Abstract

An all-fiber acousto-optic modulator (AOM), which features a compact structure and a low-driving voltage, is experimentally demonstrated for the active mode-locking of a fiber laser. The proposed AOM is based on the short length of the cladding-etched fiber, the ends of which are fixed on a slide glass. On top of the cladding-etched fiber, a piezoelectric transducer was overlaid. A chemical wet-etching technique, which is based on a mixed solution of NH4F and (NH4)2SO4, is used to reduce the fiber diameter down to 25  μm, and the length of the etched section is only 0.5 cm. The fabricated device exhibited a modulation depth of 73.10% at an acoustic frequency of 918.9 kHz and a peak-to-peak electrical voltage of 10 V, while a laser beam was coupled at 1560 nm. By using the prepared AOM within an erbium-doped-fiber ring cavity, the mode-locked pulses with a temporal width of 2.66 ps were readily obtained at a repetition rate of 1.838 MHz.

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Long-cavity all-fiber ring laser actively mode locked with an in-fiber bandpass acousto-optic modulator

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2016 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and A. Rodríguez-Cobos, “Mode-locked all-fiber ring laser based on broad bandwidth in-fiber acousto-optic modulator,” Appl. Phys. B 110, 73–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an actively mode-locked fiber ring laser based on in-fiber amplitude modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 269–276 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. D. Lee, J. H. Lee, M. Y. Jeong, and C.-S. Kim, “Characterization of wavelength-swept active mode locking fiber laser based on reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Express 19, 14586–14593 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 95–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, D. Sáez-Rodríguez, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Actively mode-locked fiber ring laser by intermodal acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3781–3783 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2005 (1)

N. Myren and W. Margulis, “All-fiber electrooptical mode-locking and tuning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2047–2049 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

T. Jin, Q. Li, J. Zhao, K. Cheng, and X. Liu, “Ultra-broad-band AOTF based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1133–1135 (2002).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, X. Liu, J. Peng, B. Zhou, E. R. Lyons, and H. P. Lee, “Highly efficient acoustooptic tunable filter based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 337–339 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, “A 40-GHz 0.9-ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530-1560  nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587–1589 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, W. Y. Oh, B. Y. Kim, H. W. Lee, and Y. W. Koh, “Harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator in a Sagnac loop and Faraday rotating mirror cavity,” Opt. Commun. 149, 312–316 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, and Y. W. Koh, “An electronically wavelength-tunable mode-locked fiber laser using an all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1618–1620 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428–436 (1988).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

D. J. Kuizenga and A. E. Siegman, “FM and AM mode locking of the homogeneous laser—Part I: Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 694–708 (1970).
[Crossref]

Andrés, M. V.

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, M. Bello-Jiménez, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Long-cavity all-fiber ring laser actively mode locked with an in-fiber bandpass acousto-optic modulator,” Opt. Lett. 39, 68–71 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and A. Rodríguez-Cobos, “Mode-locked all-fiber ring laser based on broad bandwidth in-fiber acousto-optic modulator,” Appl. Phys. B 110, 73–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an actively mode-locked fiber ring laser based on in-fiber amplitude modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 269–276 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 95–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, D. Sáez-Rodríguez, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Actively mode-locked fiber ring laser by intermodal acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3781–3783 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode locking of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic superlattice modulation,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1111–1113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bello-Jiménez, M.

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, M. Bello-Jiménez, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Long-cavity all-fiber ring laser actively mode locked with an in-fiber bandpass acousto-optic modulator,” Opt. Lett. 39, 68–71 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and A. Rodríguez-Cobos, “Mode-locked all-fiber ring laser based on broad bandwidth in-fiber acousto-optic modulator,” Appl. Phys. B 110, 73–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an actively mode-locked fiber ring laser based on in-fiber amplitude modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 269–276 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, D. Sáez-Rodríguez, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Actively mode-locked fiber ring laser by intermodal acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3781–3783 (2010).
[Crossref]

Birks, T.

Blake, J. N.

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428–436 (1988).
[Crossref]

Brodeur, A.

Cheng, K.

