770 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dentomaxillofac Rad. (1)

A. M. A. Maia, L. Karlsson, W. Margulis, and A. S. L. Gomes, “Evaluation of two imaging techniques: near-infrared transillumination and dental radiographs for the detection of early proximal enamel caries,” Dentomaxillofac Rad. 40(7), 429–433 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Ma, Y. J. Rao, W. L. Zhang, and B. Hu, “Multimode Random Fiber Laser for Speckle-Free Imaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 25(1), 0900106 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Biomed. Opt. (5)

K. H. Chan and D. Fried, “Multispectral cross-polarization reflectance measurements suggest high contrast of demineralization on tooth surfaces at wavelengths beyond 1300 nm due to reduced light scattering in sound enamel,” J. Biomed. Opt. 23(6), 060501 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. B. Yang, D. A. Curtis, and D. Fried, “Cross-polarization reflectance imaging of root caries and dental calculus on extracted teeth at wavelengths from 400 to 2350 nm,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(11), e201800113 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. A. Son, K. H. Jung, C. C. Ko, and Y. H. Kwon, “Spectral characteristics of caries-related autofluorescence spectra and their use for diagnosis of caries stage,” J. Biomed. Opt. 21(1), 015001 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. M. Zezell, A. d. C. Ribeiro, L. Bachmann, A. S. L. Gomes, C. Rousseau, and J. Girkin, “Characterization of natural carious lesions by fluorescence spectroscopy at 405 nm excitation wavelength,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(6), 064013 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Karlsson, A. M. A. Maia, B. B. C. Kyotoku, S. Tranæus, A. S. L. Gomes, and W. Margulis, “Near-infrared transillumination of teeth: measurement of a system performance,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(3), 036001 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Dent. (1)

N. Abogazalah, J. G. Eckert, and M. Ando, “In vitro performance of near infrared light transillumination at 780-nm and digital radiography for detection of non cavitated approximal caries,” J. Dent. 63, 44–50 (2017).
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J. Mod. Opt. (1)

B. H. Hokr, M. S. Schmidt, J. N. Bixler, P. N. Dyer, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, H. Cao, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, “A narrow-band speckle-free light source via random Raman lasing,” J. Mod. Opt. 63(1), 46–49 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lasers Surg. Med. (2)

W. A. Fried, D. Fried, K. H. Chan, and C. L. Darling, “High contrast reflectance imaging of simulated lesions on tooth occlusal surfaces at near-IR wavelengths,” Lasers Surg. Med. 45(8), 533–541 (2013).
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J. C. Simon, S. A. Lucas, M. Staninec, H. Tom, K. H. Chan, C. L. Darling, M. J. Cozin, R. C. Lee, and D. Fried, “Near-IR transillumination and reflectance imaging at 1300-nm and 1500-1700-nm for in vivo caries detection,” Lasers Surg. Med. 48(9), 828–836 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nano Today (1)

F. Luan, B. Gu, A. S. L. Gomes, K. T. Yong, S. Wen, and P. Prasad, “Lasing in Nanocomposite Random Media, Review Paper,” Nano Today 10(2), 168–192 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 369(6478), 340 (1994).
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Oper. Dent. (1)

J. K. Mitchell, A. R. Furness, R. J. Sword, S. W. Looney, W. W. Brackett, and M. G. Brackett, “Diagnosis of Pit-and-fissure Caries Using Three-dimensional Scanned Images,” Oper. Dent. 43(3), E152–E157 (2018).
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Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

C. J. S. de Matos, L. d. S. Menezes, A. M. Brito-Silva, M. A. M. Gámez, A. S. L. Gomes, and C. B. de Araújo, “Random Fiber Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(15), 153903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. J. Hu, Q. Zhang, B. Miao, Q. Fu, G. Zou, Y. Chen, Y. Luo, D. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Ming, and Q. Zhang, “Coherent Random Fiber Laser Based on Nanoparticles Scatteringin the Extremely Weakly Scattering Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(25), 253901 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

B. H. Hokr, D. T. Nodurft, J. V. Thompson, J. N. Bixler, G. D. Noojin, B. Redding, R. J. Thomas, H. Cao, B. A. Rockwell, M. F. Scully, and V. V. Yakovlev, “Lighting up microscopy with random Raman lasing,” in Real-time Measurements, Rogue Events, and Emerging Applications, (2016), pp.9732.

M. T. Carvalho, A. S. Lotay, F. M. Kenny, J. M. Girkin, and A. S. L. Gomes, “Random laser illumination: an ideal source for biomedical polarization imaging?” in Multimodal Biomedical Imaging XI, (2016), pp. 9701.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic of experimental setup. WDM, wavelength division multiplexer. SMF, single mode fiber. ISO, isolator. VOA, variable optical attenuator. MMF, multimode fiber. BS, beam splitter
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) tooth sample being cut; (b) representative tooth sample slice.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Imaging from different sources. (a) spectrum of RFL, ASE, and NLL (b)-(d)imaging result of RFL, ASE and NLL, respectively.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Imaging at different pump power. (a)-(f) image of different power for RFL and ASE, (g) the integral intensity of RFL and ASE.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Imaging comparison between RFL and ASE. (a) RFL image, (b) ASE image, (c) Intensity along the red dotted curve, (d) Intensity along red solid curve.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Imaging comparison between RFL and ASE. (a) RFL image, (b) ASE image, (c) Intensity along the red dotted curve, (d) Intensity along red solid curve.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Intensity of cross section of tooth specimen.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. The contrast of RFL, radiography, and microscope

Equations (3)

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C = ( I c r a c k I e n a m e l ) / ( I c r a c k + I e n a m e l )
C d e = | I d e n t i n I e n a m e l | / ( I d e n t i n + I e n a m e l )
C c e = | I c a r i e s I e n a m e l | / ( I c a r i e s + I e n a m e l )

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