Abstract

We propose to use the low-coherence property of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise to mitigate optical crosstalk, such as spatial, polarization, and modal crosstalk, which currently limits the density of photonic integration and fibers for dense space-division multiplexing. High optical crosstalk tolerance can be achieved by ASE-based low-coherence matched detection, which avoids dedicated optical lasers and uses spectrally filtered ASE noise as the signal carrier and as a matched local oscillator. We experimentally demonstrate spatial and modal crosstalk reduction in multimode fiber (MMF) and realize mode- and wavelength-multiplexed transmission over 1.5-km MMF supporting three spatial modes using a single ASE source. Performance degradation due to model dispersion over MMF is experimentally investigated.

© 2019 Chinese Laser Press

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References

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2019 (1)

2016 (2)

2015 (2)

2014 (4)

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Time domain multiplexed spatial division multiplexing receiver,” Opt. Express 22, 12668–12677 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Melati, F. Morichetti, G. G. Gentili, and A. Melloni, “Optical radiative crosstalk in integrated photonic waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 39, 3982–3985 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. J. Winzer, “Making spatial multiplexing a reality,” Nat. Photonics 8, 345–348 (2014).
[Crossref]

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (1)

2009 (2)

2006 (1)

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

T. Mitsui, “Dynamic range of optical reflectometry with spectral interferometry,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 6133–6137 (1999).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

M. Marhic, “Coherent optical CDMA networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 854–864 (1993).
[Crossref]

1959 (1)

D. G. Brennan, “Linear diversity combining techniques,” Proc. IRE 47, 1075–1102 (1959).
[Crossref]

Achten, F.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Alvarado, J. C.

H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, J. van Weerdenburg, R. Amezcua-Correa, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Optical crosstalk reduction using amplified spontaneous emission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2018), paper M4G.5.

Y. Huang, H. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Song, Z. Li, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, R. Amezcua-Correa, and M. Wang, “Mode-multiplexed transmission with crosstalk mitigation using amplified spontaneous emission (ASE),” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2019), paper SM1G.2.

Alvarado-Zacarias, J. C.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Amezcua-Correa, A.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Amezcua-Correa, R.

H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, J. van Weerdenburg, R. Amezcua-Correa, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Optical crosstalk reduction using amplified spontaneous emission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2018), paper M4G.5.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Y. Huang, H. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Song, Z. Li, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, R. Amezcua-Correa, and M. Wang, “Mode-multiplexed transmission with crosstalk mitigation using amplified spontaneous emission (ASE),” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2019), paper SM1G.2.

Awaji, Y.

Bergmen, K.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bigot-Astruc, M.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Birks, T. A.

Bolle, C.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Brennan, D. G.

D. G. Brennan, “Linear diversity combining techniques,” Proc. IRE 47, 1075–1102 (1959).
[Crossref]

Burrows, E.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Capuzzo, M.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Carpenter, J.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Chen, C. P.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Time domain multiplexed spatial division multiplexing receiver,” Opt. Express 22, 12668–12677 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, J. van Weerdenburg, R. Amezcua-Correa, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Optical crosstalk reduction using amplified spontaneous emission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2018), paper M4G.5.

Y. Huang, H. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Song, Z. Li, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, R. Amezcua-Correa, and M. Wang, “Mode-multiplexed transmission with crosstalk mitigation using amplified spontaneous emission (ASE),” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2019), paper SM1G.2.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Choutagunta, K.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Dai, D.

de Waardt, H.

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7, 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fok, M. P.

Fontaine, N. K.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, B. G. Roland Ryf, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, R. L. Y. Sun, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23, 224–234 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, H. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Song, Z. Li, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, R. Amezcua-Correa, and M. Wang, “Mode-multiplexed transmission with crosstalk mitigation using amplified spontaneous emission (ASE),” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2019), paper SM1G.2.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, J. van Weerdenburg, R. Amezcua-Correa, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Optical crosstalk reduction using amplified spontaneous emission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2018), paper M4G.5.

Gabrielli, L. H.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gentili, G. G.

Gris-Sánchez, I.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Hamanaka, T.

Haruna, M.

Huang, B.

Huang, H.

Y. Huang, H. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Song, Z. Li, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, R. Amezcua-Correa, and M. Wang, “Mode-multiplexed transmission with crosstalk mitigation using amplified spontaneous emission (ASE),” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2019), paper SM1G.2.

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, H. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Song, Z. Li, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, R. Amezcua-Correa, and M. Wang, “Mode-multiplexed transmission with crosstalk mitigation using amplified spontaneous emission (ASE),” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2019), paper SM1G.2.

Inoue, S.

Jakobsen, D.

Jespersen, K. G.

Kahn, J. M.

M. B. Shemirani and J. M. Kahn, “Higher-order modal dispersion in graded-index multimode fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 5461–5468 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Kanno, A.

Kanoff, D. R.

Kawanishi, T.

Kim, K.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Kitayama, K.

Klaus, W.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Koonen, T.

H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, J. van Weerdenburg, R. Amezcua-Correa, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Optical crosstalk reduction using amplified spontaneous emission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2018), paper M4G.5.

Kopf, R.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Lai, Y.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Li, G.

Li, Z.