T. Jin, Q. Li, J. Zhao, K. Cheng, and X. Liu, “Ultra-broad-band AOTF based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1133–1135 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cruz, J. L.

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, M. Bello-Jiménez, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Long-cavity all-fiber ring laser actively mode locked with an in-fiber bandpass acousto-optic modulator,” Opt. Lett. 39, 68–71 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and A. Rodríguez-Cobos, “Mode-locked all-fiber ring laser based on broad bandwidth in-fiber acousto-optic modulator,” Appl. Phys. B 110, 73–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an actively mode-locked fiber ring laser based on in-fiber amplitude modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 269–276 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 95–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, D. Sáez-Rodríguez, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Actively mode-locked fiber ring laser by intermodal acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3781–3783 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode locking of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic superlattice modulation,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1111–1113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cuadrado-Laborde, C.

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, M. Bello-Jiménez, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Long-cavity all-fiber ring laser actively mode locked with an in-fiber bandpass acousto-optic modulator,” Opt. Lett. 39, 68–71 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and A. Rodríguez-Cobos, “Mode-locked all-fiber ring laser based on broad bandwidth in-fiber acousto-optic modulator,” Appl. Phys. B 110, 73–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an actively mode-locked fiber ring laser based on in-fiber amplitude modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 269–276 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 95–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, D. Sáez-Rodríguez, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Actively mode-locked fiber ring laser by intermodal acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3781–3783 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode locking of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic superlattice modulation,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1111–1113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Culverhouse, D.

Delgado-Pinar, M.

Díez, A.

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, M. Bello-Jiménez, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Long-cavity all-fiber ring laser actively mode locked with an in-fiber bandpass acousto-optic modulator,” Opt. Lett. 39, 68–71 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and A. Rodríguez-Cobos, “Mode-locked all-fiber ring laser based on broad bandwidth in-fiber acousto-optic modulator,” Appl. Phys. B 110, 73–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an actively mode-locked fiber ring laser based on in-fiber amplitude modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 269–276 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 95–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, D. Sáez-Rodríguez, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Actively mode-locked fiber ring laser by intermodal acousto-optic modulation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3781–3783 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Mode locking of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic superlattice modulation,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1111–1113 (2009).
[Crossref]

Engan, H. E.

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428–436 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ferguson, A.

García, J. F.

Gu, M.

Jeon, M. Y.

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, W. Y. Oh, B. Y. Kim, H. W. Lee, and Y. W. Koh, “Harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator in a Sagnac loop and Faraday rotating mirror cavity,” Opt. Commun. 149, 312–316 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, and Y. W. Koh, “An electronically wavelength-tunable mode-locked fiber laser using an all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1618–1620 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jeong, M. Y.

Jin, T.

T. Jin, Q. Li, J. Zhao, K. Cheng, and X. Liu, “Ultra-broad-band AOTF based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1133–1135 (2002).
[Crossref]

Joo, B.

Kim, B. Y.

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, W. Y. Oh, B. Y. Kim, H. W. Lee, and Y. W. Koh, “Harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator in a Sagnac loop and Faraday rotating mirror cavity,” Opt. Commun. 149, 312–316 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. S. Kim, S. H. Yun, I. K. Kwang, and B. Y. Kim, “All-fiber acousto-optic tunable notch filter with electronically controllable spectral profile,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1476–1478 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, and Y. W. Koh, “An electronically wavelength-tunable mode-locked fiber laser using an all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1618–1620 (1996).
[Crossref]

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428–436 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kim, C.-S.

Kim, H. S.

Kim, K. H.

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, W. Y. Oh, B. Y. Kim, H. W. Lee, and Y. W. Koh, “Harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator in a Sagnac loop and Faraday rotating mirror cavity,” Opt. Commun. 149, 312–316 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, and Y. W. Koh, “An electronically wavelength-tunable mode-locked fiber laser using an all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1618–1620 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kino, G.

Ko, S.

Koh, Y. W.

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, W. Y. Oh, B. Y. Kim, H. W. Lee, and Y. W. Koh, “Harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator in a Sagnac loop and Faraday rotating mirror cavity,” Opt. Commun. 149, 312–316 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, and Y. W. Koh, “An electronically wavelength-tunable mode-locked fiber laser using an all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1618–1620 (1996).
[Crossref]

Koo, J.

Kuizenga, D. J.

D. J. Kuizenga and A. E. Siegman, “FM and AM mode locking of the homogeneous laser—Part I: Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 694–708 (1970).
[Crossref]

Kwang, I. K.

Lee, E. H.

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, W. Y. Oh, B. Y. Kim, H. W. Lee, and Y. W. Koh, “Harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator in a Sagnac loop and Faraday rotating mirror cavity,” Opt. Commun. 149, 312–316 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, and Y. W. Koh, “An electronically wavelength-tunable mode-locked fiber laser using an all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1618–1620 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. D.

Lee, H. K.

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, W. Y. Oh, B. Y. Kim, H. W. Lee, and Y. W. Koh, “Harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator in a Sagnac loop and Faraday rotating mirror cavity,” Opt. Commun. 149, 312–316 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, and Y. W. Koh, “An electronically wavelength-tunable mode-locked fiber laser using an all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1618–1620 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. P.

Q. Li, X. Liu, J. Peng, B. Zhou, E. R. Lyons, and H. P. Lee, “Highly efficient acoustooptic tunable filter based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 337–339 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. W.

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, W. Y. Oh, B. Y. Kim, H. W. Lee, and Y. W. Koh, “Harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator in a Sagnac loop and Faraday rotating mirror cavity,” Opt. Commun. 149, 312–316 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

Lee, J. H.

Li, Q.

T. Jin, Q. Li, J. Zhao, K. Cheng, and X. Liu, “Ultra-broad-band AOTF based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1133–1135 (2002).
[Crossref]

Q. Li, X. Liu, J. Peng, B. Zhou, E. R. Lyons, and H. P. Lee, “Highly efficient acoustooptic tunable filter based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 337–339 (2002).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Q. Li, X. Liu, J. Peng, B. Zhou, E. R. Lyons, and H. P. Lee, “Highly efficient acoustooptic tunable filter based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 337–339 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Jin, Q. Li, J. Zhao, K. Cheng, and X. Liu, “Ultra-broad-band AOTF based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1133–1135 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lyons, E. R.

Q. Li, X. Liu, J. Peng, B. Zhou, E. R. Lyons, and H. P. Lee, “Highly efficient acoustooptic tunable filter based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 337–339 (2002).
[Crossref]

Margulis, W.

N. Myren and W. Margulis, “All-fiber electrooptical mode-locking and tuning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2047–2049 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mazur, E.

Myren, N.

N. Myren and W. Margulis, “All-fiber electrooptical mode-locking and tuning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2047–2049 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nakazawa, M.

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, “A 40-GHz 0.9-ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530-1560  nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587–1589 (1999).
[Crossref]

Oh, W. Y.

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, W. Y. Oh, B. Y. Kim, H. W. Lee, and Y. W. Koh, “Harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator in a Sagnac loop and Faraday rotating mirror cavity,” Opt. Commun. 149, 312–316 (1998).
[Crossref]

Patterson, D.

Peng, J.

Q. Li, X. Liu, J. Peng, B. Zhou, E. R. Lyons, and H. P. Lee, “Highly efficient acoustooptic tunable filter based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 337–339 (2002).
[Crossref]

Phillips, M.

Richardson, D.

Rodríguez-Cobos, A.

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and A. Rodríguez-Cobos, “Mode-locked all-fiber ring laser based on broad bandwidth in-fiber acousto-optic modulator,” Appl. Phys. B 110, 73–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

Russell, P.

Sáez-Rodríguez, D.

Schaffer, C. B.

Shaw, H. J.

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428–436 (1988).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, N.

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, “A 40-GHz 0.9-ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530-1560  nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587–1589 (1999).
[Crossref]

Siegman, A. E.

D. J. Kuizenga and A. E. Siegman, “FM and AM mode locking of the homogeneous laser—Part I: Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 694–708 (1970).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, E.