Y. Huang, H. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Song, Z. Li, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, R. Amezcua-Correa, and M. Wang, “Mode-multiplexed transmission with crosstalk mitigation using amplified spontaneous emission (ASE),” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2019), paper SM1G.2.

Lingle, J. R.

Lipson, M.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, L.-W.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref]

Marhic, M.

M. Marhic, “Coherent optical CDMA networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 854–864 (1993).
[Crossref]

Maruyama, H.

Matsuo, S.

Mazur, M.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

Melati, D.

Melloni, A.

Mendinueta, J. M. D.

Mitsui, T.

T. Mitsui, “Dynamic range of optical reflectometry with spectral interferometry,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 6133–6137 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mitsuyama, T.

Morichetti, F.

Neilson, D. T.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

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H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, J. van Weerdenburg, R. Amezcua-Correa, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Optical crosstalk reduction using amplified spontaneous emission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2018), paper M4G.5.

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L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
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L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
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Y. Huang, H. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Song, Z. Li, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, R. Amezcua-Correa, and M. Wang, “Mode-multiplexed transmission with crosstalk mitigation using amplified spontaneous emission (ASE),” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2019), paper SM1G.2.

H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, J. van Weerdenburg, R. Amezcua-Correa, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Optical crosstalk reduction using amplified spontaneous emission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2018), paper M4G.5.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

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R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

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R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

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R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

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Y. Huang, H. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Song, Z. Li, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, R. Amezcua-Correa, and M. Wang, “Mode-multiplexed transmission with crosstalk mitigation using amplified spontaneous emission (ASE),” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2019), paper SM1G.2.

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R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

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H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, J. van Weerdenburg, R. Amezcua-Correa, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Optical crosstalk reduction using amplified spontaneous emission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2018), paper M4G.5.

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Wang, M.

Y. Huang, H. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Song, Z. Li, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, R. Amezcua-Correa, and M. Wang, “Mode-multiplexed transmission with crosstalk mitigation using amplified spontaneous emission (ASE),” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2019), paper SM1G.2.

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R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

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Y. Huang, H. Chen, H. Huang, Y. Song, Z. Li, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, R. Amezcua-Correa, and M. Wang, “Mode-multiplexed transmission with crosstalk mitigation using amplified spontaneous emission (ASE),” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2019), paper SM1G.2.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Wittek, K. Choutagunta, M. Mazur, H. Chen, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, R. Amezcua-Correa, M. Capuzzo, R. Kopf, A. Tate, H. Safar, C. Bolle, D. T. Neilson, E. Burrows, K. Kim, M. Bigot-Astruc, F. Achten, P. Sillard, A. Amezcua-Correa, J. M. Kahn, J. Schröder, and J. Carpenter, “High-spectral-efficiency mode-multiplexed transmission over graded-index multimode fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2018), pp. 1–3.

H. Chen, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, J. van Weerdenburg, R. Amezcua-Correa, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Optical crosstalk reduction using amplified spontaneous emission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2018), paper M4G.5.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Illustration of optical crosstalk from space-division multiplexing (SDM) and photonic integration.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Schematic of (a) crosstalk induced by coherent detection and (b) crosstalk mitigation using low-coherence matched detection. (Base, modulated ASE bandwidth; Bs, signal bandwidth; Δt, temporal path length difference between the signal and LO.)
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Measured optical spectra of an ASE-based low-coherence source (LCS) with different Base. (b) Setup for measuring inteferogram of a low-coherence source and (c) interferogram for an LCS with Base of 0.5 nm, 1 nm, and 2 nm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Setup of ASE-based low-coherence matched detection and (b) achieved BER for ASE with different Base as a function of Δt.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Setup for characterizing system performance with various crosstalk levels using low-coherence matched detection and (b) measured BER versus crosstalk for various Base.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Setup for mitigating the polarization crosstalk after SMF transmission with different transmission distances; (b) schematic of the integrated DP-IQ MZM with 2-ps temporal delay between two polarization states; BER using MIMO-less DSP versus the time delay through tuning the delay line for (c) 10-m and (e) 5-km transmission; recovered QPSK constellations of the y-pol from both receivers at time around 4 ps for (d) 10-m and (f) 5-km transmission, including the results using maximum ratio combining (MRC).
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Setup for individual spatial and polarization mode detection by mitigating the modal crosstalk, (b) BER for the spatial mode: LP11b mode using only 2×2 MIMO DSP, and (c) BER for the spatial and polarization mode: LP11bx mode using MIMO-less DSP versus the time difference Δt between the signal and matched LO.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Measured BER with spatial mode crosstalk mitigation as a function of Base while transmitting both LP11a and LP11b modes over (a) 10-m, (b) 0.5-km, (c) 1-km, and (d) 1.5-km three-mode MMF.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. (a) Setup for wavelength- and mode-multiplexed transmission over 1.5-km MMF with modal crosstalk mitigation using ASE-based matched detection; optical spectra of the wavelength-multiplexed signal after (b) 10-m and (c) 1.5-km 3-mode MMF transmission; recovered QPSK constellations and measured BER for (d) the LP11a mode using a CW laser with a 100-kHz linewidth, and (e) both LP11a and LP11b modes with Base=2  nm at four wavelengths.

Equations (3)

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r(t)=[s(t)Rs(t)+x(t)Rx(t)]Rs*(t),
Rx(t)=Rs(tτ),
Lc=C/πΔv,