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, “A 40-GHz 0.9-ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530-1560  nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587–1589 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yun, S. H.

H. S. Kim, S. H. Yun, I. K. Kwang, and B. Y. Kim, “All-fiber acousto-optic tunable notch filter with electronically controllable spectral profile,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1476–1478 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, and Y. W. Koh, “An electronically wavelength-tunable mode-locked fiber laser using an all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1618–1620 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

T. Jin, Q. Li, J. Zhao, K. Cheng, and X. Liu, “Ultra-broad-band AOTF based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1133–1135 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhou, B.

Q. Li, X. Liu, J. Peng, B. Zhou, E. R. Lyons, and H. P. Lee, “Highly efficient acoustooptic tunable filter based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 337–339 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an all-fiber laser actively mode-locked by standing-wave acousto-optic modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 95–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “Experimental study of an actively mode-locked fiber ring laser based on in-fiber amplitude modulation,” Appl. Phys. B 105, 269–276 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Bello-Jiménez, C. Cuadrado-Laborde, A. Díez, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andrés, and A. Rodríguez-Cobos, “Mode-locked all-fiber ring laser based on broad bandwidth in-fiber acousto-optic modulator,” Appl. Phys. B 110, 73–80 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. J. Kuizenga and A. E. Siegman, “FM and AM mode locking of the homogeneous laser—Part I: Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 694–708 (1970).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

Q. Li, X. Liu, J. Peng, B. Zhou, E. R. Lyons, and H. P. Lee, “Highly efficient acoustooptic tunable filter based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 337–339 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Jin, Q. Li, J. Zhao, K. Cheng, and X. Liu, “Ultra-broad-band AOTF based on cladding etched single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1133–1135 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Myren and W. Margulis, “All-fiber electrooptical mode-locking and tuning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2047–2049 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu, and M. Nakazawa, “A 40-GHz 0.9-ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530-1560  nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1587–1589 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, and Y. W. Koh, “An electronically wavelength-tunable mode-locked fiber laser using an all-fiber acoustooptic tunable filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1618–1620 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic waves in two-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428–436 (1988).
[Crossref]

S. Ko, J. Lee, J. Koo, B. Joo, M. Gu, and J. H. Lee, “Chemical wet etching of an optical fiber using a hydrogen fluoride-free solution for a saturable absorber based on the evanescent field interaction,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34, 3776–3784 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, E. H. Lee, W. Y. Oh, B. Y. Kim, H. W. Lee, and Y. W. Koh, “Harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with an acousto-optic modulator in a Sagnac loop and Faraday rotating mirror cavity,” Opt. Commun. 149, 312–316 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Experimental setup of the proposed AOM. (b) Its magnified side-view.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Microscopic images of the etched optical fiber.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Measured modulation depth as a function of the electrical frequency at the wavelength of 1560 nm. (b) Measured oscilloscope traces of the applied electrical signal to the prepared AOM and the output optical signal.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Measured modulation depth as a function of the input-beam wavelength when the frequency and the peak-to-peak amplitude of the electrical signal, which was applied to the PZT, were fixed at 918.9 kHz and 10 V, respectively.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Measured modulation depth as a function of the peak-to-peak amplitude of the electrical signal applied to the PZT. Both the electrical signal frequency and the wavelength of the input laser beam were fixed at 918.9 kHz and 1560 nm, respectively.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Experimental schematic of the mode-locked fiber laser for which the prepared AOM was incorporated.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Measured oscilloscope trace of the output pulses. (b) Measured optical spectrum of the output pulses at a pump power of 108 mW. Inset shows a measured optical spectrum of the output pulses when the electrical signal was off. These measurements were conducted with a pump power of 108 mW.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. (a) Measured autocorrelation trace of the output pulses. (b) Measured electrical spectrum of the output pulses. Inset shows a wide-span electrical spectrum. These measurements were conducted with a pump power of 108 mW.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Measured temporal width and peak power of the output pulses as a function of the pump power.

Equations (1)

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Δ λ = 0.8 π L ( β 01 λ β 1 n λ ) ,

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